2. Mah±vaggo

1. Verañjasuttavaººan±

11. Dutiyassa paµhame verañj±ya½ viharat²ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.1) ettha verañj±ti tassa nagarasseta½ adhivacana½, tassa½ verañj±ya½. Sam²patthe bhummavacana½. Na¼erupucimandam³leti ettha na¼eru n±ma yakkho. Pucimandoti nimbarukkho. M³lanti sam²pa½. Ayañhi m³la-saddo “m³l±ni uddhareyya antamaso us²ran±¼imatt±nip²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.195) m³lam³le dissati. “Lobho akusalam³lan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.305; pari. 323) as±dh±raºahetumhi. “Y±va majjhanhike k±le ch±y± pharati, niv±te paºº±ni patanti, ett±vat± rukkham³lan”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 494) sam²pe. Idha pana sam²pe adhippeto, tasm± na¼eruyakkhena adhiggahitassa pucimandassa sam²peti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. So kira pucimando ramaº²yo p±s±diko anekesa½ rukkh±na½ ±dhipacca½ viya kurum±no tassa nagarassa avid³re gaman±gamanasampanne µh±ne ahosi. Atha bhagav± verañja½ gantv± patir³pe µh±ne viharanto tassa rukkhassa sam²pe heµµh±bh±ge vih±si. Tena vutta½ “verañj±ya½ viharati na¼erupucimandam³le”ti.
Paccuµµh±na½ (s±rattha. µ². 1.2) n±ma ±san± vuµµh±nanti ±ha “n±san± vuµµh±t²”ti. Nisinn±sanato na vuµµhahat²ti attho. Ettha ca jiººe…pe… vayo-anuppatteti upayogavacana½ ±san± vuµµh±nakiriy±pekkha½ na hoti. Tasm± “jiººe…pe… vayo-anuppatte disv±”ti ajjh±h±ra½ katv± attho veditabbo. Atha v± paccuggamanakiriy±pekkha½ upayogavacana½, tasm± na paccuµµh±t²ti uµµh±ya paccuggamana½ na karot²ti attho veditabbo. Paccuggamanampi hi paccuµµh±nanti vuccati. Vuttañheta½ “±cariya½ pana d³ratova disv± paccuµµh±ya paccuggamanakaraºa½ paccuµµh±na½ n±m±”ti. N±san± vuµµh±t²ti imin± pana paccuggaman±bh±vassa upalakkhaºamatta½ dassitanti daµµhabba½. Vibh±vane n±ma attheti pakativibh±vanasaªkh±te atthe. Na abhiv±deti v±ti na abhiv±detabbanti v± sallakkhet²ti vutta½ hoti.
Ta½ aññ±ºanti “aya½ mama abhiv±dan±d²ni k±tu½ arahar³po na hot²”ti aj±nanavasena pavatta½ aññ±ºa½. Olokentoti “dukkha½ kho ag±ravo viharati appatisso, ki½ nu kho aha½ samaºa½ v± br±hmaºa½ v± sakkareyya½ garu½ kareyyan”ti-±disuttavaseneva (a. ni. 4.21) ñ±ºacakkhun± olokento. Nipaccak±r±rahanti paºip±t±raha½. Sampatij±toti muhuttaj±to, j±tasamanantaramev±ti vutta½ hoti. Uttarena mukhoti uttaradis±bhimukho. “Sattapadav²tih±rena gantv± sakala½ dasasahassilokadh±tu½ olokesin”ti ida½–
“Dhammat± es±, bhikkhave, sampatij±to bodhisatto samehi p±dehi patiµµhahitv± uttar±bhimukho sattapadav²tih±rena gacchati, setamhi chatte anudh±riyam±ne sabb± dis± viloketi, ±sabhiñca v±ca½ bh±sat²”ti (d². ni. 2.31)–

Eva½ p±¼iya½ sattapadav²tih±rupari µhitassa viya sabb±dis±nulokanassa kathitatt± vutta½, na paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½ sattapadav²tih±rato pageva dis±vilokanassa katatt±. Mah±satto hi manuss±na½ hatthato muccitv± puratthima½ disa½ olokesi, anek±ni cakkav±¼asahass±ni ekaªgaº±ni ahesu½. Tattha devamanuss± gandham±l±d²hi p³jayam±n±, “mah±purisa, idha tumhehi sadisopi natthi, kuto uttaritaro”ti ±ha½su. Eva½ catasso dis±, catasso anudis±, heµµh±, upar²ti dasapi dis± anuviloketv± attano sadisa½ adisv± “aya½ uttaradis±”ti sattapadav²tih±rena agam±s²ti veditabb±. Olokesinti mama puññ±nubh±vena lokavivaraºap±µih±riye j±te paññ±yam±na½ dasasahassilokadh±tu½ ma½sacakkhun±va olokesinti attho.

Mah±purisoti j±tigottakulappades±divasena mahantapuriso. Aggoti guºehi sabbappadh±no. Jeµµhoti guºavaseneva sabbesa½ vuddhatamo, guºehi mahallakatamoti vutta½ hoti. Seµµhoti guºavaseneva sabbesa½ pasatthatamo. Atthato pana pacchim±ni dve purimasseva vevacan±n²ti veditabba½. Tay±ti nissakke karaºavacana½. Uttaritaroti adhikataro. Patim±nes²ti p³jesi. ¾sabhinti uttama½. Mayha½ abhiv±dan±diraho puggaloti mayha½ abhiv±dan±dikiriy±ya araho anucchaviko puggalo. Niccas±pekkhat±ya panettha sam±so daµµhabbo. Tath±gat±ti tath±gatato, tath±gatassa santik±ti vutta½ hoti. Evar³panti abhiv±dan±disabh±va½. Parip±kasithilabandhananti parip±kena sithilabandhana½.
Ta½ vacananti “n±ha½ ta½ br±hmaº±”ti-±divacana½. “N±ha½ arasar³po, m±dis± v± arasar³p±”ti vutte br±hmaºo thaddho bhaveyya. Tena vutta½ “cittamudubh±vajananatthan”ti.
Katamo pana soti pariy±y±pekkho pulliªganiddeso, katamo so pariy±yoti attho? J±tivasen±ti khattiy±dij±tivasena. Upapattivasen±ti devesu upapattivasena. Seµµhasammat±namp²ti api-saddena pageva aseµµhasammat±nanti dasseti. Abhinandant±nanti sapp²tikataºh±vasena pamodam±n±na½. Rajjant±nanti balavar±gavasena rajjant±na½. R³paparibhogena uppannataºh±sampayuttasomanassavedan± r³pato nibbattitv± hadayatappanato ambaras±dayo viya r³paras±ti vuccanti. ¾viñcant²ti ±ka¹¹hanti. Vatth±rammaº±dis±maggiyanti vatthu-±rammaº±dik±raºas±maggiya½. Anukkhipantoti attukka½sanavasena kathite br±hmaºassa asapp±yabh±vato att±na½ anukkhipanto anukka½sento.
Etasmi½ panatthe karaºe s±mivacananti “jahit±”ti etasmi½ atthe tath±gatass±ti karaºe s±mivacana½, tath±gatena jahit±ti attho. M³lanti bhavam³la½. “T±lavatthukat±”ti vattabbe “oµµhamukho”ti-±d²su viya majjhepadalopa½ katv± a-k±rañca d²gha½ katv± “t±l±vatthukat±”ti vuttanti ±ha “t±lavatthu viya nesa½ vatthu katanti t±l±vatthukat±”ti. Tattha t±lassa vatthu t±lavatthu. Yath± ±r±massa vatthubh³tapubbo padeso ±r±massa abh±ve “±r±mavatth³”ti vuccati, eva½ t±lassa patiµµhitok±so sam³la½ uddharite t±le padesamatte µhite t±lassa vatthubh³tapubbatt± “t±lavatth³”ti vuccati. Nesanti r³paras±d²na½. Katha½ pana t±lavatthu viya nesa½ vatthu katanti ±ha “yath± h²”ti-±di. R³p±diparibhogena uppannataºh±yuttasomanassavedan±saªkh±tar³paras±d²na½ cittasant±nassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato vutta½ “tesa½ pubbe uppannapubbabh±vena vatthumatte cittasant±ne kate”ti. Tattha pubbeti pure, sar±gak±leti vutta½ hoti. T±l±vatthukat±ti vuccant²ti t±lavatthu viya attano vatthussa katatt± r³paras±dayo “t±l±vatthukat±”ti vuccanti. Etena pah²nakiles±na½ puna uppattiy± abh±vo dassito.
Aviru¼hidhammatt±ti aviru¼hisabh±vat±ya. Matthakacchinno t±lo pattaphal±d²na½ avatthubh³to t±l±vatth³ti ±ha “matthakacchinnat±lo viya kat±”ti. Etena “t±l±vatthu viya kat±ti t±l±vatthukat±”ti aya½ viggaho dassito. Ettha pana “avatthubh³to t±lo viya kat±ti avatthut±lakat±”ti vattabbe visesanassa paranip±ta½ katv± “t±l±vatthukat±”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. Imin± panatthena ida½ dasseti– r³paras±divacanena vip±kadhammadhamm± hutv± pubbe uppannakusal±kusal± dhamm± gahit±, te uppann±pi matthakasadis±na½ taºh±vijj±na½ maggasatthena chinnatt± ±yati½ t±lapattasadise vip±kakkhandhe nibbattetu½ asamatth± j±t±, tasm± t±l±vatthu viya kat±ti t±l±vatthukat± r³paras±dayoti Imasmi½ atthe “abhinandant±nan”ti imin± padena kusalasomanassampi saªgahitanti vadanti. Anabh±va½ kat±ti ettha anu-saddo pacch±saddena sam±natthoti ±ha “yath± nesa½ pacch±bh±vo na hot²”ti-±di.
Yañca kho tva½ sandh±ya vadesi, so pariy±yo na hot²ti ya½ vandan±dis±maggiras±bh±vasaªkh±ta½ k±raºa½ arasar³pat±ya vadesi, ta½ k±raºa½ na hoti, na vijjat²ti attho. Nanu c±ya½ br±hmaºo ya½ vandan±dis±maggiras±bh±vasaªkh±tapariy±ya½ sandh±ya “arasar³po bhava½ gotamo”ti ±ha, “so pariy±yo natth²”ti vutte vandan±d²ni bhagav± karot²ti ±pajjat²ti ima½ aniµµhappasaªga½ dassento ±ha “nanu c±”ti-±di.
Sabbapariy±yes³ti sabbav±resu. Sandh±yabh±sitamattanti ya½ sandh±ya br±hmaºo “nibbhogo bhava½ gotamo”ti-±dim±ha. Bhagav± ca ya½ sandh±ya nibbhogat±di½ attani anuj±n±ti, ta½ sandh±yabh±sitamatta½. Chandar±gaparibhogoti chandar±gavasena paribhogo. Apara½ pariy±yanti añña½ k±raºa½.
Kulasamud±c±rakammanti kul±c±rasaªkh±ta½ kamma½, kulac±rittanti attho. Akiriyanti akaraºabh±va½ “Anekavihit±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±nan”ti s±maññavacanepi p±risesañ±yato vutt±vases± akusaladhamm± gahetabb±ti ±ha “µhapetv± te dhamme”ti-±di, te yath±vuttak±yaduccarit±dike akusaladhamme µhapetv±ti attho. Anekavihit±ti anekappak±r±.
Aya½ lokatant²ti aya½ vu¹¹h±na½ abhiv±dan±dikiriyalakkhaº± lokappaveº². An±g±mibrahm±na½ alaªk±r±d²su an±g±mibhikkh³nañca c²var±d²su nikantivasena r±guppatti hot²ti an±g±mimaggena pañcak±maguºikar±gasseva pah±na½ veditabbanti ±ha “pañcak±maguºikar±gass±”ti. R³p±d²su pañcasu k±maguºesu vatthuk±makoµµh±sesu uppajjam±no r±go “pañcak±maguºikar±go”ti veditabbo. Koµµh±savacano hettha guºa-saddo “vayoguº± anupubba½ jahant²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.4) viya. Akusalacittadvayasampayuttass±ti domanassasahagatacittadvayasampayuttassa. Mohassa sabb±kusalas±dh±raºatt± ±ha “sabb±kusalasambhavass±”ti. Avases±nanti sakk±yadiµµhi-±d²na½.
Jigucchati maññeti ahamabhij±to r³pav± paññav± katha½ n±ma aññesa½ abhiv±dan±di½ kareyyanti jigucchati viya, jigucchat²ti v± sallakkhemi. Akusaladhamme jiguccham±no tesa½ samaªgibh±vampi jigucchat²ti vutta½ “akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sam±pattiy± jigucchat²”ti. Sam±patt²ti etasseva vevacana½ sam±pajjan± samaªgibh±voti. Maº¹anaj±tikoti maº¹anakasabh±vo, maº¹anakas²loti attho. Jegucchitanti jigucchanas²lata½.
Lokajeµµhakakammanti lokajeµµhak±na½ kattabbakamma½, loke v± seµµhasammata½ kamma½. Tatr±ti tesu dv²supi atthavikappesu. Pad±bhihito attho padattho, byañjanatthoti vutta½ hoti. Vinaya½ v± arahat²ti ettha vinayana½ vinayo, niggaºhananti attho. Ten±ha “niggaha½ arahat²ti vutta½ hot²”ti. Nanu ca paµhama½ vuttesu dv²supi atthavikappesu sakatthe arahatthe ca taddhitapaccayo saddalakkhaºato dissati, na pana “vinay±ya dhamma½ deset²”ti imasmi½ atthe. Tasm± kathamettha taddhitapaccayoti ±ha “vicitr± hi taddhitavutt²”ti. Vicitrat± cettha lokappam±ºato veditabb±. Tath± hi yasmi½ yasmi½ atthe taddhitappayogo lokassa, tattha tattha taddhitavutti lokato siddh±ti vicitr± taddhitavutti, tasm± yath± “m± saddamak±s²”ti vadanto “m±saddiko”ti vuccati, eva½ vinay±ya dhamma½ deset²ti venayikoti vuccat²ti adhipp±yo.