Ettha ca pañcakkhandhe udayabbayavasena sammasanto vipassan±mata½ laddh± anupubbena nibb±n±mata½ sacchikaroti. Yath±ha–
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±natan”ti. (Dha. pa. 374).

Cha n±ma kintipañhavaººan±

Eva½ imin±pi pañhaby±karaºena ±raddhacitto satth± purimanayeneva uttari½ pañha½ pucchati “cha n±ma kin”ti? Thero chaiti paccanubh±sitv± ‘ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±n²’ti vissajjeti. Tattha chaiti gaºanaparicchedo, ajjhatte niyutt±ni, att±na½ v± adhikatv± pavatt±ni ajjhattik±ni. ¾yatanato, ±yassa v± tananato, ±yatassa v± sa½s±radukkhassa nayanato ±yatan±ni, cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yaman±nameta½ adhivacana½. Pubbanayena cettha “cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±n²”ti vutta½, na aññesa½ channamabh±vato. Yath±ha–
“Chasu bhikkhave, dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. Katamesu chasu? Chasu ajjhattikesu ±yatanesu. Imesu kho, bhikkhave, chasu dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. ‘Cha pañh± cha uddes± cha veyy±karaº±n²’ti iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti (a. ni. 10.27).
Ettha ca cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni, “suñño g±moti kho, bhikkhave, channeta½ ajjhattik±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.238) vacanato suññato pubbu¼akamar²cik±d²ni viya aciraµµhitikato tucchato vañcanato ca samanupassa½ nibbindam±no anupubbena dukkhassanta½ katv± maccur±jassa adassana½ upeti. Yath±ha–
“Yath± pubbu¼aka½ passe, yath± passe mar²cika½;
eva½ loka½ avekkhanta½, maccur±j± na passat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 170).

Satta n±ma kintipañhavaººan±

Imin±pi pañhaby±karaºena ±raddhacitto satth± uttari½ pañha½ pucchati satta n±ma kinti? Thero kiñc±pi mah±pañhaby±karaºe satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo vutt±, apica kho pana yesu dhammesu subh±vitacitto bhikkhu dukkhassantakaro hoti, te dassento “satta bojjhaªg±”ti vissajjeti. Ayampi cattho bhagavat± anumato eva. Yath±ha–
“Paº¹it± gahapatayo kajaªgalik± bhikkhun², mah±paññ± gahapatayo kajaªgalik± bhikkhun², mañcepi tumhe gahapatayo upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha, ahampi ceta½ evameva by±kareyya½, yath± ta½ kajaªgalik±ya bhikkhuniy± by±katan”ti (a. ni. 10.28).
T±ya ca eva½ by±kata½–
“Sattasu, ±vuso, dhammesu bhikkhu samm± subh±vitacitto…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. Katamesu sattasu? Sattasu bojjhaªgesu. Imesu kho, ±vuso, sattasu dhammesu bhikkhu samm± subh±vitacitto…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. ‘Satta pañh± satta uddes± satta veyy±karaº±n²’ti iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ bhagavat±, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti (a. ni. 10.28).
Evamayamattho bhagavat± anumato ev±ti veditabbo.
Tattha satt±ti ³n±dhikaniv±raºagaºanaparicchedo. Bojjhaªg±ti sati-±d²na½ dhamm±nameta½ adhivacana½. Tatr±ya½ padattho– et±ya lokiyalokuttaramaggakkhaºe uppajjam±n±ya l²nuddhaccapatiµµh±n±y³hanak±masukhattakilamath±nuyoga-ucchedasassat±bhinives±di- anekupaddavappaµipakkhabh³t±ya satidhammavicayav²riyap²tippassaddhisam±dhupekkh±saªkh±t±ya dhammas±maggiy± ariyas±vako bujjhat²ti katv± bodhi, kilesasant±nanidd±ya uµµhahati, catt±ri v± ariyasacc±ni paµivijjhati, nibb±nameva v± sacchikarot²ti vutta½ hoti. Yath±ha– “satta bojjhaªge bh±vetv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho”ti. Yath±vuttappak±r±ya v± et±ya dhammas±maggiy± bujjhat²ti katv± ariyas±vakopi bodhi. Iti tass± dhammas±maggisaªkh±t±ya bodhiy± aªgabh³tatt± bojjhaªg± jh±naªgamaggaªg±ni viya, tassa v± bodh²ti laddhavoh±rassa ariyas±vakassa aªgabh³tatt±pi bojjhaªg± senaªgarathaªg±dayo viya.
Apica “bojjhaªg±ti kenaµµhena bojjhaªg±? Bodh±ya sa½vattant²ti bojjhaªg±, bujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±, anubujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±, paµibujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±, sambujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±”ti (paµi. ma. 2.17) imin±pi paµisambhid±ya½ vuttena vidhin± bojjhaªg±na½ bojjhaªgaµµho veditabbo. Evamime satta bojjhaªge bh±vento bahul²karonto na cirasseva ekantanibbid±diguºapaµil±bh² hoti, tena diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hot²ti vuccati Vuttañceta½ bhagavat±–
“Sattime, bhikkhave, bojjhaªg± bh±vit± bahul²kat± ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.201).

Aµµha n±ma kintipañhavaººan±

Eva½ imin±pi pañhaby±karaºena ±raddhacitto satth± uttari½ pañha½ pucchati aµµha n±ma kinti? Thero kiñc±pi mah±pañhaby±karaºe aµµha lokadhamm± vutt±, apica kho pana yesu dhammesu subh±vitacitto bhikkhu dukkhassantakaro hoti, te dassento “ariy±ni aµµha maggaªg±n²”ti avatv± yasm± aµµhaªgavinimutto maggo n±ma natthi, aµµhaªgamattameva tu maggo, tasm± tamattha½ s±dhento desan±vil±sena ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggoti vissajjeti. Bhagavat±pi c±yamattho desan±nayo ca anumato eva. Yath±ha–
“Paº¹it± gahapatayo kajaªgalik± bhikkhun²…pe… ahampi evameva by±kareyya½, yath± ta½ kajaªgalik±ya bhikkhuniy± by±katan”ti (a. ni. 10.28).
T±ya ca eva½ by±kata½–
“Aµµhasu, ±vuso, dhammesu bhikkhu samm± subh±vitacitto…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. ‘Aµµha pañh±, aµµha uddes±, aµµha veyy±karaº±n²’ti iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ bhagavat±, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti (a. ni. 10.28).
Evamaya½ attho ca desan±nayo ca bhagavat± anumato ev±ti veditabbo.
Tattha ariyoti nibb±natthikehi abhigantabbo, apica ±rak± kilesehi vattanato, ariyabh±vakaraºato, ariyaphalapaµil±bhato c±pi ariyoti veditabbo. Aµµha aªg±ni ass±ti aµµhaªgiko. Sv±ya½ caturaªgik± viya sen±, pañcaªgika½ viya ca t³riya½ aªgavinibbhogena anupalabbhasabh±vato aªgamattamev±ti veditabbo. Maggati imin± nibb±na½, saya½ v± maggati, kilese m±rento v± gacchat²ti maggo.
Evamaµµhappabhedañcima½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ bh±vento bhikkhu avijja½ bhindati, vijja½ upp±deti, nibb±na½ sacchikaroti, tena diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hot²ti vuccati. Vuttañheta½–
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, s±lis³ka½ v± yavas³ka½ v± samm± paºihita½ hatthena v± p±dena v± akkanta½ hattha½ v± p±da½ v± bhecchati, lohita½ v± upp±dessat²ti µh±nameta½ vijjati. Ta½ kissa hetu? Samm± paºihitatt±, bhikkhave, s³kassa, evameva kho, bhikkhave so vata bhikkhu samm± paºihit±ya diµµhiy± samm± paºihit±ya maggabh±van±ya avijja½ bhecchati, vijja½ upp±dessati, nibb±na½ sacchikarissat²ti µh±nameta½ vijjat²”ti (a. ni. 1.42).

Nava n±ma kintipañhavaººan±

Imin±pi pañhaby±karaºena ±raddhacitto satth± uttari½ pañha½ pucchati nava n±ma kinti? Thero navaiti paccanubh±sitv± “satt±v±s±”ti vissajjeti. Tattha nav±ti gaºanaparicchedo. Satt±ti j²vitindriyappaµibaddhe khandhe up±d±ya paññatt± p±ºino paººatti v±. ¾v±s±ti ±vasanti etes³ti ±v±s±, satt±na½ ±v±s± satt±v±s±. Esa desan±maggo, atthato pana navavidh±na½ satt±nameta½ adhivacana½. Yath±ha–
“Sant±vuso, satt± n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino, seyyath±pi manuss± ekacce ca dev± ekacce ca vinip±tik±, aya½ paµhamo satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt± n±nattak±y± ekattasaññino, seyyath±pi, dev± brahmak±yik±, paµham±bhinibbatt±, aya½ dutiyo satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt± ekattak±y± n±nattasaññino, seyyath±pi, dev± ±bhassar±, aya½ tatiyo satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt± ekattak±y± ekattasaññino, seyyath±pi, dev± subhakiºh±, aya½ catuttho satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt± asaññino appaµisa½vedino, seyyath±pi, dev± asaññasatt±, aya½ pañcamo satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt± sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½…pe… ±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag± aya½ chaµµho satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt±…pe… viññ±ºañc±yatan³pag±, aya½ sattamo satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt±…pe… ±kiñcaññ±yatan³pag±, aya½ aµµhamo satt±v±so. Sant±vuso, satt±…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan³pag±, aya½ navamo satt±v±so”ti (d². ni. 3.341).
Purimanayeneva cettha “nava satt±v±s±”ti vutta½, na aññesa½ navannamabh±vato. Yath±ha–
“Navasu, bhikkhave, dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. Katamesu navasu? Navasu satt±v±sesu. Imesu kho, bhikkhave, navasu dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. ‘Nava pañh± nava uddes±, nava veyy±karaº±n²’ti iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti (a. ni. 10.27).
Ettha ca “nava dhamm± pariññeyy±. Katame nava? Nava satt±v±s±”ti (d². ni. 3.359) vacanato navasu satt±v±sesu ñ±tapariññ±ya dhuvasubhasukhattabh±vadassana½ pah±ya suddhasaªkh±rapuñjamattadassanena nibbindam±no t²raºapariññ±ya anicc±nupassanena virajjam±no dukkh±nupassanena vimuccam±no anatt±nupassanena samm± pariyantadass±v² pah±napariññ±ya sammattamabhisamecca diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti. Teneta½ vutta½–
“Navasu, bhikkhave, dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe… diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti. Katamesu navasu? Navasu satt±v±ses³”ti (a. ni. 10.27).

Dasa n±ma kintipañhavaººan±

Eva½ imin±pi pañhaby±karaºena ±raddhacitto satth± uttari½ pañha½ pucchati dasa n±ma kinti? Tattha kiñc±pi imassa pañhassa ito aññatra veyy±karaºesu dasa akusalakammapath± vutt±. Yath±ha–
“Dasasu, bhikkhave, dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti. Katamesu dasasu? Dasasu akusalakammapathesu. Imesu kho, bhikkhave, dasasu dhammesu bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no…pe dukkhassantakaro hoti. ‘Dasa pañh± dasa uddes± dasa veyy±karaº±n²’ti iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti (a. ni. 10.27).
Idha pana yasm± ayam±yasm± att±na½ anupanetv± añña½ by±k±tuk±mo, yasm± v± imin± pariy±yena by±kata½ suby±katameva hoti, tasm± yehi dasahi aªgehi samann±gato arah±ti pavuccati, tesa½ adhigama½ d²pento dasahaªgehi samann±gato arah±ti pavuccat²ti puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya vissajjeti. Yato ettha yehi dasahi aªgehi samann±gato arah±ti pavuccati, t±ni dasaªg±ni “dasa n±ma kin”ti puµµhena therena niddiµµh±n²ti veditabb±ni. T±ni ca dasa–
“Asekho asekhoti, bhante, vuccati, kitt±vat± nu kho, bhante, bhikkhu asekho hot²ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu asekh±ya samm±diµµhiy± samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±saªkappena samann±gato hoti, asekh±ya samm±v±c±ya samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±kammantena samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±-±j²vena samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±v±y±mena samann±gato hoti, asekh±ya samm±satiy± samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±sam±dhin± samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±ñ±ºena samann±gato hoti, asekh±ya samm±vimuttiy± samann±gato hoti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu asekho hot²”ti (a. ni. 10.111).–

Evam±d²su suttesu vuttanayeneva veditabb±n²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddakap±µha-aµµhakath±ya

Kum±rapañhavaººan± niµµhit±.