2. Sikkh±padavaººan±

Sikkh±padap±µham±tik±

Eva½ saraºagamanehi s±sanot±ra½ dassetv± s±sana½ otiººena up±sakena v± pabbajitena v± yesu sikkh±padesu paµhama½ sikkhitabba½, t±ni dassetu½ nikkhittassa sikkh±padap±µhassa id±ni vaººanattha½ aya½ m±tik±–
“Yena yattha yad± yasm±, vutt±net±ni ta½ naya½;
vatv± katv± vavatth±na½, s±dh±raºavisesato.
“Pakatiy± ca ya½ vajja½, vajja½ paººattiy± ca ya½;
vavatthapetv± ta½ katv±, pad±na½ byañjanatthato.
“S±dh±raº±na½ sabbesa½, s±dh±raºavibh±vana½;
atha pañcasu pubbesu, visesatthappak±sato.
“P±º±tip±tapabhuti-hekat±n±nat±dito;
±rammaº±d±nabhed±, mah±s±vajjato tath±.
“Payogaªgasamuµµh±n±, vedan±m³lakammato;
viramato ca phalato, viññ±tabbo vinicchayo.
“Yojetabba½ tato yutta½, pacchimesvapi pañcasu;
±veºikañca vattabba½, ñeyy± h²n±dit±pi c±”ti.
Tattha et±ni p±º±tip±t±veramaº²ti-±d²ni dasa sikkh±pad±ni bhagavat± eva vutt±ni, na s±vak±d²hi. T±ni ca s±vatthiya½ vutt±ni jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me ±yasmanta½ r±hula½ pabb±jetv± kapilavatthuto s±vatthi½ anuppattena s±maºer±na½ sikkh±padavavatth±panattha½. Vutta½ heta½–
“Atha kho bhagav± kapilavatthusmi½ yath±bhiranta½ viharitv± yena s±vatthi tena c±rika½ pakk±mi. Anupubbena c±rika½ caram±no yena s±vatthi tadavasari. Tatra suda½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena …pe… atha kho s±maºer±na½ etadahosi– ‘kati nu kho amh±ka½ sikkh±pad±ni, kattha ca amhehi sikkhitabba”n’ti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½– “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, s±maºer±na½ dasa sikkh±pad±ni, tesu ca s±maºerehi sikkhitu½ p±º±tip±t±veramaº²…pe… j±tar³parajatapaµiggahaº± veramaº²”ti (mah±va. 105).
T±net±ni “sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³”ti (d². ni. 1.193; ma. ni. 2.24; vibha. 508) sutt±nus±rena saraºagamanesu ca dassitap±µh±nus±rena “p±º±tip±t± veramaºisikkh±pada½ sam±diy±m²”ti eva½ v±can±magga½ ±ropit±n²ti veditabb±ni. Eva½ t±va “yena yattha yad± yasm±, vutt±net±ni ta½ naya½ vatv±”ti so nayo daµµhabbo.