Maªgalapañhasamuµµh±nakath±

Tattha yasm± “evamicc±dip±µhassa, attha½ n±nappak±rato. Vaººayanto samuµµh±na½, vatv±”ti m±tik± µhapit±, tassa ca samuµµh±nassa aya½ vattabbat±ya ok±so, tasm± maªgalapañhasamuµµh±na½ t±va vatv± pacch± imesa½ g±th±pad±namattha½ vaººayiss±mi. Kiñca maªgalapañhasamuµµh±na½? Jambud²pe kira tattha tattha nagaradv±rasanth±g±rasabh±d²su mah±jano sannipatitv± hiraññasuvaººa½ datv± n±nappak±ra½ s²t±haraº±dikatha½ kath±peti, ekek± kath± catum±saccayena niµµh±ti. Tattha ekadivasa½ maªgalakath± samuµµh±si “ki½ nu kho maªgala½, ki½ diµµha½ maªgala½, suta½ maªgala½, muta½ maªgala½, ko maªgala½ j±n±t²”ti.
Atha diµµhamaªgaliko n±meko puriso ±ha “aha½ maªgala½ j±n±mi, diµµha½ loke maªgala½ diµµha½ n±ma abhimaªgalasammata½ r³pa½. Seyyathida½– idhekacco k±lasseva vuµµh±ya c±takasakuºa½ v± passati, beluvalaµµhi½ v± gabbhini½ v± kum±rake v± alaªkatapaµiyatte puººaghaµe v± allarohitamaccha½ v± ±jañña½ v± ±jaññaratha½ v± usabha½ v± g±vi½ v± kapila½ v±, ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci evar³pa½ abhimaªgalasammata½ r³pa½ passati, ida½ vuccati diµµhamaªgalan”ti. Tassa vacana½ ekacce aggahesu½, ekacce na aggahesu½. Ye na aggahesu½, te tena saha vivadi½su.
Atha sutamaªgaliko n±ma eko puriso ±ha– “cakkhun±meta½, bho, sucimpi passati asucimpi, tath± sundarampi, asundarampi, man±pampi, aman±pampi. Yadi tena diµµha½ maªgala½ siy±, sabbampi maªgala½ siy±. Tasm± na diµµha½ maªgala½, apica kho pana suta½ maªgala½. Suta½ n±ma abhimaªgalasammato saddo. Seyyathida½? Idhekacco k±lasseva vuµµh±ya va¹¹h±ti v± va¹¹ham±n±ti v± puºº±ti v± phuss±ti v± suman±ti v± sir²ti v± siriva¹¹h±ti v± ajja sunakkhatta½ sumuhutta½ sudivasa½ sumaªgalanti evar³pa½ v± ya½kiñci abhimaªgalasammata½ sadda½ suº±ti, ida½ vuccati sutamaªgalan”ti. Tass±pi vacana½ ekacce aggahesu½, ekacce na aggahesu½. Ye na aggahesu½, te tena saha vivadi½su.
Atha mutamaªgaliko n±meko puriso ±ha “sotampi hi n±meta½, bho, s±dhumpi as±dhumpi man±pampi aman±pampi sadda½ suº±ti. Yadi tena suta½ maªgala½ siy±, sabbampi maªgala½ siy±. Tasm± na suta½ maªgala½, apica kho pana muta½ maªgala½. Muta½ n±ma abhimaªgalasammata½ gandharasaphoµµhabba½. Seyyathida½– idhekacco k±lasseva vuµµh±ya padumagandh±dipupphagandha½ v± gh±yati, phussadantakaµµha½ v± kh±dati, pathavi½ v± ±masati, haritasassa½ v± allagomaya½ v± kacchapa½ v± tila½ v± puppha½ v± phala½ v± ±masati, phussamattik±ya v± samm± limpati, phussas±µaka½ v± niv±seti, phussaveµhana½ v± dh±reti. Ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci evar³pa½ abhimaªgalasammata½ gandha½ v± gh±yati, rasa½ v± s±yati, phoµµhabba½ v± phusati, ida½ vuccati mutamaªgalan”ti. Tass±pi vacana½ ekacce aggahesu½, ekacce na aggahesu½.
Tattha na diµµhamaªgaliko sutamutamaªgalike asakkhi ñ±petu½, na tesa½ aññataro itare dve. Tesu ca manussesu ye diµµhamaªgalikassa vacana½ gaºhi½su, te “diµµha½yeva maªgalan”ti gat±. Ye sutamutamaªgalik±na½, te “suta½yeva muta½yeva maªgalan”ti gat±. Evamaya½ maªgalakath± sakalajambud²pe p±kaµ± j±t±.
Atha sakalajambud²pe manuss± gumbagumb± hutv± “ki½ nu kho maªgalan”ti maªgal±ni cintayi½su. Tesa½ manuss±na½ ±rakkhadevat± ta½ katha½ sutv± tatheva maªgal±ni cintayi½su. T±sa½ devat±na½ bhummadevat± mitt± honti, atha tato sutv± bhummadevat±pi tatheva maªgal±ni cintayi½su, t±sa½ devat±na½ ±k±saµµhadevat± mitt± honti, ±k±saµµhadevat±na½ catumah±r±jik± devat± mitt± honti, etenup±yena y±va sudass²devat±na½ akaniµµhadevat± mitt± honti, atha tato sutv± akaniµµhadevat±pi tatheva gumbagumb± hutv± maªgal±ni cintayi½su. Eva½ y±va dasasahassacakkav±¼esu sabbattha maªgalacint± udap±di. Uppann± ca “ida½ maªgala½ ida½ maªgalan”ti vinicchayam±n±pi appatt± eva vinicchaya½ dv±dasa vass±ni aµµh±si. Sabbe manuss± ca dev± ca brahm±no ca µhapetv± ariyas±vake diµµhasutamutavasena tidh± bhinn±. Ekopi “idameva maªgalan”ti yath±bhuccato niµµhaªgato n±hosi, maªgalakol±hala½ loke uppajji.
Kol±hala½ n±ma pañcavidha½ kappakol±hala½, cakkavattikol±hala½, buddhakol±hala½, maªgalakol±hala½, moneyyakol±halanti. Tattha k±m±vacaradev± muttasir± vikiººakes± rudammukh± ass³ni hatthehi puñcham±n± rattavatthanivatth± ativiya vir³pavesadh±rino hutv± “vassasatasahassaccayena kappuµµh±na½ hohiti, aya½ loko vinassissati, mah±samuddo sussissati, ayañca mah±pathav² sineru ca pabbatar±j± u¹¹hayhissati vinassissati, y±va brahmalok± lokavin±so bhavissati, metta½ m±ris± bh±vetha, karuºa½ mudita½ upekkha½ m±ris± bh±vetha, m±tara½ upaµµhahatha, pitara½ upaµµhahatha, kule jeµµh±pac±yino hotha, j±garatha m± pam±datth±”ti manussapathe vicaritv± ±rocenti. Ida½ kappakol±hala½ n±ma.
K±m±vacaradev±yeva “vassasatassaccayena cakkavattir±j± loke uppajjissat²”ti manussapathe vicaritv± ±rocenti. Ida½ cakkavattikol±hala½ n±ma. Suddh±v±s± pana dev± brahm±bharaºena alaªkaritv± brahmaveµhana½ s²se katv± p²tisomanassaj±t± buddhaguºav±dino “vassasahassaccayena buddho loke uppajjissat²”ti manussapathe vicaritv± ±rocenti. Ida½ buddhakol±hala½ n±ma. Suddh±v±s± eva dev± devamanuss±na½ citta½ ñatv± “dv±dasanna½ vass±na½ accayena samm±sambuddho maªgala½ kathessat²”ti manussapathe vicaritv± ±rocenti. Ida½ maªgalakol±hala½ n±ma. Suddh±v±s± eva dev± “sattanna½ vass±na½ accayena aññataro bhikkhu bhagavat± saddhi½ sam±gamma moneyyappaµipada½ pucchissat²”ti manussapathe vicaritv± ±rocenti. Ida½ moneyyakol±hala½ n±ma. Imesu pañcasu kol±halesu devamanuss±na½ ida½ maªgalakol±hala½ loke uppajji.
Atha devesu ca manussesu ca vicinitv± vicinitv± maªgal±ni alabham±nesu dv±dasanna½ vass±na½ accayena t±vati½sak±yik± devat± saªgamma sam±gamma eva½ samacintesu½ “seyyath±pi n±ma gharas±miko antogharajan±na½, g±mas±miko g±mav±s²na½ r±j± sabbamanuss±na½, evameva aya½ sakko dev±namindo amh±ka½ aggo ca seµµho ca yadida½ puññena tejena issariyena paññ±ya dvinna½ devalok±na½ adhipati, ya½n³na maya½ sakka½ dev±naminda½ etamattha½ puccheyy±m±”ti. T± sakkassa santika½ gantv± sakka½ dev±naminda½ taªkhaº±nur³paniv±san±bharaºasassirikasar²ra½ a¹¹hateyyakoµi-acchar±gaºaparivuta½ p±ricchattakam³le paº¹ukambalavar±sane nisinna½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ µhatv± etadavocu½ “yagghe, m±risa, j±neyy±si, etarahi maªgalapañh± samuµµhit±, eke ‘diµµha½ maªgalan’ti vadanti, eke ‘suta½ maªgalan’ti, eke ‘muta½ maªgalan’ti, tattha mayañca aññe ca aniµµhaªgat±, s±dhu vata no tva½ y±th±vato by±karoh²”ti. Devar±j± pakatiy±pi paññav± “aya½ maªgalakath± kattha paµhama½ samuµµhit±”ti ±ha. “Maya½, deva, c±tumah±r±jik±na½ assumh±”ti ±ha½su. Tato c±tumah±r±jik± ±k±saµµhadevat±na½, ±k±saµµhadevat± bhummadevat±na½, bhummadevat± manuss±rakkhadevat±na½, manuss±rakkhadevat± “manussaloke samuµµhit±”ti ±ha½su.
Atha dev±namindo “samm±sambuddho kattha vasat²”ti pucchi. “Manussaloke dev±”ti ±ha½su. Ta½ bhagavanta½ koci pucch²ti, na koci dev±ti Kinnu n±ma tumhe m±ris± aggi½ cha¹¹etv± khajjopanaka½ ujj±letha, yena tumhe anavasesamaªgaladesaka½ ta½ bhagavanta½ atikkamitv± ma½ pucchitabba½ maññatha, ±gacchatha m±ris±, ta½ bhagavanta½ pucch±ma, addh± sassirika½ pañhaveyy±karaºa½ labhiss±m±ti eka½ devaputta½ ±º±pesi “ta½ bhagavanta½ pucch±”ti. So devaputto taªkhaº±nur³pena alaªk±rena att±na½ alaªkaritv± vijjuriva vijjotam±no devagaºaparivuto jetavanamah±vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ µhatv± maªgalapañha½ pucchanto g±th±ya ajjhabh±si “bah³ dev± manuss± c±”ti.
Ida½ maªgalapañhasamuµµh±na½.