S±dh±raºavibh±van±

Yasm± cettha “veramaºisikkh±pada½ sam±diy±m²”ti et±ni sabbas±dh±raº±ni pad±ni, tasm± etesa½ pad±na½ byañjanato ca atthato ca aya½ s±dh±raºavibh±van± veditabb±–
Tattha byañjanato t±va vera½ maºat²ti veramaº², vera½ pajahati, vinodeti, byant²karoti, anabh±va½ gamet²ti attho. Viramati v± et±ya karaºabh³t±ya veramh± puggaloti, vik±rassa vek±ra½ katv± veramaº². Teneva cettha “veramaºisikkh±pada½ viramaºisikkh±padan”ti dvidh± sajjh±ya½ karonti. Sikkhitabb±ti sikkh±, pajjate anen±ti pada½. Sikkh±ya pada½ sikkh±pada½, sikkh±ya adhigam³p±yoti attho. Atha v± m³la½ nissayo patiµµh±ti vutta½ hoti. Veramaº² eva sikkh±pada½ veramaºisikkh±pada½, viramaºisikkh±pada½ v± dutiyena nayena. Samm± ±diy±mi sam±diy±mi, av²tikkaman±dhipp±yena akhaº¹ak±rit±ya acchiddak±rit±ya asabalak±rit±ya ca ±diy±m²ti vutta½ hoti.
Atthato pana veramaº²ti k±m±vacarakusalacittasampayutt± virati, s± p±º±tip±t± viramantassa “y± tasmi½ samaye p±º±tip±t± ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº² akiriy± akaraºa½ anajjh±patti vel±-anatikkamo setugh±to”ti evam±din± (vibha. 704) nayena vibhaªge vutt±. K±mañces± veramaº² n±ma lokuttar±pi atthi, idha pana sam±diy±m²ti vuttatt± sam±d±navasena pavatt±rah±, tasm± s± na hot²ti k±m±vacarakusalacittasampayutt± virat²ti vutt±.
Sikkh±ti tisso sikkh± adhis²lasikkh±, adhicittasikkh±, adhipaññ±sikkh±ti. Imasmi½ panatthe sampattaviratis²la½ lokik± vipassan± r³p±r³pajh±n±ni ariyamaggo ca sikkh±ti adhippet±. Yath±ha–
“Katame dhamm± sikkh±? Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti, somanassasahagata½ ñ±ºasampayutta½…pe… tasmi½ samaye phasso hoti…pe… avikkhepo hoti, ime dhamm± sikkh±.
“Katame dhamm± sikkh±? Yasmi½ samaye r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±veti vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½…pe… pañcama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati…pe… avikkhepo hoti, ime dhamm± sikkh±.
“Katame dhamm± sikkh±? Yasmi½ samaye ar³papattiy±…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasahagata½…pe… avikkhepo hoti, ime dhamm± sikkh±.
“Katame dhamm± sikkh±? Yasmi½ samaye lokuttara½ jh±na½ bh±veti niyy±nika½…pe… avikkhepo hoti, ime dhamm± sikkh±”ti (vibha. 712-713).
Et±su sikkh±su y±ya k±yaci sikkh±ya pada½ adhigam³p±yo, atha v± m³la½ nissayo patiµµh±ti sikkh±pada½. Vuttañheta½– “s²la½ niss±ya s²le patiµµh±ya satta bojjhaªge bh±vento bahul²karonto”ti evam±di (sa½. ni. 5.182). Evamettha s±dh±raº±na½ pad±na½ s±dh±raº± byañjanato atthato ca vibh±van± k±tabb±.