Nid±nasodhana½

Id±ni y±ya½–
“Yena vutta½ yad± yattha, yasm± cetesa d²pan±;
nid±na½ sodhayitv±ssa, kariss±matthavaººanan”ti.–
M±tik± nikkhitt±, tattha ida½ mettasutta½ bhagavat±va vutta½, na s±vak±d²hi, tañca pana yad± himavantapassato devat±hi ubb±¼h± bhikkh³ bhagavato santika½ ±gat±, tad± s±vatthiya½ tesa½ bhikkh³na½ parittatth±ya kammaµµh±natth±ya ca vuttanti eva½ t±va saªkhepato etesa½ pad±na½ d²pan± nid±nasodhan± veditabb±.
Vitth±rato pana eva½ veditabb±– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati upakaµµh±ya vass³pan±yik±ya, tena kho pana samayena sambahul± n±n±verajjak± bhikkh³ bhagavato santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± tattha tattha vassa½ upagantuk±m± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamanti. Tatra suda½ bhagav± r±gacarit±na½ saviññ±ºaka-aviññ±ºakavasena ek±dasavidha½ asubhakammaµµh±na½, dosacarit±na½ catubbidha½ mett±dikammaµµh±na½, mohacarit±na½ maraºassatikammaµµh±n±d²ni, vitakkacarit±na½ ±n±p±nassatipathav²kasiº±d²ni, saddh±carit±na½ buddh±nussatikammaµµh±n±d²ni, buddhicarit±na½ catudh±tuvavatth±n±d²n²ti imin± nayena catur±s²tisahassappabhedacarit±nuk³l±ni kammaµµh±n±ni katheti.
Atha kho pañcamatt±ni bhikkhusat±ni bhagavato santike kammaµµh±na½ uggahetv± sapp±yasen±sanañca gocarag±mañca pariyesam±n±ni anupubbena gantv± paccante himavantena saddhi½ ek±baddha½ n²lak±camaºisannibhasil±tala½ s²talaghanacch±yan²lavanasaº¹amaº¹ita½ mutt±j±larajatapaµµasadisav±luk±kiººabh³mibh±ga½ sucis±tas²talajal±sayapariv±rita½ pabbatamaddasa½su. Atha te bhikkh³ tatthekaratti½ vasitv± pabh±t±ya rattiy± sar²raparikamma½ katv± tassa avid³re aññatara½ g±ma½ piº¹±ya pavisi½su. G±mo ghananivesanasanniviµµhakulasahassayutto, manuss± cettha saddh± pasann± te paccante pabbajitadassanassa dullabhat±ya bhikkh³ disv± eva p²tisomanassaj±t± hutv± te bhikkh³ bhojetv± “idheva, bhante, tem±sa½ vasath±”ti y±citv± pañca padh±nakuµisat±ni k±retv± tattha mañcap²µhap±n²yaparibhojan²yaghaµ±d²ni sabb³pakaraº±ni paµiy±desu½.
Bhikkh³ dutiyadivase añña½ g±ma½ piº¹±ya pavisi½su. Tatthapi manuss± tatheva upaµµhahitv± vass±v±sa½ y±ci½su. Bhikkh³ “asati antar±ye”ti adhiv±setv± ta½ vanasaº¹a½ pavisitv± sabbarattindiva½ ±raddhav²riy± y±maghaº¹ika½ koµµetv± yonisomanasik±rabahul± viharant± rukkham³l±ni upagantv± nis²di½su. S²lavant±na½ bhikkh³na½ tejena vihatatej± rukkhadevat± attano attano vim±n± oruyha d±rake gahetv± ito cito vicaranti. Seyyath±pi n±ma r±j³hi v± r±jamah±mattehi v± g±mak±v±sa½ gatehi g±mav±s²na½ gharesu ok±se gahite gharamanussak± ghar± nikkhamitv± aññatra vasant± “kad± nu gamissant²”ti d³ratova olokenti, evameva devat± attano attano vim±n±ni cha¹¹etv± ito cito ca vicarantiyo d³ratova olokenti “kad± nu bhadant± gamissant²”ti. Tato eva½ samacintesu½ “paµhamavass³pagat± bhikkh³ avassa½ tem±sa½ vasissanti, maya½ pana t±va cira½ d±rake gahetv± okkamma vasitu½ na sakkoma, handa maya½ bhikkh³na½ bhay±naka½ ±rammaºa½ dassem±”ti. T± ratti½ bhikkh³na½ samaºadhammakaraºavel±ya bhi½sanak±ni yakkhar³p±ni nimminitv± purato purato tiµµhanti, bheravasaddañca karonti. Bhikkh³na½ t±ni r³p±ni disv± tañca sadda½ sutv± hadaya½ phandi, dubbaºº± ca ahesu½ uppaº¹uppaº¹ukaj±t±. Tena te bhikkh³ citta½ ekagga½ k±tu½ n±sakkhi½su, tesa½ anekaggacitt±na½ bhayena ca punappuna½ sa½vigg±na½ sati sammussi, tato tesa½ muµµhasat²na½ duggandh±ni ±rammaº±ni payojesu½, tesa½ tena duggandhena nimmathiyam±namiva matthaluªga½ ahosi, g±¼h± s²savedan± uppajji½su, na ca ta½ pavatti½ aññamaññassa ±rocesu½.
Athekadivasa½ saªghattherassa upaµµh±nak±le sabbesu sannipatitesu saªghatthero pucchi “tumh±ka½, ±vuso, ima½ vanasaº¹a½ paviµµh±na½ katip±ha½ ativiya parisuddho chavivaººo ahosi pariyod±to, vippasann±ni ca indriy±ni, etarahi panattha kis± dubbaºº± uppaº¹uppaº¹ukaj±t±, ki½ vo idha asapp±yan”ti. Tato eko bhikkhu ±ha– “aha½, bhante, ratti½ ²disañca ²disañca bherav±rammaºa½ pass±mi ca suº±mi ca, ²disañca gandha½ gh±y±mi, tena me citta½ na sam±dhiyat²”ti, eteneva up±yena sabbeva te ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesu½. Saªghatthero ±ha– “bhagavat±, ±vuso, dve vass³pan±yik± paññatt±, amh±kañca ida½ sen±sana½ asapp±ya½, ±y±m±vuso, bhagavato santika½ gantv± añña½ sapp±yasen±sana½ pucch±m±”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti te bhikkh³ therassa paµissuºitv± sabbeva sen±sana½ sa½s±metv± pattac²varam±d±ya anupalittatt± kulesu kañci an±mantetv± eva yena s±vatthi tena c±rika½ pakkami½su. Anupubbena s±vatthi½ gantv± bhagavato santika½ ±gami½su.
Bhagav± te bhikkh³ disv± etadavoca– “na, bhikkhave, antovassa½ c±rik± caritabb±ti may± sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, kissa tumhe c±rika½ carath±”ti. Te bhagavato sabbam±rocesu½. Bhagav± ±vajjento sakalajambud²pe antamaso catup±dap²µhakaµµh±namattampi tesa½ sapp±yasen±sana½ n±ddasa. Atha te bhikkh³ ±ha– “na, bhikkhave, tumh±ka½ añña½ sapp±yasen±sana½ atthi, tattheva tumhe viharant± ±savakkhaya½ p±puºissatha, gacchatha, bhikkhave, tameva sen±sana½ upaniss±ya viharatha, sace pana devat±hi abhaya½ icchatha, ima½ paritta½ uggaºhatha. Etañhi vo parittañca kammaµµh±nañca bhavissat²”ti ida½ suttamabh±si.
Apare pan±hu– “gacchatha, bhikkhave, tameva sen±sana½ upaniss±ya viharath±”ti idañca vatv± bhagav± ±ha– “apica kho ±raññakena pariharaºa½ ñ±tabba½. Seyyathida½– s±ya½ p±ta½ karaºavasena dve mett± dve paritt± dve asubh± dve maraºassat² aµµhamah±sa½vegavatthusam±vajjanañca, aµµha mah±sa½vegavatth³ni n±ma j±tijar±by±dhimaraºa½ catt±ri ap±yadukkh±n²ti, atha v± j±tijar±by±dhimaraº±ni catt±ri, ap±yadukkha½ pañcama½, at²te vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, an±gate vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, paccuppanne ±h±rapariyeµµhim³laka½ dukkhan”ti. Eva½ bhagav± pariharaºa½ ±cikkhitv± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ mettatthañca parittatthañca vipassan±p±dakajjh±natthañca ida½ suttamabh±s²ti. Eva½ vitth±ratopi “yena vutta½ yad± yattha, yasm± ce”ti etesa½ pad±na½ d²pan± nid±nasodhan± veditabb±.
Ett±vat± ca y± s± “yena vutta½ yad± yattha, yasm± cetesa d²pan±. Nid±na½ sodhayitv±”ti m±tik± µhapit±, s± sabb±k±rena vitth±rit± hoti.