9. Up±lisutta½

99. Atha kho ±yasm± up±li yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± up±li bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “icch±maha½, bhante, araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevitun”ti.
“Durabhisambhav±ni hi kho [durabhisambhav±ni kho (s². p².)], up±li, araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni. Dukkara½ paviveka½ durabhirama½. Ekatte haranti maññe mano van±ni sam±dhi½ alabham±nassa bhikkhuno. Yo kho, up±li, eva½ vadeyya– ‘aha½ sam±dhi½ alabham±no araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµiseviss±m²’ti, tasseta½ p±µikaªkha½– ‘sa½s²dissati v± uplavissati v±’ti [uppilavissati v± (s². sy±. p².)].
“Seyyath±pi, up±li, mah±-udakarahado. Atha ±gaccheyya hatthin±go sattaratano v± a¹¹haµµharatano [aµµharatano (s². p².)] v±. Tassa evamassa– ‘ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ udakarahada½ og±hetv± kaººasa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼eyya½ piµµhisa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼eyya½. Kaººasa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼itv± piµµhisa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼itv± nhatv± [nah±tv± (s². p².), nh±tv± (sy±.)] ca pivitv± ca paccuttaritv± yena k±ma½ pakkameyyan’ti. So ta½ udakarahada½ og±hetv± kaººasa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼eyya piµµhisa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼eyya; kaººasa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼itv± piµµhisa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼itv± nhatv± ca pivitv± ca paccuttaritv± yena k±ma½ pakkameyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Mah±, up±li [mah± hup±li (s². p².)], attabh±vo gambh²re g±dha½ vindati.
“Atha ±gaccheyya saso v± bi¼±ro v±. Tassa evamassa– ‘ko c±ha½, ko ca hatthin±go! Ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ udakarahada½ og±hetv± kaººasa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼eyya½ piµµhisa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼eyya½ kaººasa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼itv± piµµhisa½dhovikampi khi¹¹a½ k²¼itv± nhatv± ca pivitv± ca paccuttaritv± yena k±ma½ pakkameyyan’ti. So ta½ udakarahada½ sahas± appaµisaªkh± pakkhandeyya. Tasseta½ p±µikaªkha½– ‘sa½s²dissati v± uplavissati v±’ti Ta½ kissa hetu? Paritto, up±li, attabh±vo gambh²re g±dha½ na vindati. Evameva½ kho, up±li, yo eva½ vadeyya– ‘aha½ sam±dhi½ alabham±no araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµiseviss±m²’ti, tasseta½ p±µikaªkha½– ‘sa½s²dissati v± uplavissati v±’ti.
“Seyyath±pi, up±li, daharo kum±ro mando utt±naseyyako sakena muttakar²sena k²¼ati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, nanv±ya½ keval± parip³r± b±lakhi¹¹±”ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Sa kho so, up±li, kum±ro aparena samayena vuddhimanv±ya indriy±na½ parip±kamanv±ya y±ni k±nici kum±rak±na½ k²¼±panak±ni bhavanti, seyyathida½– vaªkaka½ [vaªka½ (s². p².)] ghaµika½ mokkhacika½ ciªgulaka½ [piªgulika½ (sy±.), ciªkulaka½ (ka.)] patt±¼haka½ rathaka½ dhanuka½, tehi k²¼ati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, nanv±ya½ khi¹¹± purim±ya khi¹¹±ya abhikkantatar± ca paº²tatar± c±”ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Sa kho so, up±li, kum±ro aparena samayena vuddhimanv±ya indriy±na½ parip±kamanv±ya pañcahi k±maguºehi samappito samaªgibh³to paric±reti cakkhuviññeyyehi r³pehi iµµhehi kantehi man±pehi piyar³pehi k±m³pasa½hitehi rajan²yehi, sotaviññeyyehi saddehi… gh±naviññeyyehi gandhehi… jivh±viññeyyehi rasehi… k±yaviññeyyehi phoµµhabbehi iµµhehi kantehi man±pehi piyar³pehi k±m³pasa½hitehi rajan²yehi. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, nanv±ya½ khi¹¹± purim±hi khi¹¹±hi abhikkantatar± ca paº²tatar± c±”ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
[D². ni. 1.190; ma. ni. 2.233] “idha kho pana vo [voti nip±tamatta½ (aµµha.)], up±li, tath±gato loke uppajjati araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±. So ima½ loka½ sadevaka½ sam±raka½ sabrahmaka½ sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ paja½ sadevamanussa½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedeti. So dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti.
“Ta½ dhamma½ suº±ti gahapati v± gahapatiputto v± aññatarasmi½ v± kule pacc±j±to. So ta½ dhamma½ sutv± tath±gate saddha½ paµilabhati. So tena saddh±paµil±bhena samann±gato iti paµisañcikkhati– ‘samb±dho ghar±v±so raj±patho, abbhok±so pabbajj±. Nayida½ sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ekantaparipuººa½ ekantaparisuddha½ saªkhalikhita½ brahmacariya½ caritu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajeyyan’ti.
“So aparena samayena appa½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya appa½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajati.
“So eva½ pabbajito sam±no bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti nihitadaº¹o nihitasattho lajj² day±panno sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp² viharati.
“Adinn±d±na½ pah±ya adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti dinn±d±y² dinnap±µikaªkh²; athenena sucibh³tena attan± viharati.
“Abrahmacariya½ pah±ya brahmac±r² hoti ±r±c±r² virato methun± g±madhamm±.
“Mus±v±da½ pah±ya mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti saccav±d² saccasandho theto paccayiko avisa½v±dako lokassa.
“Pisuºa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, ito sutv± na amutra akkh±t± imesa½ bhed±ya, amutra v± sutv± na imesa½ akkh±t± am³sa½ bhed±ya. Iti bhinn±na½ v± sandh±t± sahit±na½ v± anuppad±t±, samagg±r±mo samaggarato samagganand²; samaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Pharusa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti. Y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh± peman²y± hadayaªgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p±, tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Samphappal±pa½ pah±ya samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti k±lav±d² bh³tav±d² atthav±d² dhammav±d² vinayav±d², nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti k±lena s±padesa½ pariyantavati½ atthasa½hita½.
“So b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh± paµivirato hoti. Ekabhattiko hoti ratt³parato, virato vik±labhojan±. Naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassan± paµivirato hoti, m±l±gandhavilepanadh±raºamaº¹anavibh³sanaµµh±n± paµivirato hoti, ucc±sayanamah±sayan± paµivirato hoti j±tar³parajatapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, ±makadhaññapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, ±makama½sapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, itthikum±rikapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, d±sid±sapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, aje¼akapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, kukkuµas³karapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, hatthigavassava¼avapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, khettavatthupaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti, d³teyyapahiºagaman±nuyog± paµivirato hoti, kayavikkay± paµivirato hoti, tul±k³µaka½sak³µam±nak³µ± paµivirato hoti ukkoµanavañcananikatis±ciyog± paµivirato hoti, chedanavadhabandhanavipar±mosa-±lopasahas±k±r± paµivirato hoti.
“So santuµµho hoti k±yaparih±rikena c²varena kucchiparih±rikena piº¹ap±tena. Yena yeneva pakkamati sam±d±yeva pakkamati, seyyath±pi n±ma pakkh² sakuºo yena yeneva ¹eti sapattabh±rova ¹eti. Evameva½ bhikkhu santuµµho hoti k±yaparih±rikena c²varena kucchiparih±rikena piº¹ap±tena. Yena yeneva pakkamati sam±d±yeva pakkamati. So imin± ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato ajjhatta½ anavajjasukha½ paµisa½vedeti.
“So cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati; rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h² Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ manindriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati; rakkhati manindriya½, manindriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. So imin± ariyena indriyasa½varena samann±gato ajjhatta½ aby±sekasukha½ paµisa½vedeti.
“So abhikkante paµikkante sampaj±nak±r² hoti, ±lokite vilokite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, samiñjite pas±rite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, saªgh±µipattac²varadh±raºe sampaj±nak±r² hoti, asite p²te kh±yite s±yite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, ucc±rapass±vakamme sampaj±nak±r² hoti, gate µhite nisinne sutte j±garite bh±site tuºh²bh±ve sampaj±nak±r² hoti.
“So imin± ca ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato, imin± ca ariyena indriyasa½varena samann±gato, imin± ca ariyena satisampajaññe samann±gato vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. So araññagato v± rukkham³lagato v± suññ±g±ragato v± nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±.
“So abhijjha½ loke pah±ya vigat±bhijjhena cetas± viharati, abhijjh±ya citta½ parisodheti. By±p±dapadosa½ pah±ya aby±pannacitto viharati sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp², by±p±dapados± citta½ parisodheti. Thinamiddha½ pah±ya vigatathinamiddho viharati ±lokasaññ² sato sampaj±no, thinamiddh± citta½ parisodheti. Uddhaccakukkucca½ pah±ya anuddhato viharati ajjhatta½ v³pasantacitto uddhaccakukkucc± citta½ parisodheti. Vicikiccha½ pah±ya tiººavicikiccho viharati akatha½kath² kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicch±ya citta½ parisodheti.
“So ime pañca n²varaºe pah±ya cetaso upakkilese paññ±ya dubbal²karaºe, vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, ‘nanv±ya½ vih±ro purimehi vih±rehi abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”’ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Imampi kho, up±li, mama s±vak± attani dhamma½ sampassam±n± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevanti, no ca kho t±va anuppattasadatth± viharanti.
“Puna capara½, up±li, bhikkhu vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, ‘nanv±ya½ vih±ro purimehi vih±rehi abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”’ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Imampi kho, up±li, mama s±vak± attani dhamma½ sampassam±n± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevanti, no ca kho t±va anuppattasadatth± viharanti.
“Puna capara½, up±li, bhikkhu p²tiy± ca vir±g±…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, ‘nanv±ya½ vih±ro purimehi vih±rehi abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”’ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Imampi kho, up±li, mama s±vak± attani dhamma½ sampassam±n± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevanti, no ca kho t±va anuppattasadatth± viharanti
“Puna capara½, up±li, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½…pe….
Puna capara½, up±li, bhikkhu sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, ‘nanv±ya½ vih±ro purimehi vih±rehi abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”’ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Imampi kho, up±li, mama s±vak± attani dhamma½ sampassam±n± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevanti, no ca kho t±va anuppattasadatth± viharanti.
“Puna capara½, up±li, bhikkhu sabbaso ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ viññ±ºan’ti viññ±ºañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati…pe….
“Sabbaso viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati…pe….
“Sabbaso ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘santameta½ paº²tametan’ti nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, ‘nanv±ya½ vih±ro purimehi vih±rehi abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”’ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Imampi kho, up±li, mama s±vak± attani dhamma½ sampassam±n± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevanti no ca kho t±va anuppattasadatth± viharanti.
“Puna capara½, up±li, bhikkhu sabbaso nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ samatikkamma saññ±vedayitanirodha½ upasampajja viharati; paññ±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²º± honti. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, up±li, ‘nanv±ya½ vih±ro purimehi vih±rehi abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”’ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Imampi kho, up±li, mama s±vak± attani dhamma½ sampassam±n± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni paµisevanti, anuppattasadatth± ca viharanti. Iªgha tva½, up±li, saªghe vihar±hi. Saªghe te viharato ph±su bhavissat²”ti. Navama½.