Y±n²dh±tig±th±ttayavaººan±

16. Atha sakko dev±namindo “bhagavat± ratanattayaguºa½ niss±ya saccavacana½ payuñjam±nena n±garassa sotthi kat±, may±pi n±garassa sotthittha½ ratanattayaguºa½ niss±ya kiñci vattabban”ti cintetv± avas±ne g±th±ttaya½ abh±si “y±n²dha bh³t±n²”ti tattha yasm± buddho yath± lokahitatth±ya ussukka½ ±pannehi ±gantabba½ tath± ±gatato yath± ca tehi gantabba½, tath± gatato yath± ca tehi ±j±nitabba½, tath± ±j±nanato, yath± ca j±nitabba½, tath± j±nanato, yañca tatheva hoti, tassa gadanato ca “tath±gato”ti vuccati. Yasm± ca so devamanussehi pupphagandh±din± bahi nibbattena upak±rakena, dhamm±nudhammapaµipatt±din± ca attani nibbattena ativiya p³jito, tasm± sakko dev±namindo sabba½ devaparisa½ attan± saddhi½ sampiº¹etv± ±ha “tath±gata½ devamanussap³jita½, buddha½ namass±ma suvatthi hot³”ti.
17. Yasm± pana dhamme maggadhammo yath± yuganaddhasamathavipassan±balena gantabba½ kilesapakkha½ samucchindantena, tath± gatoti tath±gato. Nibb±nadhammopi yath± gato paññ±ya paµividdho sabbadukkhappaµivigh±t±ya sampajjati, buddh±d²hi tath± avagato, tasm± “tath±gato”tveva vuccati. Yasm± ca saªghopi yath± attahit±ya paµipannehi gantabba½ tena tena maggena, tath± gatoti “tath±gato”tveva vuccati. Tasm± avasesag±th±dvayepi tath±gata½ dhamma½ namass±ma suvatthi hotu, tath±gata½ saªgha½ namass±ma suvatthi hot³ti vutta½. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti.
Eva½ sakko dev±namindo ima½ g±th±ttaya½ bh±sitv± bhagavanta½ padakkhiºa½ katv± devapurameva gato saddhi½ devaparis±ya. Bhagav± pana tadeva ratanasutta½ dutiyadivasepi desesi, puna catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi, eva½ y±va sattamadivasa½ desesi, divase divase tatheva dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi. Bhagav± a¹¹ham±sameva ves±liya½ viharitv± r±j³na½ “gacch±m±”ti paµivedesi. Tato r±j±no diguºena sakk±rena puna t²hi divasehi bhagavanta½ gaªg±t²ra½ nayi½su. Gaªg±ya nibbatt± n±gar±j±no cintesu½ “manuss± tath±gatassa sakk±ra½ karonti, maya½ ki½ na kariss±m±”ti suvaººarajatamaºimay± n±v±yo m±petv± suvaººarajatamaºimaye eva pallaªke paññapetv± pañcavaººapadumasañchanna½ udaka½ karitv± “amh±ka½ anuggaha½ karoth±”ti bhagavanta½ y±ci½su. Bhagav± adhiv±setv± ratanan±vam±r³¼ho, pañca ca bhikkhusat±ni pañcasata½ n±v±yo abhir³¼h±. N±gar±j±no bhagavanta½ saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena n±gabhavana½ pavesesu½. Tatra suda½ bhagav± sabbaratti½ n±gaparis±ya dhamma½ desesi. Dutiyadivase dibbehi kh±dan²yabhojan²yehi mah±d±na½ aka½su, bhagav± anumoditv± n±gabhavan± nikkhami.
Bh³maµµh± dev± “manuss± ca n±g± ca tath±gatassa sakk±ra½ karonti, maya½ ki½ na kariss±m±”ti cintetv± vanappagumbarukkhapabbat±d²su chatt±tichatt±ni ukkhipi½su. Eteneva up±yena y±va akaniµµhabrahmabhavana½, t±va mah±sakk±raviseso nibbatti. Bimbis±ropi licchav²hi ±gatak±le katasakk±rato diguºamak±si. Pubbe vuttanayeneva pañcahi divasehi bhagavanta½ r±jagaha½ ±nesi.
R±jagahamanuppatte bhagavati pacch±bhatta½ maº¹alam±¼e sannipatit±na½ bhikkh³na½ ayamantarakath± udap±di “aho buddhassa bhagavato ±nubh±vo, ya½ uddissa gaªg±ya orato ca p±rato ca aµµhayojano bh³mibh±go ninnañca thalañca sama½ katv± v±luk±ya okiritv± pupphehi sañchanno, yojanappam±ºa½ gaªg±ya udaka½ n±n±vaººehi padumehi sañchanna½, y±va akaniµµhabhavana½, t±va chatt±tichatt±ni ussit±n²”ti. Bhagav± ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± gandhakuµito nikkhamitv± taªkhaº±nur³pena p±µih±riyena gantv± maº¹alam±¼e paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²di. Nisajja kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti. Bhikkh³ sabba½ ±rocesu½ bhagav± etadavoca– “na, bhikkhave, aya½ p³j±viseso mayha½ buddh±nubh±vena nibbatto, na n±gadevabrahm±nubh±vena, apica kho pubbe appamattakaparicc±g±nubh±vena nibbatto”ti. Bhikkh³ ±ha½su “na maya½, bhante, ta½ appamattaka½ paricc±ga½ j±n±ma, s±dhu no bhagav± tath± kathetu, yath± maya½ ta½ j±neyy±m±”ti.
Bhagav± ±ha– bh³tapubba½, bhikkhave, takkasil±ya½ saªkho n±ma br±hmaºo ahosi. Tassa putto sus²mo n±ma m±ºavo so¼asavassuddesiko vayena. So ekadivasa½ pitara½ upasaªkamitv± abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Atha ta½ pit± ±ha “ki½, t±ta, sus²m±”ti? So ±ha “icch±maha½, t±ta, b±r±ºasi½ gantv± sippa½ uggahetun”ti. “Tena hi t±ta, sus²ma, asuko n±ma br±hmaºo mama sah±yako, tassa santika½ gantv± uggaºh±h²”ti kah±paºasahassa½ ad±si. So ta½ gahetv± m±t±pitaro abhiv±detv± anupubbena b±r±ºasi½ gantv± upac±rayuttena vidhin± ±cariya½ upasaªkamitv± abhiv±detv± att±na½ nivedesi. ¾cariyo “mama sah±yakassa putto”ti m±ºava½ sampaµicchitv± sabba½ p±huneyyavattamak±si. So addh±nakilamatha½ vinodetv± ta½ kah±paºasahassa½ ±cariyassa p±dam³le µhapetv± sippa½ uggahetu½ ok±sa½ y±ci. ¾cariyo ok±sa½ katv± uggaºh±pesi.
So lahuñca gaºhanto, bahuñca gaºhanto, gahitagahitañca suvaººabh±jane pakkhittatelamiva avinassam±na½ dh±rento, dv±dasavassika½ sippa½ katipayam±seneva pariyos±pesi. So sajjh±ya½ karonto ±dimajjha½yeva passati, no pariyos±na½. Atha ±cariya½ upasaªkamitv± ±ha “imassa sippassa ±dimajjhameva pass±mi, no pariyos±nan”ti. ¾cariyo ±ha “ahampi, t±ta, evamev±”ti. Atha ko, ±cariya, imassa sippassa pariyos±na½ j±n±t²ti? Isipatane, t±ta, isayo atthi, te j±neyyunti. Te upasaªkamitv± pucch±mi, ±cariy±ti? Puccha, t±ta, yath±sukhanti. So isipatana½ gantv± paccekabuddhe upasaªkamitv± pucchi “api, bhante, pariyos±na½ j±n±th±”ti? ¾ma, ±vuso, j±n±m±ti. Ta½ mampi sikkh±peth±ti. Tena h±vuso, pabbaj±hi, na sakk± apabbajitena sikkh±petunti. S±dhu, bhante, pabb±jetha v± ma½, ya½ v± icchatha, ta½ katv± pariyos±na½ j±n±peth±ti. Te ta½ pabb±jetv± kammaµµh±ne niyojetu½ asamatth± “eva½ te niv±setabba½, eva½ p±rupitabban”ti-±din± nayena ±bhisam±c±rika½ sikkh±pesu½. So tattha sikkhanto upanissayasampannatt± na cireneva paccekabodhi½ abhisambujjhi. Sakalab±r±ºasiya½ “sus²mapaccekabuddho”ti p±kaµo ahosi l±bhaggayasaggappatto sampannapariv±ro. So app±yukasa½vattanikassa kammassa katatt± na cireneva parinibb±yi. Tassa paccekabuddh± ca mah±janak±yo ca sar²rakicca½ katv± dh±tuyo gahetv± nagaradv±re th³pa½ patiµµh±pesu½.
Atha kho saªkho br±hmaºo “putto me ciragato, na cassa pavatti½ j±n±m²”ti putta½ daµµhuk±mo takkasil±ya nikkhamitv± anupubbena b±r±ºasi½ gantv± mah±janak±ya½ sannipatita½ disv± “addh± bah³su ekopi me puttassa pavatti½ j±nissat²”ti cintento upasaªkamitv± pucchi “sus²mo n±ma m±ºavo idha ±gato atthi, api nu tassa pavatti½ j±n±th±”ti? Te “±ma, br±hmaºa, j±n±ma, imasmi½ nagare br±hmaºassa santike tiººa½ ved±na½ p±rag³ hutv± paccekabuddh±na½ santike pabbajitv± paccekabuddho hutv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi, ayamassa th³po patiµµh±pito”ti ±ha½su. So bh³mi½ hatthena paharitv± roditv± ca paridevitv± ca ta½ cetiyaªgaºa½ gantv± tiº±ni uddharitv± uttaras±µakena v±luka½ ±netv± paccekabuddhacetiyaªgaºe okiritv± kamaº¹aluto udakena samantato bh³mi½ paripphositv± vanapupphehi p³ja½ katv± uttaras±µakena paµ±ka½ ±ropetv± th³passa upari attano chatta½ bandhitv± pakk±m²ti.
Eva½ at²ta½ desetv± j±taka½ paccuppannena anusandhento bhikkh³na½ dhammakatha½ kathesi. “Siy± kho pana vo, bhikkhave, evamassa ‘añño n³na tena samayena saªkho br±hmaºo ahos²’ti, na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½, aha½ tena samayena saªkho br±hmaºo ahosi½, may± sus²massa paccekabuddhassa cetiyaªgaºe tiº±ni uddhaµ±ni, tassa me kammassa nissandena aµµhayojanamagga½ vigatakh±ºukaºµaka½ katv± sama½ suddhamaka½su. May± tattha v±luk± okiºº±, tassa me nissandena aµµhayojanamagge v±luka½ okiri½su. May± tattha vanakusumehi p³j± kat±, tassa me nissandena navayojane magge thale ca udake ca n±n±pupphehi pupphasantharamaka½su. May± tattha kamaº¹aludakena bh³mi paripphosit±, tassa me nissandena ves±liya½ pokkharavassa½ vassi. May± tasmi½ cetiye paµ±k± ±ropit±, chattañca baddha½, tassa me nissandena y±va akaniµµhabhavan± paµ±k± ca ±ropit±, chatt±tichatt±ni ca ussit±ni. Iti kho, bhikkhave, aya½ mayha½ p³j±viseso neva buddh±nubh±vena nibbatto na n±gadevabrahm±nubh±vena, apica kho appamattakaparicc±g±nubh±vena nibbatto”ti. Dhammakath±pariyos±ne ima½ g±thamabh±si–
“Matt±sukhaparicc±g±, passe ce vipula½ sukha½;
caje matt±sukha½ dh²ro, sampassa½ vipula½ sukhan”ti. (Dha. pa. 290).

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddakap±µha-aµµhakath±ya

Ratanasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.