(7) 2. Yamakavaggo

1-7. Avijj±sutt±divaººan±

61-67. Dutiyassa paµham±d²ni utt±natth±ni. Sattame na¼akap±naketi eva½n±make nigame. Pubbe kira (j±. aµµha. 1.1.19 ±dayo) amh±ka½ bodhisatto kapiyoniya½ nibbatto mah±k±yo kapir±j± hutv± anekasatav±narasahassaparivuto pabbatap±de vicari, paññav± kho pana hoti mah±pañño. So parisa½ eva½ ovadati, “t±t±, imasmi½ pabbatap±de visaphal±ni honti, amanussapariggahit± pokkharaºik± n±ma honti, tumhe pubbe kh±ditapubb±neva phal±ni kh±datha, p²tapubb±neva p±n²y±ni pivatha, ettha vo paµipucchitakicca½ natth²”ti. Te ap²tapubba½ disv± sahas±va apivitv± samant± paridh±vitv± mah±sattassa ±gamana½ olokayam±n± nis²di½su. Mah±satto ±gantv± “ki½, t±t±, p±n²ya½ na pivath±”ti ±ha. Tumh±ka½ ±gamana½ olokem±ti. “S±dhu, t±t±”ti samant± pada½ pariyesam±no otiººapada½yeva addasa, na uttiººapada½. Adisv± “saparissay±”ti aññ±si. T±vadeva ca tattha abhinibbatta-amanusso udaka½ dvedh± katv± uµµh±si– setamukho, n²lakucchi, rattahatthap±do, mah±d±µhiko, vantad±µho, vir³po, b²bhaccho, udakarakkhaso. So evam±ha– “kasm± p±n²ya½ na pivatha, madhura½ udaka½ pivatha, ki½ tumhe etassa vacana½ suº±th±”ti. Mah±satto ±ha “tva½ adhivattho amanusso”ti? ¾m±hanti. “Tva½ idha otiººe labhas²”ti ±ha. ¾ma, tumhe pana sabbe kh±diss±m²ti. Na sakkhissasi yakkh±ti. P±n²ya½ pana pivissath±ti. ¾ma, piviss±m±ti. Eva½ sante ekampi v±nara½ na muñcissanti. “P±n²yañca piviss±ma, na ca te vasa½ gamiss±m±”ti na¼a½ ±har±petv± koµiya½ gahetv± dhami. Sabbo ekacchiddo ahosi. T²re nis²ditv±va p±n²ya½ pivi. Sesav±nar±nampi p±µiyekka½ na¼a½ ±har±petv± dhamitv± ad±si. Sabbe te passantasseva p±n²ya½ pivi½su. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Disv± padamanuttiººa½, disv±notarita½ pada½;
na¼ena v±ri½ piss±ma, neva ma½ tva½ vadhissas²”ti. (J±. 1.1.20).
Tato paµµh±ya y±va ajjadivas± tasmi½ µh±ne na¼± ekacchidd±va honti. Imasmiñhi kappe kappaµµhiyap±µih±riy±ni n±ma cande sasalakkhaºa½ (j±. 1.4.61 ±dayo), vaµµaj±take (j±. 1.1.35) saccakiriyaµµh±ne aggij±lassa ±gamanupacchedo, ghaµ²k±rassa m±t±pit³na½ vasanaµµh±ne anovassana½ (ma. ni. 2.291), pokkharaºiy± t²re na¼±na½ ekacchiddabh±voti. Iti s± pokkharaº² na¼ena p±n²yassa pivitatt± “na¼akap±nak±”ti n±ma½ labhi. Aparabh±ge ta½ pokkharaºi½ niss±ya nigamo patiµµh±si, tassapi “na¼akap±nan”tveva n±ma½ j±ta½. Ta½ pana sandh±ya vutta½ “na¼akap±ne”ti. Pal±savaneti ki½sukavane.
Tuºh²bh³ta½ tuºh²bh³tanti by±panicch±ya½ ida½ ±me¹itavacananti dassetu½ “ya½ ya½ disan”ti-±di vutta½. Anuviloketv±ti ettha anu-saddo “par²”ti imin± sam±natthoti ±ha “tato tato viloketv±”ti. Kasm± ±gil±yati koµisahassahatthin±g±na½ bala½ dh±rentass±ti codakassa adhipp±yo. ¾cariyo panassa “esa saªkh±r±na½ sabh±vo, yadida½ aniccat±. Ye pana anicc±, te ekanteneva udayavayappaµip²¼itat±ya dukkh± eva. Dukkhasabh±vesu tesu satthuk±ye dukkhuppattiy± aya½ paccayo”ti dassetu½ “bhagavato”ti-±di vutta½. Piµµhiv±to uppajji, so ca kho pubbekatakammapaccay±. Etth±ha “ki½ pana ta½ kamma½, yena aparim±ºak±la½ sakkacca½ upacitavipulapuññasambh±ro satth± evar³pa½ dukkhavip±kamanubhavat²”ti? Vuccate– ayameva bhagav± bodhisattabh³to at²taj±tiya½ mallaputto hutv± p±pajanasev² ayonisomanasik±rabahulo carati. So ekadivasa½ nibbuddhe vattam±ne eka½ mallaputta½ gahetv± g±¼hatara½ nipp²¼esi. Tena kammena id±ni buddho hutv±pi dukkhamanubhavi. Yath± ceta½, eva½ ciñcam±ºavik±d²namitth²na½ y±ni bhagavato abbhakkh±n±d²ni dukkh±ni, sabb±ni pubbekatassa vip±k±vases±ni, y±ni kammapilotik±n²ti vuccanti. Vuttañheta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.39.64-96)–
“Anotattasar±sanne, ramaº²ye sil±tale;
n±n±ratanapajjote, n±n±gandhavanantare.
“Mahat± bhikkhusaªghena, pareto lokan±yako;
±s²no by±kar² tattha, pubbakamm±ni attano.
“Suº±tha bhikkhavo mayha½, ya½ kamma½ pakata½ may±;
pilotikassa kammassa, buddhattepi vipaccati.
1. “Mun±¼i n±maha½ dhutto, pubbe aññ±su j±tisu;
paccekabuddha½ surabhi½, abbh±cikkhi½ ad³saka½.
“Tena kammavip±kena, niraye sa½sari½ cira½;
bah³ vassasahass±ni, dukkha½ vedesi vedana½.
“Tena kamm±vasesena, idha pacchimake bhave;
abbhakkh±na½ may± laddha½, sundarik±ya k±raº±.
2. “Sabb±bhibhussa buddhassa, nando n±m±si s±vako;
ta½ abbhakkh±ya niraye, cira½ sa½sarita½ may±.
“Dasa vassasahass±ni, niraye sa½sari½ cira½;
manussabh±va½ laddh±ha½, abbhakkh±na½ bahu½ labhi½.
“Tena kamm±vasesena, ciñcam±ºavik± mama½;
abbh±cikkhi abh³tena, janak±yassa aggato.
3. “Br±hmaºo sutav± ±si½, aha½ sakkatap³jito;
mah±vane pañcasate, mante v±cesi m±ºave.
“Tatth±gato isi bh²mo, pañc±bhiñño mahiddhiko;
tañc±ha½ ±gata½ disv±, abbh±cikkhi½ ad³saka½.
“Tatoha½ avaca½ sisse, k±mabhog² aya½ isi;
mayhampi bh±sam±nassa, anumodi½su m±ºav±.
“Tato m±ºavak± sabbe, bhikkham±na½ kule kule;
mah±janassa ±ha½su, k±mabhog² aya½ isi.
“Tena kammavip±kena, pañca bhikkhusat± ime;
abbhakkh±na½ labhu½ sabbe, sundarik±ya k±raº±.
4. “Vem±tubh±tara½ pubbe, dhanahetu hani½ aha½;
pakkhipi½ giriduggasmi½, sil±ya ca api½sayi½.
“Tena kammavip±kena, devadatto sila½ khipi;
aªguµµha½ pi½say² p±de, mama p±s±ºasakkhar±.
5. “Pureha½ d±rako hutv±, k²¼am±no mah±pathe;
paccekabuddha½ disv±na, magge sakalika½ khipi½.
“Tena kammavip±kena, idha pacchimake bhave;
vadhattha½ ma½ devadatto, abhim±re payojayi.
6. “Hatth±roho pure ±si½, paccekamunimuttama½;
piº¹±ya vicaranta½ ta½, ±s±desi½ gajenaha½.
“Tena kammavip±kena, bhanto n±¼±gir² gajo;
giribbaje puravare, d±ruºo samup±gami.
7. “R±j±ha½ patthivo ±si½, sattiy± purisa½ hani½;
tena kammavip±kena, niraye paccisa½ bhusa½.
“Kammuno tassa sesena, id±ni sakala½ mama;
p±de chavi½ pakappesi, na hi kamma½ vinassati.
8. “Aha½ kevaµµag±masmi½, ahu½ kevaµµad±rako;
macchake gh±tite disv±, janayi½ somanassaka½.
“Tena kammavip±kena, s²sadukkha½ ah³ mama;
sabbe sakk± ca haññi½su, yad± hani viµaµ³bho.
9. “Phussass±ha½ p±vacane, s±vake paribh±sayi½;
yava½ kh±datha bhuñjatha, m± ca bhuñjatha s±layo.
“Tena kammavip±kena, tem±sa½ kh±dita½ yava½;
nimantito br±hmaºena, verañj±ya½ vasi½ tad±.
10. “Nibbuddhe vattam±namhi, mallaputta½ niheµhayi½;
tena kammavip±kena, piµµhidukkha½ ah³ mama.
11. “Tikicchako aha½ ±si½, seµµhiputta½ virecayi½;
tena kammavip±kena, hoti pakkhandik± mama.
12. “Avac±ha½ jotip±lo, sugata½ kassapa½ tad±;
kuto nu bodhi muº¹assa, bodhi paramadullabh±.
“Tena kammavip±kena, acari½ dukkara½ bahu½;
chabbass±nuruvel±ya½, tato bodhimap±puºi½.
“N±ha½ etena maggena, p±puºi½ bodhimuttama½;
kummaggena gavesissa½, pubbakammena v±rito.
“Puññap±paparikkh²ºo, sabbasant±pavajjito;
asoko anup±y±so, nibb±yissaman±savo.
“Eva½ jino viy±k±si, bhikkhusaªghassa aggato;
sabb±bhiññ±balappatto, anotatte mah±sare”ti. (Apa. thera 1.39.64-96).

Avijj±sutt±divaººan± niµµhit±.