“Ki½ nu sot± sabbassa lokassa sabbadhi savanti, ud±hu, ekaccassev±”ti pucchitabbatt± “savanti sabbadhi sot±ti, asam±hitassa savanti abhijjh±by±p±dappam±dabahulass±”ti vutta½. Tattha abhijjh±by±p±dappam±dabahulatt± r³p±d²su n±n±rammaºesu vikkhittacittasseva sot± savanti pavattanti, na sam±hitassa abhijjh±by±p±dappam±davirahitass±ti adhipp±yo daµµhabbo. “Katam± abhijjh±, katamo by±p±do, katamo pam±do”ti vattabbatt± “tattha y± abhijjh±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu abhijjh±by±p±dappam±desu. Y± abhijjh±, aya½ lobho, na abhijjh±yanamatta½. Lobho ca akusalam³la½, na lubbhanamatta½. Yo by±p±do aya½ doso, na by±pajjanamatta½. Doso ca akusalam³la½, na d³sanamatta½. Yo pam±do, aya½ moho, na sativippav±samatta½. Moho ca akusalam³la½, na m³hanamatta½. Eva½ imin± vuttappak±rena abhijjh±d²na½ akusalam³latt± yassa abhijjh±by±p±dappam±dabahulassa asam±hitassa chasu r³p±d²su ±yatanesu taºh± savanti.
“Katividh± s± taºh±”ti vattabbatt± “r³pataºh±…pe… dhammataºh±”ti vutta½. “Channa½ r³pataºh±d²na½ chasu r³p±di-±yatanesu savana½ kena ca vacanena amhehi saddahitabban”ti vattabbatt± “yath±ha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. “Savat²ti ca kho, bhikkhave…pe… paµihaññat²”ti ya½ vacana½ bhagav± yath± yena pak±rena ±ha, tath± tena pak±rena vuttanayena vacanena tumhehi saddahitabbanti adhipp±yo. Ettha ca cakkh±d²na½ r³pataºh±d²na½ channa½ sot±na½ dv±rabh±vena pavattatt± cakkh±dayo nissit³pac±ravasena saya½ savanto viya bhagavat± vutt±. It²ti eva½ vuttappak±rena sabb± sabbasm± cakkh±didv±rato ca savati pavattati. Sabbath± sabbappak±rena taºh±yanamicch±bhinivesana-unnaman±dippak±rena savati pavattat²ti attho. “Kasm± sabbasm± cakkh±didv±rato ca savati pavattati, sabbappak±rena taºh±yanamicch±bhinivesana-unnaman±dippak±rena savanabh±vo vij±nitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ten±ti asam±hitassa abhijjh±by±p±d±d²na½ cakkh±didv±rato ca taºh±yanamicch±bhinivesa-unnaman±k±rena taºh±divasena pavattanato pavattaj±nanako bhagav± “savanti sabbadhi sot±”ti ±ha.
“Sot±na½ ‘ki½ niv±raºan’ti imin± ki½ pucchati? Sot±na½ anusayappah±na½ pucchati ki½? Ud±hu v²tikkamappah±na½ pucchat²”ti vattabbatt± “sot±na½ ki½ niv±raºanti pariyuµµh±navigh±ta½ pucchat²”ti vutta½. “Ida½ pariyuµµh±navigh±ta½ vod±na½, ud±hu vuµµh±na½ kin”ti vattabbatt± “ida½ vod±nan”ti vutta½. “Sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³hi, ‘kena sot± pidh²yare’ti imin± ki½ pucchati? Sot±na½ pariyuµµh±na½ pucchati ki½? Ud±hu v²tikkamana½, samuggh±µa½ v± pucchati kin”ti vattabbatt± sot±na½…pe… pidh²yareti anusayasamuggh±µa½ pucchat²”ti vutta½. “Ida½ anusayasamuggh±µa½ vod±na½ ki½, ud±hu vuµµh±na½ kin”ti vattabbatt± “ida½ vuµµh±nan”ti vutta½.
“Savanti sabbadhi sot±”ti-±dipucch±vicayo ±cariyena vutto, amhehi ca ñ±to; t±ya pucch±ya “katamo vissajjanavicayo”ti vattabbatt± “tattha vissajjan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha pucch±ya½–
“Y±ni sot±ni lokasmi½, (ajit±ti bhagav±,)
sati tesa½ niv±raºa½;
sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi, paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti. (Su. ni. 1041 c³¼ani. vatthug±th± 60, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 4)–
G±th± vissajjan±ti daµµhabb±. Tassa½ g±th±ya½ ajita lokasmi½ y±ni sot±ni savanti, tesa½ sot±na½ ya½ niv±raºa½, s± sati hoti; ta½ sati½ sot±na½ sa½varanti aha½ br³mi; ete sot± paññ±ya pidh²yareti yojan± k±tabb±. Tattha sat²ti vipassan±paññ±ya sampayutt± sati. Paññ±y±ti maggapaññ±ya. Pidh²yareti uppajjitu½ appad±navasena pidh²yanti pacchijjanti.
“Sati tesa½ niv±raºa½ sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²”ti bhagav± ±ha– “y±ya k±yaci satiy± sot±na½ sa½varaºakicca½ siddha½ ki½, visiµµh±ya satiy± sot±na½ sa½varaºakicca½ siddha½ ki½, katam±ya satiy± sot±na½ sa½varaºakicca½ siddhan”ti pucchitabbatt± “k±yagat±ya satiy±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha k±yagat±ya satiy±ti r³pak±ye gata½ kes±dika½ anicc±dito vipassitv± pavatt±ya vipassan±ñ±ºasampayutt±ya satiy±. Bh±vit±y±ti k±yagata½ aniccato dukkhato anattato nibbindanato virajjanato nirodhanato paµinissajjanato anupassan±vasena bh±vit±ya. Evañhi aniccato anupassanto niccasañña½ pajahati; dukkhato anupassanto sukhasañña½ pajahati; anattato anupassanto attasañña½ pajahati; nibbindanto nandi½ pajahati; virajjanto r±ga½ pajahati; nirodhento samudaya½ pajahati; paµinissajjanto ±d±na½ pajahat²ti. Bahul²kat±y±ti yath±vuttappak±rena divasampi m±sampi sa½vaccharampi sattasa½vaccharampi bahul²kat±ya. Cakkhunti abhijjh±dipavattidv±rabh±vena µhita½ cakkhu½, niggahit±gama½ daµµhabba½. N±viñchat²ti cakkhudv±re pavatta½ abhijjh±disahita½ cittasant±na½, ta½samaªg²puggala½ v± n±ka¹¹hati, man±pikesu r³pesu n±viñchat²ti yojan±. Aman±pikesu r³pesu na paµihaññati K±yagat±ya satiy± bh±vit±ya bahul²kat±ya sota½ n±viñchati. Man±pikesu saddesu…pe… aman±pikesu saddesu na paµihaññat²ti yojan± yath±sambhavato k±tabb±.
“Kena k±raºena n±viñchati paµihaññat²”ti pucchati, indriy±na½ sa½vutaniv±ritatt± n±viñchati na paµihaññat²ti vissajjeti. “Ken±rakkhena te sa½vutaniv±rit±”ti pucchati, sati-±rakkhena te sa½vutaniv±rit±ti vissajjeti. “Sati-±rakkhena sa½vutaniv±ritabh±vo kena amhehi saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ten±ti tasm± sati-±rakkhena sa½vutaniv±ritatt± sa½vutaniv±ritaj±nanako bhagav± “sati tesa½ niv±raºan”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena vacanena tumhehi sati-±rakkhena sa½vutaniv±ritabh±vo saddahitabboti pubbabh±ge paññ± saty±nug±ti kiccamevettha adhikanti daµµhabba½.
“Sati tesa½ niv±raºan”ti vissajjanassa vitth±rattho ±cariyena vutto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti vissajjanassa vitth±rattho “katha½ amhehi j±nitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti vissajjanassa vitth±rattha½ dassento “paññ±ya anusay± pah²yant²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha paññ±y±ti maggapaññ±ya. Anusay±ti anur³pa½ k±raºa½ labhitv± uppajjan±rah± k±mar±g±nusay±dayo. Pah²yanti samucchedavasena anusayesu paññ±ya pah²nesu pariyuµµh±n±pi atthato pah²yanti. Kissa pah²natt± “pah²yant²”ti vuccati? Anusayassa pah²natt± pariyuµµh±n± pah²yant²ti vissajjeti.
“Ta½ anusayappah±nena pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ ki½ viya bhavat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “ta½ yath± khandhavantass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha khandhavantassa rukkhassa kud±l±din± bh³mi½ khaºitv± anavasesam³luddharaºe kate tassa rukkhassa pupphaphalapallavaªkurasantatipi kud±l±din± samucchinn±va bhavati yath±, eva½ arahattamaggañ±ºena anusayesu pah²nesu anusay±na½ pariyuµµh±nasantati samucchinn± pidahit± paµicchann± bhavati. Kena samucchinn± bhavati? Paññ±ya maggapaññ±ya samucchinn± bhavat²ti atthayojan± daµµhabb±. “Paññ±ya paricchinnabh±vo katha½ saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±”ti-±di vutta½. “Paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti vacanato anusay±na½ pariyuµµh±nasantatiy± paññ±ya paricchinnabh±vo paº¹itehi saddahitabboti adhipp±yo.
Imesu pañh±vissajjanesu sot±na½ sa½vara½, pidh±nañca aj±nantena v± sa½sayitena v± sa½varapidh±n±na½ pucchitabbatt± dhamm±dhiµµh±n± pucch±ti pucch±vicayo ceva satipaññ±na½ vissajjetabbatt± dhamm±dhiµµh±na½ vissajjananti vissajjanavicayo ca veditabbo. Etesu ca “kenassu nivuto loko”ti-±diko pañho n²varaºavicikicch±pam±dajapp±na½ vasena catubbidhopi lok±dhiµµh±navasena eko pañhoti vutto, eva½ sati “savanti sabbadhi sot±”ti-±dikopi pañho sa½varapidh±n±na½ vasena duvidhopi ekatthavasena gahetv± ek±dhiµµh±navasena “eko pañho”ti vattabbo, sot±na½ bahubh±vato v± “bahupañho”ti vattabbo; tath± pana avatv± sote an±masitv± sa½varapidh±n±na½ vasena “savanti sabbadhi sot±”ti-±dimhi “dve pañh±”ti vutt±. Tadanus±rena “kenassu nivuto loko”ti-±dimhipi loka½ an±masitv± n²varaº±d²na½ catunna½ vasena “catt±ro pañh±”tipi vattabb±ti aya½ nayo dassitoti nayadassana½ daµµhabba½.
Desan±k±le vuttadhammassa anusandhimaggahetv± attan± racitaniy±meneva pucchitapañhassa ceva pañha½ aµµhapetv±, paµiññañca akatv± vissajjanassa ca vicayah±ro ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “desan±k±le vuttadhammassa anusandhi½ gahetv± pucchitapañhassa ceva ta½ pañha½ µhapetv±, paµiññañca katv± vissajjanassa ca yo vicayo h±ro vibhatto, so vicayah±ro katha½ amhehi viññ±yati, amh±ka½ viññ±panatth±ya tasmi½ vicaya½ vibhajeth±”ti vattabbabh±vato tesu vicetabb±k±ra½ dassento “y±ni sot±n²”ti-±dig±th±ya vicay±k±radassan±nantara½ “paññ± ceva sati c±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha g±th±ttho t±va viññ±tabbo– y±ya paññ±ya anusayappah±nena sotanirujjhana½ vutta½, y±ya satiy± ca pariyuµµh±nappah±nena sotanirujjhana½ vutta½, s±ya½ paññ± ceva s±ya½ sati ca t±hi paññ±sat²hi asesa½ sahuppanna½ n±mañceva r³pañca, eta½ sabba½ kattha nirujjham±ne asesa½ uparujjhat²ti m±risa me may± puµµho tva½ bhagav± mayha½ eta½ nirujjhana½ pabr³hi, iti ±yasm± ajito bhagavanta½ pucchati.
Ajita tva½ yameta½ pañha½ pucchita½ nirujjhana½ ma½ apucchi, aha½ te tava ta½ nirujjhana½ vad±mi. Yattha viññ±ºanirodhe paññ±satisahita½ n±mañca r³pañca viññ±ºassa nirodhena saha ekato asesa½ uparujjhati, ettha viññ±ºanirodhe eta½ sabba½ viññ±ºanirodhena ekato ekakkhaºe apubba½ acarima½ uparujjhati, eta½ viññ±ºanirodha½ tassa n±mar³passa nirodho n±tivattati, ta½ ta½ n±mar³panirodha½ so so viññ±ºanirodho n±tivattat²ti.
“Tasmi½ pañhe aya½ ajito ki½ pucchati? Uparujjhanameva pucchati, ud±hu añña½ pucchat²”ti vattabbato “aya½ pañhe anusandhi½ pucchat²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ayanti yo ±yasm± ajito pañha½ apucch²ti aya½ ajito. Pañheti “paññ± ceva sati c±”ti-±dipañhe. Yadi anusandhi½ pucchati, eva½ sati “kattheta½ uparujjhat²”ti pucchana½ ayutta½ bhaveyy±ti? Na, anusandh²yati etena upanirujjhanen±ti anusandh²ti atthasambhavato. Tena vutta½ “anusandhi½ pucchanto ki½…pe… nibb±nadh±tun”ti. Anusandhipucchanena anup±disesanibb±nadh±tuy±pi pucchanato “kattheta½ uparujjhat²”ti pucchana½ yuttameva.
“Y± anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu pucchit±, ta½ katam±ya paµipad±ya adhigacchat²”ti pucchitabbatt± catusaccakammaµµh±nabh±van±saªkh±ta½ paµipada½ visayena saha dassetu½ “t²º² sacc±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha saªkhat±n²ti kamm±dipaccayehi samecca sambh³ya dukkh±d²ni kar²yant²ti saªkhat±ni. Nirodhadhamm±n²ti nirujjhana½ nirodho, dhammopi nirodhadhammova, tasm± nirodho dhammo sabh±vo yesa½ dukkh±d²nanti nirodhadhamm±n²ti atthova gahetabbo. T±ni t²ºi sacc±ni sar³pato dassetu½ “dukkha½ samudayo maggo”ti vutta½. T²ºi dukkhasamudayamaggasacc±ni saªkhat±n²ti vutt±ni, “ki½ nirodhasaccan”ti pucchitabbatt± “nirodho asaªkhato”ti vutta½. Idha “nirodhadhammo”tipi vattabba½. Kamm±dipaccayehi asaªkhatatt± asaªkhato. Upp±danirodh±bh±vato anirodhadhammo. “Pah±yakapah±tabbesu saccesu katamena pah±yakena katamo pah±tabbo, katam±ya bh³miy± pah²no”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha samudayo dv²su bh³m²s³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha dv²su bh³m²s³ti dassanabh±van±bh³m²su. K±macchandoti k±mabhavar±go. R³par±goti r³pabhavar±go. Ar³par±goti ar³pabhavar±go. Sa½yojanabhedato dasa sa½yojan±ni pah²yant²ti yojan±.