“Catt±ro puggal±ti yath±vuttapaµipad±vibh±geneva catt±ro paµipannakapuggal±, ta½ pana paµipad±vibh±ga½ saddhi½ hetup±yaphalehi dassetu½ ‘taºh±carito’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 6)–

Vutta½. Tattha taºh±caritoti taºh±ya nibbattita½ carita½ etassa puggalass±ti taºh±carito. Mandoti mandiy±ya avijj±ya samann±gatoti mando, moh±dhikapuggalo. Udattoti uda-atto, u¼±rapaññoti attho. U¼±ra½ phala½ det²ti udo, ko so? Pavicayo, attani nibbattoti atto, udo atto yassa puggalass±ti udattoti vacanattho k±tabbo.

Paµham±ya paµipad±ya hetu n±ma taºh±caritat±, mandapaññat± ca, up±yo satindriya½, sabb±sampi phala½ niyy±nameva. Dutiy±ya paµipad±ya hetu n±ma taºh±caritat±, udattapaññat± ca, up±yo v²riyindriya½. Tatiy±ya paµipad±ya hetu n±ma diµµhicaritat±, mandapaññat± ca, up±yo sam±dhindriya½. Catutthiy± paµipad±ya hetu n±ma diµµhicaritat±, udattapaññat± ca, up±yo paññindriyanti hetup±yaphal±ni daµµhabb±ni.
Ettha ca diµµhicarito udatto puggalo ugghaµitaññ³ n±ma, diµµhicarito mando ceva taºh±carito udatto ca vipañcitaññ³ n±ma, taºh±carito mando puggalo neyyo n±ma, tasm± “tattha bhagav± ugghaµitaññussa puggalassa nissaraºa½ desayat²”ti-±din± nayena ugghaµitaññu-±diveneyyattayassa bhedadassanena nissaraºa½ desayati, “±d²navañca nissaraºañca desayati, ass±dañca ±d²navañca nissaraºañca desayat²”ti desan±vibh±go dassito. “Tattha catasso paµipad±”ti-±din± paµipad±bhedadassanena “taºh±carito mando puggalo, taºh±carito udatto puggalo, diµµhicarito mando puggalo, diµµhicarito udatto puggalo”ti catudh± bhinna½ taºh±caritamand±dika½ puggalacatukka½ dassitanti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni cat³hi paµipad±bhiññ±hi catudh± bhinna½ taºh±caritamandacatukka½ atthanayayojan±ya dutiy±ya visaya½ katv± dassetu½ “ubho taºh±carit±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha taºh±ya sam±dhipaµipakkhatt± taºh±carit± manda-udatt± ubho puggal± samathapubbaªgam±ya vipassan±ya upanissaya½ labhitv± r±gavir±g±ya maggapaññ±ya niyyanti cetovimuttiy± sekkhaphalabh±v±ya. Samm±diµµhisahiteneva samm±sam±dhin± niyy±na½ bhavati, na samm±sam±dhin± eva, tasm± diµµhicarit± manda-udatt± ubho puggal± vipassan±pubbaªgamena samathena avijj±vir±g±ya maggapaññ±ya niyyanti paññ±vimuttiy± asekkhaphalabh±v±y±ti catt±ropi puggal± duvidh±yeva bhavant²ti vutta½ hoti.
R±gavir±g±y±ti rañjat²ti r±go, so virajjati et±y±ti vir±g±, r±gassa vir±g± r±gavir±g±, t±ya r±gavir±g±ya. Cetoti cittappabhedena ca sam±dhi vuccati yath± “citta½ paññañca bh±vayan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.23, 192; mi. pa. 2.1.9.). Paµippassaddhivasena paµipakkhato vimuccat²ti vimutti, cetas± cittena sam±dhin± vimuccat²ti cetovimutti, ceto eva v± vimutti cetovimutti, an±g±miphalasam±dhi. An±g±mipuggalo hi sam±dhismi½ parip³rak±rit±ya cetovimuttiy± niyy±ti. Avijj±vir±g±y±ti avindiya½ k±yaduccarit±di½ vindat²ti avijj±, vindiya½ v± k±yasucarit±di½ na vindat²ti avijj± niruttinayena. Virajjati et±y±ti vir±g±, avijj±ya vir±g± avijj±vir±g±, t±ya avijj±vir±g±ya. Pak±rehi j±n±t²ti paññ±, vimuccat²ti vimutti, paññ±ya vimuccat²ti paññ±vimutti, paññ± eva v± vimutti paññ±vimutti, arahattaphalapaññ±, t±ya paññ±vimuttiy±.
“Tesu katame puggal± kena atthanayena h±tabb±”ti vattabbato “tattha ye samathapubbaªgam±h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu “ubho taºh±carit±”ti-±din± vibhattesu puggalesu ye ubho taºh±carit± manda-udatt± puggal± samatha…pe… niyyanti, te ubho taºh±carit± manda-udatt± puggal± nandiy±vaµµena nayena h±tabb± gametabb± netabb±. Ye ubho diµµhicarit± manda-udatt± puggal± vipassan±…pe… samathena niyyanti, te ubho diµµhicarit± manda-udatt± puggal± s²havikk²¼itena nayena h±tabb± gametabb± netabb±ti attho.
7. “Tattha catasso paµipad±”ti-±din± desan±h±rena dukkh±paµipad±bhedena taºh±caritamand±dibhedo puggalo vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “tassa vibhatt±nantara½ sv±ya½ desan±h±ro kattha sa½vaººetabbe dhamme kenaci ±k±rena sambhavat²”ti pucchitabbabh±vato “sv±ya½ h±ro kattha sambhavat²”ti-±dim±ha. Navamakkhaºasampannassa satth± ya½ dhamma½ deseti, tasmi½ sa½vaººetabbe dhamme y± v²ma½s±dik± sutamay±dik± tisso paññ± vibhatt±, t±hi paññ±hi ye ugghaµitaññu-±dayo tayo puggal± vibhatt±, iti vibhatt±k±rena aya½ desan±h±ro satth±r± desetabbe dhamme sambhavat²ti daµµhabbo.
Tattha sv±ya½ h±roti desan±h±rena paµipad±vibh±gena veneyyapuggalavibh±go dassito, so aya½ desan±h±ro. Kattha sambhavat²ti kattha sa½vaººetabbe dhamme sa½vaººan±bh±vena sambhavat²ti. Yass±ti yo so veneyyo paccantaj±d²hi aµµhahi akkhaºehi vimutto, savanadh±raº±d²hi ca sampatt²hi samann±gato, tassa veneyyassa. Satth±ti sadevaka½ loka½ s±sati anus±sat²ti satth±. Dhammanti desita½ sa½vaººetabba½ dhamma½. Desayat²ti saªkhepanayavitth±ranayehi bh±sati. Aññataroti bhagavato s±vakesu eva½ dhamma½ desetu½ samattho s±vako. Garuµµh±niyoti g±ravassa µh±nabh³tehi s²lasutac±g±diguºavisesehi yutto m±nito saddahitabbavacano. Sabrahmac±r²ti sama½, saha v± brahma½ satthus±sana½ carati paµipajjat²ti sabrahmac±r². Saddha½ labhati “yo satth± dhamma½ deseti, so satth± samm±sambuddho hot²”ti satthari, “sv±kkh±to vat±ya½ dhammo s±ttho sabyañjano ekantaparipuººo ekantaparisuddho atth±vaho hit±vaho sukh±vaho jh±namaggaphalanibbattako, amhehi ca saddahitabbo”ti desite dhamme ca acalasaddha½ labhati, saddahana½ attano sant±ne punappuna½ upp±deti. Tath± “yo s±vako dhamma½ deseti, so s±vako saªkhepato v± vitth±rato v± dhamma½ desetu½ samattho vata garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r² m±nito saddahitabbavacano”ti desake s±vake ca “t±disena s±vakena desito yo dhammo, so dhammo s±ttho sabyañjano ekantaparipuººo ekantaparisuddho atth±vaho hit±vaho sukh±vaho jh±namaggaphalanibbattako, amhehi ca saddahitabbo”ti s±vakena desitadhamme ca saddha½ saddahana½ attano sant±ne punappuna½ upp±det²ti attho.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ saddahitabbe satth±r± desitadhamme ceva s±vakena desitadhamme ca saddahantassa veneyyassa y± v²ma½s±, v²ma½santassa y± uss±han±, ussahantassa y± tulan±, tulayantassa y± upaparikkh±, s± aya½ v²ma½s±dik± paññ± saddh±nus±rena pavattanato sutamay² paññ± n±ma. Tattha v²ma½sana½ vima½s±, p±¼iy±, p±¼i-atthassa ca v²ma½s±. V²ma½sat²ti v± v²ma½s±, pada½ padantarena, padattha½ padatthantarena vic±raºak± paññ±. Yath± cettha, eva½ uss±han±d²supi bh±vas±dhanakattus±dhan±ni k±tabb±ni. Uss±han± ca uss±hena upatthambhik± dhammassa dh±raºaparicayas±dhik± paññ± ca, na v²riya½, ettha ca y± sutamatteyeva pavatt±, v²ma½s±dibh±va½ appatt± nivatt±, s± sutamay² paññ± na hoti. Y± ca sutv± v²ma½sitv± uss±han±dibh±va½ appatt± nivatt±, y± ca sutv± v²ma½sitv± ussahitv± tulan±dibh±va½ appatt± nivatt±, y± ca sutv± v²ma½sitv± ussahitv± tulayitv± upaparikkhanabh±va½ appatt± nivatt±, s±pi paññ± na sutamay² paññ± hot²ti daµµhabb±. Y± pana sutv± saddahantassa v²ma½s±, v²ma½santassa uss±han±, ussahantassa tulan±, tulayantassa upaparikkh± hoti, aya½ sutamay² paññ± n±ma hot²ti daµµhabb±.
Sutamay² paññ± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katam± cint±may² paññ±”ti vattabbabh±vato sutamayiy± paññ±ya vibhajan±nantara½ cint±mayi½ pañña½ vibhajitu½ “tath± sutena nissayen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sutanti suyyate pariyattidhammoti suto, savana½ pariyattidhammass±ti v± suta½, duvidhampi suta½. Nissayena upaniss±y±ti attho. Itthambh³talakkhaºe ceta½ “sutena nissayen±”ti karaºavacana½. Ettha pana “ida½ p±º±tip±t±diviramana½ s²lanaµµhena s²la½, aya½ ekaggat± sam±dahanaµµhena sam±dhi im±ni bh³tup±d±ni ruppanaµµhena r³p±ni, ime phass±dayo namanaµµhena n±m±ni, ime r³p±dayo pañca dhamm± r±saµµhena khandh±”ti tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ p²¼an±disabh±vassa v²ma½san±bh³t± paññ± v²ma½s± n±ma. Tesa½yeva s²lasam±dhi-±d²na½ s²lati patiµµhahati etth±ti s²lanti-±divacanattha½ pucchitv± sabh±galakkhaºarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±n±na½ tuletv± viya gahaºapaññ± tulana½ n±ma. Tesa½yeva s²lasam±dhi-±d²na½ dhamm±na½ sabh±valakkhaºa½ avijahitv± aniccat±dukkhat±dinamanaruppan±disappaccayasaªkhat±di-±k±re vitakketv± upaparikkhaºapaññ± eva upaparikkh± n±m±ti visesato daµµhabbo. Sutadhammassa dh±raºaparicayavasena pavattanato sutamay² paññ± uss±han± j±t± viya na cint±may² paññ± cintitassa dh±raºaparicayavasena appavattanatoti “uss±han±”ti na vutta½.
Sutamay² paññ± ceva cint±may² paññ± ca ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katam± bh±van±may² paññ±”ti vattabbabh±vato k±raºabh³t±na½ dvinna½ sutamayicint±mayipaññ±na½ dassan±nantara½ phalabh³ta½ bh±van±mayi½ pañña½ vibhajanto “im±hi dv²h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha im±hi dv²hi paññ±h²ti sutamayicint±mayipaññ±hi k±raºabh³t±hi. Sutamayipaññ±ya v± cint±mayipaññ±ya v± ubhayattha v± µhitoyeva yog±vacaro vipassana½ ±rabhat²ti. Manasik±rasampayuttass±ti r³p±r³pesu pariggah±divasena saªkh±resu aniccat±divasena manasik±rena samm± pak±rehi yuttappayuttassa. Diµµhivisuddhikaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhimagg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi- paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhisamp±danena vipassana½ ussukkantassa yog±vacarassa sant±ne ñ±ºadassanavisuddhisaªkh±ta½ ya½ ariyamaggañ±ºa½ nibb±n±rammaºadassanabh³miya½ v± bh±van±bh³miya½ v± uppajjati, aya½ bh±van±may² paññ±ti attho daµµhabbo. Yadipi paµhamamaggañ±ºa½ paµhama½ nibb±nadassanato “dassanan”ti vutta½, bh±van±vasena pana pavattanato “bh±van±may² paññ±”ti veditabba½. Dassanabh³m²ti paµhamamaggaphal±ni, ses±ni “bh±van±bh³m²”ti vuccanti.
8. Amh±k±cariya tumhehi “yassa satth± v±”ti-±din± sutamayipaññ±dik± vibhatt±, eva½ sati sutena vin± cint±may² paññ± n±ma na bhaveyya, mah±bodhisatt±na½ pana sutena vin± cint±may² paññ± hotvev±ti codana½ manasi katv± tasmi½ saªgahetv± pak±rantarena vibhajitu½ “paratoghos±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha paratoghos±ti parato pavatto desan±ghoso paccayo etiss±ti paratoghos±. Paccattasamuµµhit±ti pati visu½ attaniyeva samuµµhit±. Yonisomanasik±r±ti tesa½ tesa½ cintetabb±na½ r³p±d²na½ dhamm±na½ ruppananaman±disabh±vapariggaºhan±din± up±yena pavattamanasik±r± cint±may² paññ± n±ma, imin± s±vak±pi s±maññato gahit±, tath±pi ugghaµitaññu-±d²na½yeva vuttatt± s±vak± idha gahit±, tasm± purimanayo yuttataro. Paratoti dhammadesakato pavattena dhammadesan±ghosena hetun± ya½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjati, paccattasamuµµhitena, yonisomanasik±rena ca hetun± ya½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjati, aya½ bh±van±vasena pavattanato bh±van±may² paññ± n±ma, imin± s±vak±pi s±maññato gahit±, tath±pi ugghaµitaññu-±d²na½yeva vuttatt± s±vak± idha gahit±, tasm± purimanayo yuttataro. Paratoti dhammadesakato pavattena dhammadesan±ghosena hetun± ya½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjati, paccattasamuµµhitena, yonisomanasik±rena ca hetun± ya½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjati, aya½ bh±van±vasena pavattanato bh±van±may² paññ± n±m±ti vibhajitv± paº¹itehi ñeyy±ti vitth±rena gambh²rattha½ ñ±tu½ icchantehi “eva½ paµipad±vibh±gen±”ti-±din± (netti. aµµha. 9) aµµhakath±vacanena j±nitabbo.