D±nañc±tig±th±vaººan±

7. Id±ni d±nañc±ti ettha d²yate imin±ti d±na½, attano santaka½ parassa paµip±d²yat²ti vutta½ hoti. Dhammassa cariy±, dhamm± v± anapet± cariy± dhammacariy±. ѱyante “amh±ka½ ime”ti ñ±tak±. Na avajj±ni anavajj±ni, anindit±ni agarahit±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti aya½ padavaººan±.
Atthavaººan± pana eva½ veditabb±– d±na½ n±ma para½ uddissa subuddhipubbik± ann±didasad±navatthuparicc±gacetan±, ta½sampayutto v± alobho. Alobhena hi ta½ vatthu½ parassa paµip±deti, tena vutta½ “d²yate imin±ti d±nan”ti. Ta½ bahujanapiyaman±pat±d²na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yik±na½ phalavises±na½ adhigamahetuto maªgalanti vuccati. “D±yako, s²ha d±napati, bahuno janassa piyo hoti man±po”ti evam±d²ni (a. ni. 5.34) cettha sutt±ni anussaritabb±ni.
Aparo nayo– d±na½ n±ma duvidha½ ±misad±na½, dhammad±nañca, tattha ±misad±na½ vuttappak±rameva. Idhalokaparalokadukkhakkhayasukh±vahassa pana samm±sambuddhappaveditassa dhammassa paresa½ hitak±mat±ya desan± dhammad±na½ , imesañca dvinna½ d±n±na½ etadeva agga½. Yath±ha–
“Sabbad±na½ dhammad±na½ jin±ti,
sabbarasa½ dhammaraso jin±ti;
sabbarati½ dhammarati jin±ti,
taºhakkhayo sabbadukkha½ jin±t²”ti. (Dha. pa. 354).
Tattha ±misad±nassa maªgalatta½ vuttameva. Dhammad±na½ pana yasm± atthapaµisa½vedit±d²na½ guº±na½ padaµµh±na½, tasm± maªgalanti vuccati. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Yath± yath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena paresa½ deseti, tath± tath± so tasmi½ dhamme atthapaµisa½ved² ca hoti dhammapaµisa½ved² c±”ti evam±di (a. ni. 5.26).
Dhammacariy± n±ma dasakusalakammapathacariy±. Yath±ha– “tividh± kho gahapatayo k±yena dhammacariy± samacariy± hot²”ti evam±di. S± panes± dhammacariy± saggalok³papattihetuto maªgalanti veditabb±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “dhammacariy±samacariy±hetu kho gahapatayo evamidhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjant²”ti (ma. ni. 1.439).
ѱtak± n±ma m±tito v± pitito v± y±va sattam± pit±mahayug± sambandh±. Tesa½ bhogap±rijuññena v± by±dhip±rijuññena v± abhihat±na½ attano sam²pa½ ±gat±na½ yath±bala½ gh±sacch±danadhanadhaññ±d²hi saªgaho pasa½s±d²na½ diµµhadhammik±na½ sugatigaman±d²nañca sampar±yik±na½ vises±dhigam±na½ hetuto maªgalanti vuccati.
Anavajj±ni kamm±ni n±ma uposathaªgasam±d±naveyy±vaccakaraºa-±r±mavanaropanasetukaraº±d²ni k±yavac²manosucaritakamm±ni. T±ni hi n±nappak±rahitasukh±dhigamahetuto maªgalanti vuccanti. “Ýh±na½ kho paneta½, vis±khe, vijjati ya½ idhekacco itth² v± puriso v± aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ uposatha½ upavasitv± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± c±tumah±r±jik±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyy±”ti evam±d²ni cettha sutt±ni (a. ni. 8.43) anussaritabb±ni.
Eva½ imiss± g±th±ya d±nañca, dhammacariy± ca, ñ±tak±nañca saªgaho, anavajj±ni kamm±n²ti catt±ri maªgal±ni vutt±ni. Maªgalattañca nesa½ tattha tattha vibh±vitamev±ti.
Niµµhit± d±nañc±ti imiss± g±th±ya atthavaººan±.