1. Sambodhivaggo

1-2. Sambodhisutt±divaººan±

1-2. Navakanip±tassa paµhamadutiyesu natthi vattabba½.

3. Meghiyasuttavaººan±

3. Tatiye (ud±. aµµha. 31) meghiyoti tassa therassa n±ma½. Upaµµh±ko hot²ti paric±rako hoti. Bhagavato hi paµhamabodhiya½ upaµµh±k± anibaddh± ahesu½. Ekad± n±gasamalo, ekad± n±gito, ekad± upav±ºo, ekad± sunakkhatto, ekad± cundo samaºuddeso ekad± s±gato, ekad± meghiyo, tad±pi meghiyattherova upaµµh±ko hoti. Ten±ha “tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± meghiyo bhagavato upaµµh±ko hot²”ti.
Kimik±¼±y±ti k±¼akim²na½ bahulat±ya “kimik±¼±”ti laddhan±m±ya nadiy±. Jaªgh±vih±ranti ciranisajj±ya jaªgh±su uppannakilamathavinodanattha½ vicaraºa½. P±s±dikanti avira¼arukkhat±ya siniddhapattat±ya ca passant±na½ pas±da½ ±vahat²ti p±s±dika½. Sandacch±yat±ya manuññabh³mibh±gat±ya ca anto paviµµh±na½ p²tisomanassajananaµµhena citta½ ramet²ti ramaº²ya½. Alanti pariyatta½, yuttantipi attho. Padh±natthikass±ti padh±nena bh±van±nuyogena atthikassa. Yasm± so padh±nakamme yutto padh±nakammiko n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “padh±nakammikass±”ti. ¾gaccheyy±hanti ±gaccheyya½ aha½. Therena kira pubbe ta½ µh±na½ anuppaµip±µiy± pañca j±tisat±ni raññ± eva sat± anubh³tapubba½ uyy±na½ ahosi, tenassa diµµhamatteyeva tattha viharitu½ citta½ nami.
Y±va aññopi koci bhikkhu ±gacchat²ti añño kocipi bhikkhu mama santika½ y±va ±gacchati, t±va ±gameh²ti attho. “Koci bhikkhu dissat²”tipi p±µho, “±gacchat³”tipi paµhanti, tath± “dissat³”tipi. Natthi kiñci uttari karaº²yanti cat³su saccesu cat³hi maggehi pariññ±d²na½ so¼asanna½ kicc±na½ katatt± abhisambodhiy± v± adhigatatt± tato añña½ uttari karaº²ya½ n±ma natthi. Cat³su saccesu catunna½ kicc±na½ katatt±ti ida½ pana maggavasena labbhabh±na½ bheda½ anupekkhitv± vutta½. Atthi katassa paµicayoti mayha½ sant±ne nipph±ditassa s²l±didhammassa ariyamaggassa anadhigatatt± tadattha½ puna va¹¹hanasaªkh±to paµicayo atthi, icchitabboti attho.
Tividhan±µakapariv±roti mahantitthiyo majjhimitthiyo atitaruºitthiyoti eva½ vadh³kum±rikakaññ±vatth±hi tividh±hi n±µakitth²hi parivuto. Akusalavitakkeh²ti yath±vuttehi k±mavitakk±d²hi. Apare pana “tasmi½ vanasaº¹e pupphaphalapallav±d²su lobhavasena k±mavitakko, kharassar±na½ pakkhi-±d²na½ saddassavanena by±p±davitakko, le¹¹u-±d²hi tesa½ viheµhan±dhipp±yena vihi½s±vitakko. ‘Idhev±ha½ vaseyyan’ti tattha s±pekkhat±vasena v± k±mavitakko, vanacarake tattha tattha disv± tesu cittadubbhanena by±p±davitakko, tesa½ viheµhan±dhipp±yena vihi½s±vitakko tassa uppajjat²”ti vadanti. Yath± tath± v± tassa micch±vitakkappavattiyeva acchariyak±raºa½. Acchariya½ vata, bhoti garahaºacchariya½ n±ma kireta½ Yath± ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato valiyagatta½ disv± avoca “acchariya½, bhante, abbhuta½, bhante”ti (sa½. ni. 5.511). Sampariv±rit±ti vokiºº±. Attani garumhi ca ekattepi bahuvacana½ dissati. “Anv±satto”tipi p±µho. Kasm± panassa bhagav± tattha gamana½ anuj±ni? “Ananuññ±topi c±ya½ ma½ oh±ya gacchissateva, paric±rak±mat±ya maññe bhagav± gantu½ na det²ti cassa siy± aññathatta½, tadassa d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vatteyy±”ti anuj±ni.
Eva½ tasmi½ attano pavatti½ ±rocetv± nisinne athassa bhagav± sapp±yadhamma½ desento “aparipakk±ya, meghiya, cetovimuttiy±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “aparipakk±y±”ti parip±ka½ appatt±ya. Cetovimuttiy±ti kilesehi cetaso vimuttiy±. Pubbabh±ge hi tadaªgavasena ceva vikkhambhanavasena ca cetaso vimutti hoti, aparabh±ge samucchedavasena ceva paµippassaddhivasena ca. S±ya½ vimutti heµµh± vitth±rato kathit±va, tasm± tattha vuttanayena veditabb±. Tattha vimuttiparip±can²yehi dhammehi ±saye parip±cite sodhite vipassan±ya maggagabbha½ gaºhantiy± parip±ka½ gacchantiy± cetovimutti paripakk± n±ma hoti, tadabh±ve aparipakk±.
Katame pana vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm±? Saddhindriy±d²na½ visuddhikaraºavasena pannarasa dhamm± veditabb±. Vuttañheta½–
“Assaddhe puggale parivajjayato, saddhe puggale sevato bhajato payirup±sato, pas±dan²ye suttante paccavekkhato imehi t²h±k±rehi saddhindriya½ visujjhati.
“Kus²te puggale parivajjayato, ±raddhav²riye puggale sevato bhajato payirup±sato, sammappadh±ne paccavekkhato imehi t²h±k±rehi v²riyindriya½ visujjhati.
“Muµµhassat² puggale parivajjayato, upaµµhitassat² puggale sevato bhajato payirup±sato, satipaµµh±ne paccavekkhato imehi t²h±k±rehi satindriya½ visujjhati.
“Asam±hite puggale parivajjayato, sam±hite puggale sevato bhajato payirup±sato, jh±navimokkhe paccavekkhato imehi t²h±k±rehi sam±dhindriya½ visujjhati.
“Duppaññe puggale parivajjayato, paññavante puggale sevato bhajato payirup±sato, gambh²rañ±ºacariya½ paccavekkhato imehi t²h±k±rehi paññindriya½ visujjhati.
“Iti ime pañca puggale parivajjayato, pañca puggale sevato bhajato payirup±sato, pañca suttante paccavekkhato imehi pannarasahi ±k±rehi im±ni pañcindriy±ni visujjhant²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.185).
Aparehipi pannarasahi ±k±rehi im±ni pañcindriy±ni visujjhanti. Aparepi pannarasa dhamm± vimuttiparip±can²y±. Saddh±pañcam±ni indriy±ni, aniccasaññ± anicce, dukkhasaññ± dukkhe, anattasaññ±, pah±nasaññ±, vir±gasaññ±ti im± pañca nibbedhabh±giy± saññ±, kaly±ºamittat±, s²lasa½varo, abhisallekhat±, v²riy±rambho, nibbedhikapaññ±ti. Tesu veneyyadamanakusalo satth± veneyyassa meghiyattherassa ajjh±sayavasena idha kaly±ºamittat±dayo vimuttiparip±can²ye dhamme dassento “pañca dhamm± paripakk±ya sa½vattant²”ti vatv± te vitth±rento “idha, meghiya, bhikkhu kaly±ºamitto hot²”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha kaly±ºamittoti kaly±ºo bhaddo sundaro mitto etass±ti kaly±ºamitto. Yassa s²l±diguºasampanno “aghassa t±t± hitassa vidh±t±”ti eva½ sabb±k±rena upak±ro mitto hoti, so puggalo kaly±ºamittova. Yath±vuttehi kaly±ºapuggaleheva sabbiriy±pathesu saha ayati pavattati, na vin± teh²ti kaly±ºasah±yo. Kaly±ºapuggalesu eva cittena ceva k±yena ca ninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vena pavattat²ti kaly±ºasampavaªko. Padattayena kaly±ºamittasa½sagge ±dara½ upp±deti. Aya½ kaly±ºamittat±saªkh±to brahmacariyav±sassa ±dibh±vato sabbesañca kusaladhamm±na½ bahuk±rat±ya padh±nabh±vato ca imesu pañcasu dhammesu ±dito vuttatt± paµhamo anavajjadhammo avisuddh±na½ saddh±d²na½ visuddhikaraºavasena cetovimuttiy± paripakk±ya sa½vattati. Ettha ca kaly±ºamittassa bahuk±rat± padh±nat± ca “upa¹¹hamida½, bhante, brahmacariyassa yadida½ kaly±ºamittat±”ti vadanta½ dhammabhaº¹±g±rika½ “m± heva½, ±nand±”ti dvikkhatu½ paµisedhetv± “sakalameva hida½, ±nanda, brahmacariya½ yadida½ kaly±ºamittat± kaly±ºasah±yat±”ti– ±disuttapadehi (sa½. ni. 1.129; 5.2) veditabb±.
Puna caparanti puna ca apara½ dhammaj±ta½. S²lav±ti ettha kenaµµhena s²la½? S²lanaµµhena s²la½ Kimida½ s²lana½ n±ma? Sam±dh±na½, k±yakamm±d²na½ sus²lyavasena avippakiººat±ti attho. Atha v± upadh±raºa½, jh±n±dikusaladhamm±na½ patiµµh±navasena ±dh±rabh±voti attho. Tasm± s²leti, s²lat²ti v± s²la½. Aya½ t±va saddalakkhaºanayena s²laµµho. Apare pana “siraµµho s²laµµho, s²talaµµho, s²laµµho”ti niruttinayena attha½ vaººenti. Tayida½ p±rip³rito atisayato v± s²la½ assa atth²ti s²lav±, s²lasampannoti attho.
Yath± ca s²lav± hoti s²lasampanno, ta½ dassetu½ “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha p±timokkhanti sikkh±padas²la½. Tañhi yo na½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkheh²ti p±timokkha½. Sa½varaºa½ sa½varo, k±yav±c±hi av²tikkamo. P±timokkhameva sa½varo p±timokkhasa½varo, tena sa½vuto pihitak±yav±coti p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto. Idamassa tasmi½ s²le patiµµhitabh±vaparid²pana½. Viharat²ti tadanur³pavih±rasamaªgibh±vaparid²pana½. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti heµµh± p±timokkhasa½varassa upari vises±na½ yogassa ca upak±radhammaparid²pana½. Aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v²ti p±timokkhas²lato acavanadhammat±parid²pana½. Sam±d±y±ti sikkh±pad±na½ anavasesato ±d±naparid²pana½. Sikkhat²ti sikkh±ya samaªgibh±vaparid²pana½. Sikkh±pades³ti sikkhitabbadhammaparid²pana½.
Aparo nayo– kiles±na½ balavabh±vato p±pakiriy±ya sukarabh±vato puññakiriy±ya ca dukkarabh±vato bahukkhattu½ ap±yesu patanas²loti p±t², puthujjano. Aniccat±ya v± bhav±d²su kammavegukkhitto ghaµiyanta½ viya anavaµµh±nena paribbhamanato gamanas²loti p±t². Maraºavasena v± tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye attabh±vassa patanas²lo v± p±t², sattasant±no, cittameva v±. Ta½ p±tina½ sa½s±radukkhato mokkhet²ti p±timokkha½. Cittassa hi vimokkhena satto “vimutto”ti vuccati. Vuttañhi “cittavod±n± visujjhant²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.100), “anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan”ti (mah±va. 28) ca.
Atha v± avijj±dihetun± sa½s±re patati gacchati pavattat²ti p±ti. “Avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±na½ sandh±vata½ sa½saratan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.124) hi vutta½. Tassa p±tino sattassa taºh±disa½kilesattayato mokkho eten±ti p±timokkha½.
Atha v± p±teti vinip±teti dukkheti p±ti, citta½. Vuttañhi “cittena n²yat² loko, cittena parikassat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.62). Tassa p±tino mokkho eten±ti p±timokkha½. Patati v± etena ap±yadukkhe sa½s±radukkhe c±ti p±ti, taºh±disa½kileso. Vuttañhi “taºh± janeti purisa½ (sa½. ni. 1.55). Taºh±dutiyo puriso”ti (a. ni. 4.9; itivu. 15, 105) ca ±di. Tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkha½.
Atha v± patati etth±ti p±ti, cha ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni. Vuttañhi “chasu loko samuppanno, chasu kubbati santhavan”ti (su. ni. 171). Tato cha-ajjhattikab±hir±yatanasaªkh±tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkha½. Atha v± p±to vinip±to assa atth²ti p±t², sa½s±ro. Tato mokkhoti p±timokkha½. Atha v± sabbalok±dhipatibh±vato dhammissaro bhagav± pat²ti vuccati, muccati eten±ti mokkho, patino mokkho tena paññattatt±ti patimokkho, patimokkho eva p±timokkha½. Sabbaguº±na½ v± m³labh±vato uttamaµµhena pati ca so yath±vuttenatthena mokkho c±ti patimokkho, patimokkho eva p±timokkha½. Tath± hi vutta½ “p±timokkhanti ±dimeta½ mukhameta½ pamukhametan”ti (mah±va. 135) vitth±ro.