Anumodan±kath±

Yasm± panassa atthavaººan±–
“Yena yattha yad± yasm±, tirokuµµa½ pak±sita½;
pak±setv±na ta½ sabba½, kayiram±n± yath±kkama½;
sukat± hoti tasm±ha½, kariss±mi tatheva ta½”.
Kena paneta½ pak±sita½, kattha kad± kasm± c±ti? Vuccate– bhagavat± pak±sita½, ta½ kho pana r±jagahe dutiyadivase rañño m±gadhassa anumodanattha½. Imassa catthassa vibh±vanattha½ ayamettha vitth±rakath± kathetabb±–
Ito dv±navutikappe k±si n±ma nagara½ ahosi. Tattha jayaseno n±ma r±j±. Tassa sirim± n±ma dev², tass± kucchiya½ phusso n±ma bodhisatto nibbattitv± anupubbena samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhi. Jayaseno r±j± “mama putto abhinikkhamitv± buddho j±to, mayhameva buddho, mayha½ dhammo, mayha½ saªgho”ti mamatta½ upp±detv± sabbak±la½ sayameva upaµµhahati, na aññesa½ ok±sa½ deti.
Bhagavato kaniµµhabh±taro vem±tik± tayo bh±taro cintesu½– “buddh± n±ma sabbalokahit±ya uppajjanti, na cekassevatth±ya, amh±kañca pit± aññesa½ ok±sa½ na deti, katha½ nu maya½ labheyy±ma bhagavanta½ upaµµh±tun”ti. Tesa½ etadahosi– “handa maya½ kiñci up±ya½ karom±”ti. Te paccanta½ kupita½ viya k±r±pesu½. Tato r±j± “paccanto kupito”ti sutv± tayopi putte paccantav³pasamanattha½ pesesi. Te v³pasametv± ±gat±, r±j± tuµµho vara½ ad±si “ya½ icchatha, ta½ gaºhath±”ti. Te “maya½ bhagavanta½ upaµµh±tu½ icch±m±”ti ±ha½su. R±j± “eta½ µhapetv± añña½ gaºhath±”ti ±ha. Te “maya½ aññena anatthik±”ti ±ha½su. Tena hi pariccheda½ katv± gaºhath±ti. Te satta vass±ni y±ci½su, r±j± na ad±si. Eva½ cha, pañca, catt±ri, t²ºi, dve, eka½, satta m±s±ni, cha, pañca, catt±r²ti y±va tem±sa½ y±ci½su. R±j± “gaºhath±”ti ad±si.
Te vara½ labhitv± paramatuµµh± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ±ha½su– “icch±ma maya½, bhante, bhagavanta½ tem±sa½ upaµµh±tu½, adhiv±setu no, bhante bhagav± ima½ tem±sa½ vass±v±san”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena. Tato te attano janapade niyuttakapurisassa lekha½ pesesu½ “ima½ tem±sa½ amhehi bhagav± upaµµh±tabbo, vih±ra½ ±di½ katv± sabba½ bhagavato upaµµh±nasambh±ra½ karoh²”ti. So ta½ sabba½ samp±detv± paµinivedesi. Te k±s±yavatthanivatth± hutv± a¹¹hateyyehi purisasahassehi veyy±vaccakarehi bhagavanta½ sakkacca½ upaµµhaham±n± janapada½ netv± vih±ra½ niyy±tetv± vas±pesu½.
Tesa½ bhaº¹±g±riko eko gahapatiputto sapaj±patiko saddho ahosi pasanno. So buddhappamukhassa saªghassa d±navatta½ sakkacca½ ad±si. Janapade niyuttakapuriso ta½ gahetv± j±napadehi ek±dasamattehi purisasahassehi saddhi½ sakkaccameva d±na½ pavatt±pesi. Tattha keci j±napad± paµihatacitt± ahesu½. Te d±nassa antar±ya½ katv± deyyadhamme attan± kh±di½su, bhattas±lañca aggin± dahi½su. Pav±rite r±japutt± bhagavato mahanta½ sakk±ra½ katv± bhagavanta½ purakkhatv± pituno sak±sameva agama½su. Tattha gantv± eva bhagav± parinibb±yi. R±j± ca r±japutt± ca janapade niyuttakapuriso ca bhaº¹±g±riko ca anupubbena k±la½ katv± saddhi½ paris±ya sagge uppajji½su, paµihatacittajan± nirayesu nibbatti½su. Eva½ tesa½ dvinna½ gaº±na½ saggato sagga½, nirayato niraya½ upapajjant±na½ dv±navutikapp± v²tivatt±.
Atha imasmi½ bhaddakappe kassapabuddhassa k±le te paµihatacittajan± petesu uppann±. Tad± manuss± attano ñ±tak±na½ pet±na½ atth±ya d±na½ datv± uddisanti “ida½ amh±ka½ ñ±t²na½ hot³”ti. Te sampatti½ labhanti. Atha imepi pet± ta½ disv± bhagavanta½ kassapa½ upasaªkamitv± pucchi½su– “ki½ nu kho, bhante, mayampi evar³pa½ sampatti½ labheyy±m±”ti? Bhagav± ±ha– “id±ni na labhatha apica an±gate gotamo n±ma buddho bhavissati, tassa bhagavato k±le bimbis±ro n±ma r±j± bhavissati, so tumh±ka½ ito dv±navutikappe ñ±ti ahosi, so buddhassa d±na½ datv± tumh±ka½ uddisissati, tad± labhissath±”ti. Eva½ vutte kira tesa½ pet±na½ ta½ vacana½ “sve labhissath±”ti vutta½ viya ahosi.
Atha ekasmi½ buddhantare v²tivatte amh±ka½ bhagav± loke uppajji. Tepi tayo r±japutt± tehi a¹¹hateyyehi purisasahassehi saddhi½ devalok± cavitv± magadharaµµhe br±hmaºakule uppajjitv± anupubbena isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± gay±s²se tayo jaµil± ahesu½, janapade niyuttakapuriso, r±j± ahosi bimbis±ro, bhaº¹±g±riko, gahapati vis±kho n±ma mah±seµµhi ahosi, tassa paj±pati dhammadinn± n±ma seµµhidh²t± ahosi. Eva½ sabb±pi avases± paris± rañño eva pariv±r± hutv± nibbatt±.
Amh±ka½ bhagav± loke uppajjitv± sattasatt±ha½ atikkamitv± anupubbena b±r±ºasi½ ±gamma dhammacakka½ pavattetv± pañcavaggiye ±di½ katv± y±va a¹¹hateyyasahassapariv±re tayo jaµile vinetv± r±jagaha½ agam±si. Tattha ca tadahupasaªkamanta½yeva r±j±na½ bimbis±ra½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±pesi ek±dasanavutehi m±gadhakehi br±hmaºagahapatikehi saddhi½. Atha raññ± sv±tan±ya bhattena nimantito bhagav± adhiv±setv± dutiyadivase sakkena dev±namindena purato purato gacchantena–
“Danto dantehi saha pur±ºajaµilehi, vippamutto vippamuttehi;
siªg²nikkhasavaººo, r±jagaha½ p±visi bhagav±”ti. (Mah±va. 58)–

Evam±d²hi g±th±hi abhitthaviyam±no r±jagaha½ pavisitv± rañño nivesane mah±d±na½ sampaµicchi. Te pet± “id±ni r±j± amh±ka½ d±na½ uddisissati, id±ni uddisissat²”ti ±s±ya pariv±retv± aµµha½su.

R±j± d±na½ datv± “kattha nu kho bhagav± vihareyy±”ti bhagavato vih±raµµh±nameva cintesi, na ta½ d±na½ kassaci uddisi. Pet± chinn±s± hutv± ratti½ rañño nivesane ativiya bhi½sanaka½ vissaramaka½su. R±j± bhayasa½vegasant±sam±pajji, tato pabh±t±ya rattiy± bhagavato ±rocesi– “evar³pa½ saddamassosi½, ki½ nu kho me, bhante, bhavissat²”ti. Bhagav± ±ha– “m± bh±yi, mah±r±ja, na te kiñci p±paka½ bhavissati, apica kho te pur±ºañ±tak± petesu uppann± santi, te eka½ buddhantara½ tameva pacc±s²sam±n± vicaranti ‘buddhassa d±na½ datv± amh±ka½ uddisissat²’ti na tesa½ tva½ hiyyo uddisi, te chinn±s± tath±r³pa½ vissaramaka½s³”ti.
So ±ha “id±ni pana, bhante, dinne labheyyun”ti? “¾ma, mah±r±j±”ti. “Tena hi me, bhante, adhiv±setu bhagav± ajjatan±ya d±na½, tesa½ uddisiss±m²”ti? Bhagav± adhiv±sesi. R±j± nivesana½ gantv± mah±d±na½ paµiy±detv± bhagavato k±la½ ±roc±pesi. Bhagav± r±jantepura½ gantv± paññatte ±sane nis²di saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena. Tepi kho pet± “api n±ma ajja labheyy±m±”ti gantv± tirokuµµ±d²su aµµha½su. Bhagav± tath± ak±si, yath± te sabbeva rañño p±kaµ± ahesu½. R±j± dakkhiºodaka½ dento “ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hot³”ti uddisi, taªkhaºaññeva tesa½ pet±na½ padumasañchann± pokkharaºiyo nibbatti½su. Te tattha nhatv± ca pivitv± ca paµippassaddhadarathakilamathapip±s± suvaººavaºº± ahesu½. R±j± y±gukhajjakabhojan±ni datv± uddisi, taªkhaºaññeva tesa½ dibbay±gukhajjakabhojan±ni nibbatti½su. Te t±ni paribhuñjitv± p²ºindriy± ahesu½. Atha vatthasen±san±ni datv± uddisi. Tesa½ dibbavatthadibbay±nadibbap±s±dadibbapaccattharaºadibbaseyy±di-alaªk±ravidhayo nibbatti½su. S±pi tesa½ sampatti yath± sabb±va p±kaµ± hoti, tath± bhagav± adhiµµh±si. R±j± ativiya attamano ahosi. Tato bhagav± bhutt±v² pav±rito rañño m±gadhassa anumodanattha½ “tirokuµµesu tiµµhant²”ti im± g±th± abh±si.
Ett±vat± ca “yena yattha yad± yasm±, tirokuµµa½ pak±sita½, pak±setv±na ta½ sabban”ti aya½ m±tik± saªkhepato vitth±rato ca vibhatt± hoti.