“T±disassa sukkadhamm±na½ appak±sanabh±vo amhehi kena vacanena saddahitabbo”ti vattabbabh±vato “yath±ha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha–
“D³re santo pak±santi, himavantova pabbato;
asantettha na dissanti, ratti½ khitt± yath± sar±;
te guºehi pak±santi, kittiy± ca yasena c±”ti.–

Ya½ g±th±p±µha½ bhagav± yath± yena appak±san±k±rena ±ha, tath± tena appak±san±k±rena vuttena tena g±th±p±µhena t±disassa puggalassa sukkadhamm±na½ appak±sanabh±vo tumhehi saddahitabboyeva, tasm± “vivicch± pam±d± loko nappak±sat²”ti vissajjan± k±tabb±v±ti adhipp±yo.

G±th±ttho pana– himavanto pabbato d³re µhito d³re µhit±nampi sacakkhuk±na½ puggal±na½ pak±sati iva, eva½ santo sappuris± d³re µhit±nampi guºavasena pavatt±ya kittiy± ca guºavasena pavattehi yasaparibhogapariv±rehi ca d³re µhit±na½ paº¹it±na½ pak±santi, rattik±le khitt± sar± us³ na dissanti yath±, ettha sattaloke vivicch±pam±d±na½ vasena viharanto asanto na dissanti. Ye santo pak±santi, te santo guºehi pak±sant²ti dassetu½ “te guºehi pak±sant²”ti vutta½ Guº± n±ma abbhantare j±t±, “katha½ guºehi pak±sant²”ti vattabbatt± “kittiy± ca yasena c±”ti vutta½. Guº±nubh±vena pavatt±ya kittiy± ca guº±nubh±vena pavattena yasena ca pak±sant± puggal± guºehi pak±sant²ti vattabb±v±ti.
Yadi vivicch±pam±d±na½ vasena nappak±sati, eva½ sati loko nivuto hoti, tasm± paµhamassa padass±pi vissajjan± k±tabb±ti codana½ manasi katv± “tena c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ten±ti “vivicch± pam±d± nappak±sat²”ti padena “kenassu nappak±sat²”ti dutiyassa padassa vissajjan± yutt± yuttatar±ti attho. Paden±ti ca padatthaµµhena vissajjan±ti attho. Padass±ti padatthassa pucchitabbass±ti attho daµµhabbo. Esa nayo heµµh±, upari ca.
“Kiss±bhilepana½ br³s²”ti pañhe “japp±bhilepana½ br³m²”ti vissajjan± tass± ajitena daµµhabb±. “Katam± japp± n±m±”ti pucchitabbatt± “japp± n±ma vuccati taºh±”ti vutta½. S± taºh± loka½ abhilimpat²ti katha½ viññ±yat²ti yojan±. Tena vutta½ “yath±ha bhagav±”ti-±di. Tattha yath± yena taºh±ya abhilepanabh±vena–
“Ratto attha½ na j±n±ti, ratto dhamma½ na passati;
andha½ tama½ tad± hoti, ya½ r±go sahate naran”ti.–

Ya½ g±tha½ bhagav± ±ha, tath± tena abhilepanabh±vena vutt±ya t±ya g±th±ya s± taºh± loka½ abhilimpat²ti viññ±yat²ti adhipp±yo.

G±th±ya½ pana– rajjati sattoti ratto, r±gasamaªg²satto. K±raºa½ paµicca asati pavattati phalanti attha½, phala½. K±raºa½ phala½ dh±reti, ta½ k±raºa½ dhamma½ n±ma. Andhak±ra½ andha½. Yanti yamhi k±le. Yanti hi bhummatthe paccattavacana½. Yamhi k±le r±go nara½ r±gasamaªgi½ sahate abhibhavati, tad± k±le andha½ andhak±ra½ tama½ hot²ti yojan±. R±go nara½ ya½ yasm± sahate, tasm± andha½ tama½ tad± hot²ti v±, r±go ya½ nara½ sahate, tassa narassa andha½ tama½ tad± hot²ti v±, r±go nara½ ya½ sahate abhibh³yate ya½ sahana½ abhibhavana½ nipph±deti, ta½ sahana½ abhibhavana½ andha½ andhak±ra½ tama½ hot²ti v± yojan±.
“Yadi ratto atth±dika½ na j±n±ti, eva½ sati katha½ japp±bhilepana½ bhavat²”ti vattabbatt± “s±ya½ taºh±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±rammaºesu ±sattibahulassa ±saªgabahulassa taºh±samaªgissa puggalassa s± aya½ taºh± eva½ bahu-±saªgavasena abhijapp± pariyuµµh±naµµh±yin² hoti. Iti karitv± imin± k±raºena tattha taºh±ya sattaloko kenaci silesena abhilitto makkhito viya japp±bhilepena abhilitto n±ma bhavat²ti yojan±. “Japp±bhilepana½ appak±sanassapi k±raºa½ bhavati, tasm± ‘kenassu nappak±sat²’ti dutiyapadatthassapi vissajjan± siy±”ti vattabbatt± “tena c±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Tassa lokassa mahabbhaya½ kin”ti imasmi½ catutthapañhe “assa lokassa dukkha½ mahabbhaya½ bhave”ti aya½ vissajjan± tass± ajitena daµµhabb±. Bh±yati loko etasm±ti bhaya½, mahanta½ bhaya½ mahabbhaya½. “Katividha½ dukkhan”ti pucchitabbatt± “duvidha½ dukkhan”ti-±di vutta½. Dve vidh± assa dukkhass±ti duvidha½. “Katama½ duvidha½ dukkhan”ti pucchitabbatt± “k±yikañca cetasikañc±”ti vutta½. “Katama½ k±yika½, katama½ cetasikan”ti pucchitabbatt± “ya½ k±yika½, ida½ dukkha½ ya½ cetasika½, ida½ domanassan”ti vutta½.
Rog±disatth±di-aniµµhar³pa½ sattalokassa mahabbhaya½ bhaveyya, “katha½ dukkha½ mahabbhaya½ bhaveti saddahetabban”ti vattabbabh±vato “sabbe satt± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sabbe satt± yath±vuttassa dukkhassa ubbijjanti, dukkhena samasama½ añña½ bhaya½ satt±na½ natthi, dukkhato uttaritara½ v± pana bhaya½ kuto atthi. Hi yasm± natthi, tasm± dukkhato aññassa bhayassa abh±vato “dukkha½ lokassa mahabbhayan”ti vacana½ saddahitabbanti adhipp±yo.
“Sabbe satt±”ti-±divacanena rog±disatth±di-aniµµhar³pa½ dukkham³lamev±ti dasseti. “K±yikacetasikavasena duvidha½ dukkha½ dukkhavedan±yeva, eva½ sati saªkh±radukkhavipariº±madukkh±na½ mahabbhayabh±vo na ±pajjeyy±”ti vattabbabh±vato “tisso dukkhat±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Tisso dukkhat± sabbesa½ satt±na½ sabbak±lesu uppajjanti, kad±ci kassaci na uppajjant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha loko”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti t±su t²su dukkhat±su. Lokoti bhogasampanno ceva app±b±dho ca sattaloko. Odhaso odhiso kad±ci karahaci att³pakkamam³l±ya dukkhadukkhat±ya muccati, kad±ci par³pakkamam³l±ya dukkhadukkhat±ya muccati, tath± odhaso odhiso kad±ci karahaci d²gh±yuko loko vipariº±madukkhat±ya muccati, “kena hetun± muccat²”ti pucchitabbatt± puccha½ µhapetv± hetu½ dassetu½ “ta½ kissa het³”ti-±di vutta½. Sattaloke appekacce app±b±dh± honti, te bhogasampannatt± ceva app±b±dhatt± ca dukkhadukkhat±ya muccanti, visesato r³p±vacarasatt± muccanti. Appekacce d²gh±yuk±pi honti, te d²gh±yukatt± vipariº±madukkhat±ya muccanti; visesato ar³p±vacarasatt± muccanti ar³p±vacarasatt±na½ upekkh±sam±pattibahulatt±.
Tesa½ t±hi dukkhat±hi muccana½ anekantika½ hoti, tasm± t±hi anatikkantatt± anekantika½ muccana½ tumhehi vutta½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katama½ ekantikamuccanan”ti pucchitabbatt± “saªkh±radukkhat±ya pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha saªkh±radukkhat±y±ti dukkhavedan±pi saªkhatatt± saªkh±rapariy±pann±, t±dis±ya saªkh±radukkhat±y±ti attho gahetabbo. Lokoti arah±. Up±d²yati vip±kakkhandhacatukkakaµatt±r³pasaªkh±ta½ khandhapañcakanti up±di, up±diyeva sesa½ up±disesa½, khandhapañcaka½, ta½ natthi etiss± nibb±nadh±tuy±ti anup±dises±. Anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu hutv± muccati, itthambh³talakkhaºe c±ya½ karaºaniddeso. Nibb±nadh±t³ti ca khandhapañcakassa nibb±yanamatta½ adhippeta½, na asaªkhatadh±tu. Tasm±ti saªkh±radukkhat±ya sakalalokaby±pakabh±vena sabbalokasaªg±hakatt± vuttappak±rasaªkh±radukkhat±ya sabbalokassa dukkha½ hoti, iti katv± saªkh±radukkhat±ya sabbalokassa dukkhabh±vato “dukkhamassa mahabbhayan”ti bhagavat± vutta½.
“Vedan±paccay± taºh±”ti (ma. ni. 3.126; sa½. ni. 2.1, 3, 36; mah±va. 1; vibha. 225) vacanato “dukkhamassa mahabbhayan”ti padena “kiss±bhilepana½ br³s²”ti tatiyapadass±pi vissajjan± siy±ti ±saªkabh±vato “tena ca catutthassa padassa vissajjan± yutt±”ti vutta½. “Kena yath±kkama½ pucch±vissajjan±na½ yuttatarabh±vo j±nitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±ha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena yath±kkama½ pucch±vissajjan±na½ yuttataratt± yuttataraj±nanako bhagav± “avijj±ya nivuto loko”ti-±dim±ha, tasm± yuttatarabh±vo tumhehi j±nitabboti.
Ettha ca lokassa n²varaº±d²ni aj±nantena ca titthiyav±desu samayantaresu paricayena ca tesu samayantaresu ceva n²varaº±d²su ca sa½sayapakkhandena eka½seneva satt±dhiµµh±nena pucchitabbatt±, eka½seneva satt±dhiµµh±nena by±k±tabbatt± ca satt±dhiµµh±n± pucch± kat±ti veditabb±. S± c±ya½ pucch± aj±nantassa j±nanatth±ya, j±tasa½sayassa ca sa½sayavinodanatth±ya vissajjetabbassa n²varaº±divisayassa catubbidhatt± catubbidh±. N²varaº±d²na½ pana visay±na½ loko ca ±dh±rabh±vena g±th±ya½ vuttoti “eko pañho dassito”ti ayamettha pucch±vicayo, vissajjan±vicayo pana “adiµµhajotan± vissajjan±, vimaticchedan± vissajjan±”ti-±din± pucch±vicaye vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
Ek±dh±re pucch±vissajjane vicayo ±cariyehi vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “anek±dh±re pucch±vissajjane yo vicayo vibhajan±raho, so vicayo katha½ amhehi viññ±yati, amh±ka½ viññ±panatth±ya tasmi½ vicaya½ vibhajath±”ti vattabbabh±vato anek±dh±ra½ puccha½ t±va n²haritv± dassetu½–
“Savanti sabbadhi sot±, (icc±yasm± ajito,)
sot±na½ ki½ niv±raºa½;
sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³hi, kena sot± pidh²yare”ti. (Su. ni. 1040; c³¼ani. vatthug±th± 59, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 3)–

G±tham±ha G±th±ttho t±va daµµhabbo. Savant²ti sandanti, pavattant²ti attho. Sabbadh²ti taºh±d²na½ ±rammaºabh³tesu sabbesu r³p±d²su ±yatanesu. Sot±ti taºh±bhijjh±by±p±d±dayo sot±. Icc±yasm±ti iti eva½ ±yasm± ajito ±ha. Sot±nanti taºh±bhijjh±by±p±d±d²na½ sot±na½. Ki½ niv±raºanti ki½ katama½ dhammaj±ta½ ±varaºa½ bhave, k± katam± dhammaj±ti rakkh± bhave. Sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³h²ti sot±na½ taºh±bhijjh±by±p±d±d²na½ sa½varaºa½ ±varaºa½ ida½ dhammaj±ta½ bhaveti sabbasattahitattha½ amh±ka½ tva½ kathehi. Kena sot± pidh²yareti kena pah±yakadhammena taºh±bhijjh±by±p±d±dayo sot± paº¹itehi pidh²yareti pucchat²ti pucchit±ni.

“Pucch±vasena kathit±ya ‘savanti…pe… pidh²yare’ti im±ya g±th±ya kittak±ni pad±ni pucchit±ni, kittak± pañh±”ti pucchitabbatt± “im±ni catt±ri pad±ni pucchit±ni, te dve pañh±”ti vutta½. “Pucch±vasena pavatt±ya imiss± g±th±ya yadi catt±ri pad±ni siyu½, eva½ santesu pañh±pi catubbidh± siyu½, kasm± ‘dve’ti vutt±”ti vattabbatt± “kasm±? Ime hi bahv±dhivacanena pucchit±”ti vutta½. Ime et±ya g±th±ya gahit± atth± bahv±dhivacanena pucchit±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “savanti…pe… pidh²yareti bah³ni vacan±ni adhikicca pavatt± sa½varasaªkh±t± sati ceva pidahanahetubh³t± paññ± c±ti ime dve atth±va pucchit±, tasm± atthavasena dve pañh± vutt± v±”ti. “Pucch±ya duvidhatthavisayat± katha½ vutt±”ti vattabbatt± pucch±ya duvidhatthavisayata½ vivaritu½ “eva½ sam±pannass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha eva½ sam±pannass±ti im±hi duggatihetubh³t±hi ñ±tibyasan±disaªkh±t±hi ±pad±hi v±, p±ºavadh±d²hi ±pad±hi v±, sama½ saha, sabbath± v± aya½ sattaloko ±panno ajjhotthaµo, eva½ ajjhotthaµassa v± sam±pannassa. Eva½ sa½kiliµµhass±ti ñ±tibyasan±dayo v± p±ºavadh±d²ni ±gamma pavattehi dasahi kilesavatth³hi ca aya½ sattaloko sa½kiliµµho, eva½ sa½kiliµµhassa ca lokass±ti sam±pannassa ajjhotthaµassa lokassa vod±na½ vuµµh±na½ ki½ katama½ dhammaj±ta½ bhave. Iti evañhi sacca½ ajitasutte ±h±ti vitth±rattho, pucch±ya duvidhatthavisayat± ñ±tabb±ti adhipp±yo.