Evamicc±dip±µhavaººan±

1. Id±ni “evamicc±dip±µhassa, attha½ n±nappak±rato”ti evam±dim±tik±ya saªgahitatthappak±sanattha½ vuccate– evanti aya½ saddo upam³padesasampaha½sanagarahaºavacanasampaµiggah±k±ranidassan±vadh±raº±d²su atthesu daµµhabbo. Tath± hesa “eva½ j±tena maccena, kattabba½ kusala½ bahun”ti evam±d²su (dha. pa. 53) upam±ya½ dissati. “Eva½ te abhikkamitabba½, eva½ te paµikkamitabban”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.122) upadese. “Evameta½ bhagav±, evameta½ sugat±”ti evam±d²su (a. ni. 3.66) sampaha½sane. “Evameva½ pan±ya½ vasal² yasmi½ v± tasmi½ v± tassa muº¹akassa samaºakassa vaººa½ bh±sat²”ti evam±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.187) garahaºe. “Eva½, bhanteti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosun”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.1) vacanasampaµiggahe. “Eva½ by± kho aha½, bhante, bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±m²”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.398) ±k±re. “Ehi tva½, m±ºavaka, yena samaºo ±nando tenupasaªkama, upasaªkamitv± mama vacanena samaºa½ ±nanda½ app±b±dha½ app±taªka½ lahuµµh±na½ bala½ ph±suvih±ra½ puccha. ‘Subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhavanta½ ±nanda½ app±b±dha½ app±taªka½ lahuµµh±na½ bala½ ph±suvih±ra½ pucchat²’ti, evañca vadehi s±dhu kira bhava½ ±nando yena subhassa m±ºavassa todeyyaputtassa nivesana½, tenupasaªkamatu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti evam±d²su (d². ni. 1.445) nidassane. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha k±l±m±, ime dhamm± kusal± v± akusal± v±ti? Akusal±, bhante. S±vajj± v± anavajj± v±ti? S±vajj±, bhante. Viññugarahit± v± viññuppasatth± v±ti? Viññugarahit±, bhante. Samatt± sam±dinn± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti no v±, katha½ vo ettha hot²ti? Samatt±, bhante, sam±dinn± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti, eva½ no ettha hot²”ti evam±d²su (a. ni. 3.66) avadh±raºe. Idha pana ±k±ranidassan±vadh±raºesu daµµhabbo.
Tattha ±k±ratthena eva½-saddena etamattha½ d²peti– n±n±nayanipuºamanekajjh±sayasamuµµh±na½ atthabyañjanasampanna½ vividhap±µih±riya½ dhammatthadesan±paµivedhagambh²ra½ sabbasatt±na½ sakasakabh±s±nur³pato sotapatham±gacchanta½ tassa bhagavato vacana½ sabbappak±rena ko samattho viññ±tu½, sabbath±mena pana sotuk±mata½ janetv±pi eva½ me suta½, may±pi eken±k±rena sutanti.
Nidassanatthena “n±ha½ sayambh³, na may± ida½ sacchikatan”ti att±na½ parimocento “eva½ me suta½, may±pi eva½ sutan”ti id±ni vattabba½ sakalasutta½ nidasseti.
Avadh±raºatthena “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ bahussut±na½ yadida½ ±nando, gatimant±na½, satimant±na½, dhitimant±na½, upaµµh±k±na½ yadida½ ±nando”ti (a. ni. 1.219-223) eva½ bhagavat± pasatthabh±v±nur³pa½ attano dh±raºabala½ dassento satt±na½ sotukamyata½ janeti “eva½ me suta½, tañca kho atthato v± byañjanato v± an³namanadhika½, evameva, na aññath± daµµhabban”ti.
Me-saddo t²su atthesu dissati. Tath± hissa “g±th±bhig²ta½ me abhojaneyyan”ti evam±d²su (su. ni. 81) may±ti attho. “S±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena dhamma½ deset³”ti evam±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.88) mayhanti attho. “Dhammad±y±d± me, bhikkhave, bhavath±”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.29) mam±ti attho. Idha pana “may± sutan”ti ca “mama sutan”ti ca atthadvaye yujjati.
Sutanti aya½ sutasaddo sa-upasaggo anupasaggo ca gamanakhy±tar±g±bhibh³t³pacit±nuyogasotaviññeyyasotadv±raviññ±t±di-anekatthappabhedo. Tath± hissa “sen±ya pasuto”ti evam±d²su gacchantoti attho. “Sutadhammassa passato”ti evam±d²su khy±tadhammass±ti attho. “Avassut± avassutass±”ti evam±d²su (p±ci. 657) r±g±bhibh³t± r±g±bhibh³tass±ti attho. “Tumhehi puñña½ pasuta½ anappakan”ti evam±d²su (khu. p±. 7.12) upacitanti attho. “Ye jh±nappasut± dh²r±”ti evam±d²su (dha. pa. 181) jh±n±nuyutt±ti attho. “Diµµha½ suta½ mutan”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.241) sotaviññeyyanti attho. “Sutadharo sutasannicayo”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.339) sotadv±r±nus±raviññ±tadharoti attho. Idha pana sutanti sotaviññ±ºapubbaªgam±ya viññ±ºav²thiy± upadh±ritanti v± upadh±raºanti v±ti attho. Tattha yad± me-saddassa may±ti attho, tad± “eva½ may± suta½, sotaviññ±ºapubbaªgam±ya viññ±ºav²thiy± upadh±ritan”ti yujjati. Yad± me-saddassa mam±ti attho, tad± “eva½ mama suta½ sotaviññ±ºapubbaªgam±ya viññ±ºav²thiy± upadh±raºan”ti yujjati.
Evametesu t²su padesu evanti sotaviññ±ºakiccanidassana½. Meti vuttaviññ±ºasamaªg²puggalanidassana½. Sutanti assavanabh±vappaµikkhepato an³n±nadhik±vipar²taggahaºanidassana½. Tath± evanti savan±dicitt±na½ n±nappak±rena ±rammaºe pavattabh±vanidassana½. Meti attanidassana½. Sutanti dhammanidassana½.
Tath± evanti niddisitabbadhammanidassana½. Meti puggalanidassana½. Sutanti puggalakiccanidassana½.
Tath± evanti v²thicitt±na½ ±k±rapaññattivasena n±nappak±raniddeso. Meti katt±raniddeso. Sutanti visayaniddeso.
Tath± evanti puggalakiccaniddeso. Sutanti viññ±ºakiccaniddeso. Meti ubhayakiccayuttapuggalaniddeso.
Tath± evanti bh±vaniddeso. Meti puggalaniddeso. Sutanti tassa kiccaniddeso.
Tattha evanti ca meti ca sacchikaµµhaparamatthavasena avijjam±napaññatti. Sutanti vijjam±napaññatti. Tath± evanti ca meti ca ta½ ta½ up±d±ya vattabbato up±d±paññatti. Sutanti diµµh±d²ni upanidh±ya vattabbato upanidh±paññatti
Ettha ca evanti vacanena asammoha½ d²peti, sutanti vacanena sutassa asammosa½. Tath± evanti vacanena yonisomanasik±ra½ d²peti ayoniso manasikaroto n±nappak±rappaµivedh±bh±vato. Sutanti vacanena avikkhepa½ d²peti vikkhittacittassa savan±bh±vato. Tath± hi vikkhittacitto puggalo sabbasampattiy± vuccam±nopi “na may± suta½, puna bhaºath±”ti bhaºati. Yonisomanasik±rena cettha attasamm±paºidhi½ pubbe katapuññatañca s±dheti, avikkhepena saddhammassavana½ sappuris³panissayañca. Evanti ca imin± bhaddakena ±k±rena pacchimacakkadvayasampatti½ attano d²peti, sutanti savanayogena purimacakkadvayasampatti½. Tath± ±sayasuddhi½ payogasuddhiñca, t±ya ca ±sayasuddhiy± adhigamabyatti½, payogasuddhiy± ±gamabyatti½.
Evanti ca imin± n±nappak±rapaµivedhad²pakena vacanena attano atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±sampada½ d²peti. Sutanti imin± sotabbabhedapaµivedhad²pakena dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±sampada½ d²peti. Evanti ca ida½ yonisomanasik±rad²paka½ vacana½ bhaºanto “ete may± dhamm± manas±nupekkhit± diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±”ti ñ±peti. Sutanti ida½ savanayogad²pakavacana½ bhaºanto “bah³ may± dhamm± sut± dh±t± vacas± paricit±”ti ñ±peti. Tadubhayenapi atthabyañjanap±rip³ri½ d²pento savane ±dara½ janeti.
Eva½ me sutanti imin± pana sakalenapi vacanena ±yasm± ±nando tath±gatappavedita½ dhamma½ attano adahanto asappurisabh³mi½, atikkamati, s±vakatta½ paµij±nanto sappurisabh³mi½ okkamati. Tath± asaddhamm± citta½ vuµµh±peti, saddhamme citta½ patiµµh±peti. “Kevala½ sutameveta½ may±, tasseva tu bhagavato vacana½ arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti ca d²pento att±na½ parimoceti, satth±ra½ apadisati, jinavacana½ appeti, dhammanetti½ patiµµh±peti.
Apica “eva½ me sutan”ti attan± upp±ditabh±va½ appaµij±nanto purimassavana½ vivaranto “sammukh± paµiggahitamida½ may± tassa bhagavato catuves±rajjavis±radassa dasabaladharassa ±sabhaµµh±naµµh±yino s²han±dan±dino sabbasattuttamassa dhammissarassa dhammar±jassa dhamm±dhipatino dhammad²passa dhammappaµisaraºassa saddhammavaracakkavattino samm±sambuddhassa. Na ettha atthe v± dhamme v± pade v± byañjane v± kaªkh± v± vimati v± k±tabb±”ti sabbadevamanuss±na½ imasmi½ dhamme assaddhiya½ vin±seti, saddh±sampada½ upp±det²ti veditabbo. Hoti cettha–
“Vin±sayati assaddha½, saddha½ va¹¹heti s±sane;
eva½ me sutamicceva½, vada½ gotamas±vako”ti.
Ekanti gaºanaparicchedaniddeso. Samayanti paricchinnaniddeso. Eka½ samayanti aniyamitaparid²pana½. Tattha samayasaddo–
Samav±ye khaºe k±le, sam³he hetudiµµhisu;
paµil±bhe pah±ne ca, paµivedhe ca dissati.
Tath± hissa “appeva n±ma svepi upasaªkameyy±ma k±lañca samayañca up±d±y±”ti evam±d²su (d². ni. 1.447) samav±yo attho. “Ekova kho, bhikkhave, khaºo ca samayo ca brahmacariyav±s±y±”ti evam±d²su (a. ni. 8.29) khaºo. “Uºhasamayo pari¼±hasamayo”ti evam±d²su (p±ci. 358) k±lo. “Mah±samayo pavanasmin”ti evam±d²su sam³ho. “Samayopi kho te, bhadd±li, appaµividdho ahosi, bhagav± kho s±vatthiya½ viharati, sopi ma½ j±nissati, ‘bhadd±li, n±ma bhikkhu satthus±sane sikkh±ya aparip³rak±r²’ti, ayampi kho te bhadd±li samayo appaµividdho ahos²”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 2.135) hetu. “Tena kho pana samayena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto samayappav±dake tinduk±c²re ekas±lake mallik±ya ±r±me paµivasat²”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 2.260) diµµhi.
“Diµµhe dhamme ca yo attho, yo cattho sampar±yiko;
atth±bhisamay± dh²ro, paº¹itoti pavuccat²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.129)–

Evam±d²su paµil±bho. “Samm± m±n±bhisamay± antamak±si dukkhass±”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.28) pah±na½. “Dukkhassa p²¼anaµµho saªkhataµµho sant±paµµho vipariº±maµµho abhisamayaµµho”ti evam±d²su (paµi. ma. 2.8) paµivedho. Idha panassa k±lo attho. Tena eka½ samayanti sa½vacchara-utum±sa-a¹¹ham±sarattidivapubbaºhamajjhanhikas±yanhapaµhamamajjhima- pacchimay±mamuhutt±d²su k±lakhyesu samayesu eka½ samayanti d²peti.

Ye v± ime gabbhokkantisamayo j±tisamayo sa½vegasamayo abhinikkhamanasamayo dukkarak±rikasamayo m±ravijayasamayo abhisambodhisamayo diµµhadhammasukhavih±rasamayo desan±samayo parinibb±nasamayoti evam±dayo bhagavato devamanussesu ativiya pak±s± anekak±lakhy± eva samay±. Tesu samayesu desan±samayasaªkh±ta½ eka½ samayanti vutta½ hoti. Yo c±ya½ ñ±ºakaruº±kiccasamayesu karuº±kiccasamayo, attahitaparahitappaµipattisamayesu parahitappaµipattisamayo, sannipatit±na½ karaº²yadvayasamayesu dhamm²kath±samayo, desan±paµipattisamayesu desan±samayo, tesupi samayesu ya½ kiñci sandh±ya “eka½ samayan”ti vutta½ hoti.
Etth±ha– atha kasm± yath± abhidhamme “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacaran”ti ca ito aññesu suttapadesu “yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±meh²”ti ca bhummavacanena niddeso kato, vinaye ca “tena samayena buddho bhagav±”ti karaºavacanena, tath± akatv± idha “eka½ samayan”ti upayogavacananiddeso katoti. Tattha tath±, idha ca aññath± atthasambhavato. Tattha hi abhidhamme ito aññesu suttapadesu ca adhikaraºattho bh±venabh±valakkhaºattho ca sambhavati. Adhikaraºañhi k±lattho sam³hattho ca samayo, tattha vutt±na½ phass±didhamm±na½ khaºasamav±yahetusaªkh±tassa ca samayassa bh±vena tesa½ bh±vo lakkh²yati, tasm± tadatthajotanattha½ tattha bhummavacananiddeso kato.