28. “Yassa papañc±ti-±dig±th±ya½ ye papañc±dayo vutt±, tesu taºh±m±nadiµµhihetuk± saªkh±r± kad± katividha½ phala½ denti, ta½saªkh±rasampayutt± taºh± kad± katividha½ phala½ det²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha pariyuµµh±nasaªkh±r±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu papañcasaªkh±r±d²su. Pariyuµµh±nasaªkh±r±ti v²tikkamavasena pavatt± pariyuµµh±n± akusalasaªkh±r± cetan±. Diµµhadhammavedan²y±d²ti diµµhe passitabbe dhamme attabh±ve vedan²ya½ phala½ det²ti diµµhadhammavedan²y±, diµµhe dhamme phala½ vedet²ti v± diµµhadhammavedan²y±. K± s±? Apadussan²y±d²su atidussan±divasena pavatt± paµhamajavanacetan±. Upapajje phala½ vedet²ti upapajjavedan²y±, sattamajavanacetan±. Apar±pariy±ye attabh±ve phala½ vedet²ti apar±pariy±yavedan²y±, majjhe pavatt± pañca javanacetan±. Tiphalad±navasena tividh± saªkh±r±. Eva½ im±ya tividh±ya saªkh±racetan±ya sampayutt± tividh± taºh± tividha½ phala½ diµµhe v± dhamme attabh±ve upapajje v± anantarabhave, apare v± pariy±ye bhave deti nibbattet²ti eva½ phalanibbattakasaªkh±ra½ v± ta½sampayutta½ taºha½ v± bhagav± ±ha.
“Y±ya desan±ya, g±th±ya v± phalanibbattaka½ saªkh±ra½ ±ha, s± desan±, g±th± v± katamena desan±bh³tena v± aparena yujjat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “ya½ lobhapakata½ kamma½ karot²”ti-±di vutta½. Y± “yassa…pe… loko”ti desan± ca y± “ya½ lobhapakata½ kamma½…pe… apare v± pariy±ye”ti desan± ca vutt±, bhagavato ida½ desan±dvaya½ aññamañña½ pubb±parena pubba½ aparena apara½ pubbena yujjati yujjana½ eti sameti, yath± gaªgodaka½ yamunodakena, yamunodakampi gaªgodakena sa½sandati sameti. “Yassa…pe… loko”ti desan± “ya½ lobhapakata½…pe… pariy±ye”ti desan±ya sa½sandati sameti, “ya½ lobhapakata½…pe… pariy±ye”ti desan±pi “yassa…pe… loko”ti desan±ya sa½sandati samet²ti attho gahetabbo. “Katha½ yujjat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha pariyuµµh±nan”ti-±di vutta½, diµµhadhammavedan²y±diphalattayanibbattakaµµhena yujjat²ti vutta½ hoti.
Ya½ ya½ sutta½ bhagavat± desita½ pubb±parena yujjati, ta½ ta½ suttampi n²haritv± pubb±parasa½sandana½ dassetu½ “yath±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Sa½sandan±k±ro vuttanay±nus±rena gahetabbo. Tatth±ti tesu pariyuµµh±nasaªkh±rataºh±vicaritesu. Pariyuµµh±nanti r³p±rammaº±d²ni ayonisomanasik±rena ±rabbha sattasant±ne pavatta½ taºh±carita½. Paµisaªkh±nabalen±ti asubh±nicc±didassanabalena tadaªgappah±navasena pah±tabba½. Saªkh±r±ti dassanapah±tabb± saªkh±r±. Dassanabalen±ti dassanasaªkh±tapaµhamamaggañ±ºabalena pah±tabb±. Chatti½sa taºh±vicarit±n²ti dassanena pah±tabbataºh±vicaritehi avases±ni chatti½sa taºh±vicarit±ni. Niggat± taºh± yassa so nittaºho, nittaºhassa bh±vo nittaºhat±, k± s±? Sa-up±dises± nibb±nadh±tu.
Papañcasaªkh±r±bhinandanattaya½ yadipi atthato eka½ sam±na½, desan±ya pana padakkhar±d²hi viseso atth²ti dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Yoya½ pubb±parasandhi ±cariyena vibhatto, soya½ katividho”ti pucchitabbatt± “so c±ya½ pubb±paro sandh²”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana vutta½– “na kevala½ suttantarasa½sandanameva pubb±parasandhi, atha kho aññopi atth²ti dassetu½ ‘so c±yan’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 28). Tattha atthasandh²ti kiriy±k±rak±divasena atthassa atthena sandhi. Padasandh²ti n±mapad±dikassa n±mapad±dikantarena sandhi. Desan±sandh²ti vuttappak±rassa desanantarassa vuttappak±rena desanantarena sandhi. Niddesasandh²ti niddesantarassa niddesantarena sandhi.
Sandhi ca n±ma atth±dayo muñcitv± añño sabh±vadhammo n±ma natthi, atth±d²nañca cha-atthapad±d²su avarodhanato “atthasandhi chappad±n²”ti-±di vutta½.
Atthasandhibyañjanasandhayo ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katam± desan±sandh²”ti pucchitabbatt± “desan±sandhi na ca pathavin”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha na ca pathavi½ niss±ya jh±yati jh±y² jh±yati c±ti ettha jh±y² jh±nasamaªg² puggalo pathavi½ niss±ya ±lambitv± na ca jh±yati, sabbasaªkh±ranissaµa½ pana nibb±na½ niss±ya ±lambitv± phalasam±patti½ jh±yati sam±pajjati ev±ti attho daµµhabbo. Na ca ±panti-±d²supi esa nayo yojetabbo. Phalasam±pattisamaªg² puggalo hi pathav²-±dayo muñcitv± nibb±nameva ±rabbha phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjat²ti. Ettha ca pathav²-±d²hi mah±bh³tehi k±mabhavar³pabhav± gahit± r³papaµibaddhavuttit±ya. ¾k±s±nañc±yatan±d²hipi ar³pabhavo gahito, bhavattaya½ vajjetv± ca jh±yat²ti adhipp±yo. Yadi pathav²-±dayo niss±ya na jh±y² jh±yati ca, eva½ sati idhalokasaªkh±ta½ sattasant±na½ v± paralokasaªkh±ta½ sattasant±na½ v± anindriyasant±na½ v± niss±ya jh±y² jh±yat²ti ±saªkan²yatt± ta½ pariharanto “na ca ima½ lokan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ima½ lokanti idhalokasaªkh±to diµµho attabh±vo sattasant±no vutto, tasmi½ niss±ya na jh±yati jh±y² jh±yati ca. Paralokanti idhalokato añño bhavantarasaªkh±to sattasant±no vutto, tasmi½ niss±ya na ca jh±yati jh±y² jh±yati ca.
Yamida½ ubhayanti-±d²su ida½ ubhaya½ idhalokaparalokadvaya½ antarena vajjetv± ya½ r³p±yatana½ diµµha½, ta½ r³p±yatanampi. Ya½ sadd±yatana½ suta½, ta½ sadd±yatanampi. Ya½ gandh±yatanaras±yatanaphoµµhabb±yatana½ muta½, ta½ gandh±yatanaras±yatanaphoµµhabb±yatanampi. Ya½ ±podh±tu ±k±sadh±tu lakkhaºar³pa½ oj±saªkh±ta½ dhamm±yatanekadesar³pa½ viññ±ta½, ta½ ±podh±t±dika½ dhamm±yatanekadesar³pampi. Ya½ vatthu pariyesita½ v± apariyesita½ v± santike patta½, ta½ vatthumpi. Ya½ vatthu patta½ v± appatta½ v± pariyesita½ pariyesan±raha½ sundara½, ta½ vatthumpi. Ya½ vatthu vitakkita½ vitakkanavasena ±lambitabba½, ta½ vatthumpi. Ya½ vatthu vic±rita½ anumajjanavasena ±lambitabba½, ta½ vatthumpi. Ya½ vatthu manas± citteneva anucintita½ anucintanavasena ±lambitabba½, ta½ vatthumpi niss±ya na jh±yati jh±y² jh±yati c±ti yojan± k±tabb±.
Ettha diµµh±dika½ bahiddh±r³pameva gahetabba½ anindriyabaddhar³passa adhippetatt±. Ten±ha aµµhakath±cariyo– “tadubhayavinimutto anindriyabaddho r³pasant±no”ti (netti. aµµha. 28). “Yadi jh±y² puggalo yath±vutte pathav²-±dayo niss±ya na jh±yati jh±y² jh±yati ca, eva½ sati aya½ jh±y² puggalo ida½ n±ma niss±ya jh±yat²ti loke kenaci ñ±yati ki½, ud±hu na ñ±yat²”ti pucchitabbatt± na ñ±yat²ti dassetu½ “aya½ sadevake loke”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha phalasam±pattijh±nena jh±yanto aya½ kh²º±savapuggalo sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya yattha katthacipi anissitena cittena jh±yat²ti sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya kenaci na ñ±yat²ti attho gahetabbo. Tena vutta½–
“Namo te puris±jañña, namo te purisuttama;
yassa te n±bhij±n±ma, ki½ tva½ niss±ya jh±yas²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 3.79; netti. 104).
“Kenaci aviññ±yabh±vo kena suttena vibh±vetabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± imin± godhikasuttena (sa½. ni. 1.159) vibh±vetabboti dassetu½ “yath± m±ro p±pim±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “id±ni kh²º±savacittassa katthacipi anissitabh±va½ godhikasuttena (sa½. ni. 1.159) vakkalisuttena (sa½. ni. 3.87) ca vibh±vetu½ ‘yath± m±ro’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 28) vutta½. Tattha d±n±dipuññak±rake, puññe v± m±reti niv±ret²ti m±ro, attahitaparahite m±ret²ti v± m±ro. P±pacittupp±davantat±ya p±pim±. Pubbattabh±ve godhassa gh±takatt± “godhiko”ti laddhan±massa parinibb±yantassa kulaputtassa parinibb±nato uddha½ paµisandh±di viññ±ºa½ samanvesanto na j±n±ti na passati. “Paracittaj±nanako m±ro kasm± na j±n±t²”ti vattabbatt± “so h²”ti-±di vutta½. So godhiko hi yasm± papañc±t²to, tasm± taºh±pah±nena diµµhinissayopi assa godhikassa yasm± natthi, tasm± ca na j±n±t²ti.
“Godhikasutteneva vibh±vetabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “yath± c±”ti-±di vutta½. “Godhikasuttavakkalisuttehi anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± anissitabh±vo vibh±vito, eva½ sati sa-up±disesanibb±nadh±tuy± anissitabh±vo kena viññ±yat²ti attho bhaveyy±”ti vattabbatt± tad±pi na viññ±yatiyev±ti dassetu½ “sadevakena loken±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sa-up±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± phalasam±pattijh±nena jh±yam±n± ime kh²º±sav± katthaci anissitacitt± jh±yant²ti sadevakena lokena na ñ±yanti sam±rakena…pe… sadevamanuss±ya na ñ±yant²ti yojan± k±tabb±. Anissitacitt± na ñ±yant²ti ettha hi na-k±ro ca “jh±yam±n±”ti pade na sambandhitabbo “na jh±yam±n±”ti atthassa sambhavato. “Na ñ±yant²”ti pana sambandhitabbo heµµh± aµµhakath±ya½ eva “loke kenacipi na ñ±yat²”ti vuttatt±. Aya½ desan±sandh²ti godhikasuttavakkalisutt±na½ aññamañña½ atthavasena sa½sandan± niddh±rit± viya “na ca pathavi½ niss±y±”ti-±didesan±ya ca “na ca ima½ lokan”ti-±didesan±ya ca y±ya desan±ya atthavasena sa½sandan± niddh±rit±, t±ya desan±ya yattha katthaci ya½ kiñci niss±ya jh±y² na jh±yati, nibb±na½ niss±ya jh±y² jh±yat²ti atthavasena niddh±rit±, aya½ sa½sandan± desan±sandhi n±m±ti attho gahetabbo.
Desan±sandhi ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katam± niddesasandh²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katam± niddesasandh²ti nissitacitt±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu cat³su atthasandhibyañjanasandhidesan±sandhiniddesasandh²su y± sandhi “niddesasandh²”ti uddiµµh±, s± niddesato katam±ti pucchat²ti attho. Nissitacitt±ti taºh±diµµhisahaj±tavasena v± upanissayavasena v± nissita½ citta½ yesa½ puthujjan±nanti nissitacitt±, puthujjan± puggal± niddisitabb± im±ya desan±ya puggal±dhiµµh±natt±. Yadi desan± dhamm±dhiµµh±n±, eva½ sati nissita½ citta½ ettha suttappadesesu desitanti nissitacitt± nissitacittaj±nanatth±ya desit± suttappades±. Anissita½ citta½ yesa½ ariyapuggal±nanti anissitacitt±, ariyapuggal± niddisitabb± im±ya desan±ya puggal±dhiµµh±natt±. Dhamm±dhiµµh±n±ya pana anissita½ citta½ yattha suttappadesesu desitanti anissitacitt±, anissitacittaj±nanatth±ya desit± suttappades±.
“Nissitacitt± kena niddesena niddisitabb±, anissitacitt± kena niddesena niddisitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “nissitacitt± akusalapakkhena niddisitabb±”ti-±di vutta½. Akusalapakkhena niddesena niddisitabb±. Kusalapakkhen±ti-±d²supi esa nayo yojetabbo. Akusalapakkhas±maññakusalapakkhas±maññehi dassetv± akusalavisesakusalavisesehi dassetu½ “nissitacitt± sa½kilesen±”ti-±di vutta½. Aya½ niddesasandh²ti akusalapakkh±dikassa purimaniddesassa sa½kiles±dikena pacchimena niddesena nissitacittavasena aya½ sa½sandan± ca niddesasandhi n±ma. Kusalapakkh±dikassa purimassa niddesassa vod±n±dikena pacchimena niddesena anissitacittavasena aya½ sa½sandan± ca niddesasandhi n±m±ti vibhajitv± veditabb±.
“Catuby³hah±rassa neruttamadhipp±yanid±napubb±parasandhippabhedena ceva atthabyañjanasandhiniddesasandhidesan±sandhippabhedena ca vibhajitabbabh±vo kena amhehi j±nitabbo saddahitabbo”ti vattabbabh±vato “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tena tath± vibhajitabbabh±vena ±yasm± mah±kacc±no “neruttamadhipp±yo”ti-±dika½ (netti. 4 h±rasaªkhepa) ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena vacanena tumhehi catuby³hah±rassa tath± vibhajitabbabh±vo j±nitabbo saddahitabboti vutta½ hoti.
“Ett±vat± ca catuby³hah±ro paripuººo, añño niyutto natth²”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto catuby³ho h±ro”ti vutta½. Tattha yassa½ yassa½ p±¼iya½ yo yo catubbidho, so so catuby³hah±ro ca yath±l±bhavasena yojito, tassa½ tassa½ p±¼iya½ so so catubbidho catuby³hah±ro tath± niddh±retv± yutto yojitoti attho daµµhabbo.

Iti catuby³hah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.