4. Padaµµh±nah±ravibhaŖgavibh±van±

22. Yena yena sa½vaŗŗan±visesabh³tena yuttih±ravibhaŖgabh³tena pańh±vissajjan±d²na½ yutt±yuttabh±vo vibhatto, so sa½vaŗŗan±visesabh³to yuttih±ravibhaŖgo paripuŗŗo, “katamo padaµµh±nah±ravibhaŖgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo padaµµh±no h±ro”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su h±resu katamo sa½vaŗŗan±viseso padaµµh±no h±ro padaµµh±nah±ravibhaŖgoti pucchati. “Dhamma½ desesi jino”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “aya½ padaµµh±no h±ro”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaŗŗan±viseso padaµµh±nah±ravibhaŖgoti vińńeyyo. Tena vutta½– “tattha katamo padaµµh±no h±roti-±di padaµµh±nah±ravibhaŖgo”ti (netti. aµµha. 22). “Aya½ id±ni vuccam±no vitth±rabh³to padaµµh±no h±ro piµakattaye desitesu dhammesu ki½ n±ma dhamma½ desayati sa½vaŗŗet²”ti puccha½ µhapetv± “ida½ ±sannak±raŗa½ imassa ±sannaphalassa padaµµh±nan”ti niyametv± vibhajitu½ “aya½ padaµµh±no”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho– sabbesu vińńeyyadhammesu y±th±vato asampaµivedho lakkhaŗa½ etiss± avijj±y±ti sabbadhammay±th±va-asampaµivedhalakkhaŗ±, avijj±, tass± avijj±ya asubhe “subhan”ti-±divipall±s± padaµµh±na½ ±sannak±raŗa½. Vipall±se sati avijj± vattati upar³pari j±yati na h±yati, tasm± vipall±s± avijj±ya padaµµh±na½ ±sannak±raŗa½ bhavanti. Avijj±ya vaµµam³lakatt± ta½ ±di½ katv± padaµµh±na½ vibhattanti daµµhabba½.
Taŗh±yapi vaµµam³lakatt± tadanantara½ taŗh±ya padaµµh±na½ vibhajitu½ “ajjhos±nalakkhaŗ±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha piyar³pa½ s±tar³panti piyasabh±va½ s±tasabh±va½ cakkh±didhammaj±ta½. Piyan²yas±tan²ye cakkh±dike sati taŗh± vattati upar³pari j±yati, tasm± piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½ taŗh±ya padaµµh±na½ ±sannak±raŗa½ bhavati.
Adinn±d±ne sati lobho vattati, tasm± adinn±d±na½ lobhassa padaµµh±na½ bhavati. Adinn±d±nańhi ekav±ra½ uppannampi an±d²navadassanato lobhassa ±sannak±raŗa½ bhavatveva.
Kes±d²su asubhesu pavatt±yapi subhasańń±ya n²l±divaŗŗad²gh±disaŗµh±nahasan±dibyańjanaggahaŗalakkhaŗatt± cakkhundriy±d²na½ asa½varo subhasańń±ya padaµµh±na½ bhavati.
Dukkhadukkh±d²su pavatt±yapi sukhasańń±ya s±savaphass³pagamanalakkhaŗatt± r³p±d²su ass±do sukhasańń±ya padaµµh±na½.
R³pakkhandh±d²su aniccesu pavatt±yapi niccasańń±ya saŖkhatalakkhaŗ±na½ dhamm±na½ asamanupassanalakkhaŗatt± r³pakkhandh±d²su niccaggahaŗa½ vińń±ŗa½ niccasańń±ya padaµµh±na½.
Aniccadukkh±nattasaŖkh±tesu khandh±d²su pavatt±yapi attasańń±ya aniccasańń±dukkhasańń±na½ asamanupassanalakkhaŗatt± aha½mam±divasena pavatto n±mak±yo attasańń±ya padaµµh±na½.
Eva½ avijj±d²na½ akusalapakkh±na½ dhamm±na½ padaµµh±na½ dassetv± id±ni tappaµipakkh±na½ vijj±d²na½ dhamm±na½ padaµµh±na½ dassetu½ “sabbadhammasampaµivedhalakkhaŗ±”ti-±di vutta½. Sabbesu ńeyyadhammesu pavatt±ya vijj±ya sabbadhammasampaµivedhalakkhaŗatt± sabba½ neyya½ vijj±ya padaµµh±na½.
Samathassa cittavikkhepasaŖkh±ta-uddhaccapaµisa½haraŗasaŖkh±tavikkhambhanalakkhaŗatt± paµibh±ganimittabh³t± asubh± samathassa padaµµh±na½. Asubh±ya hi taŗh±paµipakkhatt±, taŗh±ya ca abh±ve samatho tiµµhat²ti.
Adinn±d±n± veramaŗivasena pavattassa alobhassa icch±vacarapaµisa½haraŗalakkhaŗatt± adinn±d±n± veramaŗ² alobhassa padaµµh±na½.
P±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗivasena pavattassa adosassa aby±pajjalakkhaŗatt± p±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ² adosassa padaµµh±na½.
Samm±paµipattivasena pavattassa amohassa vatthu-avippaµipattilakkhaŗatt± samm±paµipatti amohassa padaµµh±na½.
Nibbid±vasena pavatt±ya asubhasańń±ya vin²lakavipubbakagahaŗalakkhaŗatt± nibbid± asubhasańń±ya padaµµh±na½. Nibbid±ń±ŗena hi anabhirati pavattati, anabhiratiy± ca asubhasańń± µhit±ti.
Dukkhavedan±vasena pavatt±ya dukkhasańń±ya s±savaphassaparij±nanalakkhaŗatt± vedan± dukkhasańń±ya padaµµh±na½.
Upp±davayavasena pavatt±ya aniccasańń±ya saŖkhatalakkhaŗ±na½ dhamm±na½ samanupassanalakkhaŗatt± upp±davay± aniccasańń±ya padaµµh±na½. Upp±davayańhi samanupassitv± aniccasańń± pavatt±.
Dhammamattasańń±vasena pavatt±ya anattasańń±ya sabbadhamma-abhinivesalakkhaŗatt± dhammasańń± anattasańń±ya padaµµh±na½.
K±mar±gassa r³p±dipańcak±maguŗ±rammaŗatt± pańca k±maguŗ± k±mar±gassa padaµµh±na½.
R³pasaŖkh±te k±ye ±rabbha pavattassa r³par±gassa cakkh±dipańcindriy±na½ anus±rena pavattanato pańcindriy±ni r³p±ni r³par±gassa padaµµh±na½.
Bhavanikantivasena pavattassa bhavar±gassa cha¼±yatana½ padaµµh±na½. Nibbattabhav±nupassit±ti “edisa½ aniµµha½ r³pa½ m± nibbattatu, edisa½ iµµha½ r³pa½ nibbattatu edis² dukkh± vedan± m± nibbattatu, edis² sukh± vedan± nibbattat³”ti evam±din± pak±rena pavatt± r³p±bhinandan±, s± pańcanna½ up±d±nakkhandh±na½ padaµµh±na½.
Kammassakatańń±ŗassa pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗ±nugatatt± pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗadassana½ kammassakatańń±ŗassa padaµµh±na½.
Okappana½ lakkhaŗa½ yass± saddh±y±ti okappanalakkhaŗ± saddh±. Adhimutti paccupaµµh±na½ yass± saddh±y±ti adhimuttipaccupaµµh±n± ca saddh±. An±vila½ lakkhaŗa½ yassa pas±dass±ti an±vilalakkhaŗoti pas±do. Sampas²dana½ paccupaµµh±na½ yassa pas±dass±ti sampas²danapaccupaµµh±no ca pas±do. So pana pas±do saddh±ya eva avatth±visesoti veditabbo. Aveccapas±do abhipatthiyanalakkhaŗ±ya saddh±ya padaµµh±na½, okappanalakkhaŗ± saddh± an±vilalakkhaŗassa pas±dassa padaµµh±na½, catubbidha½ sammappadh±na½ v²riya½ ±rambhalakkhaŗassa v²riyassa padaµµh±na½, k±y±disatipaµµh±na½ apil±panalakkhaŗ±ya satiy± padaµµh±na½, jh±nasahitassa sam±dhissa ekaggalakkhaŗatt± vitakk±dijh±n±ni sam±dhissa padaµµh±na½, pańń±ya kiccapaj±nana-±rammaŗapaj±nanalakkhaŗatt± sacc±ni pańń±ya padaµµh±na½.
“Yesa½ avijj±d²na½ padaµµh±n±ni ±cariyena vibhatt±ni, te avijj±dayo katamesa½ dhamm±na½ padaµµh±n±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± te avijj±dayopi imesa½ dhamm±na½ padaµµh±n±ti dassetu½ “aparo nayo”ti-±di vutta½. Avijj± ass±damanasik±ralakkhaŗassa ayonisomanasik±rassa padaµµh±na½. Avijj±ya hi ±d²navacch±danato ayonisomanasik±ro j±toti. Saccasammohanalakkhaŗ± avijj± puńń±puńń±neńj±bhisaŖkh±r±na½ padaµµh±na½, punabbhavavirohanalakkhaŗ± tebh³makacetan± saŖkh±r± vip±kavińń±ŗassa padaµµh±na½, opapaccayikasaŖkh±tena upapattibhavabh±vena nibbattilakkhaŗa½ paµisandhivińń±ŗa½ n±mar³passa padaµµh±na½, n±mak±yar³pak±yasaŖgh±talakkhaŗa½ n±mar³pa½ cha¼±yatanassa padaµµh±na½ sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vato, cakkh±d²na½ channa½ indriy±na½ pavatt±na½ lakkhaŗa½ cha¼±yatana½ chabbidhassa phassassa yath±kkama½ padaµµh±na½ nissay±dipaccayabh±vato, cakkhupas±dar³p±rammaŗa½ cakkhuvińń±ŗ±disannip±talakkhaŗo chabbidho phasso, ta½ vedan±ya tena chabbidhena phassena sahaj±t±ya chabbidh±ya vedan±ya yath±kkama½ padaµµh±na½ sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vato, iµµh±nubhavana-aniµµh±nubhavana-iµµh±niµµh±nubhavanalakkhaŗ± tividh± vedan±, ta½ taŗh±ya t±ya tividh±ya vedan±ya vasena pavatt±ya taŗh±ya padaµµh±na½ upanissay±dipaccayabh±vato, saparasant±nesu ajjhos±nalakkhaŗ± taŗh±, ta½ up±d±nassa t±ya taŗh±ya vasena pavattassa catubbidhassa up±d±nassa padaµµh±na½ upanissay±dipaccayabh±vato. “So vedan±y±”ti ca “s± taŗh±y±”ti ca “s± up±d±nass±”ti ca p±µhena bhavitabba½, liŖgavipall±saniddeso v± siy±.
Ya½ up±d±na½ opapaccayika½ upapattikkhandhanibbattaka½, ta½ up±d±na½ duvidhassa bhavassa padaµµh±na½. Yo kammabhavo n±mak±yar³pak±yasambhavanalakkhaŗo, so kammabhavo j±tiy± padaµµh±na½. Y± upapattibh³t± j±ti khandhap±tubh±valakkhaŗ±, ta½ s± j±ti jar±ya padaµµh±na½. Y± jiŗŗajar± upadhikkhandhaparip±kalakkhaŗ±, ta½ s± jiŗŗajar± maraŗassa padaµµh±na½. Yampi yassa sammutimaraŗa½ j²vitindriyupacchedalakkhaŗa½, tampi tassa sammutimaraŗa½ sokassa padaµµh±na½. Piyassa maraŗa½ cintentassa yebhuyyena sokuppajjanato yo soko ń±ti-±dipiyesu ussukkak±rako, ta½ so soko paridevassa padaµµh±na½. Yo paridevo l±lappak±rako, ta½ so paridevo k±yikadukkhassa padaµµh±na½. Ya½ k±yika½ dukkha½ k±yasamp²¼analakkhaŗa½, ta½ k±yika½ dukkha½ domanassassa padaµµh±na½. Ya½ domanassa½ cittasamp²¼analakkhaŗa½, ta½ domanassa½ up±y±sassa padaµµh±na½. Yo up±y±so odahanak±rako avadahanak±rako, ta½ so up±y±so bhavassa up±y±sassa nissayasant±nabhavassa padaµµh±na½.
Bhavass±ti vuttabhava½ dassetu½ “im±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha bhavaŖg±ni kileso bhavassa aŖga½ k±raŗa½ kammavaµµavip±kavaµµ±ni bhavasaŖkh±t±ni aŖg±ni avayav±ni. Yad± paccuppann±dik±le samagg±ni nibbatt±ni bhavanti, tad± so kilesavaµµakammavaµµavip±kavaµµasaŖkh±to dhammasam³ho “bhavass±”ti ettha bhavoti daµµhabbo. Ta½ bhavasaŖkh±ta½ kilesavaµµakammavaµµavip±kavaµµattaya½ sa½s±rassa padaµµh±na½ purima½ purima½ j±tinipphannakiles±divaµµena sa½s±rassa abbocchinnuppajjanato, yo ariyamaggo niyy±nikalakkhaŗo, ta½ so ariyamaggo nirodhassa nibb±nassa padaµµh±na½ samp±pakahetubh±vato.
Bahussuto sabbasiss±d²na½ patiµµh±natt± tittha½ viy±ti tittha½, j±n±t²ti ń³, tittha½ ń³ti titthańń³, titthańńuno bh±vo titthańńut±, samm±payirup±san±, s± p²tańńut±ya padaµµh±na½. Bahussutassa hi samm±payirup±san±ya dhamm³pasańhita½ p±mojja½ j±yati, p±mojjena ca kammaµµh±nabr³han± j±yat²ti sapp±yadhammassavanena p²ti½ j±n±t²ti p²tańń³, p²tańńuno bh±vo p²tańńut±, kammaµµh±nassa br³han±, s± pattańńut±ya padaµµh±na½. Kammaµµh±nabr³han±ya hi bh±van±pattaj±nanat± j±yat²ti pattańńut±. Bh±van±pattaj±nanat± attańńut±ya padaµµh±na½. Bh±van±pattaj±nanat±ya hi pańcahi padh±niyaŖgehi samann±gatassa attano j±nanat± j±yat²ti attańńut± pubbekatapuńńat±ya padaµµh±na½.
Padh±niyaŖgesu samann±gatattaj±nanat±ya hi pubbe puńńakaraŗa½ j±ta½, pubbekatapuńńat± patir³padesav±sassa padaµµh±na½. Pubbe hi katena puńńena patir³padesav±so laddho, patir³padesav±so sappuris³panissayassa padaµµh±na½. Patir³padesav±sena hi sappuris³panissayo laddho, sappuris³panissayo attasamm±paŗidh±nassa padaµµh±na½. Sappuris³panissayena hi attasamm±paŗidh±na½ j±ta½, attasamm±paŗidh±na½ s²l±na½ padaµµh±na½. Attasamm±paŗidh±nena hi s²l±ni sampatiµµhit±ni, s²l±ni avippaµis±rassa padaµµh±na½. Attani hi sampatiµµhita½ s²la½ paccavekkhantassa vippaµis±ro natthev±ti, avippaµis±rena p±mojja½ j±yati, tasm± avippaµis±ro p±mojjassa padaµµh±na½. P±mojjena p²ti j±yati, tasm± p±mojja½ p²tiy± padaµµh±na½. P²tiy± passaddhi j±yati, tasm± p²ti passaddhiy± padaµµh±na½. Passaddhiy± sukha½ j±yati, tasm± passaddhi sukhassa padaµµh±na½. Sukhena sam±dhi j±yati, tasm± sukha½ sam±dhissa padaµµh±na½. Sam±dhin± yath±bh³tań±ŗadassana½ j±yati, tasm± sam±dhi yath±bh³tań±ŗassa padaµµh±na½. Yath±bh³tań±ŗadassanena nibbid±ń±ŗa½ j±yati, tasm± yath±bh³tań±ŗadassana½ nibbid±ya padaµµh±na½. Nibbid±ya vir±go j±yati, tasm± nibbid± vir±gassa padaµµh±na½. Vir±gena vimutti j±yati, tasm± vir±go vimuttiy± padaµµh±na½. Vimuttiy± vimuttiń±ŗadassana½ j±yati, tasm± vimutti vimuttiń±ŗadassanassa padaµµh±na½. Eva½ yath±vuttanayena yo koci dhammo upanissayo hoti, yo koci dhammo paccayo hoti, sabbo so dhammo attano paccayuppannassa dhammassa padaµµh±nanti daµµhabbo.
“Upanissayadhammassa, paccayadhammassa v± paccayuppannadhammassa padaµµh±nabh±vo kena saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ten±ti yassa kassaci upanissayadhammassa, paccayadhammassa ca paccayuppannadhammassa padaµµh±nabh±vena ±yasm± mah±kacc±no “dhamma½ deseti jino”ti-±dika½ ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena vacanena tesa½ upanissayadhammapaccayadhamm±na½ padaµµh±nabh±vo saddahitabboti. “Yath±vutto padaµµh±no h±ro paripuŗŗo ki½, ud±hu ańńo niddh±retv± yojetabbo atthi kin”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto padaµµh±no h±ro”ti vutta½. Idha p±¼iya½ avibhattampi yath±l±bhavasena padaµµh±no h±ro n²haritv± yutto yujjitabbo, vibhajitabbanti vutta½ hoti.

Iti padaµµh±nah±ravibhaŖge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paŗ¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.