Sikkh±ttayasaªgahitanti adhis²lasikkh±disikkh±ttayasaªgaha½. Sakala½ s±sanabrahmacariyanti anavasesa½ satthus±sanabh³ta½ seµµhacariya½. Samiddhanti sammadeva va¹¹hita½. Jh±nass±davasen±ti tehi tehi bhikkh³hi samadhigatajjh±nasukhavasena. Vuddhippattanti u¼±rapaº²tabh±v³pagamena sabbaso parivuddhimupagata½. Sabbap±liphulla½ viya abhiññ±sampattivasena abhiññ±sampad±hi s±san±bhivuddhiy± matthakappattito. Patiµµhitavasen±ti patiµµh±navasena, patiµµhappattiy±ti attho. Paµivedhavasena bahuno janassa hitanti b±hujañña½. Ten±ha “mah±jan±bhisamayavasen±”ti. Puthu puthula½ bh³ta½ j±ta½, puthu v± puthutta½ pattanti puthubh³ta½. Ten±ha “sabb±…pe.. pattan”ti. Suµµhu pak±sitanti suµµhu sammadeva ±dikaly±º±dibh±vena pavedita½.
Sati½ s³paµµhita½ katv±ti aya½ k±y±divibh±go attabh±vasaññito dukkhabh±ro may± ettaka½ k±la½ vahito, id±ni pana na vahitabbo, etassa avahanatthañhi ciratara½ k±la½ ariyamaggasambh±ro sambhato, sv±ya½ ariyamaggo paµividdho. Yato ime k±y±dayo asubh±dito sabh±v±dito sammadeva pariññ±t±ti catubbidhampi samm±sati½ yat±tatha½ visaye suµµhu upaµµhita½ katv±. ѱºena paricchinditv±ti imassa attabh±vasaññitassa dukkhabh±rassa vahane payojanabh³ta½ attahita½ t±va bodhim³le eva parisam±pita½, parahita½ pana buddhaveneyyavinaya½ parisam±pitabba½, ta½ id±ni m±sattayeneva parisam±pana½ p±puºissati, ahampi vis±kh±puººam±ya½ parinibb±yiss±m²ti eva½ buddhañ±ºena paricchinditv± sabbabh±gena nicchaya½ katv±. ¾yusaªkh±ra½ vissajj²ti ±yuno j²vitassa abhisaªkh±raka½ phalasam±pattidhamma½ na sam±pajjiss±m²ti vissajji. Ta½vissajjaneneva tena abhisaªkhariyam±na½ j²vitasaªkh±ra½ “na pavattess±m²”ti vissajji. Ten±ha “tatth±”ti-±di.
Ýh±namahantat±yapi pavatti-±k±ramahantat±yapi mahanto pathav²kampo. Tattha µh±namahantat±ya bh³mic±lassa mahantatta½ dassetu½ “tad± kira…pe… kampitth±”ti vutta½. S± pana j±bhikkhettabh³t± dasasahass² lokadh±tu eva, na y± k±ci. Y± mah±bhin²h±ramah±bhij±ti-±d²supi kampittha, tad±pi tattik±ya eva kampane ki½ k±raºa½? J±tikkhettabh±vena tasseva ±dito pariggahassa katatt±, pariggahakaraºa½ cassa dhammat±vasena veditabba½. Tath± hi purimabuddh±nampi t±vattakameva j±tikkhetta½ ahosi. Tath± hi vutta½ “dasasahass² lokadh±tu, nissadd± hoti nir±kul±…pe… mah±samuddo ±bhujati, dasasahass² pakampat²”ti (bu. va½. 2.84-91) ca ±di. Udakapariyanta½ katv± chappak±rapavedhanena av²tar±ge bhi½set²ti bhi½sano, so eva bhi½sanakoti ±ha “bhayajanako”ti. Devabheriyoti devadundubhisaddassa pariy±yavacanamatta½. Na cettha k±ci bher² “dundubh²”ti adhippet±, atha kho upp±tabh±vena labbham±no ±k±sagato nigghosasaddo. Ten±ha “devo”ti-±di. Devoti megho. Tassa hi gajjabh±vena ±k±sassa vass±bh±vena sukkhagajjitasaññite sadde niccharante devadundubhisamaññ±. Ten±ha “devo sukkhagajjita½ gajj²”ti.
P²tivegavissaµµhanti “eva½ ciratara½ k±la½ vahito aya½ attabh±vasaññito dukkhabh±ro, id±ni na cirasseva nikkhipiss±m²”ti sañj±tasomanasso bhagav± sabh±veneva p²tivegavissaµµha½ ud±na½ ud±nesi. Eva½ pana ud±nentena ayampi attho s±dhito hot²ti dassanattha½ aµµhakath±ya½ “kasm±”ti-±di vutta½.
Tul²yat²ti tulanti tula-saddo kammas±dhanoti dassetu½ “tulitan”ti-±di vutta½. App±nubh±vat±ya paricchinna½. Tath± hi ta½ parito khaº¹itabh±vena “parittan”ti vuccati. Paµipakkhavikkhambhanato d²ghasant±nat±ya vipulaphalat±ya ca na tula½ na paricchinna½. Yehi k±raºehi pubbe avisesato mahaggata½ “atulan”ti vutta½, t±ni k±raº±ni r³p±vacarato ar³passa s±tisay±ni vijjant²ti ar³p±vacara½ “atulan”ti vutta½ itarañca “tulan”ti. Appavip±kanti t²supi kammesu ya½ tanuvip±ka½ h²na½, ta½ tula½. Bahuvip±kanti ya½ mah±vip±ka½ paº²ta½, ta½ atula½. Ya½ panettha majjhima½, ta½ h²na½ ukkaµµhanti dvidh± bhinditv± dv²supi bh±gesu pakkhipitabba½. H²nattikavaººan±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 14) vuttanayena v± appabahuvip±kata½ niddh±retv± tassa vasena tul±tulabh±vo veditabbo. Sambhavati etasm±ti sambhavoti ±ha “sambhavahetubh³tan”ti. Niyakajjhattaratoti sasant±nadhammesu vipassan±vasena gocar±sevan±ya ca nirato. Savip±kampi sam±na½ pavattivip±kamattad±yikamma½ savip±kaµµhena sambhava½, na ca ta½ k±m±dibhav±bhisaªkh±rakanti tato visesanattha½ “sambhavan”ti vatv± “bhavasaªkh±ran”ti vutta½. Ossaj²ti ariyamaggena avassaji. Kavaca½ viya attabh±va½ pariyonandhitv± µhita½ attani sambh³tatt± attasambhava½ kilesañca abhind²ti kilesabhedasahabh±vikammossajjana½ dassento tadubhayassa k±raºamavoca “ajjhattarato sam±hito”ti.
Paµhamavikappe avasajjanameva vutta½, ettha avasajjan±k±roti ta½ dassento “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha t²rentoti “upp±do bhaya½, anupp±do kheman”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.10) v²ma½santo. “Tulento t²rento”ti-±din± saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “pañcakkhandh±”ti-±di½ vatv± bhavasaªkh±rassa avasajjan±k±ra½ sar³pato dasseti. Evanti-±din± pana ud±nag±th±vaººan±ya½ ±dito vuttamattha½ nigamavasena dasseti.
Yanti (d². ni. µ². 2.171) karaºe, adhikaraºe v± paccattavacananti ±ha “yena samayena, yasmi½ v± samaye”ti. Ukkhepakav±t±ti udakasandh±rakav±ta½ upacchinditv± µhitaµµh±nato khepakav±t±. Saµµhi…pe… bahalanti ida½ tassa v±tassa ubbedhappam±ºameva gahetv± vutta½ ±y±mavitth±rato pana dasasahassacakkav±¼appam±ºa½ koµisatasahassacakkav±¼appam±ºampi udakasandh±rakav±ta½ upacchindatiyeva. ¾k±seti pubbe v±tena patiµµhit±k±se. Puna v±toti ukkhepakav±te tath± katv± vigate udakasandh±rakav±to puna ±bandhitv± gaºh±ti. Yath± ta½ udaka½ na bhassati, eva½ upatthambhenta½ ±bandhanavit±navasena bandhitv± gaºh±ti. Tato udaka½ uggacchat²ti tato ±bandhitv± gahaºato tena v±tena uµµh±pita½ udaka½ uggacchati upari gacchati. Hotiyev±ti antarantar± hotiyeva. Bahubh±ven±ti mah±pathaviy± mahantabh±vena. Sakal± hi mah±pathav² tad± oggacchati ca uggacchati ca, tasm± kampana½ na paññ±yati.
Ijjhanass±ti icchitatthasijjhanassa anubhavitabbassa issariyasampatti-±dikassa. Paritt±ti paµiladdhamatt± n±tisubh±vit±. Tath± ca bh±van± balavat² na hot²ti ±ha “dubbal±”ti. Saññ±s²sena hi bh±van± vutt±. Appam±º±ti paguº± subh±vit±. S± hi thir± da¼hatar± hot²ti ±ha “balav±”ti. “Paritt± pathav²saññ±, appam±º± ±posaññ±”ti desan±mattameta½, ±posaññ±ya pana subh±vit±ya pathav²kampo sukheneva ijjhat²ti ayamettha adhipp±yo veditabbo. Sa½vejento v± dibbasampattiy± pamatta½ sakka½ devar±j±na½, v²ma½santo v± t±vadeva samadhigata½ attano iddhibala½. So kir±yasm± (d². ni. aµµha. 2.171) khuragge arahatta½ patv± cintesi– “atthi nu kho koci bhikkhu yena pabbajitadivaseyeva arahatta½ patv± vejayanto p±s±do kampitapubbo”ti. Tato “natthi koc²”ti ñatv± “aha½ kampess±m²”ti abhiññ±balena vejayantamatthake µhatv± p±dena paharitv± kampetu½ n±sakkhi. Atha na½ sakkassa n±µakitthiyo ±ha½su– “putta saªgharakkhita, tva½ p³tigandheneva s²sena vejayanta½ kampetu½ icchasi, suppatiµµhito, t±ta, p±s±do, katha½ kampetu½ sakkhissas²”ti.
S±maºero “im± devat± may± saddhi½ ke¼i½ karonti, aha½ kho pana ±cariya½ n±lattha½, kaha½ nu kho me ±cariyo s±muddikamah±n±gatthero”ti ±vajjetv± “mah±samudde udakaleºa½ m±petv± div±vih±ra½ nisinno”ti ñatv± tattha gantv± thera½ vanditv± aµµh±si. Tato na½ thero, “t±ta saªgharakkhita, asikkhitv±va yuddha½ paviµµhos²”ti vatv± “n±sakkhi, t±ta, vejayanta½ kampetun”ti pucchi. ¾cariya½, bhante, n±latthanti. Atha na½ thero, “t±ta, tumh±dise akampente añño ko kampessati, diµµhapubba½ te, t±ta, udakapiµµhe gomayakhaº¹a½ pilavanta½, t±ta, kapallap³va½ paccanta½ antantena paricchinnanti imin± opammena j±n±h²”ti ±ha. So “vaµµissati, bhante, ettaken±”ti vatv± “p±s±dena patiµµhitok±sa½ udaka½ hot³”ti adhiµµh±ya vejayant±bhimukho agam±si. Devadh²taro ta½ disv± “ekav±ra½ lajjitv± gato, punapi s±maºero eti, punapi et²”ti vadi½su. Sakko devar±j± “m± mayha½ puttena saddhi½ kathayittha, id±ni tena ±cariyo laddho khaºena p±s±da½ kampessat²”ti ±ha. S±maºeropi p±daªguµµhena p±s±dath³pika½ pahari, p±s±do cat³hi dis±hi oºamati. Devat± “patiµµh±tu½ dehi, t±ta, p±s±dassa, patiµµh±tu½ dehi, t±ta, p±s±dass±”ti viravi½su. S±maºero p±s±da½ yath±µh±ne µhapetv± p±s±damatthake µhatv± ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“Ajjev±ha½ pabbajito, ajja patt±savakkhaya½;
ajja kampemi p±s±da½, aho buddhassu¼±rat±.
“Ajjev±ha½ pabbajito, ajja patt±savakkhaya½;
ajja kampemi p±s±da½, aho dhammassu¼±rat±.
“Ajjev±ha½ pabbajito, ajja patt±savakkhaya½;
ajja kampemi p±s±da½, aho saªghassu¼±rat±”ti.
“Dhammat± es±, bhikkhave, yad± bodhisatto tusitak±y± cavitv± m±tukucchi½ okkamat²”ti (d². ni. 2.18) vatv± “ayañca dasasahass² lokadh±tu saªkampi sampakampi sampavedh²”ti (d². ni. 2.18), tath± “dhammat± es±, bhikkhave, yad± bodhisatto m±tukucchimh± nikkhamat²”ti (d². ni. 2.32) vatv± “ayañca dasasahass² lokadh±tu saªkampi sampakampi sampavedh²”ti (d². ni. 2.32) ca mah±sattassa gabbhokkantiya½ abhij±tiñca dhammat±vasena mah±pad±ne pathav²kampassa vuttatt± itaresupi cat³su µh±nesu pathav²kampo dhammat±vasenev±ti atthato vuttametanti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni nesa½ pathav²kamp±na½ k±raºato pavatti-±k±rato ca vibh±ga½ dassetu½ “iti imes³”ti-±di vutta½. Dh±tukopen±ti ukkhepakav±tasaªkh±t±ya v±yodh±tuy± pakopena. Iddh±nubh±ven±ti ñ±ºiddhiy±, kammavip±kajiddhiy± v± sabh±vena, tejen±ti attho. Puññatejen±ti puññ±nubh±vena, mah±bodhisattassa puññabalen±ti attho. ѱºatejen±ti anaññas±dh±raºena paµivedhañ±º±nubh±vena. S±dhuk±rad±navasen±ti yath± anaññas±dh±raºappaµivedhañ±º±nubh±vena abhihat± mah±pathav² abhisambodhiya½ kampittha, eva½ anaññas±dh±raºena desan±ñ±º±nubh±vena abhihat± mah±pathav² kampittha, ta½ panass± s±dhuk±rad±na½ viya hot²ti “s±dhuk±rad±navasen±”ti vutta½.
Yena pana bhagav± as²ti-anubyañjanappaµimaº¹itadvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºavicitrar³pak±yo sabb±k±raparisuddhas²lakkhandh±diguºaratanasamiddhidhammak±yo puññamahattath±mamahatta-iddhimahattayasamahattapaññ±mahatt±na½ paramukka½sagato asamo asamasamo appaµipuggalo araha½ samm±sambuddho attano attabh±vasaññita½ khandhapañcaka½ kappa½ v± kapp±vasesa½ v± µhapetu½ samatthopi saªkhatadhammaparijigucchan±k±rappavattena ñ±ºavisesena tiº±yapi amaññam±no ±yusaªkh±rossajjanavidhin± nirapekkho ossajji. Tadanubh±v±bhihat± mah±pathav² ±yusaªkharossajjane akampittha. Ta½ panass± k±ruññasabh±vasaºµhit± viya hot²ti vutta½ “k±ruññabh±ven±”ti.
Yasm± bhagav± parinibb±nasamaye catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkh± sam±pattiyo sam±pajji, antarantar± phalasam±pattisam±pajjanena tassa pubbabh±ge s±tisaya½ tikkha½ s³ra½ vipassan±ñ±ºañca pavattesi. “Yadatthañca may± eva½ sucirak±la½ anaññas±dh±raºo paramukka½sagato ñ±ºasambh±ro sambhato, anuttaro ca vimokkho samadhigato, tassa vata me sikh±ppattaphalabh³t± accantaniµµh± anup±disesaparinibb±nadh±tu ajja samijjhat²”ti bhiyyo ativiya somanassappattassa bhagavato p²tivipph±r±diguºavipulatar±nubh±vo parehi as±dh±raºañ±º±tisayo udap±di, yassa sam±pattibalasamupabr³hitassa ñ±º±tisayassa ±nubh±va½ sandh±ya ida½ vutta½ “dveme piº¹ap±t± samasamaphal± samasamavip±k±”ti-±di (ud±. 75), tasm± tass±nubh±vena samabhihat± mah±pathav² akampittha, ta½ panass± tassa½ vel±ya½ ±rodan±k±rappatti viya hot²ti “aµµhamo ±rodanen±”ti vutta½.
Id±ni saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaranto “m±tukucchi½ okkamante”ti-±dim±ha. Aya½ panatthoti “s±dhuk±rad±navasen±”ti-±din± vutta attho. Pathav²devat±ya vasen±ti ettha samuddadevat± viya mah±pathaviy± adhidevat± kira n±ma atthi, t±dise k±raºe sati tass± cittavasena aya½ mah±pathav² saªkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Yath± v±taval±hakadevat±na½ cittavasena v±t± v±yanti, s²tuºha-abbhavassaval±hakadevat±na½ cittavasena s²t±dayo bhavanti, tath± hi vis±khapuººam±ya½ abhisambodhi-attha½ bodhirukkham³le nisinnassa lokan±thassa antar±yakaraºattha½ upaµµhita½ m±rabala½ vidhamitu½–
“Acetan±ya½ pathav², aviññ±ya sukha½ dukha½;
s±pi d±nabal± mayha½, sattakkhattu½ pakampath±”ti. (Cariy±. 1.124)–

Vacanasamanantara½ mah±pathav² bhijjitv± saparisa½ m±ra½ parivattesi. Etanti s±dhuk±rad±n±di. Yadipi natthi acetanatt±, dhammat±vasena pana vuttanayena siy±ti sakk± vattu½. Dhammat± pana atthato dhammabh±vo, so puññadhammassa v± ñ±ºadhammassa v± ±nubh±vasabh±voti. Tayida½ sabba½ vic±ritameva. Evañca katv±–

“Ime dhamme sammasato, sabh±vasarasalakkhaºe;
dhammatejena vasudh±, dasasahass² pakampath±”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.166)–

¾divacanañca samatthita½ hoti.

Aya½ pana (d². ni. aµµha. 1.149) mah±pathav² aparesupi aµµhasu µh±nesu akampittha mah±bhinikkhamane bodhimaº¹³pasaªkamane pa½suk³laggahaºe pa½suk³ladhovane k±¼ak±r±masutte gotamakasutte vessantaraj±take brahmaj±leti. Tattha mah±bhinikkhamanabodhimaº¹³pasaªkamanesu v²riyabalena akampittha. Pa½suk³laggahaºe “dvisahassad²papariv±re n±ma catt±ro mah±d²pe pah±ya pabbajitv± sus±na½ gantv± pa½suk³la½ gaºhantena dukkara½ bhagavat± katan”ti acchariyaveg±bhihat± akampittha. Pa½suk³ladhovanavessantaraj±takesu ak±lakampanena akampittha. K±¼ak±r±magotamakasuttesu (a. ni. 4.24; 3.126) “aha½ sakkh² bhagav±”ti sakkhibh±vena akampittha. Brahmaj±le (d². ni. 1.147) pana dv±saµµhiy± diµµhigatesu vijaµetv± niggumba½ katv± desiyam±nesu s±dhuk±rad±navasena akampitth±ti veditabb±.
Na kevalañca etesuyeva µh±nesu pathav² akampittha, atha kho t²su saªgahesupi mah±mahindattherassa ima½ d²pa½ ±gantv± jotivane nis²ditv± dhamma½ desitadivasepi akampittha. Kaly±ºiyamah±vih±re ca piº¹ap±tiyattherassa cetiyaªgaºa½ sammajjitv± tattheva nis²ditv± buddh±rammaºa½ p²ti½ gahetv± ima½ suttanta½ ±raddhassa suttapariyos±ne udakapariyanta½ katv± akampittha. Lohap±s±dassa p±c²na-ambalaµµhikaµµh±na½ n±ma ahosi, tattha nis²ditv± d²ghabh±ºakatther± brahmaj±lasutta½ ±rabhi½su. Tesa½ sajjh±yapariyos±nepi udakapariyantameva katv± pathav² akampittha.
Yadi eva½ “aµµhime, ±nanda, het³ aµµha paccay± mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±y±”ti kasm± aµµheva het³ vutt±ti? Niyamahetubh±vato. Imeyeva hi aµµha het³ niyamanti, n±ññe. Te hi kad±ci sambhavant²ti aniyamabh±vato na gaºit±. Vuttañheta½ n±gasenattherena milindapañhe (mi. pa. 4.1.4)–
“Aµµhime, bhikkhave, het³ aµµha paccay± mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±y±ti. Ya½ vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, tañca pana ak±lika½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, tasm± agaºita½ aµµhahi het³hi.
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, loke tayoyeva megh± gaº²yanti vassiko, hemantiko, p±vusakoti. Yadi te muñcitv± añño megho pavassati, na so megho gaº²yati sammatehi meghehi, ak±lameghotveva saªkha½ gacchati, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne ya½ sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, ak±lika½ eta½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, na ta½ gaº²yati aµµhahi het³hi.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, himavant± pabbat± pañca nadisat±ni sandanti, tesa½, mah±r±ja, pañcanna½ nadisat±na½ daseva nadiyo nadigaºan±ya gaº²yanti. Seyyathida½– gaªg±, yamun±, aciravat², sarabh³, mah², sindhu, sarassat², vetravat², v²ta½s±, candabh±g±ti. Avases± nadiyo nadigaºan±ya agaºit±. Ki½k±raº±? Na t± nadiyo dhuvasalil±, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne ya½ sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, ak±lika½ eta½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, na ta½ gaº²yati aµµhahi het³hi.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, rañño satampi dvisatampi tisatampi amacc± honti, tesa½ chayeva jan± amaccagaºan±ya gaº²yanti. Seyyathida½– sen±pati, purohito, akkhadasso, bhaº¹±g±riko, chattagg±hako, khaggagg±hako, eteyeva amaccagaºan±ya gaº²yanti. Ki½k±raº±? Yuttatt± r±jaguºehi. Avases± agaºit±, sabbe amacc±tveva saªkha½ gacchanti, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne ya½ sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, ak±lika½ eta½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, na ta½ gaº²yati aµµhahi het³h²”ti.

Bh³mic±lasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

C±p±lavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.