4. Up±livaggo

1. Up±lisuttavaººan±

31. Catutthassa paµhame atthavaseti vuddhivisese, sikkh±padapaññattihetu adhigaman²ye hitaviseseti attho. Atthoyeva v± atthavaso, dasa atthe dasa k±raº±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± attho phala½ tadadh²navuttit±ya vaso etass±ti atthavaso, het³ti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. “Ye mama sotabba½ saddah±tabba½ maññissanti, tesa½ ta½ assa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±”ti vuttatt± “yo ca tath±gatassa vacana½ sampaµicchati, tassa ta½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattat²”ti vutta½. Asampaµicchane ±d²navanti bhadd±lisutte viya asampaµicchane ±d²nava½ dassetv±. Sukhavih±r±bh±ve sahaj²vam±nassa abh±vato sahaj²vit±pi sukhavih±rova vutto. Sukhavih±ro n±ma catunna½ iriy±pathavih±r±na½ ph±sut±.
Maªkutanti nittejata½. Dhammen±ti-±d²su dhammoti bh³ta½ vatthu. Vinayoti codan± ceva s±raº± ca. Satthus±sananti ñattisampad± ceva anuss±vanasampad± ca.
Piyas²l±nanti sikkh±k±m±na½. Tesañhi s²la½ piya½ hoti. Tenev±ha “sikkh±ttayap±rip³riy± ghaµam±n±”ti. Sandiddhaman±ti sa½saya½ ±pajjaman± Ubba¼h± hont²ti p²¼it± honti. Saªghakamm±n²ti satipi uposathapav±raº±na½ saªghakammabh±ve gobal²baddañ±yena uposatha½ pav±raºañca µhapetv± upasampad±disesasaªghakamm±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Samagg±na½ bh±vo s±magg².
“N±ha½, cunda, diµµhadhammik±na½yeva ±sav±na½ sa½var±ya dhamma½ desem²”ti (d². ni. 3.182) ettha viv±dam³labh³t± kiles± ±sav±ti ±gat±.
“Yena dev³papatyassa, gandhabbo v± vihaªgamo;
yakkhatta½ yena gaccheyya½, manussattañca abbaje;
te mayha½ ±sav± kh²º±, viddhast± vina¼²kat±”ti. (A. ni. 4.36)–

Ettha tebh³maka½ kamma½ avases± ca akusal± dhamm±. Idha pana par³pav±davippaµis±ravadhabandh±dayo ceva ap±yadukkhabh³t± ca n±nappak±r± upaddav± ±sav±ti ±ha “asa½vare µhitena tasmi½yeva attabh±ve pattabb±”ti-±di. Yadi hi bhagav± sikkh±pada½ na ca paññapeyya, tato asaddhammappaµisevana-adinn±d±nap±º±tip±t±dihetu ye uppajjeyyu½ par³pav±d±dayo diµµhadhammik± n±nappak±r± anatth±, ye ca tannimittameva niray±d²su nibbattassa pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raº±divasena mah±dukkh±nubhavanappak±r± anatth±, te sandh±ya ida½ vutta½ “diµµhadhammik±na½ ±sav±na½ sa½var±ya sampar±yik±na½ ±sav±na½ paµigh±t±y±”ti. Diµµhadhammo vuccati paccakkho attabh±vo, tattha bhav± diµµhadhammik±. Tena vutta½ “tasmi½yeva attabh±ve pattabb±”ti. Sammukh± garahana½ akitti, parammukh± garahana½ ayaso. Atha v± sammukh± parammukh± garahana½ akitti, pariv±rah±ni ayasoti veditabba½. ¾gamanamaggathakan±y±ti ±gamanadv±rapidahanatth±ya. Samparetabbato pecca gantabbato sampar±yo, paralokoti ±ha “sampar±ye narak±d²s³”ti.

Methun±d²ni rajjanaµµh±n±ni. P±º±tip±t±d²ni dussanaµµh±n±ni.
Sa½varavinayoti s²lasa½varo, satisa½varo, ñ±ºasa½varo, khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti pañcavidho sa½varo. Yath±saka½ sa½varitabb±na½ vinetabb±nañca k±yaduccarit±d²na½ sa½varaºato sa½varo, vinayanato vinayoti vuccati Pah±navinayoti tadaªgappah±na½ vikkhambhanappah±na½, samucchedappah±na½, paµipassaddhippah±na½, nissaraºappah±nanti pañcavidha½ pah±na½ yasm± c±gaµµhena pah±na½, vinayaµµhena vinayo, tasm± “pah±navinayo”ti vuccati. Samathavinayoti satta adhikaraºasamath±. Paññattivinayoti sikkh±padameva. Sikkh±padapaññattiy± hi vijjam±n±ya eva sikkh±padasambhavato paññattivinayopi sikkh±padapaññattiy± anuggahito hoti. Sesamettha vuttatthameva.

Up±lisuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Up±livaggavaººan± niµµhit±.