Paµhamag±th±vaººan±

1. Id±ni “assa kariss±matthavaººanan”ti vuttatt± eva½ katanid±nasodhanassa assa suttassa atthavaººan± ±rabbhate. Tattha karaº²yamatthakusalen±ti imiss± paµhamag±th±ya t±va aya½ padavaººan±– karaº²yanti k±tabba½, karaº±rahanti attho. Atthoti paµipad±, ya½ v± kiñci attano hita½, ta½ sabba½ araº²yato atthoti vuccati, araº²yato n±ma upagantabbato. Atthe kusalena atthakusalena atthacheken±ti vutta½ hoti. Yanti aniyamitapaccatta½. Nti niyamita-upayoga½, ubhayampi v± ya½ tanti paccattavacana½. Santa½ padanti upayogavacana½, tattha lakkhaºato santa½, pattabbato pada½, nibb±nasseta½ adhivacana½. Abhisamecc±ti abhisam±gantv±. Sakkot²ti sakko, samattho paµibaloti vutta½ hoti. Uj³ti ajjavayutto. Suµµhu uj³ti suhuju. Sukha½ vaco tasminti suvaco. Ass±ti bhaveyya. Mud³ti maddavayutto. Na atim±n²ti anatim±ni.
Aya½ panettha atthavaººan±– karaº²yamatthakusalena, yanta½ santa½ pada½ abhisamecc±ti ettha t±va atthi karaº²ya½, atthi akaraº²ya½. Tattha saªkhepato sikkhattaya½ karaº²ya½. S²lavipatti, diµµhivipatti, ±c±ravipatti, ±j²vavipatt²ti evam±di akaraº²ya½. Tath± atthi atthakusalo, atthi anatthakusalo. Tattha yo imasmi½ s±sane pabbajitv± na att±na½ samm± payojeti, khaº¹as²lo hoti, ekav²satividha½ anesana½ niss±ya j²vika½ kappeti. Seyyathida½– ve¼ud±na½ pattad±na½ pupphad±na½ phalad±na½ dantakaµµhad±na½ mukhodakad±na½ sin±nad±na½ cuººad±na½ mattik±d±na½ c±µukamyata½ muggas³pyata½ p±ribhaµayata½ jaªghapesanika½ vejjakamma½ d³takamma½ pahiºagamana½ piº¹apaµipiº¹a½ d±n±nuppad±na½ vatthuvijja½ nakkhattavijja½ aªgavijjanti. Chabbidhe ca agocare carati. Seyyathida½– vesiy±gocare vidhavathullakum±rikapaº¹akabhikkhun²p±n±g±ragocareti. Sa½saµµho ca viharati r±j³hi r±jamah±mattehi titthiyehi titthiyas±vakehi ananulomikena gihisa½saggena, y±ni v± pana t±ni kul±ni assaddh±ni appasann±ni anop±nabh³t±ni akkosakaparibh±sak±ni anatthak±m±ni ahita-aph±sukayogakkhemak±m±ni bhikkh³na½…pe… up±sik±na½, tath±r³p±ni kul±ni sevati bhajati payirup±sati. Aya½ anatthakusalo.
Yo pana imasmi½ s±sane pabbajitv± att±na½ samm± payojeti, anesana½ pah±ya catup±risuddhis²le patiµµh±tuk±mo saddh±s²sena p±timokkhasa½vara½ satis²sena indriyasa½vara½ v²riyas²sena ±j²vap±risuddhi½, paññ±s²sena paccayapaµisevana½ p³reti. Aya½ atthakusalo.
Yo v± satt±pattikkhandhasodhanavasena p±timokkhasa½vara½, chadv±re ghaµµit±rammaºesu abhijjh±d²na½ anuppattivasena indrisa½vara½, anesanaparivajjanavasena viññuppasatthabuddhabuddhas±vakavaººitapaccayapaµisevanena ca ±j²vap±risuddhi½, yath±vuttapaccavekkhaºavasena paccayapaµisevana½, catu-iriy±pathaparivattane s±tthakat±dipaccavekkhaºavasena sampajaññañca sodheti. Ayampi atthakusalo.
Yo v± yath± ³sodaka½ paµicca sa½kiliµµha½ vattha½ pariyod±payati, ch±rika½ paµicca ±d±so, ukk±mukha½ paµicca j±tar³pa½, tath± ñ±ºa½ paµicca s²la½ vod±yat²ti ñatv± ñ±ºodakena dhovanto s²la½ pariyod±peti. Yath± ca kik² sakuºik± aº¹a½, camar² migo v±ladhi½, ekaputtik± n±r² piya½ ekaputtaka½, ekanayano puriso ta½ ekanayanañca rakkhati, tath± ativiya appamatto attano s²lakkhandha½ rakkhati, s±ya½ p±ta½ paccavekkham±no aºumattampi vajja½ na passati. Ayampi atthakusalo.
Yo v± pana avippaµis±rakare s²le patiµµh±ya kilesavikkhambhanapaµipada½ paggaºh±ti, ta½ paggaºhitv± kasiºaparikamma½ karoti, kasiºaparikamma½ katv± sam±pattiyo nibbatteti. Ayampi atthakusalo.
Yo v± pana sam±pattito vuµµh±ya saªkh±re sammasitv± arahatta½ p±puº±ti, aya½ atthakusal±na½ aggo. Tattha ye ime y±va avippaµis±rakare s²le patiµµh±nena y±va v± kilesavikkhambhanapaµipad±yapaggahaºena vaººit± atthakusal±, te imasmi½ atthe atthakusal±ti adhippet±. Tath± vidh± ca te bhikkh³. Tena bhagav± te bhikkh³ sandh±ya ekapuggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya “karaº²yamatthakusalen±”ti ±ha.
Tato “ki½ karaº²yan”ti tesa½ sañj±takaªkh±na½ ±ha “yanta½ santa½ pada½ abhisamecc±”ti. Ayamettha adhipp±yo– ta½ buddh±nubuddhehi vaººita½ santa½ nibb±napada½ paµivedhavasena abhisamecca viharituk±mena ya½ karaº²yanti. Ettha ca yanti imassa g±th±padassa ±dito vuttameva karaº²yanti adhik±rato anuvattati, ta½ santa½ pada½ abhisamecc±ti. Aya½ pana yasm± s±vasesap±µho attho, tasm± viharituk±men±ti vuttanti veditabba½.
Atha v± santa½ pada½ abhisamecc±ti anussav±divasena lokiyapaññ±ya nibb±napada½ “santan”ti ñatv± ta½ adhigantuk±mena yanta½ karaº²yanti adhik±rato anuvattati, ta½ karaº²yamatthakusalen±ti evampettha adhipp±yo veditabbo. Atha v± “karaº²yamatthakusalen±”ti vutte “kin”ti cintent±na½ ±ha “yanta½ santa½ pada½ abhisamecc±”ti. Tasseva½ adhipp±yo veditabbo– lokiyapaññ±ya santa½ pada½ abhisamecca ya½ karaº²ya½ k±tabba½, ta½ karaº²ya½, karaº±rahameva tanti vutta½ hoti.
Ki½ pana tanti Kimañña½ siy± aññatra tadadhigamup±yato, k±mañceta½ karaº±rahaµµhena sikkhattayad²pakena ±dipadeneva vutta½. Tath± hi tassa atthavaººan±ya½ avocumh± “atthi karaº²ya½, atthi akaraº²ya½. Tattha saªkhepato sikkhattaya½ karaº²yan”ti. Atisaªkhepena desitatt± pana tesa½ bhikkh³na½ kehici viññ±ta½, kehici na viññ±ta½. Tato yehi na viññ±ta½, tesa½ viññ±panattha½ ya½ visesato ±raññakena bhikkhun± k±tabba½, ta½ vitth±rento “sakko uj³ ca suhuj³ ca, suvaco cassa mudu anatim±n²”ti ima½ t±va upa¹¹hag±tham±ha.
Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Santa½ pada½ abhisamecca viharituk±mo, lokiyapaññ±ya v± ta½ abhisamecca tadadhigam±ya paµipajjam±no ±raññako bhikkhu dutiyacatutthapadh±niyaªgasamann±gamena k±ye ca j²vite ca anapekkho hutv± saccappaµivedh±ya paµipajjitu½ sakko assa, tath± kasiºaparikammavattasam±d±n±d²su attano pattac²varappaµisaªkharaº±d²su ca y±ni t±ni sabrahmac±r²na½ ucc±vac±ni ki½ karaº²y±ni, tesu aññesu ca evar³pesu sakko assa dakkho analaso samattho. Sakko hontopi ca tatiyapadh±niyaªgasamann±gamena uju assa. Uju hontopi ca saki½ ujubh±vena daharak±le v± ujubh±vena santosa½ an±pajjitv± y±vaj²va½ punappuna½ asithilakaraºena suµµhutara½ uju assa. Asaµhat±ya v± uju, am±y±vit±ya suhuju. K±yavac²vaªkappah±nena v± uju, manovaªkappah±nena suhuju. Asantaguºassa v± an±vikaraºena uju, asantaguºena uppannassa l±bhassa anadhiv±sanena suhuju. Eva½ ±rammaºalakkhaº³panijjh±nehi purimadvayatatiyasikkh±hi payog±sayasuddh²hi ca uju ca suhuju ca assa.
Na kevalañca uju ca suhuju ca, apica pana suvaco ca assa. Yo hi puggalo “ida½ na kattabban”ti vutto “ki½ te diµµha½, ki½ te suta½, ko me sutv± vadasi, ki½ upajjh±yo ±cariyo sandiµµho sambhatto v±”ti vadeti, tuºh²bh±vena v± ta½ viheseti, sampaµicchitv± v± na tath± karoti, so vises±dhigamassa d³re hoti. Yo pana ovadiyam±no “s±dhu, bhante suµµhu vutta½, attano vajja½ n±ma duddasa½ hoti, punapi ma½ evar³pa½ disv± vadeyy±tha anukampa½ up±d±ya, cirassa½ me tumh±ka½ santik± ov±do laddho”ti vadati, yath±nusiµµhañca paµipajjati, so vises±dhigamassa avid³re hoti. Tasm± eva½ parassa vacana½ sampaµicchitv± karonto suvaco ca assa.
Yath± ca suvaco, eva½ mudu assa. Mud³ti gahaµµhehi d³tagamanapahiºagaman±d²su niyujjam±no tattha mudubh±va½ akatv± thaddho hutv± vattapaµipattiya½ sakalabrahmacariye ca mudu assa suparikammakatasuvaººa½ viya tattha tattha viniyogakkhamo. Atha v± mud³ti abh±kuµiko utt±namukho sukhasambh±so paµisanth±ravutti sutittha½ viya sukh±vag±ho assa. Na kevalañca mudu, apica pana anatim±n² assa, j±tigott±d²hi atim±navatth³hi pare n±timaññeyya, s±riputtatthero viya caº¹±lakum±rakasamena cetas± vihareyy±ti.