Loka½ p±lent²ti lokap±l±, puńń±puńń±nańceva tabbip±kassa ca pavattan±dh±ratt± lok± ca. Ke te? Catt±ro mah±r±j±no, indayamavaruŗakuver± v±, khattiyacatumah±r±jasakkasuy±masantusitasunimmitaparanimmitavasavattimah±brahm±dayo v±. P±lanańcettha issariy±dhipaccena ta½ta½sattalokassa ańńamańńavihesananiv±raŗ±di-±ŗ±pavatt±panayasapariv±raµµh±nantar±diniyy±dan±, saha lokap±lehi yo vattat²ti salokap±lo. Atha v± ye hirottapp± loka½ p±lenti, iti p±lanato te hirottapp± lokap±l±. Ten±ha bhagav± “dveme, bhikkhave, sukk± dhamm± loka½ p±lent²”ti (a. ni. 2.9; itivu. 42). Lokap±lehi hirottappehi samann±gato loko salokap±lo n±ma. Hirottappasampanno hi sappuriso loko sakkacca½ sad± sabbak±lesu p³jayati ceva namassati ca p±pahirijigucchanato, dhammacchandavantat±ya ca.
Ańńe pana p³jent± namassant±pi kad±ciyeva p³jenti namassanti, na sabbad±ti. Sad±ti p³jananamassanak±lav±cakaviggahavirahita½ vikappan±ma½, sabban±ma½ v±. Namassat²ti viggahavirahita½ ±khy±tapada½, sakkacca½ namassana½ karoti. Tasset±ti ettha tass±ti niyamav±caka½ payogavantasabban±ma½ viggahavirahitameva. Niyamo ca p³jananamassanakiriy±ya visesito. Tasm± tassa p³jananamassanakiriy±ya niyamitabbassa p³jetabbassa namassitabbassa naravarass±ti attho yuttova. Sesaniyamesu ańńesupi eseva nayo. Etanti ±cariyena vibhajitabbah±ranayapaµµh±navic±raŗavisayabh³tassa s±sanavarapar±masana½ payogavantasabban±ma½ viggahavirahita½.
S±sati eten±ti s±sana½, etena navavidhasuttantena, navavidhasuttantasahitena v± varena sabbena samatthe veneyye diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi tividhay±namukhena yath±raha½ satte s±sati anus±sati vineti. Iti s±san±nus±sanakiriy±nus±rena veneyyasatt±na½ j±nanapaµipajjan±dhigamassa k±raŗakaraŗatt± “eten±”ti padena niddiµµha½ navavidhasuttanta½, navavidhasuttantasahita½ v± vara½ sabba½ s±sana½ n±ma. Navavidhasuttantadesan±ya hi veneyy±na½ j±nana½ purimaj±nanena pacchimaj±nana½, j±nanena paµipajjanena pacchimapaµipajjanena adhigamo, purim±dhigamena pacchim±dhigamo hoti. Tena vutta½ “saddh± s²la½ suta½ c±go pańń± saddh±ya s²lassa sutassa c±gassa pańń±y±”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.423) ca “paµhamassa jh±nassa parikamma½ paµhamassa jh±nassa”ty±di (paµµh±. 1.1.423) ca. S±sadh±tuy± desan±saddo ca ta½janako desan±ń±ŗasampayuttacittupp±do ca mukhyattho, ta½upanissayapaccay± veneyy±na½ atthaj±nanapaµipajjana-adhigaman±di k±raŗ³pac±rattho, “eten±”ti padena vutt±ya s±sanabh³t±ya n±mapańńattiy± karaŗasattisaŖkh±t± upanissayapaccayasatti phal³pac±rattho. Iti-saddopi tameva n±mapańńattiy± upanissayapaccayasatti½ hetubh±vena par±masati, tass± sattiy± ±dh±rabh³t± n±mapańńatti yu-paccayattho. Eseva nayo t²su piµakesu evar³pesu µh±nesu.
Ekantaniyy±naµµhena, anańńas±dh±raŗaguŗat±ya ca uttamaµµhena vara½ uttama½, pariyattis±sanamhi phalaniyy±danato, magganiyy±nahetubh±vato ca niyy±naµµhena, s±vak±d²hi ajaniyatt± as±dh±raŗaµµhena ca uttamaµµhena vara½, varitabbanti v± vara½. Yath±vuttassa s±sanassa paŗ¹itehi abhipatthitasamiddhihetut±ya varitabbatt± patthetabbatt± s±sanavara½ n±ma, yath±vuttaµµhena v± s±sanańca ta½ varańc±ti s±sanavara½. Ca-saddena sattibheda½, ta½-saddena atth±bheda½ desseti.
Vidant²ti vid³. Ye paŗ¹it± yath±sabh±vato kammakammaphal±ni, kusal±dibhede ca dhamme vidanti, iti vidanato te paŗ¹it± vid³ n±ma, tehi. ѱtabbanti ńeyya½. ѱ-dh±tuy± nippariy±yato ±rammaŗika½ ń±ŗa½ vutta½, µh±n³pac±rato s±sanavarassa ±rammaŗapaccayabh±vo dassito, iti-saddena ±rammaŗapaccayabh±vo par±masito. Tassa iti-saddena par±masitabbassa ±rammaŗapaccayabh±vassa ±dh±ra½ s±sanavara½ ŗya-paccayatthoti daµµhabba½. ѱŗa½ arahat²ti v± ńeyya½, vid³na½ ń±ŗa½ j±nana½ ±rammaŗabh±vena arahat²ti attho. Imasmi½ naye taddhitapada½ daµµhabba½.
Narati net²ti naro. Yo puriso att±na½ itth²na½ uccaµµh±na½ narati neti, iti naranato nayanato so puriso naro n±ma. So hi puttabh³topi m±tuy± pituµµh±ne tiµµhati, kaniµµhabh±tubh³topi jeµµhabhagin²na½ pituµµh±ne tiµµhati. Atha v± naritabbo netabboti naro. So hi j±tak±lato paµµh±ya y±va attano sabh±vena att±na½ dh±retu½ samattho na hoti, t±va parehi netabbo, na tath± ańńo tiracch±n±dikoti. Ettha pana satthuvisayat±ya narati veneyyasatteti naroti attho adhippeto. Satth± hi satte ap±y±dito sugati½ v± maggaphalanibb±na½ v± net²ti. Sabbańńutańń±ŗ±di-anekaguŗasamann±gatatt± varo uttamo, varitabbo patthetabboti v± varo, tilokaggo. Pakatiy± uccaµµh±naµµho naro guŗuttamena samann±gato varo, naro ca so varo c±ti naravaro. Ca-ta-sadd±na½ atthabhedo vuttova, visesanaparapadasam±soya½. Yena vutta½ “aggapuggalass±ti attho”ti (netti. aµµha. saŖgahav±ravaŗŗan±). Ańńe pana “nar±na½, naresu v± varoti naravaro”ti vadanti, ta½ vacana½ “aggapuggalass±ti attho”ti (netti. aµµha. saŖgahav±ravaŗŗan±) aµµhakath±vacanena virujjhati mańńe. Tassa naravarass±ti. Icceva½ nettippakaraŗassa ±dig±th±ya sam±sena ca vacanattho samatto.
Sar³pattho yojanatthavacanatth±nus±rena vij±nitabbo. Tath±pi visu½ suµµhu j±nanatth±ya puna vattabbo. “Yan”ti padassa anańńas±dh±raŗasabbańńutańń±ŗ±di-anekaguŗasampanno salokap±lena lokena p³jetabbo ceva namassitabbo ca s±sanavaradesako tilokaggo sar³pattho. “Loko”ti padassa yath±vuttalokap±lasahito saddh±c±g±disampanno sabbasattaloko sar³pattho. Lokasaddo ekavacanayuttopi j±tisaddatt± niravasesato satte saŖgaŗh±ti yath± “mah±jano”ti. K±mańcettha lokasaddo “lokavid³”ty±d²su saŖkh±rabh±janesupi pavatto, p³jananamassanakiriy±s±dhanatt± pana sattalokeva v±cakabh±vena pavattoti. Ten±ha “p³janakiriy±yogyabh³tat±vasen±”ti (netti. aµµha. saŖgahav±ravaŗŗan±).
P³jayateti ettha p³janakiriy±ya mukhyato p³janasaŖkh±to p³jent±na½ cittupp±do sar³pattho, phal³pac±rena ta½cittupp±dassa ±rammaŗapakat³panissayabh³t± vuttappak±r± sabbe buddhaguŗ± sar³patth±. Te-vibhattipaccayassa p³janakiriy±s±dhako vuttappak±ro loko ca sar³pattho, eva½ sati atthabhed±bh±vato dv²su v±cakesu ekova v±cako vattabbo, kasm± ekasmi½ atthe dve v±cak± vutt±ti? N±ya½ doso dvinna½ v±cak±na½ s±mańńavisesav±cakatt±. Lokasaddo hi p³janakiriy±s±dhako, ańńakiriy±s±dhako ca vadat²ti s±mańńav±cako ca hoti. P³jayate-saddo lokap³jana-itthip³janapurisap³janatiracch±nap³jan±dikiriy±s±dhakańca vadat²ti s±mańńav±cako Tasm± p³jayate-saddo lokasaddassa sar³pattho, p³janakiriy±s±dhako ca na ańńakiriy±s±dhakoti niyameti. Lokasaddo ca p³jayatesaddassa sar³pattho p³janakiriy±s±dhako. Loko pana p³janakiriy±s±dhako itthipurisatiracch±n±dikoti niyameti. T²su piµakesu ańńesupi evar³pesu µh±nesu eseva nayo.
“Salokap±lo”ti padassa yath±vuttaseµµhalokap±lasahagato, p³jananamassanakiriy±s±dhako ca sattanik±yo sar³pattho. “Sad±”ti padassa rattidivasak±lo at²tabhagavato dharam±nak±lo tato parak±lo abhin²h±rato y±va s±sanantaradh±n± k±lo tato parak±lo sar³pattho. So pana an±gatabuddhuppajjanak±lo at²tasamm±sambuddhe id±ni p³jayanti namassanti viya p³jayissati ceva namassissati ca. Namassat²ti ettha namassanakiriy±ya mukhyato namassanasaŖkh±to cittupp±do sar³pattho, phal³pac±rena ta½cittupp±dassa ±rammaŗapakat³panissayabh³t± vuttappak±r± sabbe buddhaguŗ± sar³pattho. Ti-vibhattipaccayassa namassanakiriy±s±dhako yath±vuttasattanik±yo loko ca sar³pattho, atthabhed±bh±vepi dvinna½ v±cak±na½ pavattabh±vo heµµh± vuttova. “C±”ti padassa idhekacco p³jentopi na namassati, namassantopi na p³jeti ca, aya½ pana sattanik±yo loko p³jayati ceva namassati c±ti samuccayattho sar³pattho.
Tass±ti ettha ta½-saddassa sabbańńutańń±ŗ±di-anekaguŗasamann±gato p³jetabbo namassitabbo tilokaggo satth± sar³pattho, chaµµh²vibhattiy± janakassa naravarassa jańńena s±sanavarena sambandho padh±nasar³pattho, jańńas±sanavarassa janakena naravarena sambandho apadh±nasar³pattho. T²su piµakesu evar³pesu ańńesupi eseva nayo.
“Etan”ti padassa ±cariyena vibhajitabbah±ranayapaµµh±navic±raŗavisayabh³ta½ s±sana½ sar³pattho. “S±sanavaran”ti padass±pi tameva sar³pattho, eta½ s±sanavara½ pariyattipaµipattipaµivedhabhedena tividhampi pariyattis±sanameva sabbas±sanam³labh³tatt±, nettippakaraŗassa visayabh³tatt± ca visesato adhippeta½ tassa m³labh³tabh±vato vinayasa½vaŗŗan±d²su bah³pak±rena dassitoti amhehi na vattabbo. Vadantopi ańńa½ racitabba½ racitu½ asamatthova hutv± vadat²ti gahitabbo vadeyya.
Ta½ pana pariyattis±sana½ vimuttirasavasena ekavidha½, dhammavinayavasena duvidha½, vinayapiµakasuttantapiµaka-abhidhammapiµakavasena tividha½ ±ŗ±desan±voh±radesan±paramatthadesan±vasena tividha½, yath±par±dhas±san±yath±nulomas±san±yath±dhammas±san±bhedenapi tividha½, sa½var±sa½varakath±diµµhiviniveµhanakath±n±mar³paparicchedakath±bhedenapi tividha½. Ettha ca desan± desak±dh²n±, s±sana½ s±sitabb±yatta½, kath± kathetabbatth±pekkh±ti viseso. D²ghanik±yo, majjhimanik±yo, sa½yuttanik±yo, aŖguttaranik±yo, khuddakanik±yoti nik±yabhedena pana pańcavidha½; suttageyyaveyy±karaŗag±th±-ud±na-itivuttakaj±taka-abbhutadhammavedallabhedena pana navavidha½; dhammakkhandhabhedena pana catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahassavidha½; “sa½kilesabh±giyav±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giya-asekkhabh±giy±ti amiss±ni catt±ri; sa½kilesabh±giyav±san±bh±giyasa½kilesabh±giyanibbedha bh±giyasa½kilesabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyav±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giy±ti missakaduk±ni catt±ri; sa½kilesabh±giyav±san±bh±giya-asekkhabh±giyasa½kilesabh±giyav±san± bh±giyanibbedhabh±giy±ti missakatik±ni dve; taŗh±sa½kilesadiµµhisa½kilesaduccaritasa½kilesataŗh±vod±nabh±giyadiµµhiva- ud±nabh±giyaduccaritavod±nabh±giy±tich±”ti (netti. 89) so¼asanna½ sutt±na½ bhedena so¼asavidha½; “lokiyalokuttaralokiyalokuttarasatt±dhiµµh±nadhamm±dhiµµh±nasattadhamm±dhiµµh±nań±ŗańeyya- ń±ŗańeyyadassanabh±van±dassanabh±van±sakavacanaparavacanasakavacanaparavacana vissajjan²ya-avissajjan²yavissajjan²ya-avissajjan²yakammavip±kakammavip±kakusala akusalakusal±kusala-anuńń±tapaµikkhitta-anuńń±tapaµikkhittathavassa bhedena aµµhav²satividhan”ti (netti. 112) evam±dibahuvidha½ pariyattis±sana½ nettippakaraŗassa visesato visaya½. Tassa visayabh±ve sati paµipattipaµivedhasaŖkh±ta½ s±sanadvayampi tamm³lakatt± visaya½ hoti pariy±yatoti daµµhabba½.