Pacchimapañcasikkh±padavaººan±

Id±ni ya½ vutta½–
“Yojetabba½ tato yutta½, pacchimesvapi pañcasu;
±veºikañca vattabba½, ñeyy± h²n±dit±pi c±”ti.
Tass±ya½ atthavaººan±– etiss± purimapañcasikkh±padavaººan±ya ya½ yujjati, ta½ tato gahetv± pacchimesvapi pañcasu sikkh±padesu yojetabba½. Tatth±ya½ yojan±– yatheva hi purimasikkh±padesu ±rammaºato ca sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±na½ r³p±yatan±di-aññatarasaªkh±r±rammaºa½, tath± idha vik±labhojana½. Etena nayena sabbesa½ ±rammaºabhedo veditabbo. ¾d±nato ca yath± purim±ni s±maºerena v± up±sakena v± sam±diyantena sam±dinn±ni honti, tath± et±nipi. Aªgatopi yath± tattha p±º±tip±t±d²na½ aªgabhedo vutto, evamidh±pi vik±labhojanassa catt±ri aªg±ni– vik±lo, y±vak±lika½, ajjhoharaºa½, anummattakat±ti. Eten±nus±rena ses±nampi aªgavibh±go veditabbo. Yath± ca tattha samuµµh±nato sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±na½ k±yato ca k±yacittato c±ti dvisamuµµh±na½, evamidha vik±labhojana½. Etena nayena sabbesa½ samuµµh±na½ veditabba½. Yath± ca tattha vedan±to adinn±d±na½ t²su vedan±su aññataravedan±sampayutta½, tath± idha vik±labhojana½. Etena nayena sabbesa½ vedan±sampayogo veditabbo. Yath± ca tattha abrahmacariya½ lobhamoham³la½, evamidha vik±labhojana½. Apar±ni ca dve etena nayena sabbesa½ m³labhedo veditabbo. Yath± ca tattha p±º±tip±t±dayo k±yakamma½, evamidh±pi vik±labhojan±d²ni. J±tar³parajatappaµiggahaºa½ pana k±yakamma½ v± siy± vac²kamma½ v± k±yadv±r±d²hi pavattisabbh±vapariy±yena, na kammapathavasena. Viramatoti yath± ca tattha viramanto attano v± paresa½ v± p±º±tip±t±di-akusalato viramati, evamidh±pi vik±labhojan±di-akusalato, kusalatopi v± ekato. Yath± ca purim± pañca veramaºiyo catusamuµµh±n± k±yato, k±yacittato, v±c±cittato, k±yav±c±cittato c±ti, sabb± sukhavedan±sampayutt± v± adukkhamasukhavedan±sampayutt± v±, alobh±dosam³l± v± alobh±dos±moham³l± v±, sabb± ca n±nappak±ra-iµµhaphalanibbattak±, tath± idh±p²ti.
“Yojetabba½ tato yutta½, pacchimesvapi pañcasu;
±veºikañca vattabba½, ñeyy± h²n±dit±pi c±”ti.–

Ettha pana vik±labhojananti majjhanhikav²tikkame bhojana½. Etañhi anuññ±tak±le v²tikkante bhojana½, tasm± “vik±labhojanan”ti vuccati tato vik±labhojan±. Naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassananti ettha nacca½ n±ma ya½kiñci nacca½, g²tanti ya½kiñci g²ta½, v±ditanti ya½kiñci v±dita½. Vis³kadassananti kilesuppattipaccayato kusalapakkhabhindanena vis³k±na½ dassana½, vis³kabh³ta½ v± dassana½ vis³kadassana½. Nacc± ca g²t± ca v±dit± ca vis³kadassan± ca naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassan±. Vis³kadassanañcettha brahmaj±le vuttanayeneva gahetabba½. Vuttañhi tattha–

“Yath± v± paneke bhonto samaºabr±hmaº± saddh±deyy±ni bhojan±ni bhuñjitv± te evar³pa½ vis³kadassanamanuyutt± viharanti, seyyathida½, nacca½ g²ta½ v±dita½ pekkha½ akkh±na½ p±ºissara½ vet±la½ kumbhath³ºa½ sobhanaka½ caº¹±la½ va½sa½ dhovana½ hatthiyuddha½ assayuddha½ mahi½sayuddha½ usabhayuddha½ ajayuddha½ meº¹ayuddha½ kukkuµayuddha½ vaµµakayuddha½ daº¹ayuddha½ muµµhiyuddha½ nibbuddha½ uyyodhika½ balagga½ sen±by³ha½ an²kadassana½ iti v±, iti evar³p± vis³kadassan± paµivirato samaºo gotamo”ti (d². ni. 1.12).
Atha v± yath±vuttenatthena naccag²tav±dit±ni eva vis³k±ni naccag²tav±ditavis³k±ni, tesa½ dassana½ naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassana½, tasm± naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassan±. “Dassanasavan±”ti vattabbe yath± “so ca hoti micch±diµµhiko vipar²tadassano”ti evam±d²su (a. ni. 1.308) acakkhudv±rappavattampi visayaggahaºa½ “dassanan”ti vuccati, eva½ savanampi “dassanan”tveva vutta½. Dassanakamyat±ya upasaªkamitv± passato eva cettha v²tikkamo hoti. Ýhitanisinnasayanok±se pana ±gata½ gacchantassa v± ±p±thagata½ passato siy± sa½kileso, na v²tikkamo. Dhamm³pasa½hitampi cettha g²ta½ na vaµµati, g²t³pasa½hito pana dhammo vaµµat²ti veditabbo.
M±l±d²ni dh±raº±d²hi yath±saªkhya½ yojetabb±ni. Tattha m±l±ti ya½kiñci pupphaj±ta½. Vilepananti ya½kiñci vilepanattha½ pisitv± paµiyatta½. Avasesa½ sabbampi v±sacuººadh³pan±dika½ gandhaj±ta½ gandho. Ta½ sabbampi maº¹anavibh³sanattha½ na vaµµati, bhesajjatthantu vaµµati, p³janatthañca abhihaµa½ s±diyato na kenaci pariy±yena na vaµµati. Ucc±sayananti pam±º±tikkanta½ vuccati. Mah±sayananti akappiyasayana½ akappiyattharaºañca. Tadubhayampi s±diyato na kenaci pariy±yena vaµµati. J±tar³panti suvaººa½. Rajatanti kah±paºo, loham±sakad±rum±sakajatum±sak±di ya½ ya½ tattha tattha voh±ra½ gacchati, tadubhayampi j±tar³parajata½. Tassa yena kenaci pak±rena s±diyana½ paµiggaho n±ma, so na yena kenaci pariy±yena vaµµat²ti eva½ ±veºika½ vattabba½.
Dasapi cet±ni sikkh±pad±ni h²nena chandena cittav²riyav²ma½s±hi v± sam±dinn±ni h²n±ni, majjhimehi majjhim±ni, paº²tehi paº²t±ni. Taºh±diµµhim±nehi v± upakkiliµµh±ni h²n±ni, anupakkiliµµh±ni majjhim±ni, tattha tattha paññ±ya anuggahit±ni paº²t±ni. ѱºavippayuttena v± kusalacittena sam±dinn±ni h²n±ni, sasaªkh±rikañ±ºasampayuttena majjhim±ni, asaªkh±rikena paº²t±n²ti eva½ ñeyy± h²n±dit±pi c±ti.
Ett±vat± ca y± pubbe “yena yattha yad± yasm±”ti-±d²hi chahi g±th±hi sikkh±padap±µhassa vaººanattha½ m±tik± nikkhitt±, s± atthato pak±sit± hot²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddakap±µha-aµµhakath±ya

Sikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.