Khant²c±tig±th±vaººan±

10. Id±ni khant² c±ti ettha khamana½ khanti. Padakkhiºagg±hit±ya sukha½ vaco asminti suvaco, suvacassa kamma½ sovacassa½, sovacassassa bh±vo sovacassat±. Kiles±na½ samitatt± samaº±. Dassananti pekkhana½. Dhammassa s±kacch± dhammas±kacch±. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti. Aya½ padavaººan±.
Atthavaººan± pana eva½ veditabb± khanti n±ma adhiv±sanakkhanti, t±ya samann±gato bhikkhu dasahi akkosavatth³hi akkosante vadhabandh±d²hi v± vihesante puggale asuºanto viya apassanto viya ca nibbik±ro hoti khantiv±d² viya. Yath±ha–
“Ahu at²tamaddh±na½, samaºo khantid²pano;
ta½ khantiy±yeva µhita½, k±sir±j± acheday²”ti. (J±. 1.4.51).
Bhadrakato v± manasi karoti tato uttari apar±dh±bh±vena ±yasm± puººatthero viya. Yath±ha so–
“Sace ma½, bhante, sun±parantak± manuss± akkosissanti paribh±sissanti, tattha me eva½ bhavissati ‘bhaddak± vatime sun±parantak± manuss±, subhaddak± vatime sun±parantak± manuss±, ya½ me nayime p±ºin± pah±ra½ dent²”’ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.396; sa½. ni. 4.88).
Y±ya ca samann±gato is²nampi pasa½san²yo hoti. Yath±ha sarabhaªgo isi–
“Kodha½ vadhitv± na kad±ci socati,
makkhappah±na½ isayo vaººayanti;
sabbesa½ vutta½ pharusa½ khametha,
eta½ khanti½ uttamam±hu santo”ti. (J±. 2.17.64).
Devat±nampi pasa½san²yo hoti. Yath±ha sakko dev±namindo–
“Yo have balav± santo, dubbalassa titikkhati;
tam±hu parama½ khanti½, nicca½ khamati dubbalo”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.250-251).
Buddh±nampi pasa½san²yo hoti. Yath±ha bhagav±–
“Akkosa½ vadhabandhañca, aduµµho yo titikkhati;
khant²bala½ bal±º²ka½, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºan”ti. (Dha. pa. 399).
S± panes± khanti etesañca idha vaººit±na½ aññesañca guº±na½ adhigamahetuto maªgalanti veditabb±.
Sovacassat± n±ma sahadhammika½ vuccam±ne vikkhepa½ v± tuºh²bh±va½ v± guºadosacintana½ v± an±pajjitv± ativiya ±darañca g±ravañca n²camanatañca purakkhatv± s±dh³ti vacanakaraºat±. S± sabrahmac±r²na½ santik± ov±d±nus±sanippaµil±bhahetuto dosappah±naguº±dhigamahetuto ca maªgalanti vuccati.
Samaº±na½ dassana½ n±ma upasamitakiles±na½ bh±vitak±yavac²cittapaññ±na½ uttamadamathasamathasamann±gat±na½ pabbajit±na½ upasaªkamanupaµµh±n±nussaraºassavanadassana½, sabbampi omakadesan±ya dassananti vutta½, ta½ maªgalanti veditabba½. Kasm±? Bah³pak±ratt±. ¾ha ca “dassanampaha½, bhikkhave, tesa½ bhikkh³na½ bah³pak±ra½ vad±m²”ti-±di (itivu. 104). Yato hitak±mena kulaputtena s²lavante bhikkh³ gharadv±ra½ sampatte disv± yadi deyyadhammo atthi, yath±bala½ deyyadhammena patim±netabb±. Yadi natthi, pañcapatiµµhita½ katv± vanditabb±. Tasmimpi asampajjam±ne añjali½ paggahetv± namassitabb±, tasmimpi asampajjam±ne pasannacittena piyacakkh³hi sampassitabb±. Eva½ dassanam³lakenapi hi puññena anek±ni j±tisahass±ni cakkhumhi rogo v± d±ho v± ussad± v± pi¼ak± v± na honti, vippasannapañcavaººasassirik±ni honti cakkh³ni ratanavim±ne uggh±µitamaºikav±µasadis±ni, satasahassakappamatta½ devesu ca manussesu ca sampatt²na½ l±bh² hoti. Anacchariyañceta½, ya½ manussabh³to sappaññaj±tiko samm± pavattitena samaºadassanamayena puññena evar³pa½ vip±kasampatti½ anubhaveyya, yattha tiracch±nagat±nampi kevala½ saddh±mattakena katassa samaºadassanassa eva½ vip±kasampatti½ vaººayanti.
“Ul³ko maº¹alakkhiko, vediyake cirad²ghav±siko;
sukhito vata kosiyo aya½, k±luµµhita½ passati buddhavara½.
“Mayi citta½ pas±detv±, bhikkhusaªghe anuttare;
kapp±na½ satasahass±ni, duggateso na gacchati.
“Sa devalok± cavitv±, kusalakammena codito;
bhavissati anantañ±ºo, somanassoti vissuto”ti. (Ma. ni. aµµha. 1.144).
K±lena dhammas±kacch± n±ma padose v± pacc³se v± dve suttantik± bhikkh³ aññamañña½ suttanta½ s±kacchanti, vinayadhar± vinaya½, ±bhidhammik± abhidhamma½, j±takabh±ºak± j±taka½, aµµhakathik± aµµhakatha½, l²nuddhatavicikicch±paretacittavisodhanattha½ v± tamhi tamhi k±le s±kacchanti, aya½ k±lena dhammas±kacch±. S± ±gamabyatti-±d²na½ guº±na½ hetuto maªgalanti vuccat²ti.
Eva½ imiss± g±th±ya khanti, sovacassat±, samaºadassana½, k±lena dhammas±kacch±ti catt±ri maªgal±ni vutt±ni. Maªgalattañca nesa½ tattha tattha vibh±vitamev±ti.
Niµµhit± khant² c±ti imiss± g±th±ya atthavaººan±.