7. Paµhamamah±pañhasuttavaººan±

27. Sattame vucceth±ti vucceyya. Dutiyapadep²ti “anus±saniy± v± anus±sanin”ti eva½ dutiyav±kyepi. Te kira bhikkh³. Na ceva samp±yissant²ti na ceva sammadeva pak±rehi gahessanti ñ±pessanti. Ten±ha “samp±detv± kathetu½ na sakkhissant²”ti. Yasm± avisaye pañha½ pucchit± honti, tasm± vigh±ta½ ±pajjissant²ti yojan±. Aññath± ±r±dhana½ n±ma natth²ti imin± sapaccayan±mar³p±na½ y±th±vato avabodho eva ito b±hirak±na½ natthi, kuto pavedan±ti dasseti. ¾r±dhananti y±th±vapavedanena cittassa paritosana½.
Eko pañhoti eko pañhamaggo, eka½ pañhagavesananti attho. Eko uddesoti eka½ uddisana½ atthassa sa½khittavacana½. Veyy±karaºanti niddisana½ atthassa vivaritv± kathana½. Hetun±ti “antavantato anaccantikato t±vak±likato niccappaµikkhepato”ti evam±din± nayena yath± ime saªkh±r± etarahi, eva½ at²te an±gate ca anicc± saªkhat± paµiccasamuppann± khayadhamm± vayadhamm± vir±gadhamm±ti at²t±n±gatesu nayena.
Sabbe satt±ti anavases± satt±. Te pana bhavabhedato saªkhepeneva bhinditv± dassento “k±mabhav±d²s³”ti-±dim±ha Byadhikaraº±nampi b±hiratthasam±so hoti yath± “urasilomo”ti ±ha “±h±rato µhiti etesanti ±h±raµµhitik±”ti. Tiµµhati eten±ti v± µhiti, ±h±ro µhiti etesanti ±h±raµµhitik±ti eva½ v± ettha sam±saviggaho daµµhabbo. ¾h±raµµhitik±ti paccayaµµhitik±, paccay±yattavuttik±ti attho. Paccayattho hettha ±h±rasaddo “ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa upp±d±y±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.232) viya. Evañhi “sabbe satt±”ti imin± asaññasatt± pariggahit± honti. S± pan±ya½ ±h±raµµhitikat± nippariy±yato saªkh±radhammo. Ten±hu aµµhakath±cariy± “±h±raµµhitik±ti ±gataµµh±ne saªkh±raloko veditabbo”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.1 verañjakaº¹avaººan±; visuddhi. 1.136). Yadi eva½ “sabbe satt±”ti ida½ kathanti? Puggal±dhiµµh±nadesan±ti n±ya½ doso. Tenev±ha– “ekadhamme, bhikkhave, bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no samm± virajjam±no samm± vimuccam±no samm± pariyantadass±v² sammadattha½ abhisamecca diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti. Katamasmi½ ekadhamme? Sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±”ti. Yv±ya½ puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya sabbesa½ saªkh±r±na½ paccay±yattavuttit±ya ±h±rapariy±yena s±maññato paccayadhammo vutto, aya½ ±h±ro n±ma eko dhammo.
Codako vuttampi attha½ y±th±vato appaµivijjham±no neyyattha½ suttapada½ n²tatthato dahanto “sabbe satt±”ti vacanamatte µhatv± “nanu c±”ti-±din± codeti. ¾cariyo avipar²ta½ tattha yath±dhippetamattha½ pavedento “na virujjhat²”ti vatv± “tesañhi jh±na½ ±h±ro hot²”ti ±ha. Jh±nanti ekavok±rabhav±vaha½ saññ±ya virajjanavasena pavattar³p±vacaracatutthajjh±na½. P±¼iya½ pana “an±h±r±”ti vacana½ asaññabhave catunna½ ±h±r±na½ abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½, na paccay±h±rassa abh±vato. Eva½ santep²ti ida½ s±sane yesu dhammesu visesato ±h±rasaddo niru¼ho, “±h±raµµhitik±”ti ettha yadi teyeva gayhanti, aby±pitadosam±panno. Atha sabbopi paccayadhammo ±h±roti adhippeto, im±ya ±h±rap±¼iy± virodho ±pannoti dassetu½ ±raddha½. “Na virujjhat²”ti yen±dhipp±yena vutta½, ta½ vivaranto “etasmiñhi sutte”ti-±dim±ha. Kaba¼²k±r±h±r±d²na½ ojaµµhamakar³p±haraº±di nippariy±yena ±h±rabh±vo. Yath± hi kaba¼²k±r±h±ro ojaµµhamakar³p±haraºena r³pak±ya½ upatthambhenti, eva½ phass±dayo vedan±di-±haraºena n±mak±ya½ upatthambheti, tasm± satipi janakabh±ve upatthambhakabh±vo oj±d²su s±tisayo labbham±no mukhyo ±h±raµµhoti te eva nippariy±yena ±h±ralakkhaº± dhamm± vutt±.
Idh±ti imasmi½ sutte pariy±yena paccayo ±h±roti vutto, sabbo paccayadhammo attano phala½ ±harat²ti ima½ pariy±ya½ labhat²ti. Ten±ha “sabbadhamm±nañh²”ti-±di. Tattha sabbadhamm±nanti sabbesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½. Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ suttena samatthetu½ “tenev±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Ayanti paccay±h±ro. Nippariy±y±h±ropi gahitova hot²ti y±vat± sopi paccayabh±veneva janako upatthambhako ca hutv± ta½ ta½ phala½ ±harat²ti vattabbata½ labhat²ti.
Tatth±ti pariy±y±h±ro, nippariy±y±h±roti dv²su ±h±resu asaññabhave yadipi nippariy±y±h±ro na labbhati, pariy±y±h±ro pana labbhateva. Id±ni tamevattha½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “anuppanne hi buddhe”ti-±di vutta½. Uppanne buddhe titthakaramatanissit±na½ jh±nabh±van±ya asijjhanato “anuppanne buddhe”ti vutta½. S±sanik± t±disa½ jh±na½ na nibbattent²ti “titth±yatane pabbajit±”ti vutta½. Titthiy± hi upapattivisese vimuttisaññino saññ±vir±g±vir±gesu ±d²nav±nisa½sadassinova hutv± asaññasam±patti½ nibbattetv± akkhaºabh³miya½ uppajjanti, na s±sanik±. V±yokasiºe parikkamma½ katv±ti v±yokasiºe paµham±d²ni t²ºi jh±n±ni nibbattetv± tatiyajjh±ne ciººavas² hutv± tato vuµµh±ya catutthajjh±n±dhigam±ya parikamma½ katv±. Tenev±ha “catutthajjh±na½ nibbattetv±”ti.
Kasm± (d². ni. µ². 1.68-73; d². ni. abhi. µ². 1.68-73) panettha v±yokasiºeyeva parikamma½ vuttanti? Vuccate, yatheva hi r³papaµibh±gabh³tesu kasiºavisesesu r³pavibh±vanena r³pavir±gabh±van±saªkh±to ar³pasam±pattiviseso sacchikar²yati, eva½ aparibyattaviggahat±ya ar³papaµibh±gabh³te kasiºavisese ar³pavibh±vanena ar³pavir±gabh±van± saªkh±to r³pasam±pattiviseso adhigam²yat²ti. Ettha ca “saññ± rogo, saññ± gaº¹o”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.24), “dhi citta½, dhi vateta½ cittan”ti-±din± ca nayena ar³pappavattiy± ±d²navadassanena tadabh±ve ca santapaº²tabh±vasanniµµh±nena r³pasam±pattiy± abhisaªkharaºa½ ar³pavir±gabh±van±. R³pavir±gabh±van± pana saddhi½ upac±rena ar³pasam±pattiyo, tatth±pi visesena paµham±ruppajjh±na½. Yadi eva½ “paricchinn±k±sakasiºep²”ti vattabba½, tass±pi ar³papaµibh±gat± labbhat²ti? Icchitameveta½, kesañci avacana½ panettha pubb±cariyehi aggahitabh±vena. Yath± hi r³pavir±gabh±van± virajjan²yadhamm±bh±vamattena parinipphann±, virajjan²yadhammaparibh±sabh³te ca visayavisese p±tubhavati, eva½ ar³pavir±gabh±van±p²ti vuccam±ne na koci virodho. Titthiyeheva pana tass± sam±pattiy± paµipajjitabbat±ya tesañca visayapathe s³panibandhanasseva tassa jh±nassa paµipattito diµµhivantehi pubb±cariyehi catuttheyeva bh³takasiºe ar³pavir±gabh±van±parikamma½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Kiñca vaººakasiºesu viya purimabh³takasiºattayepi vaººappaµicch±y±va paººatti ±rammaºa½ jh±nassa lokavoh±r±nurodheneva pavattito. Evañca katv± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.57) pathav²kasiºassa ±d±sacandamaº¹al³pamavacanañca samatthita½ hoti, catuttha½ pana bh³takasiºa½ bh³tappaµicch±yameva jh±nassa gocarabh±va½ gacchat²ti tasseva½ ar³papaµibh±gat± yutt±ti v±yokasiºeyeva parikamma½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Dh²ti jigucchanatthe nip±to, tasm± dhi cittanti citta½ jigucch±mi. Dhi vateta½ cittanti eta½ mama citta½ jigucchita½ vata hotu. Vat±ti sambh±vane. Tena jigucchana½ sambh±vento vadati. N±m±ti ca sambh±vane eva. Tena cittassa abh±va½ sambh±veti. Cittassa bh±v±bh±vesu ±d²nav±nisa½se dassetu½ “cittañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Khanti½ ruci½ upp±detv±ti cittassa abh±vo eva s±dhu suµµh³ti ima½ diµµhinijjh±nakkhanti½ tattha ca abhiruci½ upp±detv±. Tath± bh±vitassa jh±nassa µhitibh±giyabh±vappattiy± aparih²najjh±n±. Titth±yatane pabbajitasseva tath± jh±nabh±van± hot²ti ±ha “manussaloke”ti. Paºihito ahos²ti maraºassa ±sannak±le µhapito ahosi. Yadi µh±n±din± ±k±rena nibbatteyya kammabalena, y±va bhed± tenev±k±rena tiµµheyy±ti ±ha “tena iriy±pathen±”ti-±di. Evar³p±namp²ti eva½ acetan±nampi. Pi-saddena pageva sacetan±nanti dasseti. Katha½ pana acetan±na½ nesa½ paccay±h±rassa upakappananti codana½ sandh±ya tattha nidassana½ dassento “yath±”ti-±dim±ha. Tena na kevalam±gamoyeva, ayamettha yutt²ti dasseti. T±va tiµµhant²ti ukka½sato pañca mah±kappasat±ni tiµµhanti.
Ye uµµh±nav²riyena divasa½ v²tin±metv± tassa nissandaphalamatta½ kiñcideva labhitv± j²vika½ kappenti, te uµµh±naphal³paj²vino. Ye pana attano puññaphalameva upaj²vanti, te puññaphal³paj²vino. Nerayik±na½ pana neva uµµh±nav²riyavasena j²vikakappana½, puññaphalassa pana lesopi natth²ti vutta½ “ye pana nerayik±…pe… j²v²ti vutt±”ti. Paµisandhiviññ±ºassa ±haraºena manosañcetan± ±h±roti vutt±, na yassa kassaci phalass±ti adhipp±yena “ki½ pañca ±h±r± atth²”ti codeti. ¾cariyo nippariy±y±h±re adhippete “siy± tava codan± avasar±, s± pana ettha anavasar±”ti ca dassento “pañca, na pañc±ti ida½ na vattabban”ti vatv± pariy±y±h±rasseva panettha adhippetabh±va½ dassento “nanu paccayo ±h±ro’ti vuttametan”ti ±ha. Tasm±ti yassa kassaci paccayassa ±h±roti icchitatt±. Id±ni vuttamevattha½ p±¼iy± samatthento “ya½ sandh±y±”ti-±dim±ha.
Mukhy±h±ravasenapi nerayik±na½ ±h±raµµhitikata½ dassetu½ “kaba¼²k±r±h±ra½…pe… s±dhet²”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ nerayik± sukhappaµisa½vedinopi hont²ti? Noti dassetu½ “khe¼o h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tayoti tayo ar³p±h±r± kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa abh±vato. Avases±nanti asaññasattehi avases±na½ k±mabhav±d²su nibbattasatt±na½. Paccay±h±ro hi sabbesa½ s±dh±raºoti.

Paµhamamah±pañhasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.