10. Dutiyakosalasuttavaººan±

30. Dasame uggantv± yujjhati et±y±ti uyyodhik±, satthappah±rehi yujjhitasseta½ adhivacana½. Uggantv± yujjhana½ v± uyyodhiko, satthappah±ro. Ten±ha “yuddhato nivatto”ti. Upassutivasena yujjhitabb±k±ra½ ñatv±ti jetavane kira dattatthero dhanuggahatissattheroti dve mahallakatther± vih±rapaccante paººas±l±ya vasanti. Tesu dhanuggahatissatthero pacchimay±me pabujjhitv± uµµh±ya nisinno dattatthera½ ±mantetv± “aya½ te mahodaro kosalo bhuttabhattameva p³ti½ karoti, yuddhavic±raºa½ pana kiñci na j±n±ti, par±jitotveva vad±pet²”ti vatv± tena “ki½ pana k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vutte– “bhante, yuddho n±ma padumaby³ho cakkaby³ho sakaµaby³hoti tayo by³h± honti, aj±tasattu½ gaºhituk±mena asukasmi½ n±ma pabbatakucchismi½ dv²su pabbatabhitt²su manusse µhapetv± purato dubbala½ dassetv± pabbatantara½ paviµµhabh±va½ j±nitv± paviµµhamagga½ rundhitv± purato ca pacchato ca ubhosu pabbatabhitt²su vaggitv± naditv± j±lapakkhittamaccha½ viya katv± sakk± gahetun”ti. Tasmi½ khaºe “bhikkh³na½ kath±sall±pa½ suº±th±”ti rañño pesitacarapuris± ta½ sutv± rañño ±rocesu½. Ta½ sutv± r±j± saªg±mabheri½ pahar±petv± gantv± sakaµaby³ha½ katv± aj±tasattu½ j²vagg±ha½ gaºhi. Tena vutta½ “upassutivase…pe.. aj±tasattu½ gaºh²”ti.
Doºap±kanti doºataº¹ul±na½ pakkabhatta½. Doºanti catun±¼ik±nametamadhivacana½. Manujass±ti sattassa. Tanukass±ti tanuk± appik± assa puggalassa, bhuttapaccay± visabh±gavedan± na honti. Saºikanti manda½ muduka½, aparissayamev±ti attho. J²rat²ti paribhutt±h±ro paccati. ¾yu p±layanti nirogo avedano j²vita½ rakkhanto. Atha v± saºika½ j²rat²ti so bhojane mattaññ³ puggalo parimit±h±rat±ya saºika½ cirena j²rati jara½ p±puº±ti j²vita½ p±layanto.
Ima½ ov±da½ ad±s²ti ekasmi½ kira (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.203 pasenadikosalavatthu) samaye r±j± taº¹uladoºassa odana½ tadupiyena s³pabyañjanena bhuñjati. So ekadivasa½ bhuttap±tar±so bhattasammada½ avinodetv± satthu santika½ gantv± kilantar³po ito cito ca samparivattati, nidd±ya abhibhuyyam±nopi lahuka½ nipajjitu½ asakkonto ekamanta½ nis²di. Atha na½ satth± ±ha “ki½, mah±r±ja, avissamitv±va ±gatos²”ti. ¾ma, bhante, bhuttak±lato paµµh±ya me mah±dukkha½ hot²ti. Atha na½ satth±, “mah±r±ja, atibahubhoj²na½ eta½ dukkha½ hot²”ti vatv±–
“Middh² yad± hoti mahagghaso ca,
nidd±yit± samparivattas±y²;
mah±var±hova niv±papuµµho,
punappuna½ gabbhamupeti mando”ti. (Dha. pa. 325; netti. 26, 90)–

Im±ya g±th±ya ovaditv±, “mah±r±ja, bhojana½ n±ma matt±ya bhuñjitu½ vaµµati, mattabhojino hi sukha½ hot²”ti uttaripi puna ovadanto “manujassa sad± sat²mato”ti (sa½. ni. 1.124) ima½ g±tham±ha.

R±j± pana g±tha½ uggaºhitu½ n±sakkhi, sam²pe µhita½ pana bh±gineyya½ sudassana½ n±ma m±ºava½ “ima½ g±tha½ uggaºha t±t±”ti ±ha. So ta½ g±tha½ uggaºhitv± “ki½ karomi, bhante”ti satth±ra½ pucchi. Atha na½ satth± ±ha, “m±ºava, ima½ g±tha½ naµo viya pattapattaµµh±ne m± avaca, rañño p±tar±sa½ bhuñjanaµµh±ne µhatv± paµhamapiº¹±d²supi avatv± avas±ne piº¹e gahite vadeyy±si, r±j± sutv± bhattapiº¹a½ cha¹¹essati. Atha rañño hatthesu dhotesu p±ti½ apanetv± sitth±ni gaºetv± tadupiya½ byañjana½ ñatv± punadivase t±vatake taº¹ule h±reyy±si. P±tar±se ca vatv± s±yam±se m± vadeyy±s²”ti. So “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± ta½ divasa½ rañño p±tar±sa½ bhutv± gatatt± s±yam±se bhagavato anusiµµhiniy±mena g±tha½ abh±si. R±j± dasabalassa vacana½ saritv± bhattapiº¹a½ p±tiya½yeva cha¹¹esi. Rañño hatthesu dhotesu p±ti½ apanetv± sitth±ni gaºetv± punadivase tattake taº¹ule hari½su, sopi m±ºavo divase divase tath±gatassa santika½ gacchati. Dasabalassa viss±siko ahosi. Atha na½ ekadivasa½ pucchi “r±j± kittaka½ bhuñjat²”ti? So “n±¼ikodanan”ti ±ha. Vaµµissati ett±vat± purisabh±go esa, ito paµµh±ya g±tha½ m± vad²ti. R±j± tatheva saºµh±si. Tena vutta½ “n±¼ikodanaparamat±ya saºµh±s²”ti. Rattaññut±ya va¹¹hita½ s²la½ assa atth²ti va¹¹hitas²lo. Apothujjanikehi s²leh²ti catup±risuddhis²lehi s²la½ ariya½ suddha½. Tena vutta½ “ariyas²lo”ti. Tadeka½ anavajjaµµhena kusala½. Tena vutta½ “kusalas²lo”ti.

Dutiyakosalasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Mah±vaggavaººan± niµµhit±.