2. S²hasuttavaŗŗan±

12. Dutiye santh±g±ra½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.22; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.4.243) n±ma ek± mah±s±l±va. Uyyogak±l±d²su hi r±j±no tattha µhatv± “ettak± purato gacchantu, ettak± pacch±”ti-±din± tattha nis²ditv± santha½ karonti, mariy±da½ bandhanti, tasm± ta½ µh±na½ “santh±g±ran”ti vuccati. Uyyogaµµh±nato ca ±gantv± y±va gehe gomayaparibhaŗ¹±divasena paµijaggana½ karonti, t±va eka½ dve divase te r±j±no tattha santhambhant²tipi santh±g±ra½. Tesa½ r±j³na½ saha atth±nus±sana½ ag±rantipi santh±g±ra½. Gaŗar±j±no hi te, tasm± uppanna½ kicca½ ekassa vasena na sijjhati, sabbesa½ chando laddhu½ vaµµati, tasm± sabbe tattha sannipatitv± anus±santi. Tena vutta½ “saha atth±nus±sana½ ag±ran”ti. Yasm± v± tattha sannipatitv± “imasmi½ k±le kasitu½ vaµµati, imasmi½ k±le vapitun”ti-±din± nayena ghar±v±sakicc±ni sammantayanti, tasm± chidd±vachidda½ ghar±v±sa½ santharant²tipi santh±g±ra½.
Puttad±radhan±di-upakaraŗaparicc±go p±ramiyo. Attano aŖgaparicc±go upap±ramiyo. Attanova j²vitaparicc±go paramatthap±ramiyo. ѱt²na½ atthacariy± ń±tatthacariy±. Lokassa atthacariy± lokatthacariy±. Kammassakatań±ŗavasena anavajjakamm±yatanasipp±yatanavijj±µµh±naparicayavasena khandh±yatan±diparicayavasena lakkhaŗattayat²raŗavasena ca ń±ŗac±ro buddhacariy±. AŖganayanadhanarajjaputtad±raparijj±gavasena pańca mah±paricc±ge pariccajantena. Satipi mah±paricc±g±na½ d±nap±ramibh±ve paricc±gavisesasabh±vadassanatthańceva sudukkarabh±vadassanatthańca pańcamah±paricc±g±na½ visu½ gahaŗa½, tatoyeva ca aŖgaparicc±gato visu½ nayanaparicc±gaggahaŗa½. Paricc±gabh±vas±mańńepi dhanarajjaparicc±gato puttad±raparicc±gaggahaŗańca visu½ kata½. Pabbajj±va saŖkhepo.
Sattasu anupassan±s³ti anicc±nupassan±, dukkh±nupassan±, anatt±nupassan±, nibbid±nupassan±, vir±g±nupassan±, nirodh±nupassan±, paµinissagg±nupassan±ti im±su sattasu anupassan±su.
Anuviccak±ranti aveccakaraŗa½. Dv²hi k±raŗehi aniyy±nikas±sane µhit± attano s±vakatta½ upagate paggaŗhanti, t±ni dassetu½ “kasm±”ti-±di vutta½.
Anupubbi½ kathanti (d². ni. µ². 2.75-76) anupubba½ kathetabbakatha½. K± pana s±ti? D±n±dikath±. Tattha d±nakath± t±va pacurajanesupi pavattiy± sabbasattas±dh±raŗatt± sukaratt± s²le patiµµh±nassa up±yabh±vato ca ±dito kathit±. Paricc±gas²lo hi puggalo pariggahavatth³su nissaŖgabh±vato sukheneva s²l±ni sam±diyati, tattha ca suppatiµµhito hoti. S²lena d±yakappaµigg±hakavisuddhito par±nuggaha½ vatv± parap²¼±nivattivacanato kiriy±dhamma½ vatv± akiriy±dhammavacanato, bhogasampattihetu½ vatv± bhavasampattihetuvacanato ca d±nakath±nantara½ s²lakath± kathit±. “Tańca s²la½ vaµµanissita½, aya½ bhavasampatti tassa phalan”ti dassanattha½. “Imehi ca d±nas²lamayehi paŗ²tapaŗ²tatar±dibhedabhinnehi puńńakiriyavatth³hi et± c±tumah±r±jik±d²su paŗ²tapaŗ²tatar±dibhedabhinn± aparimeyy± dibbabhogasampattiyo laddhabb±”ti dassanattha½ tadanantara½ saggakath±. “Sv±ya½ saggo r±g±d²hi upakkiliµµho, sabbath±nupakkiliµµho ariyamaggo”ti dassanattha½ sagg±nantara½ maggo, maggańca kathentena tadadhigam³p±yasandassanattha½ saggapariy±pann±pi pageva itare sabbepi k±m± n±ma bahv±d²nav± anicc± addhuv± vipariŗ±madhamm±ti k±m±na½ ±d²navo. “H²n± gamm± pothujjanik± anariy± anatthasa½hit±”ti tesa½ ok±ro l±makabh±vo. Sabbepi bhav± kiles±na½ vatthubh³t±ti tattha sa½kileso. Sabbaso sa½kilesavippamutta½ nibb±nanti nekkhamme ±nisa½so ca kathetabboti ayamattho maggant²ti ettha iti-saddena ±di-atthena d²pitoti veditabba½.
Sukh±na½ nid±nanti diµµhadhammik±na½ sampar±yik±na½ nibb±nupasa½hit±nańc±ti sabbesampi sukh±na½ k±raŗa½. Yańhi kińci loke bhogasukha½ n±ma, ta½ sabba½ d±n±dh²nanti p±kaµoyamattho. Ya½ pana jh±navipassan±maggaphalanibb±nappaµisa½yutta½ sukha½, tassapi d±na½ upanissayapaccayo hotiyeva Sampatt²na½ m³lanti y± im± loke padesarajjasirissariyasattaratanasamujjalacakkavattisampad±ti eva½pabhed± m±nusik± sampattiyo, y± ca c±tumah±r±jik±digat± dibbasampattiyo, y± v± panańń±pi sampattiyo t±sa½ sabb±sa½ ida½ m³lak±raŗa½. Bhog±nanti bhuńjitabbaµµhena “bhogo”ti laddhan±m±na½ piyaman±piyar³p±d²na½ tannissay±na½ v± upabhogasukh±na½ patiµµh± niccal±dhiµµh±nat±ya. Visamagatass±ti byasanappattassa. T±ŗanti rakkh±, tato parip±lanato. Leŗanti byasanehi parip±tiyam±nassa ol²yanappadeso. Gat²ti gantabbaµµh±na½. Par±yaŗanti paµisaraŗa½. Avassayoti vinipatitu½ adento nissayo. ¾rammaŗanti olubbh±rammaŗa½.
Ratanamayas²h±sanasadisanti sabbaratanamayasattaŖgamah±s²h±sanasadisa½. Eva½ hissa mahaggha½ hutv± sabbaso vinipatitu½ appad±naµµho d²pito hoti. Mah±pathav²sadisa½ gatagataµµh±ne patiµµh±nassa labh±panato. Yath± dubbalassa purisassa ±lambanarajju uttiµµhato tiµµhato ca upatthambho, eva½ d±na½ satt±na½ sampattibhave upapattiy± µhitiy± ca paccayoti ±ha “±lambanaµµhena ±lambanarajjusadisan”ti. Dukkhanittharaŗaµµhen±ti duggatidukkhaµµh±nanittharaŗaµµhena. Samass±sanaµµhen±ti lobhamacchariy±dipaµisattupaddavato samass±sanaµµhena. Bhayaparitt±ŗaµµhen±ti d±liddiyabhayato parip±lanaµµhena. Maccheramal±d²h²ti maccheralobhadosamada-iss±micch±diµµhivicikicch±dicittamalehi. Anupalittaµµhen±ti anupakkiliµµhat±ya. Tesanti maccheramal±d²na½. Tesa½ eva dur±sadaµµhena. Asant±sanaµµhen±ti sant±sahetu-abh±vena. Yo hi d±yako d±napati, so sampatipi na kutoci santasati, pageva ±yati½. Balavantaµµhen±ti mah±balavat±ya. D±yako hi d±napati sampati pakkhabalena balav± hoti, ±yati½ pana k±yabal±d²hipi. AbhimaŖgalasammataµµhen±ti “va¹¹hik±raŗan”ti abhisammatabh±vena. Vipattibhavato sampattibhav³panayana½ khemantabh³misamp±pana½.
Id±ni mah±bodhicariyabh±venapi d±naguŗa½ dassetu½ “d±na½ n±metan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha att±na½ niyy±tenten±ti etena “d±naphala½ sammadeva passant± mah±puris± attano j²vitampi pariccajanti, tasm± ko n±ma vińńuj±tiko b±hire vatthusmi½ pageva saŖga½ kareyy±”ti ov±da½ deti. Id±ni y± lokiy± lokuttar± ca ukka½sagat± sampattiyo, t± sabb± d±natoyeva pavattant²ti dassento “d±nańh²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sakkam±rabrahmasampattiyo attahit±ya eva, cakkavattisampatti pana attahit±ya parahit±ya c±ti dassetu½ s± t±sa½ parato cakkavattisampatti vutt±. Et± lokiy±, im± pana lokuttar±ti dassetu½ “s±vakap±ramiń±ŗan”ti-±di vutta½. T±supi ukkaµµhukkaµµhatarukkaµµhatamata½ dassetu½ kamena ń±ŗattaya½ vutta½. Tesa½ pana d±nassa paccayabh±vo heµµh± vuttoyeva. Eteneva tassa brahmasampattiy±pi paccayabh±vo d²pitoti veditabbo.
D±nańca n±ma dakkhiŗeyyesu hitajjh±sayena p³janajjh±sayena v± attano santakassa paresa½ pariccajana½, tasm± d±yako purisapuggalo pare hanti, paresa½ v± santaka½ harat²ti aµµh±nametanti ±ha “d±na½ dento s²la½ sam±d±tu½ sakkot²”ti. S²l±laŖk±rasadiso alaŖk±ro natthi sobh±vises±vahatt± s²lassa. S²lapupphasadisa½ puppha½ natth²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. S²lagandhasadiso gandho natth²ti ettha “candana½ tagara½ v±p²”ti-±dik± (dha. pa. 55) g±th±– “gandho is²na½ ciradikkhit±na½, k±y± cuto gacchati m±luten±”ti-±dik± (j±. 2.17.55) j±takag±th±yo ca ±haritv± vattabb±. S²lańhi satt±na½ ±bharaŗańceva alaŖk±ro ca gandhavilepanańca parassa dassan²yabh±v±vahańca. Ten±ha “s²l±laŖk±rena h²”ti-±di.
Aya½ saggo labbhat²ti ida½ majjhimehi ±raddha½ s²la½ sandh±y±ha. Tenev±ha sakko devar±j±–
“H²nena brahmacariyena, khattiye upapajjati;
majjhimena ca devatta½, uttamena visujjhat²”ti. (J±. 1.8.75).
Iµµhoti sukho. Kantoti kaman²yo. Man±poti manava¹¹hanako. Ta½ pana tassa iµµh±dibh±va½ dassetu½ “niccamettha k²¼±”ti-±di vutta½.
Dosoti aniccat±din± appass±d±din± ca d³sitabh±vo, yato te vińń³na½ citta½ n±r±dhenti. Atha v± ±d²na½ v±ti pavattat²ti ±d²navo, paramakapaŗat±. Tath± ca k±m± yath±tatha½ paccavekkhant±na½ paccupatiµµhanti. L±makabh±voti aseµµhehi sevitabbo, seµµhehi na sevitabbo nih²nabh±vo. Sa½kilissananti vib±dhakat± upat±pakat± ca.
Nekkhamme ±nisa½santi ettha “yattak± k±mesu ±d²nav±, tappaµipakkhato tattak± nekkhamme ±nisa½s±. Apica nekkhamma½ n±meta½ asamb±dha½ asa½kiliµµha½, nikkhanta½ k±mehi, nikkhanta½ k±masańń±ya, nikkhanta½ k±mavitakkehi, nikkhanta½ k±mapari¼±hehi, nikkhanta½ by±p±dasańń±y±”ti-±din± nayena nekkhamme ±nisa½se pak±sesi. Pabbajj±ya½ jh±n±d²su ca guŗe vibh±vesi vaŗŗesi. Kallacittanti kammaniyacitta½ heµµh± pavattitadesan±ya assaddhiy±d²na½ cittados±na½ vigatatt± upari desan±ya bh±janabh±v³pagamena kammakkhamacitta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana yasm± assaddhiy±dayo cittassa rogabh³t±, tad± te vigat±, tasm± ±ha “arogacittan”ti. Diµµhim±n±dikilesavigamena muducitta½. K±macchand±divigamena vin²varaŗacitta½. Samm±paµipattiya½ u¼±rap²tip±mojjayogena udaggacitta½. Tattha saddh±sampattiy± pasannacitta½. Yad± bhagav± ańń±s²ti sambandho. Atha v± kallacittanti k±macchandavigamena arogacitta½. Muducittanti by±p±davigamena mett±vasena akaµhinacitta½. Vin²varaŗacittanti uddhaccakukkuccavigamena avikkhepato tena apihitacitta½. Udaggacittanti thinamiddhavigamena sampaggahitavasena al²nacitta½. Pasannacittanti vicikicch±vigamena samm±paµipattiya½ adhimuttacittanti evamettha sesapad±na½ attho veditabbo.
Seyyath±p²ti-±din± upam±vasena s²hassa kilesappah±na½ ariyamaggupp±danańca dasseti. Apagatak±¼akanti vigatak±¼aka½. Sammadev±ti suµµhudeva. Rajananti n²lap²talohit±diraŖgaj±ta½. Paµiggaŗheyy±ti gaŗheyya, pabhassara½ bhaveyya. Tasmi½yeva ±saneti tassa½yeva nisajj±ya½. Etenassa lahuvipassakat± tikkhapańńat± sukhappaµipadakhipp±bhińńat± ca dassit± hoti. Virajanti ap±yagaman²yar±garaj±d²na½ vigamena viraja½. Anavasesadiµµhivicikicch±mal±pagamena v²tamala½. Paµhamamaggavajjhakilesaraj±bh±vena v± viraja½. Pańcavidhaduss²lyamalavigamena v²tamala½. Tassa uppatti-±k±radassanatthanti kasm± vutta½? Nanu maggań±ŗa½ asaŖkhatadhamm±rammaŗanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “tańh²”ti-±di. Tattha paµivijjhantanti asammohappaµivedhavasena paµivijjhanta½. Ten±ha “kiccavasen±”ti. Tatrida½ upam±sa½sandana½– vattha½ viya citta½, vatthassa ±gantukamalehi kiliµµhabh±vo viya cittassa r±g±dimalehi sa½kiliµµhabh±vo, dhovanasil±tala½ viya anupubb²kath±, udaka½ viya saddh±, udakena temetv± ³sagomayach±rikakh±rehi k±¼ake sammadditv± vatthassa dhovanappayogo viya saddh±sinehena temetv± temetv± satisam±dhipańń±hi dose sithile katv± sut±dividhin± cittassa sodhane v²riy±rambho. Tena payogena vatthe k±¼ak±pagamo viya v²riy±rambhena kilesavikkhambhana½, raŖgaj±ta½ viya ariyamaggo, tena suddhavatthassa pabhassarabh±vo viya vikkhambhitakilesassa cittassa maggena pariyodapananti.
“Diµµhadhammo”ti vatv± dassana½ n±ma ń±ŗadassanato ańńampi atth²ti tannivattanattha½ “pattadhammo”ti vutta½. Patti n±ma ń±ŗasampattito ańń±pi vijjat²ti tato visesanattha½ “viditadhammo”ti vutta½. S± panes± viditadhammat± dhammesu ekadesenapi hot²ti nippadesato viditabh±va½ dassetu½. “Pariyog±¼hadhammo”ti vutta½. Tenassa sacc±bhisambodha½yeva d²peti. Maggań±ŗańhi ek±bhisamayavasena parińń±dikicca½ s±dhenta½ nippadesena catusaccadhamma½ samantato og±¼ha½ n±ma hoti. Ten±ha “diµµho ariyasaccadhammo eten±ti diµµhadhammo”ti. Tiŗŗ± vicikicch±ti sappaµibhayakant±rasadis± so¼asavatthuk± aµµhavatthuk± ca tiŗŗ± nittiŗŗ± vicikicch±. Vigat± katha½kath±ti pavatti-±d²su “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho”ti eva½ pavattik± vigat± samucchinn± katha½kath±. S±rajjakar±na½ p±padhamm±na½ pah²natt± tappaµipakkhesu s²l±diguŗesu patiµµhitatt± ves±rajja½ vis±radabh±va½ veyyattiya½ patto. Attan± eva paccakkhato diµµhatt± na para½ pacceti, na cassa paro paccetabbo atth²ti aparappaccayo.
Uddisitv± katanti att±na½ uddisitv± m±raŗavasena kata½ nibbattita½ ma½sa½. Paµiccakammanti ettha kamma-saddo kammas±dhano at²tak±liko c±ti ±ha “att±na½ paµiccakatan”ti. Nimittakammasseta½ adhivacana½ “paµicca kamma½ phusat²”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.4.75) viya. Nimittakammass±ti nimittabh±vena laddhabbakammassa. Karaŗavasena paµiccakamma½ ettha atth²ti ma½sa½ paµiccakamma½ yath± buddhi buddha½. Ta½ etassa atth²ti buddho. Sesamettha utt±nameva.

S²hasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.