12. Pah±tabbasa½yojan±ni dassanabh³mibh±van±bh³mibhedena vibhatt±ni, amhehipi ñ±t±ni, “indriyabhedato katha½ vibhatt±n²”ti vattabbabh±vato “tattha t²º²”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± “pah±tabbasa½yojanesu katam±ni sa½yojan±ni katama½ indriya½ attano pah±yaka½ katv± nirujjhant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha t²º²”ti-±di vutta½. Adhiµµh±ya attano pah±yaka½ katv± nirujjhanti anupp±davasena. “Anaññ±taññass±m²tindriyañca aññindriyañca sa½yojan±na½ nirujjhanahetu hotu, aññ±t±vindriya½ kissa het³”ti pucchitabbatt± “ya½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ya½ yena aññ±t±vindriyena arah± “me j±ti kh²º±”ti eva½ j±n±ti, ida½ j±nanahetu aññ±t±vindriya½ khaye j±tikkhaye arahattaphale pavatta½ ñ±ºa½. Ya½ yena aññ±t±vindriyena arah± “itthatt±ya apara½ na bhaviss±m²”ti paj±n±ti, ida½ paj±nanahetu aññ±t±vindriya½. Anupp±de pana anuppajjane arahattaphale pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ aññ±t±vindriya½ j±nanahetu hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Indriyañ±º±ni pah±yak±ni katv± sa½yojan±ni nirujjhanti, “t±ni ñ±º±ni kad± nirujjhant²”ti vattabbabh±vato “tattha yañc±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ aññindriya½ p±puºantassa nirujjhatu, aññindriya½ arahatta½ p±puºantassa nirujjhatu, aññ±t±vindriya½ kad± nirujjhat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha yañca khaye”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha dveti kiccabhedena dve, sabh±vato pana ek±va.
“Paj±nanakiccampi ekameva, katha½ dve siyun”ti vattabbatt± “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. ¾rammaºapaññ±bhedena dve n±m±ni labbhant²ti vutta½ hoti. ti y± paññ± pubbag±th±ya½ sotapidh±nakiccena vutt±, s± paññ± pak±rehi j±nanasabh±vena paññ± n±ma. Yath±diµµha½ ±rammaºa½ apil±panaµµhena og±hanaµµhena sati n±ma.
13. “Paññ± ceva sati c±”ti padassa attho ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “n±mar³pañc±’ti padassa attho katha½ amhehi ñ±tabbo”ti vattabbatt± n±mar³pa½ vibhajanto “tattha ye pañcup±d±nakkhandh±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti kammavip±kavaµµabhede bhavattaye. Tatth±ti pañcup±d±nakkhandhasaªkh±tan±mar³pasamud±ye. Pañcindriy±n²ti cakkh±dipañcindriy±ni Viññ±ºasampayuttanti sampayuttapaccayatta½ sandh±ya na vutta½, pacurajanassa pana avibhajitv± gahaº²yasabh±vamatta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Vibh±ga½ j±nantehi pana “n±ma½ viññ±ºasampayutta½, r³pa½ pana na viññ±ºasampayutta½, sahaj±tan”ti vibhajitv± gahetabba½. Tass±ti paññ±satisahitassa n±mar³passa. Nirodhanti anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu½.
Bhagavanta½ pucchanto ±yasm± ajito “paññ± ceva…pe… kattheta½ uparujjhat²”ti eva½ p±r±yane ±ha. “Paññ± cev±ti-±dig±th±ya y± anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu pucchit±, s± anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu katamena adhigamena pattabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± caturiddhip±damukhena ariyamagg±dhigamamukhena pattabb±, caturiddhip±dabh±van±ya ca catt±rindriy±ni m³labh³t±ni, tasm± m³labh³t±ni t±ni catt±rindriy±ni niddh±retv± dassento “tattha sati ca paññ± c±”ti-±dim±ha. Kusal±kusaladhammagatiyo samanvesam±n±ya satiy± sijjham±n±ya ekantena sam±dhi nipph±detabbo, satiggahaºena ca pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ g±th±ya½ adhippeta½, pariyuµµh±nappah±nena ca sam±dhikicca½ p±kaµanti ±ha “sati dve indriy±ni satindriyañca sam±dhindriyañc±”ti. Paññ±ya anusayasamuggh±ta½ catubbidhasammappadh±nasaªkh±tena v²riyena sijjhati, na vin± ten±ti vutta½ “paññ± dve indriy±ni paññindriyañca v²riyindriyañc±”ti.
Imesu yath±vuttesu cat³su indriyesu pubbabh±ge v± maggakkhaºe v± sijjhantesu ta½sampayutt± y± saddahan± okappan± siddh±, ida½ saddahana-okappanasaªkh±ta½ dhammaj±ta½ saddhindriya½ siddha½, “tesu m³labh³tesu indriyesu siddhesu katamena indriyena katamo dhammo siddho”ti pucchitabbatt± imin± aya½ siddhoti dassento “tattha y± saddh±dhipateyy±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti saty±d²su. Saddh±dhipateyy±ti paccayabh³t±ya saddh±ya siddho chando adhipat²ti saddh±dhipati, saddh±dhipatin± pavattetabb± cittekaggat±ti saddh±dhipateyy±. Chandasam±dh²ti chanda½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattito sam±dhi v± chand±dhipatin± sampayutto pubbabh±ge pavatto sam±dhi v± chandasam±dhi, pah±na½ pah±nahetu hot²ti yojan± k±tabb±. Pah±nanti ca pajahati vikkhambhitakilese etena chandasam±dhin±ti pah±nanti karaºas±dhanattho gahetabbo. Paµisaªkh±nabalen±ti parikammabalena. Bh±van±balen±ti mahaggatabh±van±balena.
“So chandasam±dhi saya½ kevalova pah±nan”ti vattabbatt± “tattha ye ass±sapass±s±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ sam±hite citte cittupp±de. “Tasmi½ sam±hite cittupp±de ass±s±”ti-±din± ass±s±dis²sena ass±s±dijanak± v²riyasaªkh±r± gahit±, te ca y±va bh±van±p±rip³r², t±va punappuna½ saraºato ca sar±, punappuna½ saªkappato ca saªkapp±. Yo pana “sarasaªkapp±, ime saªkh±r± c±”ti eva½ vuttappak±ro purimako chandasam±dhi v± kilesavikkhambhanat±ya ca tadaªgappah±nat±ya ca pah±na½ pah±nahetupadh±na½ v±, “ime vuttappak±r± saªkh±r±dayo ki½ bh±vent²”ti pucchitabbatt± “ime ca saªkh±r±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ime saªkh±r± ca tadubhayañca chandasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gata½ vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½ iddhip±da½ bh±vet²ti yojan±.
Chandasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gatanti chando eva adhipati chand±dhipati, chand±dhipatisam±dhi. Tena vutta½ bhagavat±– “chanda½ ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu adhipati½ karitv± labhati sam±dhin”ti (vibha. 432). Chandahetuko v± sam±dhi, chand±diko v± sam±dhi chandasam±dhi, chand±dhipatissa paccayuppanno sam±dh²ti vutta½ hoti. Padh±nabh³t± saªkh±r± padh±nasaªkh±r±, padh±nasaddena saªkhatasaªkh±r±dayo nivatt±pit±, chandasam±dhi ca padh±nasaªkh±r± c±ti chandasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±r± tehi samann±gato chanda…pe… samann±gato, ta½…pe… gata½. Ijjhati samijjhati nippajjat²ti iddhi, koµµh±so, iddhi eva p±do koµµh±soti iddhip±do, iddhip±dacatuttho. Ijjhanti v± t±ya satt± iddh± vuddh± ukka½sagat± hont²ti iddhi, pajjati eten±ti p±do, iddhiy± p±doti iddhip±do. Iddhip±doti s±maññatthavasena vuttopi “chandasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gatan”ti vuttatt± chandiddhip±dova gahetabbo, ta½ iddhip±da½ ta½ chandiddhip±da½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti attho.
Vivekanissita½ vir±ganissitanti vipassan±kkhaºe kiccato tadaªgavivekanissita½, ajjh±sayato nissaraºavivekanissita½, maggakkhaºe pana kiccato samucchedavivekanissita½, ±rammaºato nissaraºavivekanissita½. Vir±ganissitanti vipassan±kkhaºe kiccato tadaªgavir±ganissita½, ajjh±sayato nissaraºavivekanissita½, maggakkhaºe pana kiccato samucchedavir±ganissita½ ±rammaºato nissaraºavir±ganissita½. Nirodhanissitanti vipassan±kkhaºe kiccato tadaªganirodhanissita½, ajjh±sayato nissaraºanirodhanissita½, maggakkhaºe kiccato samucchedanirodhanissita½, ±rammaºato nissaraºanirodhanissita½. Vossaggapariº±minti ettha paricc±gavossaggapakkhandanavossaggavasena vossaggo duvidho. Tatthapi vipassan±kkhaºe tadaªgavasena paricc±gavossaggo, nibb±naninnabh±vena pakkhandanavossaggo, maggakkhaºe samucchedavasena paricc±gavossaggo, ±rammaºakaraºena nibb±napakkhandanavossaggoti vibhajitv± gahetabbo. Yath±vuttavossaggattha½ pariºamati, pariºata½ v± paripacati paripacana½ karot²ti vossaggapariº±m², ta½ vossaggapariº±mi½.
Chandiddhip±dabh±van±k±ro ±cariyena vutto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katha½ v²riyiddhip±dabh±van±k±ro amhehi vij±nitabbo”ti vattabbabh±vato “tattha y± v²riy±dhipateyy±”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho heµµh± vuttanay±nus±reneva viññeyyo. Sa½khittavasena pana µhapita½ p±µha½ vitth±rato µhapess±mi. Katha½?–
“Tattha y± v²riy±dhipateyy± cittekaggat±, aya½ v²riyasam±dhi. Sam±hite citte kiles±na½ vikkhambhanat±ya paµisaªkh±nabalena v± bh±van±balena v±, ida½ pah±na½. Tattha ye ass±sapass±s± vitakkavic±r± saññ±vedayit± sarasaªkapp±, ime saªkh±r±. Iti purimako ca v²riyasam±dhi, kilesavikkhambhanat±ya ca pah±na½ ime ca saªkh±r±, tadubhaya½ v²riyasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gata½ iddhip±da½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½.
“Tattha y± citt±dhipateyy± cittekaggat±, aya½ cittasam±dhi. Sam±hite citte kiles±na½ vikkhambhanat±ya paµisaªkh±nabalena v± bh±van±balena v±, ida½ pah±na½. Tattha ye ass±sapass±s± vitakkavic±r± saññ±vedayit± sarasaªkapp±, ime saªkh±r±. Iti purimako ca cittasam±dhi, kilesavikkhambhanat±ya ca pah±na½ ime ca saªkh±r±, tadubhaya½ cittasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gata½ iddhip±da½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½.
“Tattha y± v²ma½s±dhipateyy± cittekaggat±, aya½ v²ma½s±sam±dhi, sam±hite citte kiles±na½ vikkhambhanat±ya paµisaªkh±nabalena v± bh±van±balena v±, ida½ pah±na½. Tattha ye ass±sapass±s± vitakkavic±r± saññ±vedayit± sarasaªkapp±, ime saªkh±r±. Iti purimako ca v²ma½s±sam±dhi kilesavikkhambhanat±ya ca pah±na½ ime ca saªkh±r±, tadubhaya½ v²ma½s±sam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gata½ iddhip±da½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±min”ti.
Aya½ pana viseso– v²riyasam±dh²ti v²riya½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattito sam±dhi v± v²riy±dhipatin± sampayutto pubbabh±ge pavatto sam±dhi v± v²riyasam±dhi. Cittasam±dh²ti citta½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattito sam±dhi v± citt±dhipatin± sampayutto pubbabh±ge pavatto sam±dhi v± cittasam±dhi. V²ma½s±sam±dh²ti v²ma½sa½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattito sam±dhi v± v²ma½s±dhipatin± sampayutto pubbabh±ge pavatto sam±dhi v± v²ma½s±sam±dh²ti.
Sattibal±nur³penettha saªkhepavaººan± kat±, gambh²rañ±ºehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nur³pena vitth±rato v± gambh²rato v± vibhajitv± gahetabb±.
14. “Chandasam±dhi v²riyasam±dhi cittasam±dhi v²ma½s±sam±dh²”ti vutto, “eva½ sati v²ma½s±sam±dhiyeva ñ±ºam³lako ñ±ºapubbaªgamo ñ±º±nuparivatti bhaveyya, aññe tayo sam±dhayo aññ±ºam³lak± aññ±ºapubbaªgam± aññ±ºapavattiyo bhaveyyun”ti vattabbatt± sabbe sam±dhayo ñ±ºam³lak±dayoyev±ti dassetu½ “sabbo sam±dhi ñ±ºam³lako”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sabbo sam±dh²ti chandasam±dhi, v²riyasam±dhi, cittasam±dhi, v²ma½s±sam±dh²ti catubbidho sam±dhi. ѱºam³lakoti ek±vajjanav²thin±n±vajjanav²th²su pavatta½ upac±rañ±ºam³lako. ѱºapubbaªgamoti adhigamañ±ºa½ pubbaªgama½ ass±ti ñ±ºapubbaªgamo. ѱº±nuparivatt²ti paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ anuparivatti ass±ti ñ±º±nuparivatti. Atha v± n±n±vajjan³pac±rañ±ºa½ v± paµisandhiñ±ºa½ v± m³la½ ass±ti ñ±ºam³lako, upac±rañ±ºa½ pubbaªgama½ ass±ti ñ±ºapubbaªgamo, appan±ñ±ºa½ anuparivatti ass±ti ñ±º±nuparivatti Sabba½ v± upac±rañ±ºa½ m³la½ ass±ti ñ±ºam³lako. Appan±ñ±ºa½ pubbaªgama½ ass±ti ñ±ºapubbaªgamo. Abhiññ±ñ±ºa½ anuparivatti ass±ti ñ±º±nuparivatti, anuparivattana½ v± anuparivatti, ñ±ºassa anuparivatti ñ±º±nuparivatti, ñ±º±nuparivatti ass±ti ñ±º±nuparivatti. ѱºa½ pana pubbe vuttappak±rameva.