“Tesu gedhadosesu katama½ niv±rento bhagav± vissajjanag±th±ya½ katama½ padam±h±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha y± icch±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti gedhadosesu. Icch±ti r±gicch±. Mucch±ti lobhamohasahagatamohamucch±. Patthan±ti r±gapatthan±. Piy±yan±ti taºh±piy±yan±va, na mett±piy±yan±. K²¼an±ti gedhak²¼an±. Et±ni hi gedhapariy±yavacan±ni. Ta½ gedhasaªkh±ta½ icch±dika½ niv±rento bhagav± “k±mesu n±bhigijjheyy±”ti eva½ visu½ visu½ pak±rena ±ha.
Pariyuµµh±navigh±ta½ dosa½ niv±rento bhagav± “manas±n±vilo siy±”ti eva½ visu½ visu½ pak±rena ±h±ti yojan±. Gedhados±na½ visu½ visu½ niv±rento bhagav± dve pad±ni ±h±ti vutta½, “ta½ kena atthena saddahitabban”ti vattabbatt± “tath± hi sekho”ti-±di vutta½. Rajan²yesu abhigijjhanto sekho anuppanna½ lobhapadh±na½ kilesañca upp±deti, uppanna½ kilesañca ph±ti½ abhiva¹¹hana½ karoti, pariyuµµh±n²yesu ±vilo sekho anuppanna½ dosapadh±na½ kilesañca upp±deti, uppanna½ kilesañca ph±ti½ va¹¹hana½ karoti, iti imin± paµikkhepa-atthena ta½ mama vacana½ saddahitabbanti adhipp±yo.
“Ki½ pana anabhigijjhanto, an±vilo ca sekkho agedhadosaniv±raºameva karoti, ud±hu uttaripi paµipada½ p³ret²”ti pucchitabbatt± uttaripi paµipada½ p³retiyev±ti dassento “yo pana an±vilasaªkappo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha an±vilasaªkappoti natthi ±vilakar± saªkapp± by±p±dasaªkappavihi½s±saªkapp± etass±ti an±vilasaªkappo, icch±digedhassa abh±vena anabhigijjhanto v±yamati kusalav±y±ma½ pavatteti. “Katha½ v±yamat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “so anuppann±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha soti uparibh±van±maggabh±vatth±ya paµipajjam±no sekkho. Anuppann±nanti-±d²na½ attho sakk± aµµhakath±vacaneneva (netti. aµµha. 15-16) j±nitunti na vibhatto.
16. Yen±ti asubh±d²na½ anussaraºalakkhaºena indriyena taºh±mayitavatth³su k±mataºh±ya sahaj±ta½ vitakka½ v±reti, ida½ asubh±di-anussaraºalakkhaºa½ indriya½ satindriya½. Yena mahaggatabh±vappattena avikkhepena by±p±davitakka½ v±reti, ida½ avikkhepasaªkh±ta½ indriya½ sam±dhindriya½. Yena sammappadh±nena vihi½s±vitakka½ v±reti, ida½ sammappadh±nasaªkh±ta½ indriya½ v²riyindriya½. Yena samm±diµµhisaªkh±tena indriyena uppannuppanne…pe… n±dhiv±seti, ida½ samm±diµµhisaªkh±ta½ indriya½ paññindriya½. Imesu cat³su indriyesu saha uppajjam±n± y± saddahan± okappan± uppajjati, an±vilabh±vato ida½ saddahanasaªkh±ta½ indriya½ saddhindriya½. Im±ni sekkhassa pañcindriy±ni.
Ekasmi½yeva visaye jeµµhakabh±va½ na p±puºeyyu½, attano visaye jeµµhakabh±va½ p±puºitu½ arahanti, “katama½ indriya½ kattha visaye jeµµhakabh±va½ pavattan”ti pucchitabbabh±vato ida½ indriya½ imasmi½ visaye pavattanti dassento “tattha saddhindriya½ kattha daµµhabban”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti tesu indriyesu cat³su sot±pattiyaªgesu saddhindriya½ jeµµhakabh±va½ pavattanti daµµhabba½. Eva½ sesesupi yojetabba½. Ki½ nu sekkho paññindriyeva appamatto’ti bhagavat± vutto thomito, ud±hu sabbehi kusalehi dhammeh²ti pucchitabbatt± sabbehi kusalehi dhammehi pañcindriyapamukhehi vutto thomito hot²ti dassetu½ “eva½ sekho”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha eva½ pañcindriy±na½ nibbattidassanena sekho puggalo sabbehi kusalehi dhammehi appamattoti bhagavat± vutto thomito an±vilat±ya manas±ti yojan±. “Sekkhassa an±vilat± kena saddahitabb±”ti vattabbatt± “ten±ha bhagav± manas±n±vilo siy±”ti vutta½. Bhagavat± “manas±n±vilo siy±”ti vuttatt± sekkhassa an±vilat± tumhehi saddahitabb±ti.
17. Sekkhassa matthakappatt± paµipad± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katha½ asekkhassa matthakappatt± paµipad± ñ±tabb±”ti vattabbatt± asekkhassa matthakappatta½ paµipada½ vibhajitv± dassetu½ “kusalo sabbadhamm±nan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sabbadhamm±nanti sabbesu dhammesu matthakappatt±ya paµipad±ya asekkho kusalo chekataroti bhagavat± vutto thomito an±vilat±ya manas±ti. Asekkhassa sabbadhammesu ya½ kosalla½ dassetuk±mo, tassa kosallassa visayabh³te sabbadhamme t±va puggal±dhiµµh±nena vibhajitv± dassetu½ “loko n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “sabbadhamm±nan”ti imin± vuttadhammasaªkh±to loko n±ma kilesaloko, bhavaloko, indriyalokoti tividho hot²ti yojan±. Tattha parittadhammaµµho kilesajananaµµhena kileso, kusal±dipavattanaµµhena loko c±ti kilesaloko. Mahaggatadhammaµµho bhavanaµµhena bhavo, vuttanayena loko c±ti bhavaloko. Saddhindriy±didhammaµµho ±dhipaccaµµhayogavasena indriyabh³to hutv± saddhindriy±dipattanaµµhena loko c±ti indriyaloko.
“T²su lokesu katamena katamo samud±gacchat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. “Saddh±di-indriy±ni ko nibbattet²”ti pucchitabbatt± “so indriy±ni nibbattet²”ti vutta½ Tattha soti yo puggalo kilesalokasaªkh±te parittadhamme, bhavalokasaªkh±te mahaggatadhamme ca ta½ta½samp±danavasena µhito, so puggalo saddhindriy±d²ni indriy±ni attasant±ne nibbatteti.
“Indriyesu attasant±nesu punappuna½ nibbatt±panavasena vu¹¹h±piyam±nesu k± paññ± bhavat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “indriyes³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha neyyass±ti abhiññeyyassa. Pariññ±ti r³p±r³padhamme salakkhaºato, paccayato ca pariggah±divasena pavattapaññ±. “S± pariññ± katividhena upaparikkhitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “s± duvidhen±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s± pariññ± dassanapariññ±ya ca bh±van±pariññ±ya ca duvidhena viññ³hi upaparikkhitv± gahetabb±ti. Dassanapariññ±y±ti ca dassanamaggapaññ±janik±ya ñ±tapariññ±y±ti attho gahetabbo. Tena aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ “dassanapariññ±ti ñ±tapariññ±”ti (netti. aµµha. 17). Bh±van±pariññ±y±ti bh±van±maggapaññ±janik±ya t²raºapariññ±ya saddhi½ pah±napariññ±y±ti attho.
“S± duvidhen±’ti-±din± vutto attho atisaªkhepo na sakk± viññ±tu½, vitth±retv± katheh²”ti vattabbatt± “yad± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yad±ti balavavipassanuppajjanak±le. Sekhoti sikkhanas²lat±ya kaly±ºaputhujjano ceva sot±pann±diko ca. Ñeyyanti ñ±tabba½ r³p±dika½ saªkh±ra½. Parij±n±t²ti pariggah±diñ±ºena pariggahetv± j±n±ti nibbid±ñ±ºasahagatena. Tass±ti kaly±ºaputhujjanassa ceva sot±pann±dikassa ca. Dve dhamm±ti kaly±ºaputhujjanassa balavavipassan±dhammo ceva sot±pann±dikassa ca balavavipassan±dhammo ca. Yath±kkama½ dassanakosalla½ sot±pattimaggañ±ºañceva bh±van±kosalla½ sakad±g±mimagg±dikañca sant±ne pavatt±panavasena gacchanti.
“Pubbe ya½ ñ±ºa½ ‘neyyassa pariññ±’ti vutta½, ta½ ñ±ºa½ katividhena veditabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “ta½ ñ±ºa½ pañcavidhena veditabba½…pe.. sacchikiriy±”ti vutta½. “T±su vipassan±bhedena bhinn±su pañcasu abhiññ±d²su katam± abhiññ±, katam± pariññ±, katama½ pah±na½, katam± bh±van±, katam± sacchikiriy±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katam±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti abhiññ±d²su. Ya½ dhamm±na½ salakkhaºe ñ±ºanti r³padhamm±na½ kakkha¼±disalakkhaºe, ar³padhamm±na½ phusan±disalakkhaºe ±rammaºakaraºavasena pavatta½ ya½ ñ±ºa½ hetuphalaj±nanahetuj±nanasaªkh±t± dhammapaµisambhid± ceva hetuphalaj±nanasaªkh±t± atthapaµisambhid± ca bhavati. Aya½ salakkhaºena saddhi½ hetuphalaj±nan± paññ± abhiññ± n±ma.
Evanti vuttappak±rena. Abhiññ±ñ±ºena abhij±nitv±. Y± parij±nan±ti-±d²su “ida½ anavajja½ kusala½, ida½ s±vajja½ akusala½, ida½ akusalavip±kajanaka½ s±vajja½, ida½ kusalavip±kajanaka½ anavajja½, ida½ sa½kiliµµha½ kaºha½, ida½ asa½kiliµµha½ sukka½, ida½ kusala½ anavajj±dika½ sevitabba½, ida½ akusala½ s±vajj±dika½ na sevitabban”ti eva½ anicc±dito kal±pasammasan±divasena gahit± sammasit± ime vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± saªkhatadhamm± ida½ udayabbayañ±º±diphala½ ±nisa½sa½ anukkamena nibbatt±penti. Tannibbattavipassan±ya uppajjanato upac±ra½ upp±denti, eva½ anukkamena gahit±na½ pavattit±na½ tesa½ udayabbayañ±º±d²na½ aya½ sacc±nubodhapaµivedho atthoti paricchinditv± y± parij±nan± pavatt±, s± aya½ parij±nan± pariññ± n±m±ti yojetv±, eva½ vuttappak±r±ya pariññ±paññ±ya parij±nitv± pah±tabb±, bh±vetabb±, sacchik±tabb± ca tayo dhamm± avasiµµh± bhavanti. “Ye akusal±, te pah±tabb±”ti y± parij±nan± paññ± pavatt±, ida½ pah±na½ pah±nañ±ºa½. “Ye kusal±, te bh±vetabb±”ti y± parij±nan± paññ± pavatt±, s± bh±van±paññ±. “Ya½ asaªkhata½, ida½ sacchikiriyan”ti y± parij±nan± paññ± pavatt±, s± sacchikiriy±paññ±ti yojetv± aµµhakath±dhipp±yena aviruddho attho gahetabbo.
Abhiññ±dayo pañcavidh± paññ± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “t±hi pariññ±hi j±nanto puggalo ‘kin’ti vuccati thom²yat²”ti vattabbatt± “yo evan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yo puggalo eva½ vuttappak±rena j±n±ti, aya½ j±nanto puggalo paccayuppannesu dhammesu kusalatt± chekatt± “atthakusalo”ti vuccati thom²yati, paccayadhammesu kusalatt± “dhammakusalo”ti ca catunna½ ekatt±d²na½ nay±na½ yuttat±ya kovidatt± “kaly±ºat±kusalo”ti ca phalasam±patt²su kovidatt± “phalat±kusalo”ti ca va¹¹h²su kovidatt± “±yakusalo”ti ca ava¹¹h²su kovidatt± “ap±yakusalo”ti ca acc±yike kicce v± bhaye v± uppanne sati tassa kiccassa, bhayassa v± tikicchanasamatthe µh±nuppattiyak±raºe kovidatt± “up±yakusalo”ti ca mahantesu abhikkam±d²su satisampajaññ±ya sampannatt± “mahat± kosallena samann±gato”ti ca vuccati thom²yati. “Tassa asekkhassa atth±d²su kusalabh±vo katha½ saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. “Kusalo sabbadhamm±nan”ti vuttatt± saddahitabboti adhipp±yo.
“Kusalo sabbadhamm±nan”ti padassa attho ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti padassa attho katha½ amhehi vitth±rato viññ±to”ti vattabbatt± “sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± “sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti bhagavat± vutta½, “kattha pavattena satisahitena ñ±ºena sampanno sato kimattha½ paribbaje”ti pucchitabbatt± “imesu pavattena satisahitañ±ºena sampanno sato imamattha½ paribbaje”ti niyametv± dassento “sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ten±ti yo abhikkam±d²su pavattena satisahitañ±ºena samann±gato sato asekkhabhikkhu, tena asekkhabhikkhun± pariniµµhitasikkhatt± aññapayojan±bh±vato diµµhadhammasukhavih±rattha½ abhikkante…pe… tuºh²bh±vena satena satisahitena sampaj±nena ñ±ºena vih±tabba½ catu-iriy±pathaparivattanasaªkh±ta½ viharaºa½ pavattetabba½.
“Y± sekkh±sekkhapaµipad± niddiµµh±, im± sekkh±sekkhapaµipad± saªkhepato katividh±”ti pucchitabbatt± im± paµipad±saªkh±t± cariy± saªkhepato puggalavasena dveti dassetu½ “im± dve cariy±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha y± cariy± bh±vetabbakusal±dibhedena v± atthakosall±dibhedena v± abhikkam±d²su satisampajaññabhedena v± niddiµµh±, im± cariy± dveti bhagavat± anuññ±t± anuj±nanavasena desit±, visuddh±na½ arahant±na½ ek± cariy±, visujjhant±na½ sekkh±na½ ek± cariy±ti puggalavasena dveti daµµhabb±.
“Asekkhoyeva kasm± ‘sato abhikkamat²’ti-±din± vuccati thom²yati, kaly±ºaputhujjanopi ‘sato abhikkamat²’ti-±din± vuccati thom²yat²”ti vattabbatt± “katakicc±ni h²”ti-±di vutta½. Arahato indriy±ni katakicc±ni, indriy±na½ katakiccatt± ya½ puccha½ pucchitabba½, ta½ sabba½ catubbidha½ dukkhassa pariññ±bhisamayena bojjhitabba½…pe… nirodhassa sacchikiriy±bhisamayena bojjhitabba½ bhave. Catubbidha½ ida½ bojjha½ bojjhitabba½ yo asekkho sativepullappattatt± eva½ pariññ±bhisamay±din± j±n±ti, aya½ asekkho nippariy±yena “r±gassa khay±ya, dosassa khay±ya, mohassa khay±ya sato abhikkamati, sato paµikkamat²”ti vuccati thom²yati. Sekkhopi yath±vutta½ bojjha½ bojjhitabba½ attano pariññ±bhisamay±din± j±n±ti, tasm± “sato…pe… mohass±”ti vuccati thom²yat²ti veditabbo. Tena vutta½ “ke visujjhant±? Sekkh±”ti.
“Kasm± sekkh±sekkh±na½ satisampajaññena abhikkaman±dibh±vo, r±g±d²nañca khayabh±vo saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± vutta½ “ten±ha bhagav± sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti. “Bhagavato sabba½ k±yakamma½ ñ±ºapubbaªgaman’ti-±din± (netti. 15) man±pikesu k±mesu n±bhigijjhanabh±vo, aman±pikesu k±mesu manas± an±vilabh±vo, sabbadhammesu kusalabh±vo, satisampajaññena samann±gatassa paribbajanabh±vo ±cariyena niddiµµho, so n±bhigijjhanabh±v±diko kasm± amhehi saddahitabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± vutta½ “ten±ha k±mesu…pe… paribbaje”ti. Imiss± g±th±yapi pucch±vissajjanavicayo pubbe ek±dhiµµh±n±didhamm±dhiµµh±n±divasena vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
Vicayah±ravibhaªge ajitasutta½ n²haritv± pucch±vissajjanavicayo ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo suttantaresu pucch±vissajjanavicayo”ti pucchitabbatt± ajitasutte pucch±vissajjanavicayanay±nus±rena suttantaresupi pucch±vissajjan±ni n²haritv± pucch±vicayavissajjanavicay± yojetabb±ti dassetu½ “eva½ pucchitabba½, eva½ vissajjitabban”ti vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
Ett±vat± ca mah±thero vicayah±ra½ vibhajanto ajitasuttavasena pucch±vicaya½, vissajjanavicayañca dassetv± id±ni suttantaresupi pucch±vissajjanavicay±na½ naya½ dassento eva½ pucchitabba½, eva½ vissajjitabban’ti ±h±”ti (netti. aµµha. 17)–

Vutta½. Tattha evanti ajitasutte (su. ni. 1038 ±dayo; c³¼ani. vatthug±th± 57, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 1 ±dayo) vuttapucch±vicay±nus±rena pucch±vasena pavattasutta½ n²haritv± pucch±vicayo vibhajetabbo, eva½ ajitasutte (su. ni. 1038 ±dayo; c³¼ani. vatthug±th± 57 ±dayo, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 1 ±dayo) vuttavissajjanavicay±nus±rena suttantaresupi vissajjanavasena pavattasutta½ n²haritv± vissajjanavicayo vibhajetabbo.

Pucch±vissajjanavicay± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katamo sutta-anug²tivicayo”ti pucchitabbatt± “suttassa ca anug²t²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha suttass±ti n²haritasuttassa. Anug²t²ti suttantaradesan±saªkh±t± anug²ti. Atthato ca byañjanato ca sam±netabb±ti tass± anug²tiy± atthato, byañjanato ca sa½vaººetabbasuttena sam±n± sadis² k±tabb±, tasmi½ v± sa½vaººiyam±nasutte anug²ti suttatthato, byañjanato ca sam±netabb± “Atthato asam±ne ko n±ma doso ±pajjeyy±”ti pucchitabbatt± atth±pagata½ hi byañjana½ samphappal±pa½ bhavat²”ti vutta½. “Atthato asam±ne doso vutto, amhehi ca ñ±to, byañjanato asam±ne pana ko n±ma doso ±pajjat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “dunnikkhittassa padabyañjanassa atthopi dunnayo bhavat²”ti vutta½. Tasm± sadosatt± anug²tiy± v± suttena atthabyañjan³peta½ saªg±yitabba½.
Anug²tivicayo ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo suttassa vicayo”ti pucchitabbatt± suttañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha suttañc±ti niddh±ritasuttañca. “Ida½ niddh±ritasutta½ n±ma bhagavat± vutta½ ±haccavacana½ ki½, ud±hu saªg±yantehi vutta½ anusandhivacana½ kin”ti pavicinitabba½, “ida½ niddh±ritasutta½ n²tattha½ ki½, ud±hu neyyattha½ kin”ti pavicinitabba½, “ida½ niddh±ritasutta½ sa½kilesabh±giya½ ki½, ud±hu v±san±bh±giya½ kin”ti pavicinitabba½, “ida½ niddh±ritasutta½ nibbedhabh±giya½ ki½, ud±hu asekkhabh±giya½ kin”ti pavicinitabba½. Eva½ pavicinitv± yadi ±haccavacana½ bhave, eva½ sati “±haccavacanan”ti niddh±retv± gahetabba½. Yadi asekkhasutta½ bhave, eva½ sati “asekkhasuttan”ti niddh±retv± gahetabba½, ñ±tanti attho.
“Sutta½ pavicinitv± suttassa atthabh³t±ni sabb±ni sacc±ni niddh±retv± kattha padese passitabb±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± puccha½ µhapetv± imasmi½ padese passitabb±n²ti dassetu½ “kuhi½ imassa suttassa sabb±ni…pe… pariyos±ne”ti vutta½. Tattha imassa suttass±ti ya½ sutta½ vicinitu½ niddh±rita½, imassa suttassa catusaccavinimuttassa suttatthassa abh±vato sabb±ni sacc±ni tasseva suttassa ±dimajjhapariyos±ne passitabb±n²ti attho.
Yath±vutta½ suttavicaya½ nigamento “eva½ sutta½ pavicetabban”ti ±ha. “Na yath±vuttapucch±d²na½ pavicetabbabh±vo amhehi j±nitabbo saddahitabbo”ti vattabbabh±vato “ten±ha…pe… anug²t²”ti vutta½. Tattha tena yath±vuttapucch±d²na½ vicetabbabh±vena ±yasm± mah±kacc±no “ya½ pucchitañca…pe… anug²t²”ti-±dika½ ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena vacanena vicetabbabh±vo tumhehi j±nitabbo saddahitabbov±ti vutta½ hoti.
“Yath±vuttappak±ro ca vicayo h±ro paripuººo ki½, ud±hu aññopi niddh±retv± yojetabbo atthi kin”ti pucchitabbatt± “niyutto vicayo h±ro”ti vutta½. Tattha pucch±vicayavissajjanavicayapubb±paravicaya-anug²tivicayasuttavicay± sar³pato vibhatt±, tehi avaseso ass±d±divicayopi yath±raha½ niddh±retv± yutto yuñjitabboti adhipp±yo.

Iti vicayah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.