Gaman²yad²pan±

Gaman²yad²pan±ya½ codako ±ha– “buddha½ saraºa½ gacch±m²”ti ettha yo buddha½ saraºa½ gacchati, esa buddha½ v± gaccheyya saraºa½ v±, ubhayath±pi ca ekassa vacana½ niratthaka½. Kasm±? Gamanakiriy±ya kammadvay±bh±vato. Na hettha “aja½ g±ma½ net²”ti-±d²su viya dvikammakatta½ akkharacintak± icchanti.
“Gacchateva pubba½ disa½, gacchati pacchima½ disan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.159; 3.87) viya s±tthakamev±ti ce? Na, buddhasaraº±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vass±nadhippetato. Etesañhi sam±n±dhikaraºabh±ve adhippete paµihatacittopi buddha½ upasaªkamanto buddha½ saraºa½ gato siy±. Yañhi ta½ buddhoti visesita½ saraºa½, tamevesa gatoti. “Eta½ kho saraºa½ khema½, eta½ saraºamuttaman”ti (dha. pa. 192) vacanato sam±n±dhikaraºattamev±ti ce? Na, tattheva tabbh±vato. Tattheva hi g±th±pade eta½ buddh±diratanattaya½ saraºagat±na½ bhayaharaºattasaªkh±te saraºabh±ve abyabhicaraºato “khemamuttamañca saraºan”ti aya½ sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vo adhippeto, aññattha tu gamisambandhe sati saraºagamanassa appasiddhito anadhippetoti as±dhakameta½. “Eta½ saraºam±gamma, sabbadukkh± pamuccat²”ti ettha gamisambandhepi saraºagamanapasiddhito sam±n±dhikaraºattamev±ti ce? Na pubbe vuttadosappasaªgato. Tatr±pi hi sam±n±dhikaraºabh±ve sati eta½ buddhadhammasaªghasaraºa½ paµihatacittopi ±gamma sabbadukkh± pamucceyy±ti eva½ pubbe vuttadosappasaªgo eva siy±, na ca no dosena atthi atthoti as±dhakameta½. Yath± “mamañhi, ±nanda, kaly±ºamitta½ ±gamma j±tidhamm± satt± j±tiy± parimuccant²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.129) ettha bhagavato kaly±ºamittassa ±nubh±vena parimuccam±n± satt± “kaly±ºamitta½ ±gamma parimuccant²”ti vutt±. Evamidh±pi buddhadhammasaªghassa saraºass±nubh±vena muccam±no “eta½ saraºam±gamma, sabbadukkh± pamuccat²”ti vuttoti evamettha adhipp±yo veditabbo.
Eva½ sabbath±pi na buddhassa gaman²yatta½ yujjati, na saraºassa, na ubhayesa½, icchitabbañca gacch±m²ti niddiµµhassa gamakassa gaman²ya½, tato vattabb± ettha yutt²ti. Vuccate–
Buddhoyevettha gaman²yo, gaman±k±radassanattha½ tu ta½ saraºavacana½, buddha½ saraºanti gacch±mi. Esa me saraºa½, esa me par±yaºa½, aghassa, t±t±, hitassa ca vidh±t±ti imin± adhipp±yena eta½ gacch±mi bhaj±mi sev±mi payirup±s±mi, eva½ v± j±n±mi bujjh±m²ti. Yesañhi dh±t³na½ gati-attho buddhipi tesa½ atthoti. Iti-saddassa appayog± ayuttamiti ce? Ta½ na. Tattha siy±– yadi cettha evamattho bhaveyya, tato “anicca½ r³pa½ anicca½ r³panti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti evam±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.55, 85) viya iti-saddo payutto siy±, na ca payutto, tasm± ayuttametanti. Tañca na, kasm±? Tadatthasambhav±. “Yo ca buddhañca dhammañca saªghañca saraºa½ gato”ti evam±d²su (dha. pa. 190) viya idh±pi iti-saddassa attho sambhavati, na ca vijjam±natthasambhav± iti-sadd± sabbattha payujjanti, appayuttass±pettha payuttassa viya iti-saddassa attho viññ±tabbo aññesu ca eva½j±tikesu, tasm± adoso eva soti. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, t²hi saraºagamanehi pabbajjan”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 34) saraºasseva gaman²yato ya½ vutta½ “gaman±k±radassanattha½ tu saraºavacanan”ti, ta½ na yuttamiti ce. Ta½ n±yutta½. Kasm±? Tadatthasambhav± eva. Tatr±pi hi tassa attho sambhavati, yato pubbasadisameva appayuttopi payutto viya veditabbo. Itarath± hi pubbe vuttadosappasaªgo eva siy±, tasm± yath±nusiµµhameva gahetabba½.
Aya½ gaman²yad²pan±.