Patir³padesav±soc±tig±th±vaººan±

4. Eva½ bhagav± “br³hi maªgalamuttaman”ti eka½ ajjhesitopi appa½ y±cito bahud±yako u¼±rapuriso viya ek±ya g±th±ya t²ºi maªgal±ni vatv± tato uttaripi devat±na½ sotuk±mat±ya maªgal±namatthit±ya yesa½ yesa½ ya½ ya½ anukula½, te te satte tattha tattha maªgale niyojetuk±mat±ya ca “patir³padesav±so c±”ti-±d²hi g±th±hi punapi anek±ni maªgal±ni vattum±raddho. Tattha paµhamag±th±ya t±va patir³poti anucchaviko. Desoti g±mopi nigamopi nagarampi janapadopi yo koci satt±na½ niv±so ok±so. V±soti tattha niv±so. Pubbeti pur± at²t±su j±t²su. Katapuññat±ti upacitakusalat±. Att±ti citta½ vuccati sakalo v± attabh±vo, samm±paºidh²ti tassa attano samm± paºidh±na½ niyuñjana½, µhapananti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti. Ayamettha padavaººan±.
Atthavaººan± pana eva½ veditabb±– patir³padesav±so n±ma yattha catasso paris± vicaranti, d±n±d²ni puññakiriyavatth³ni vattanti, navaªga½ satthu s±sana½ dibbati, tattha niv±so satt±na½ puññakiriy±ya paccayatt± maªgalanti vuccati. S²ha¼ad²papaviµµhakevaµµ±dayo cettha nidassana½.
Aparo nayo– patir³padesav±so n±ma bhagavato bodhimaº¹appadeso dhammacakkavattitappadeso dv±dasayojan±ya paris±ya majjhe sabbatitthiyamata½ bhinditv± yamakap±µih±riyadassitakaº¹amba rukkham³lappadeso devorohaºappadeso, yo v± panaññopi s±vatthir±jagah±di buddh±dhiv±sappadeso, tattha niv±so satt±na½ cha-anuttariyappaµil±bhapaccayato maªgalanti vuccati.
Aparo nayo (mah±va. 259)– puratthim±ya dis±ya gajaªgala½ n±ma nigamo, tassa parena mah±s±l±, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Dakkhiºapuratthim±ya dis±ya sallavat² n±ma nad², tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Dakkhiº±ya dis±ya setakaººika½ n±ma nigamo, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Pacchim±ya dis±ya th³ºa½ n±ma br±hmaºag±mo, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Uttar±ya dis±ya us²raddhajo n±ma pabbato, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Aya½ majjhimadeso ±y±mena t²ºi yojanasat±ni, vitth±rena a¹¹hateyy±ni, parikkhepena nava yojanasat±ni honti. Eso patir³padeso n±ma.
Ettha catunna½ mah±d²p±na½ dvisahass±na½ parittad²p±nañca issariy±dhipaccak±rak± cakkavatt² uppajjanti, eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ kappasatasahassañca p±ramiyo p³retv± s±riputtamoggall±n±dayo mah±s±vak± uppajjanti, dve asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca p±ramiyo p³retv± paccekabuddh±, catt±ri aµµha so¼asa v± asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca p±ramiyo p³retv± samm±sambuddh± uppajjanti. Tattha satt± cakkavattirañño ov±da½ gahetv± pañcasu s²lesu patiµµh±ya saggapar±yaº± honti. Tath± paccekabuddh±na½ ov±de patiµµh±ya, samm±sambuddh±na½ pana buddhas±vak±na½ ov±de patiµµh±ya saggapar±yaº± nibb±napar±yaº± ca honti. Tasm± tattha v±so im±sa½ sampatt²na½ paccayato maªgalanti vuccati.
Pubbe katapuññat± n±ma at²taj±tiya½ buddhapaccekabuddhakh²º±save ±rabbha upacitakusalat±, s±pi maªgala½. Kasm±? Buddhapaccekabuddhasammukhato dassetv± buddh±na½ buddhas±vak±na½ v± sammukh± sut±ya catuppadik±yapi g±th±ya pariyos±ne arahatta½ p±pet²ti katv±. Yo ca manusso pubbe kat±dhik±ro ussannakusalam³lo hoti, so teneva kusalam³lena vipassana½ upp±detv± ±savakkhaya½ p±puº±ti yath± r±j± mah±kappino aggamahes² ca. Tena vutta½ “pubbe ca katapuññat± maªgalan”ti.
Attasamm±paºidhi n±ma idhekacco att±na½ duss²la½ s²le patiµµh±peti, assaddha½ saddh±sampad±ya patiµµh±peti, macchari½ c±gasampad±ya patiµµh±peti. Aya½ vuccati “attasamm±paºidh²”ti eso ca maªgala½. Kasm±? Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaverappah±navividh±nisa½s±dhigamahetutoti.
Eva½ imiss±pi g±th±ya patir³padesav±so ca, pubbe ca katapuññat±, attasamm±paºidh² c±ti t²ºiyeva maªgal±ni vutt±ni. Maªgalattañca nesa½ tattha tattha vibh±vitamev±ti.
Niµµhit± patir³padesav±so c±ti imiss± g±th±ya atthavaººan±.