10. Bh³mic±lasuttavaŗŗan±

70. Dasame (d². ni. µ². 2.167; sa½. ni. µ². 2.5.822) udenayakkhassa cetiyaµµh±neti udenassa n±ma yakkhassa ±yatanabh±vena iµµhak±hi kate mah±janassa citt²kataµµh±ne. Katavih±roti bhagavanta½ uddissa katavih±ro. Vuccat²ti purimavoh±rena “udena½ cetiyan”ti vuccati. Gotamak±d²sup²ti “gotamaka½ cetiyan”ti-±d²supi. Eseva nayoti cetiyaµµh±ne katavih±rabh±va½ atidisati. Tath± hi sattambanti kikissa rańńo dh²taro satta kum±riyo sa½vegaj±t± gehato nikkhamitv± tattha padh±na½ padahi½su, ta½ µh±na½ “sattamba½ cetiyan”ti vadanti. Bahuputtakanti ca bahup±roho eko nigrodharukkho, tasmi½ adhivattha½ devata½ bah³ manuss± putte patthenti, tadup±d±ya ta½ µh±na½ “bahuputtaka½ cetiyan”ti pańń±yittha. S±randadassa n±ma yakkhassa vasitaµµh±na½, c±p±lassa n±ma yakkhassa vasitaµµh±na½, iti sabb±nevet±ni buddhupp±dato pubbadevat± pariggahetv± cetiyavoh±rena voharit±ni, bhagavato vih±re katepi tatheva sańj±nanti. Ramaŗ²y±ti ettha ves±liy± t±va bh³mibh±gasampattiy± sulabhapiŗ¹at±ya ramaŗ²yabh±vo veditabbo. Vih±r±na½ pana nagarato n±tid³rat±ya nacc±sannat±ya gaman±gamanasampattiy± an±kiŗŗavih±raµµh±nat±ya ch±yudakasampattiy± pavivekapatir³pat±ya ca ramaŗ²yat± daµµhabb±.
Va¹¹hit±ti bh±van±p±rip³rivasena paribr³hit±. Punappuna½ kat±ti bh±van±ya bahul²karaŗena apar±para½ pavattit±. Yuttay±na½ viya kat±ti yath± yuttam±jańńay±na½ chekena s±rathin± adhiµµhita½ yath±ruci pavattati, eva½ yath±ruci pavattirahata½ gamit±. Patiµµh±naµµhen±ti adhiµµh±naµµhena. Vatthu viya kat±ti sabbaso upakkilesavisodhanena iddhivisayat±ya patiµµh±nabh±vato suvisodhitaparissayavatthu viya kat±. Adhiµµhit±ti paµipakkhad³r²bh±vato subh±vitabh±vena ta½ta½adhiµµh±nayogyat±ya µhapit±. Samantato cit±ti sabbabh±gena bh±vanupacaya½ gamit±. Ten±ha “suva¹¹hit±”ti. Suµµhu sam±raddh±ti iddhibh±van±ya sikh±ppattiy± sammadeva sa½sevit±.
Aniyamen±ti “yassa kassac²”ti aniyamavacanena. Niyametv±ti “tath±gatass±”ti sar³padassanena niyametv±. ¾yuppam±ŗanti (d². ni. µ². 1.40; d². ni. abhi. µ². 1.40) param±yuppam±ŗa½ vadati. Ki½ panettha param±yu n±ma, katha½ v± ta½ paricchinnappam±ŗanti? Vuccate– yo tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tasmi½ tasmi½ bhavavisese purimasiddhabhavapatthan³panissayavasena sar²r±vayavavaŗŗasaŗµh±nappam±ŗ±divises± viya ta½ta½gatinik±y±d²su yebhuyyena niyataparicchedo gabbhaseyyakak±m±vacaradevar³p±vacarasatt±na½ sukkasoŗita-utubhojan±di-utu-±dipaccuppannapaccay³patthambhito vip±kappabandhassa µhitik±laniyamo. So yath±saka½ khaŗamatt±vaµµh±y²nampi attano sahaj±t±na½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ µhapan±k±ravuttit±ya pavattanak±ni r³p±r³paj²vitindriy±ni yasm± na kevala½ tesa½ khaŗaµhitiy± eva k±raŗabh±vena anup±lak±ni, atha kho y±va bhavaŖgupacched± anupabandhassa avicchedahetubh±venapi, tasm± ±yuhetukatt± k±raŗ³pac±rena ±yu, ukka½saparicchedavasena param±y³ti ca vuccati. Ta½ pana dev±na½ nerayik±na½ uttarakuruk±nańca niyatapariccheda½. Uttarakuruk±na½ pana ekantaniyataparicchedameva, avasiµµhamanussapetatiracch±n±na½ pana ciraµµhitisa½vattanikakammabahule k±le ta½kammasahitasant±najanitasukkasoŗitapaccay±na½ ta½m³lak±nańca candas³riyasamavisamaparivattan±dijanita-utu-±h±r±disamavisamapaccay±nańca vasena cir±cirak±lato aniyatapariccheda½, tassa ca yath± purimasiddhabhavapatthan±vasena ta½ta½gatinik±y±d²su vaŗŗasaŗµh±n±divisesaniyamo siddho dassan±nussav±d²hi, tath± ±dito gahaŗasiddhiy±. Eva½ t±su t±su upapatt²su nibbattasatt±na½ yebhuyyena samappam±ŗaµµhitik±la½ dassan±nussavehi labhitv± ta½paramata½ ajjhos±ya pavattitabhavapatthan±vasena ±dito paricchedaniyamo veditabbo. Yasm± pana kamma½ t±su t±su upapatt²su yath± ta½ta½upapattiniyatavaŗŗ±dinibbattane samattha½, eva½ niyat±yuparicched±su upapatt²su paricched±tikkamena vip±kanibbattane samattha½ na hoti, tasm± vutta½ “tasmi½ tasmi½ k±le ya½ manuss±na½ ±yuppam±ŗa½, ta½ paripuŗŗa½ karonto tiµµheyy±”ti.
Mah±s²vatthero pana “mah±bodhisatt±na½ carimabhave paµisandhid±yino kammassa asaŖkhyeyy±yukat±sa½vattanasamatthata½ hadaye µhapetv± buddh±nańca ±yusaŖkh±rassa parissayavikkhambhanasamatthat± p±¼iya½ ±gat± ev±ti ima½ bhaddakappameva tiµµheyy±”ti avoca. Khaŗ¹icc±d²hi abhibhuyyat²ti etena yath± iddhibalena jar±ya na paµigh±to, eva½ tena maraŗassapi na paµigh±toti atthato ±pannamev±ti. “Kva saro khitto, kva ca nipatito”ti ańńath± vuµµhitenapi therav±dena aµµhakath±vacanameva samatthitanti daµµhabba½. Ten±ha “yo pana vuccati…pe… niy±mitan”ti.
O¼±rike nimitteti th³le sańńupp±dane. Th³lasańńupp±danańheta½ “tiµµhatu bhagav± kappan”ti sakala½ kappa½ avaµµh±nay±can±ya, yadida½ “yassa kassaci, ±nanda, catt±ro iddhip±d± bh±vit±”ti-±din± ańń±padesena attano caturiddhip±dabh±van±nubh±vena kappa½ avaµµh±nasamatthat±vibh±vana½. Obh±seti p±kaµavacane. P±kaµavacanańheta½, yadida½ pariy±ya½ muńcitv± ujukameva attano adhipp±yavibh±vana½. Pariyuµµhitacittoti yath± kińci atth±nattha½ sallakkhetu½ na sakk±, eva½ abhibh³tacitto. So pana abhibhavo mahat± udakoghena appakassa udakassa ajjhottharaŗa½ viya ahos²ti vutta½ “ajjhotthaµacitto”ti. Ańńoti therato, ariyehi v± ańńopi yo koci puthujjano. Puthujjanaggahaŗańcettha yath± sabbena sabba½ appah²navipall±so m±rena pariyuµµhitacitto kińci atth±nattha½ sallakkhetu½ na sakkoti, eva½ thero bhagavat± katanimittobh±sa½ sabbaso na sallakkhes²ti dassanattha½. Ten±ha “m±ro h²”ti-±di.
Catt±ro vipall±s±ti asubhe “subhan”ti sańń±vipall±so, cittavipall±so, dukkhe “sukhan”ti sańń±vipall±so, cittavipall±soti ime catt±ro vipall±s±. Ten±ti yadipi itare aµµha vipall±s± pah²n±, tath±pi yath±vutt±na½ catunna½ vipall±s±na½ appah²nabh±vena. Ass±ti therassa. Maddat²ti phusanamattena maddanto viya hoti, ańńath± tena maddite satt±na½ maraŗameva siy±. Ki½ sakkhissati, na sakkhissat²ti adhipp±yo. Kasm± na sakkhissati, nanu esa aggas±vakassa kucchi½ paviµµhoti? Sacca½ paviµµho, tańca kho attano ±nubh±vadassanattha½, na vib±dhan±dhipp±yena. Vib±dhan±dhipp±yena pana idha “ki½ sakkhissat²”ti vutta½ hadayamaddanassa adhikatatt±. Nimittobh±santi ettha “tiµµhatu bhagav± kappan”ti sakalakappa½ avaµµh±nay±can±ya “yassa kassaci, ±nanda, catt±ro iddhip±d± bh±vit±”ti-±din± ańń±padesena attano caturiddhip±dabh±van±nubh±vena kappa½ avaµµh±nasamatthat±vasena sańńupp±dana½ nimitta½. Tath± pana pariy±ya½ muńcitv± ujukameva attano adhipp±yavibh±vana½ obh±so. J±nantoyev±ti m±rena pariyuµµhitabh±va½ j±nantoyeva. Attano apar±dhahetuto satt±na½ soko tanuko hoti, na balav±ti ±ha “dos±ropanena sokatanukaraŗatthan”ti. Ki½ pana thero m±rena pariyuµµhitacittak±le pavatti½ pacch± j±n±t²ti? Na j±n±ti sabh±vena, buddh±nubh±vena pana j±n±ti.
Gaccha tva½, ±nand±ti yasm± div±vih±ratth±ya idh±gato, tasm±, ±nanda, gaccha tva½ yath±rucitaµµh±na½ div±vih±r±ya. Ten±ha “yassad±ni k±la½ mańńas²”ti. Anatthe niyojento guŗam±raŗena m±reti, vir±gavibandhanena v± j±tinimittat±ya tattha tattha j±ta½ m±rento viya hot²ti “m±ret²ti m±ro”ti vutta½. Ati viya p±pat±ya p±pim±. Kaŗhadhammehi samann±gato kaŗho. Vir±g±diguŗ±na½ antakaraŗato antako. Satt±na½ anatth±vaha½ paµipatti½ na muńcat²ti namuci. Attano m±rap±sena pamatte bandhati, pamatt± v± bandh³ etass±ti pamattabandhu. Sattamasatt±hato para½ satta ah±ni sandh±y±ha “aµµhame satt±he”ti na pana pallaŖkasatt±h±di viya niyatakiccassa aµµhamasatt±hassa n±ma labbhanato. Sattamasatt±hassa hi parato ajap±lanigrodham³le mah±brahmuno sakkassa ca devarańńo paµińń±tadhammadesana½ bhagavanta½ ńatv± “id±ni satte dhammadesan±ya mama visaya½ samatikkam±pessat²”ti sańj±tadomanasso hutv± µhito cintesi– “handa d±n±ha½ na½ up±yena parinibb±pess±mi, evamassa manoratho ańńathatta½ gamissati, mama ca manoratho ijjhissat²”ti. Eva½ pana cintetv± bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± ekamanta½ µhito “parinibb±tu d±ni, bhante, bhagav±”ti-±din± parinibb±na½ y±ci. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “aµµhame satt±he”ti-±di. Tattha ajj±ti ±yusaŖkh±rossajjanadivasa½ sandh±y±ha. Bhagav± cassa atibandhan±dhipp±ya½ j±nantopi ta½ an±vikatv± parinibb±nassa ak±labh±vameva pak±sento y±cana½ paµikkhipi. Ten±ha “na t±v±han”ti-±di.
Maggavasena byatt±ti saccasampaµivedhaveyyattiyena byatt±. Tatheva vin²t±ti maggavaseneva kiles±na½ samucchedavinayena vin²t±. Tath± vis±rad±ti ariyamagg±dhigameneva satthus±sane ves±rajjappattiy± vis±rad±, s±rajjakar±na½ diµµhivicikicch±dip±padhamm±na½ vigamena vis±radabh±va½ patt±ti attho. Yassa sutassa vasena vaµµadukkhato nissaraŗa½ sambhavati, ta½ idha ukkaµµhaniddesena sutanti adhippetanti ±ha “tepiµakavasen±”ti. Tiŗŗa½ piµak±na½ sam³ho tepiµaka½ t²ŗi v± piµak±ni tipiµaka½, tipiµakameva tepiµaka½, tassa vasena. Tamev±ti ya½ ta½ tepiµaka½ sotabbabh±vena “sutan”ti vutta½, tameva. Dhammanti pariyattidhamma½. Dh±rent²ti suvaŗŗabh±jane pakkhittas²havasa½ viya avinassanta½ katv± suppaguŗasuppavattibh±vena dh±renti hadaye µhapenti. Iti pariyattidhammavasena bahussutadhammadharabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni paµivedhadhammavasenapi ta½ dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Ariyadhammass±ti maggaphaladhammassa, navavidhassapi v± lokuttaradhammassa. Anudhammabh³tanti adhigam±ya anur³padhammabh³ta½. Anucchavikappaµipadanti ca tameva vipassan±dhammam±ha, chabbidh± visuddhiyo v±. Anudhammanti tass± yath±vuttappaµipad±ya anur³pa½ abhisallekhita½ appichat±didhamma½. Caraŗas²l±ti sam±d±ya vattanas²l±. Anumaggaphaladhammo etiss±ti v± anudhamm±, vuµµh±nag±min² vipassan±. Tass± caraŗas²l±. Attano ±cariyav±danti attano ±cariyassa samm±sambuddhassa v±da½. Sadevakassa lokassa ±c±rasikkh±panena ±cariyo, bhagav±, tassa v±do, catusaccadesan±.
¾cikkhissant²ti ±dito kathessanti, attan± uggahitaniy±mena pare uggaŗh±pessant²ti attho. Desessant²ti v±cessanti, p±¼i½ samm± pabodhessant²ti attho. Pańńapessant²ti paj±n±pessanti, saŖk±sessant²ti attho. Paµµhapessant²ti pak±rehi µhapessanti, pak±sessant²ti attho. Vivarissant²ti vivaµa½ karissanti. Vibhajissant²ti vibhatta½ karissanti. Utt±n²karissant²ti anutt±na½ gambh²ra½ utt±na½ p±kaµa½ karissanti. Sahadhammen±ti ettha dhamma-saddo k±raŗapariy±yo “hetumhi ń±ŗa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 720) viy±ti ±ha “sahetukena sak±raŗena vacanen±”ti. Sapp±µih±riyanti sanissaraŗa½. Yath± parav±da½ bhańjitv± sakav±do patiµµhahati, eva½ hetud±haraŗehi yath±dhigatamattha½ samp±detv± dhamma½ kathessanti. Ten±ha “niyy±nika½ katv± dhamma½ desessant²”ti, navavidha½ lokuttaradhamma½ pabodhessant²ti attho. Ettha ca “pańńapessant²”ti-±d²hi chahi padehi cha atthapad±ni dassit±ni, ±dito pana dv²hi padehi cha byańjanapad±ni. Ett±vat± tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ sa½vaŗŗan±nayena saŖgahetv± dassita½ hoti. Vuttańheta½ nettiya½ (netti. saŖgahav±ro) “dv±dasa pad±ni sutta½, ta½ sabba½ byańjanańca attho c±”ti.