5. Lakkhaºah±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

23. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena padaµµh±navibhaªgena avijj±d²na½ padaµµh±n±ni vibhatt±ni, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to padaµµh±nah±ravibhaªgo paripuººo, “katamo lakkhaºah±ravibhaªgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo lakkhaºo h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tattha-saddassa attho vuttova. Katamo sa½vaººan±viseso lakkhaºo h±ro lakkhaºah±ravibhaªgoti pucchati. “Vuttamhi ekadhamme”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “ye dhamm±”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaººan±viseso lakkhaºo h±ro lakkhaºah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti viññeyyoti. Tena vutta½–“tattha katamo lakkhaºo h±roti-±di lakkhaºah±ravibhaªgo n±m±”ti (netti. aµµha. 23). Aya½ id±ni vuccam±no vitth±rabh³to lakkhaºo h±ro piµakattaye desitesu dhammesu ki½ n±ma lakkhitabba½ dhamma½ lakkh²yat²ti pucchitv± pucchite lakkhaºah±ravicaye dhamme saªkhepena dassetu½ “ye dhamm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ye dhamm±ti ye sam³h± dhamm±. Ekalakkhaº±ti sam±nalakkhaº±. Tesa½ dhamm±nanti sam±nalakkhaº±na½ tesa½ sam³hadhamm±na½, niddh±raºe ceta½. Ekasmi½ dhammeti sam±nalakkhaºe ekasmi½ dhamme, p±¼iya½ bhagavat± vutte sati vuttadhammato avasiµµhasam±nalakkhaº± dhamm± sam±nalakkhaºena vutt± bhavant²ti attho.
Lakkhaºah±ravisaye dhamme vitth±rato imasmi½ dhamme vutte ime sam±nalakkhaº± dhamm±pi vutt± bhavant²ti niyametv± dassetu½ “yath± ki½ bhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– yath± yena pak±rena vutt± bhavanti, so pak±ro ki½ bhaveti pucchati. Yath± yena pak±rena vutt± bhavanti, so pak±ro sam±nalakkhaº±ti bh±vo bhaveti attho. Kinti bhagav± ±ha? “Cakkhu½ bhikkhave”ti-±di½ bhagav± ±ha. “Cakkhu½, bhikkhave, anavaµµhitan”ti-±dimhi vutte “sota½, bhikkhave, anavaµµhitan”ti-±divacanampi vuttameva bhavati.
“Anavaµµhit±dilakkhaºena sam±nalakkhaºatt± v± ajjhattik±yatanabh±vena sam±nalakkhaºatt± v±ti ±yatanavaseneva ekalakkhaºa½ vattabban”ti vattabbatt± khandhavasenapi ekalakkhaºa½ dassetu½ “yath± c±h±”ti-±di vutta½. “At²te, r±dha, r³pe anapekkho hoti, an±gata½ r³pa½ m± abhinandi paccuppannassa r³passa nibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya c±g±ya paµinissagg±ya paµipajj±”ti vutte “at²t±ya, r±dha, vedan±ya anapekkho hoti, an±gata½ vedana½ m± abhinandi, paccuppann±ya vedan±ya nibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya c±g±ya paµinissagg±ya paµipajj±”ti-±di vutta½ bhave.
“Anapekkhan²yalakkhaºena sam±nalakkhaºatt± v± khandhalakkhaºena sam±nalakkhaºatt± v±ti khandh±yatanavaseneva ekalakkhaºadhamm± vattabb±”ti vattabbatt± satipaµµh±navasen±pi vattabb±ti dassetu½ “yath±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yath± yena ekalakkhaºattena ca bhagav± ±ha, tath± ca tena ekalakkhaºattena ca avutt±pi dhamm± vutt± bhavant²ti attho. Ye vipassak± puggal± pañcasu khandhesu nicca½ susam±raddh± nicca½ k±yagat±sati½ bh±venti, te vipassak± akicca½ subhasukh±dika½, kasiv±ºijj±dikamma½ v± na sevanti, kicce asubh±sukh±dike, k±y±dike v± s±taccak±rino hont²ti bhagav± ±h±ti yojan±.
Itisaddassa cettha ekassa lopo. Iti eva½ “yesañc±”ti-±dig±th±ya kes±dike k±ye gat±ya pavatt±ya satiy± bhagavat± sar³pena vutt±ya vijjam±n±ya tadavases± vedan±gat± sati ca cittagat± sati ca dhammagat± sati ca satipaµµh±nabh±vena ekalakkhaºattena vutt± bhavant²ti saªkhepato nicca½ susam±raddh± nicca½ vedan±gat± sati ca…pe… nicca½ cittagat± sati ca…pe… nicca½ dhammagat± sat²ti vattabb±ti.
“Satipaµµh±navaseneva ekalakkhaº± dhamm± vattabb±”ti vattabbatt± “tath± ya½ kiñc²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ya½ kiñci r³p±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºena diµµha½, ya½ kiñci sadd±yatana½ sotaviññ±ºena suta½, ya½ kiñci gandharasaphoµµhabb±yatana½ gh±naviññ±º±dittayena viññ±ºena muta½, iti eva½ diµµh±dittaye bhagavat± sar³pena vutte sati tadavasesa½ ya½ kiñci viññ±ta½ dhamm±rammaºapariy±panna½ r³pa½ bhagavat± ±lambitabbabh±vena ekalakkhaºatt± vutta½ bhavat²ti attho. Atha v± ya½ kiñci r³p±yatana½ diµµha½ bhagavat± vutta½, tasmi½ vutte sati tadavasesa½ sut±dikampi vutta½ hot²ti ±di-attho visu½ visu½ yojetabbo. Tena vutta½– “diµµha½ v± suta½ v± muta½ v±”ti.
“K±yagat±ya satiy± vutt±ya tadavases± vedan±gat±sati-±dayoyeva vattabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamm±pi vutt± bhavant²ti dassetu½ “yath± c±ha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yath± yena niyy±nikalakkhaºena ekalakkhaºattena ca bhagav± ±ha, tath± tena ekalakkhaºattena ca bhagav± ±ha, tath± tena ekalakkhaºattena ca vutt± bhavant²ti attho. “Tasm± abhijjh±domanassena abhibh³tatt± iha mama s±sane, bhikkhu, tva½ ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± hutv± loke abhijjh±domanassa½ tadaªgappah±nena v± vikkhambhanappah±nena v± vineyya vinayitv± k±ye kes±dir³pak±ye k±y±nupass² kes±dir³pak±y±nupass² hutv± vihar±h²”ti bhagavat± vutte sati “tasm±tiha, tva½ bhikkhu, vedan±su vedan±nupass² vihar±hi ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½, tasm±tiha, tva½ bhikkhu, citte citt±nupass² vihar±hi…pe… domanassa½, tasm±tiha, tva½ bhikkhu, dhammesu dhamm±nupass² vihar±hi…pe… domanassan”ti vutta½ bhavat²ti saªkhepattho veditabbo. Vitth±rattho pana aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 23) bahudh± vuttoti amhehi na vitth±rito.
“Ekasmi½ satipaµµh±ne vutte kasm± catt±ro satipaµµh±n± vutt± bhaveyyun”ti vattabbatt± “±t±p²ti v²riyindriyan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “±t±p²”ti imin± padena k±yavedan±cittadhammesu pavatta½ v²riyindriya½ vutta½. “Sampaj±no”ti padena k±yavedan±cittadhammesu pavatta½ paññindriya½ vutta½. “Satim±”ti padena k±yavedan±cittadhammesu pavatta½ satindriya½ vutta½. “Vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassan”ti padena k±yavedan±cittadhammesu pavatta½ sam±dhindriya½ vutta½, na k±yeyeva pavatta½. Eva½ pak±rena k±ye k±y±nupassino yog±vacarassa catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²ti ce vadeyya, eva½ sati catunna½ v²riyapaññ±satisam±dh²na½ indriy±na½ catunna½ satipaµµh±n±na½ s±dhakabh±vena ekalakkhaºatt± sam±nalakkhaºatt± p±rip³ri½ gacchant²ti yojan±. Tena vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½– “catusatipaµµh±nas±dhane imesa½ indriy±na½ sabh±vabhed±bh±vato sam±nalakkhaºatt±”ti (netti. aµµha. 23).
24. “Eva½ vuttepi catt±ro satipaµµh±n±yeva vattabb± bhaveyyu½, katha½ sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamm± vattabb±”ti vattabbatt± “cat³su satipaµµh±nes³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha cat³su satipaµµh±nesu yena yog±vacarena bh±viyam±nesu tassa yog±vacarassa catt±ro sammappadh±n± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti. Eva½ sesesupi yojan± k±tabb±. Catunna½ sacc±na½ bujjhana½ bodha½, ariyamaggañ±ºa½, bodha½ gacchant²ti bodhaªgam±. Bodhassa ariyamaggañ±ºassa pakkhe bhav±ti bodhipakkhiy±.
“Kusal±yeva dhamm± ekalakkhaºabh±vena n²harit± ki½, ud±hu akusal±pi dhamm±”ti pucchitabbatt± “eva½ akusal±p²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kusal± dhamm± ekalakkhaºattena niddh±rit± yath±, eva½ akusal±pi dhamm± ekalakkhaºattena niddh±ritabb±yev±ti attho. “Katha½ niddh±retabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± pah±nekaµµhabh±vena niddh±retabb±ti dassento “ekalakkhaºatt± pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchant²”ti ±ha. Tattha ekalakkhaºatt±ti pah±nekaµµhabh±vena sam±nalakkhaºatt±. “Katama½ pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “cat³su satipaµµh±nes³”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha cat³su…pe… pariñña½ gacchant²ti k±y±gat±satipaµµh±ne yog±vacarena bh±viyam±ne sati tena yog±vacarena asubhe kes±dike r³pak±ye “subhan”ti vipall±so pah²yati, assa yog±vacarassa kaba¼²k±r±h±ro pariñña½ gacchati, “±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayo”ti (sa½. ni. 3.56) vuttatt± r³pak±ye chandar±ga½ pajahantassa tassa samudaye kaba¼²k±r±h±repi chandar±go pah²yat²ti attho. Vedan±gat±satipaµµh±ne bh±viyam±ne sati dukkhe “sukhan”ti vipall±so pah²yati, assa yog±vacarassa phass±h±ro pariñña½ gacchati, “phassapaccay± vedan±”ti (ma. ni. 3.126; sa½. ni. 2.1, 39; mah±va. 1; ud±. 1; vibha. 225) vuttatt± vedan±ya chandar±ga½ pajahantassa tassa paccaye phass±h±re chandar±go pah²yati. Cittagat±satipaµµh±ne bh±viyam±ne anicce “niccan”ti vipall±so pah²yati, assa yog±vacarassa viññ±º±h±ro pariñña½ gacchati. Dhammagat±satipaµµh±ne bh±viyam±ne anattani “att±”ti vipall±so pah²yati, assa yog±vacarassa manosañcetan±h±ro pariñña½ gacchat²ti visu½ visu½ yojetv± ekekasmi½ pah±tabbe vutte tadavases± pah±tabb± vutt± bhavanti pah±tabbabh±vena ekalakkhaºatt±ti attho gahetabbo.
“¾h±r± cassa pariñña½ gacchant²”ti vacane ±h±resu pavatt± k±mar±gadosamoh± byant²kat± hont²ti attho gahito. Kaba¼²k±r±h±rañhi ±rabbha pavatte k±mar±ge vijjam±ne kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa vij±nan± nattheva, tasmi½ k±mar±ge pana pah²ne parij±nan± bhavat²ti. Ses±h±raj±nanampi eseva nayo. Yassa yog±vacarassa satipaµµh±n± bh±vit±, vipall±s± pah²n±, ±h±raparij±nan± uppann±, so yog±vacaro up±d±nehi anup±d±no bhavati. Subhasaññite hi k±ye k±mup±d±na½ visesena bhavat²ti subhasaññito k±yo k±mup±d±nassa vatthu, k±yagat±ya satiy± anusaritabbo asubhasaññito kes±di k±mup±d±nassa vatthu na hotveva. Sukhavedan±ya ass±davasena diµµhup±d±na½ bhavat²ti sukhasaññit± vedan± diµµhup±d±nassa vatthu, vedan±gat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± vedan± diµµhup±d±nassa vatthu na hotveva. “Citta½ niccan”ti diµµhigahaºavasena tassa tassa attano s²lavatavasena parisuddh²ti par±masana½ hot²ti citta½ s²labbatup±d±nassa vatthu, cittagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabba½ citta½ s²labbatup±d±nassa vatthu na hotveva. Dhamme n±mar³paparicchedena yath±bh³ta½ apassantassa dhammesu att±bhiniveso hot²ti dhamm± attav±dup±d±nassa vatthu, dhammagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± dhamm± attav±dup±d±nassa vatthu na honti eva. Tasm± cat³su satipaµµh±nesu bh±viyam±nesu up±d±nehi anup±d±no bhavat²ti vuttanti adhipp±yo gahetabbo.
“Yena yog±vacarena satipaµµh±n± bh±vit±, so yog±vacaro up±d±nehiyeva anup±d±no bhavat²”ti pucchitabbatt± yog±d²hipi visa½yutto bhavat²ti dassetu½ “yogehi ca visa½yutto”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yogehi c±ti k±mayogabhavayogadiµµhiyoga-avijj±yogehi ca. Visa½yuttoti tadaªgappah±navikkhambhanappah±nasamucchedappah±navasena vigato, vimutto ca bhavat²ti attho. Subhasaññito hi r³pak±yo k±mar±gassa vatthu hoti, k±yagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabbo k±yo k±mar±gassa vatthu na hotveva. “Sukho”ti v± “sukhahet³”ti v± gahaº²yo bhavo bhavar±gassa vatthu hoti, vedan±gat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabbo bhavo bhavar±gassa vatthu na hoti. “Att±”ti abhinivisitabba½ citta½ diµµhiyogassa vatthu hoti, cittagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabba½ citta½ diµµhiyogassa vatthu na hoti. Vinibbhogassa dukkaratt±, dhamm±na½ dhammamattat±ya ca duppaµivijjhatt± avinibbhujitabb±, dhammamattat±ya appaµivijjhitabb± dhamm± avijj±yogassa vatthu honti, dhammagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± dhamm± avijj±yogassa vatthu na honti. Tasm± catusatipaµµh±n±nupassako “yogehi ca visa½yutto”ti vutto. Aya½ nayo ±savehi ca an±savo bhavati, oghehi ca nitthiººo bhavat²ti etth±pi yojetabbo.
Ganthehi ca vippayutto bhavat²ti ettha pana subhasaññito r³pak±yo abhijjh±k±yaganthassa vatthu, k±yagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabbo r³pak±yo abhijjh±k±yaganthassa vatthu na hoti. Dukkhadukkhavipariº±madukkhasaªkh±radukkhabh³t± vedan± by±p±dak±yaganthassa vatthu honti, tena vutta½– “dukkh±ya vedan±ya paµigh±nusayo anuset²”ti (ma. ni. 1.465). Vedan±gat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± vedan± by±p±dak±yaganthassa vatthu na hoti. “Citta½ niccan”ti abhinivesavasena sassatassa “attano s²lena suddhi, vatena suddh²”ti par±masana½ hoti, tasm± “niccan”ti gahita½ citta½ s²labbatapar±m±sak±yaganthassa vatthu, cittagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabba½ citta½ s²labbatapar±m±sassa vatthu na hoti. Dhamm±na½ sappaccayan±mar³pasabh±vassa adassanato bhavadiµµhivibhavadiµµhi hoti, tasm± “ida½ saccan”ti abhinivisitabb± dhamm± ida½sacc±bhinivesak±yaganthassa vatthu, dhammagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± dhamm± ida½sacc±bhinivesak±yaganthassa vatthu na honti, tasm± catusatipaµµh±n±nupassako “ganthehi ca vippayutto”ti vutto.
Subhasaññito ca k±yo r±gasallassa vatthu, k±yagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabbo k±yo r±gasallassa vatthu na hoti. Sukhasaññit±ya vedan±ya doso hoti, tasm± vedan± dosasallassa vatthu, vedan±gat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± vedan± dosasallassa vatthu na hoti. “Citta½ att±”ti gahetv± “att± seyyo”ti-±divasena pavattassa m±nasallassa citta½ vatthu, cittagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabba½ citta½ m±nasallassa vatthu na hoti. Dhamm±na½ sappaccayan±mar³pasabh±vassa aj±nanato dhamm± mohasallassa vatthu, dhammagat±ya pana satiy± anupassitabb± dhamm± mohasallassa vatthu na honti, tasm± catusatipaµµh±n±nupassako “sallehi ca visallo bhavat²”ti vutto.
“¾h±r± cassa pariñña½ gacchant²”ti ±cariyena vutta½, “ki½ pana ±h±r±va assa yog±vacarassa pariñña½ gacchanti, ud±hu aññep²”ti pucchitabbatt± viññ±ºaµµhitiyo ca assa yog±vacarassa pariñña½ gacchant²ti dassetu½ “viññ±ºaµµhitiyo cassa pariñña½ gacchant²”ti vutta½. Yena yog±vacarena catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit±, tassa yog±vacarassa k±yavedan±cittadhamm±va pariñña½ gaccheyyu½, na viññ±ºaµµhitiyoti ce vadeyya k±y±nupassan±d²hi ca k±yavedan±cittadhammesu pariññ±tesu saññ±yapi pariññ±tabbabh±vato. S± hi vedan±cittasaªkh±tena dhammesu pariññ±tesu avin±bh±vato pariññ±t±v±ti.
Yena catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit±, so yog±vacaro up±d±nehi anup±d±no ca, yogehi visa½yutto ca, khandhehi vippayutto ca, ±savehi an±savo ca, oghehi nitthiººo ca, sallehi visallo ca bhavat²ti vutto, “ki½ pana tath±vidhova hoti, ud±hu aññath±p²”ti pucchitabbatt± agatimpi na gacchat²ti dassento “agatigamanehi ca na agati½ gacchat²”ti ±ha. Subh±disaññite r³pak±ye apekkham±no puggalo chand±gati½ gacchat²ti subh±disaññito r³pak±yo visesato chand±gatiy± vatthu hoti, k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nena pana anupassitabbo ass±sapass±s±diko k±yo chand±gatiy± vatthu na hoti, tasm± k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nabh±vana½ bh±vento puggalo chand±gati½ na gacchati. Sukhavedanass±davasena vedayam±no tadabh±vena by±p±da½ ±gacchat²ti sukhavedan± dos±gatiy± vatthu hoti, vedan±nupassan±satipaµµh±nena pana anupassitabb± vedan± dos±gatiy± vatthu na hoti tasm± vedan±satipaµµh±nabh±vana½ bh±vento puggalo dos±gati½ na gacchati. Santatighanavasena “nicca½, dhuvan”ti gahita½ citta½ mohassa vatthu hoti, citt±nupassan±satipaµµh±nena pana anupassitabba½ citta½ mohassa vatthu na hoti, tasm± citt±nupassan±satipaµµh±nabh±vana½ bh±vento puggalo dos±gati½ na gacchati. Vibhajitv± dhammasabh±va½ aj±nantassa bhaya½ j±yat²ti vibhajitv± aj±niyasabh±v± dhamm± bhayassa vatthu honti, dhamm±nupassan±satipaµµh±nena pana anupassitabb± vibhajitv± j±nitabb± dhamm± r±gassa vatthu na honti, tasm± dhamm±nupassan±satipaµµh±nabh±vana½ bh±vento puggalo bhay±gati½ na gacchati. Eva½ pah±tabbabh±vena ekalakkhaºe akusalepi dhamme n²haritv± id±ni nigametu½ “eva½ akusal±pi dhamm± ekalakkhaºatt± pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchant²”ti puna vutta½.
Bh±vetabbesu dhammesu ekadesesu vutte tadavases±pi bh±vetabb± dhamm± ekalakkhaºatt± n²haritv± vattabb±, pah±tabbesupi dhammesu ekadese vutte tadavases±pi dhamm± pah±tabb± ekalakkhaºatt± n²haritv± vattabb±ti ±cariyena vutt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “aññath±pi yadi vattabb± siyu½, tepi vadath±”ti vattabbabh±vato aññenapi pariy±yena lakkhaºah±rassa ud±haraº±ni dassetu½ “yattha v± pan±”ti-±di vutta½ Tattha yattha yassa½ r³pekadesadesan±ya½ r³pindriya½ ruppanalakkhaºa½ cakkhundriy±dij²vitindriyapariyos±na½ aµµhavidha½ indriya½ r³pekadesa½ bhagavat± desita½. Tattheva tassa½ r³pekadesadesan±ya½ r³padh±tu ruppanalakkhaº± cakkhudh±t±diphoµµhabbadh±tupariyos±n± dasavidh± r³padh±tu ruppanalakkhaºena ekalakkhaºatt± desit±. Sabbo r³pakkhandho ca desito. R³p±yatana½ ruppanalakkhaºa½ cakkh±yatan±diphoµµhabb±yatanapariyos±na½ dasavidha½ ±yatana½ ruppanalakkhaºena ekalakkhaºatt± bhagavat± desita½.
Yattha v± pana yassa½ vedanekadesadesan±ya½ sukh± vedan± bhagavat± desit±, tattha tassa½ vedanekadesadesan±ya½ sukhindriyañca desita½, somanassindriyañca desita½, dukkhasamudayo ariyasaccañca desita½ sukhavedan±bh±vena ekalakkhaºatt±. Yattha v± pana yassa½ vedanekadesadesan±ya½ dukkh± vedan± bhagavat± desit±, tattha tassa½ vedanekadesadesan±ya½ dukkhindriyañca desita½ domanassindriyañca desita½, dukkha½ ariyasaccañca desita½ dukkhavedan±bh±vena ekalakkhaºatt±. Yattha v± pana yassa½ vedanekadesadesan±ya½ adukkhamasukh± vedan± bhagavat± desit±, tattha tassa½ vedanekadesadesan±ya½ upekkhindriyañca desita½, sabbo paµiccasamupp±do ca desitoti yojan± k±tabb±.
Yassa½ desan±ya½ adukkhamasukh± vedan± desit±, tassa½ desan±ya½ upekkhindriya½ desita½ hotu sam±nalakkhaºatt±, “kena paµiccasamupp±do desito bhaveyy±”ti vattabbabh±vato “kena k±raºen±”ti pucchitv± k±raºa½ dassetu½ “adukkhamasukh±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya hi yasm± avijj± anuseti, tasm± avijj± desit± hoti. Avijj±ya ca desit±ya avijj±m³lako sabbopi paµiccasamupp±do “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±…pe… dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hot²”ti desitova hot²ti adhipp±yo daµµhabbo.
“Avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±…pe… samudayo hot²”ti anulomavasena pavatto yo paµiccasamupp±do desitoti ±cariyena vutto, “yadi tath± pavatto so ca paµiccasamupp±do desito, eva½ sati sabbo ca paµiccasamupp±do desito”ti na vattabboti codana½ manasi katv± “so c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yo ca anulomavasena pavatto, so ca sar±gasadosasamohasa½kilesapakkhena h±tabbo. Yo ca paµilomavasena “avijj±ya tveva asesavir±ganirodh± saªkh±ranirodho”ti-±diko pavatto, so ca v²tar±gav²tadosav²tamoha-ariyadhammehi h±tabbo. Yo ca anulomapaµilomavasena pavatto, so ca tadubhayehi h±tabbo. Tasm± “sabbo ca paµiccasamupp±do desito”ti vattabbov±ti adhipp±yo gahetabbo.
“Ye dhamm± ekalakkhaº±, tesa½ dhamm±na½ ekasmi½ dhamme vutte avasiµµh± dhamm± vutt± bhavant²ti-±din± (netti. 23) ±cariyena y± lakkhaºah±rayojan± vutt±, s±va k±tabb±, na aññath± k±tabb±”ti pucchitabbabh±vato aññath±pi lakkhaºah±rayojan± k±tabb±yev±ti dassetu½ “eva½ ye dhamm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ye pathav²-±dayo r³padhamm±, ye phass±dayo ar³padhamm± sandh±raº±dikiccato saªghaµµan±dikiccato ekalakkhaº±, tesa½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ ekasmi½ dhamme vutte avasiµµh± r³p±r³padhamm± vutt± bhavanti. Ye pathav²-±dayo r³padhamm±, ye phass±dayo ar³padhamm± kakkha¼±dilakkhaºato phusan±dilakkhaºato ekalakkhaº±, tesa½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ ekasmi½ dhamme vutte avasiµµh± r³p±r³padhamm± vutt± bhavanti. Ye dhamm± ruppanas±maññato namanas±maññato anicc±dis±maññato v± khandh±yatan±dis±maññato v± ekalakkhaº±, tesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ ekasmi½ saªkhatadhamme vutte avasiµµh± dhamm± vutt± bhavanti. Ye saªkhatadhamm± bhaªgupp±dato saªkhato cut³pap±tato sam±nanirodhupp±dasaªkhatato v± cut³pap±tato ekalakkhaº±, tesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ ekasmi½ saªkhatadhamme vutte avasiµµh± saªkhatadhamm± vutt± bhavant²ti atthayojan± k±tabb±.
Kiccato ca lakkhaºato c±ti-±d²su ca-saddena sahacaraºasam±nahetut±dayo saªgahit±ti daµµhabb± Sahacaraº±d²su ca ya½ vattabba½, ta½ “n±nattak±yan±nattasaññino (d². ni. 3.341, 357, 359; a. ni. 9.24), n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r±”ti-±d²su sahac±rit±ya saññ±sahagat± dhamm± niddh±rit±ti-±din± vuttameva.
“Ekasmi½ dhamme sar³pato vutte ekalakkhaº±dito avasiµµhadhamm±nampi vuttabh±vo kena amhehi j±nitabbo saddahitabbo”ti vattabbabh±vato “ten±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tena avasiµµhadhamm±nampi vuttabh±vena “vuttamhi ekadhamme”ti-±dika½ ya½ vacana½ ±yasm± mah±kacc±no ±ha, tena vacanena tumhehi avasiµµh±nampi vuttabh±vo j±nitabbo saddahitabboti vutta½ hoti.
“Ett±vat± ca lakkhaºah±ro paripuººo, añño niyutto natth²”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto lakkhaºo h±ro”ti vutta½. Tattha yassa½ p±¼iya½ ekasmi½ dhamme vutte avasiµµhadhamm±pi yena lakkhaºah±rena niddh±rit±, tassa½ p±¼iya½ so lakkhaºo h±ro niyutto niddh±retv± yojitoti attho daµµhabboti.

Iti lakkhaºah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.