“Khetta½ vatthu½ hirañña½ v±, gav±ssa½ d±saporisa½;
thiyo bandh³ puth³ k±me, yo naro anugijjhat²”ti. (Su. ni. 775; mah±ni. 4)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ yo anugijjhanasaªkh±to ass±do ±gato, so aya½ anugijjhanasaªkh±to visayi-ass±do desan±h±rassa visayoti.

G±th±ya½ khettanti khip²yanti b²j±ni ettha µh±neti khetta½. Khipant±na½ jan±na½ khipanakiriy± khipa-dh±tuy± mukhyattho, khipanakiriy±janako cittupp±do phal³pac±rattho, tassa cittupp±dassa upanissayapaccayabh³tassa ked±rassa viru¼h±panasatti phal³pac±rattho, iti-saddena s± viru¼h±panasattiyeva par±mas²yati, tass± sattiy± patiµµha½ ked±rasaªkh±ta½ µh±na½ ta-paccayattho. Esa nayo t²su piµakesu evar³pesu ca vacanatthesu yath±raha½ n²haritv± gahetabbo. Vapanti patiµµhahanti etth±ti vatthu. Aparaºº±d²na½ patiµµhahana½ vapa-dh±tuy± mukhyattho, µh±nassa patiµµh±panasatti phal³pac±rattho, iti-saddena s± patiµµh±panasatti par±mas²yati. Tass± sattiy± patiµµhaµµh±na½ ta-paccayattho. Khetta½ pana pubbaººavir³hanaµµh±na½, vatthu aparaººavir³hanaµµh±na½.
Hinoti pavattati p²tisomanassanti hi, ki½ ta½? P²tisomanassa½, r±ti pavatteti j±tar³panti ra½, ki½ ta½? J±tar³pa½, hi½ ranti hira½, dutiy±tappurisasam±so. ѱpeti toset²ti ña½, ki½ ta½? J±tar³pa½. Hira½ hutv± ña½ hirañña½, pavattam±na½ p²tisomanassa½ pavattetv± jane visesena toset²ti attho gahetabbo. -saddo vutt±vuttatthasamuccayattho. Gacchanti visesen±ti g±vo, rattindiva½ asanti bhakkhanti visesen±ti ass±, g±vo ca ass± ca gav±ssa½. D±tabba½ paµhama½ dent²ti d±, asanti bhakkhant²ti as±, datv± as± d±s± s±mik±na½ d±tabba½ paµhama½ datv± pacch± asanti bhakkhant²ti attho. S±mikehi v± dinna½ asanti bhakkhant²ti d±s±, dukkhena kasirena asanti pavattant²ti v± d±s±,. M±t±pit³na½ hadaya½ purent²ti puris±, pura½ hita½ v± isanti gavesant²ti puris±. Buddhapaccekabuddhacakkavattibh±va½ pureti kammanti pura½, ki½ ta½? Balavakamma½, pura½ isanti s²len±ti v± puris±. Puris± eva hi samm±sambuddhapaccekabuddhacakkavattibh±va½ gacchanti. “Puri uccaµµh±ne sent²ti v± puris±. Puris± hi m±t³na½ pituµµh±ne µhit±”ti ime vacanatth± vuttappak±r± yutt±yeva atthasambhavato. D±s± ca puris± ca d±saporisa½, majjhe vuddhi. Ettha ca d±saggahaºena d±s²pi gahit±. D±s± dukkaµajan±, puris± sukhitajan±ti viseso daµµhabbo. Ýhanti patiµµhahanti ettha m±tug±me puttadh²t±ti thiyo. Narasaddassa viggahattho heµµh± vuttova.
Ekadeso domanassasaªkh±to ±d²navo idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ ±gatoti ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “dukkhasaªkh±to ±d²navo kattha p±¼iya½ ±gato”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo ±d²navo? Abal± na½ bal²yant²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Atha v± “tattha katamo ±d²navo? Abal± na½ bal²yant²”ti-±di kasm± eva½ ±raddha½, nanu “tattha katamo ±d²navo? Tassa ce k±may±nass±”ti-±din± ±d²navo vibhattoti? Sacca½, ±d²navo pana bahuvidho dukkhadomanass±divasena, tasmi½ bahuvidhe ±d²nave ekadeso domanassasaªkh±to ±d²navo pubbe vibhatto, id±ni dukkhasaªkh±ta½ ±d²nava½ vibhajitu½ “tattha katamo ±d²navo? Abal± na½ bal²yant²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu dukkhadomanass±d²su ±d²navesu katamo ±d²navo tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatoti pucchitv±–
“Abal± na½ bal²yanti, maddantena½ parissay±;
tato na½ dukkhamanveti, n±va½ bhinnamivodakan”ti. (Su. ni. 776; mah±ni. 5)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ yo dukkhasaªkh±to ekadeso ±d²navo ±gato, so aya½ dukkhasaªkh±to ekadeso ±d²navo desan±h±rassa visayoti.

G±th±ya½ natthi bala½ etesa½ kiles±nanti abal±. Kasm± kiles± abal± hont²ti? Kusalehi pah±tabbatt±. Naranti khett±dik±me anugijjhanta½ nara½, saddh±bal±divirahato v± abala½ ta½ nara½ bal²yanti abhibhavanti. Kiñc±pi kiles± kusalehi pah±tabbatt± abal± honti, tath±pi k±mamanugijjhanta½ saddh±bal±divirahita½ abhibhavitu½ samatth± bhavanti. Maddantena½ parissay±ti k±magiddha½ k±me pariyesanta½, k±ma½ rakkhantañca ena½ nara½ pari samantato parip²¼etv± ayanti pavattant²ti parissay±, s²habyaggh±dayo ceva k±yaduccarit±dayo ca maddanti. Tato tehi parissayehi abhibh³ta½ na½ nara½ j±ti-±didukkha½ anveti anugacchati. Kimiva anveti? Udaka½ bhinnan±va½ anveti iva, eva½ anvet²ti attho.
Ekadesa½ maggasaªkh±ta½ nissaraºa½ idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ ±gatanti ±cariyena vibhatta½, amheti ca viññ±ta½, “nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ ekadesa½ nissaraºa½ kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katama½ nissaraºa½? Tasm± jantu sad± sato”ti-±di ±raddha½. Atha v± “tattha katama½ nissaraºa½? Tasm± jantu sad± sato”ti-±di kasm± eva½ ±raddha½, nanu “tattha katama½ nissaraºa½? Yo k±me parivajjet²”ti-±din± nissaraºa½ vibhattanti? Sacca½, nissaraºa½ pana duvidha½ magganibb±navasena, tattha duvidhe nissaraºe maggasaªkh±ta½ nissaraºa½ pubbe vibhatta½, id±ni nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ nissaraºa½ vibhajitu½ “tattha katama½ nissaraºa½? Tasm± jantu sad± sato”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu magganibb±nesu nissaraºesu ekadesa½ nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ nissaraºa½ tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatanti pucchitv±–
“Tasm± jantu sad± sato, k±m±ni parivajjaye;
te pah±ya tare ogha½, n±va½ sitv±va p±rag³”ti.–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ ya½ nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ nissaraºa½ ±gata½, ida½ nissaraºa½ desan±h±rassa visayanti.

G±th±ya½ tasm±ti yasm± k±magiddha½ nara½ dukkha½ anveti, tasm± jantu sad± sabbak±le pubbaratt±pararatte j±gariy±nuyogena sato satisampanno hutv± k±m±ni kilesak±me vikkhambhanavasena v± samucchedavasena v± parivajjaye parijaheyya. Te k±me ariyamaggena pah±ya catubbidha½ ogha½ tareyya taritu½ sakkuºeyya. Ko tarati iva tareyya? N±v±s±miko n±va½ ya½ pavisanta½ udaka½ sitv± bahi siñcitv± lahuk±ya n±v±ya appakasirena taritv± p±rag³ p±ra½ gacchati iva, eva½ attani pavatta½ kiles³daka½ siñcitv± ariyamaggena n²haritv± lahukena attabh±vena anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± nibb±nena p±ra½ nibb±na½ santi½ gaccheyy±ti attho. Ida½ nibb±na½ kasm± nissaraºa½ hoti? Sabbasaªkhatanissaraºato nissaraºa½ n±ma.
Ida½ nissaraºa½ idha p±¼idhamme ±gatanti ±cariyena vibhatta½, amhehi ca viññ±ta½, “katama½ phala½ kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katama½ phala½? Dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±rin”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu rakkhananipph±danamaccutaraº±d²su phalesu katama½ phala½ tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatanti pucchitv±–
“Dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±ri½, chatta½ mahanta½ yatha vassak±le;
es±nisa½so dhamme suciººe, na duggati½ gacchati dhammac±r²”ti. (Su. ni. 102, 103)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ ya½ anatthehi dhammassa rakkhanaphala½ ±gata½, rakkh±vahanassa abbhudayassa yañca nipph±dana½ phala½ ±gata½, ida½ rakkhananipph±dana½ phala½ desan±h±rassa visayanti.

G±th±ya½ dhammoti yena puggalena yo d±n±dippabhedo puññadhammo nibbattito, so dhammo. Dhammac±ri½ dhammanibbattaka½ ta½ puggala½ anatthehi rakkhati. Kimiva? Vassak±le deve vassante sati mahanta½ kusalena dh±retabba½ chatta½ dh±renta½ kusala½ ta½ jana½ vassatemanato rakkhati yath±, eva½ rakkhitabbo dhammopi attasamm±paºidh±nena appamatto hutv± suµµhu dhamma½ rakkhanta½yeva rakkhati, t±diso dhammac±r²yeva duggati½ na gacchati. Eso ±nisa½so suciººe suciººassa dhamme dhammassa ±nisa½soti attho.
Ekadesa½ phala½ idha p±¼idhamme ±gatanti ±cariyena vibhatta½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katamo up±yo kattha p±¼iya½ ±gato”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo up±yo? Sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu vipassan±pubbaªgamanibbid±d²su up±yesu katamo up±yo tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatoti pucchitv±–
“Sabbe saªkh±r± ‘anicc±’ti…pe…;
sabbe dhamm± ‘anatt±’ti, yad± paññ±ya passat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 277-279)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±su yo vipassan±pubbaªgamanibbid±ñ±ºasaªkh±to visuddhiy± adhigamahetubh±vato maggo ±gato, aya½ up±yo desan±h±rassa visayoti.

G±th±su sabbe niravases± kammacittotu-±h±rehi saªkharit± saªkhatasaªkh±r± hutv± abh±vaµµhena anicc± iti yad± paññ±ya passati, atha anicce dukkhasabh±ve nibbindati, eso vipassan±pubbaªgamo nibbindanañ±ºasaªkh±to dhammo visuddhiy± maggoti. “Sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±d²su saªkh±r±na½ saªkhatadhammabh±vo paccay±k±ravibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 226 saªkh±rapadaniddesa) vuttova, ta½ vibhaªgaµµhakatha½ anoloketv± ekacce ±cariy± “vipassan±ñ±º±rammaºatt± tebh³makadhamm±yev±”ti vadanti, eva½ sati maggaphaladhamm±na½ nicc±dibh±vo bhaveyya, tasm± vibhaªgaµµhakath±nur³pova attho daµµhabbo. Dukkh±ti dukkhadukkhavipariº±madukkhasaªkh±radukkhabh±vena dukkh±. Anatt±ti niccas±rasukhas±ra-attas±rarahitatt± as±rakaµµhena anatt±, avasavattanaµµhena v± anatt±.
Ekadeso up±yo idha p±¼idhamme ±gatoti ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katam± ±ºatti kattha p±¼idhamme ±gat±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katam± ±ºatti? Cakkhum± visam±n²v±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµh±su p±paduccaritaparivajjan±ºattikaly±ºasucaritacaraº±ºatti-±d²su katam±ºatti tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼idhamme ±gat±ti pucchitv±–
“Cakkhum± visam±n²va, vijjam±ne parakkame;
paº¹ito j²valokasmi½, p±p±ni parivajjaye”ti. (Ud±. 43)–

Idha p±¼idhamme y± p±paduccaritaparivajjan±ºatti ±gat±, aya½ p±paduccaritaparivajjan±ºatti desan±h±rassa visay±ti.

G±th±ya½ cakkhum± puriso vijjam±ne parakkame ±vahita½ sar²ra½ ±vahantova hutv± visam±ni bh³mippades±ni v± visame hatthi-±dayo v± parivajjeti iva, eva½ j²valokasmi½ paº¹ito p±p±ni l±mak±ni duccarit±ni parivajjeti. ¾ºatti n±ma ±º±rahassa dhammar±jassa bhagavato ±º±, s± bahuvidh±, tasm± “kareyya kaly±ºan”ti-±dig±th±ya½ sucaritacaraº± ±ºatti.
“Upetha saraºa½ buddha½, dhamma½ saªghañca t±dina½;
sam±diyatha s²l±ni, ta½ vo atth±ya hehit²”ti. (Ther²g±. 249-250, 289-290)–