5. Migas±l±sutta½

75. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya yena migas±l±ya up±sik±ya nivesana½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Atha kho migas±l± up±sik± yen±yasm± ±nando tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho migas±l± up±sik± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca–
“Katha½ katha½ n±m±ya½, bhante ±nanda, bhagavat± dhammo desito aññeyyo, yatra hi n±ma brahmac±r² ca abrahmac±r² ca ubho samasamagatik± bhavissanti abhisampar±ya½. Pit± me, bhante, pur±ºo brahmac±r² hoti ±r±c±r² [an±c±r² (ka.)] virato methun± g±madhamm±. So k±laªkato bhagavat± by±kato– ‘sakad±g±m² satto [sakad±g±misatto (s². sy±. p².)] tusita½ k±ya½ upapanno’ti. Pit±maho me [pett±pi yo me (s².), pita piyo me (sy±.) a. ni. 6.44], bhante, isidatto abrahmac±r² ahosi sad±rasantuµµho. Sopi k±laªkato bhagavat± by±kato– ‘sakad±g±m² satto tusita½ k±ya½ upapanno’ti.
“Katha½ katha½ n±m±ya½, bhante ±nanda, bhagavat± dhammo desito aññeyyo, yatra hi n±ma brahmac±r² ca abrahmac±r² ca ubho samasamagatik± bhavissanti abhisampar±yan”ti? “Eva½ kho paneta½, bhagini, bhagavat± by±katan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando migas±l±ya up±sik±ya nivesane piº¹ap±ta½ gahetv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca–
“Idh±ha½ bhante, pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya yena migas±l±ya up±sik±ya nivesana½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di½. Atha kho, bhante, migas±l± up±sik± yen±ha½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ma½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho, bhante, migas±l± up±sik± ma½ etadavoca
‘Katha½ katha½ n±m±ya½, bhante ±nanda, bhagavat± dhammo desito aññeyyo, yatra hi n±ma brahmac±r² ca abrahmac±r² ca ubho samasamagatik± bhavissanti abhisampar±ya½. Pit± me, bhante, pur±ºo brahmac±r² ahosi ±r±c±r² virato methun± g±madhamm±. So k±laªkato bhagavat± by±kato sakad±g±m² satto tusita½ k±ya½ upapannoti. Pit±maho me, bhante, isidatto abrahmac±r² ahosi sad±rasantuµµho. Sopi k±laªkato bhagavat± by±kato– sakad±g±m² satto tusita½ k±ya½ upapannoti.
Katha½ katha½ n±m±ya½, bhante ±nanda, bhagavat± dhammo desito aññeyyo, yatra hi n±ma brahmac±r² ca abrahmac±r² ca ubho samasamagatik± bhavissanti abhisampar±yan’ti? Eva½ vutte aha½, bhante, migas±la½ up±sika½ etadavoca½– ‘eva½ kho paneta½, bhagini, bhagavat± by±kata”n’ti.
“K± c±nanda, migas±l± up±sik± b±l± abyatt± ammak± ammakapaññ± [ambak± ambakapaññ± (s². p².), andhak± andhakapaññ± (sy±.)], ke ca purisapuggalaparopariye ñ±ºe?
“Dasayime, ±nanda, puggal± santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmi½. Katame dasa? Idh±nanda, ekacco puggalo duss²lo hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti, yatthassa ta½ duss²lya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi akata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi akata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi appaµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ na labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± h±n±ya pareti, no vises±ya; h±nag±m²yeva hoti, no visesag±m².
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo duss²lo hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ duss²lya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ [suppaµividdha½ (sy±.)] hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± vises±ya pareti, no h±n±ya; visesag±m²yeva hoti, no h±nag±m².
“Tatr±nanda, pam±ºik± pamiºanti– ‘imassapi teva dhamm±, aparassapi teva dhamm±. Kasm± nesa½ eko h²no eko paº²to’ti? Tañhi tesa½, ±nanda, hoti d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya.
“Tatr±nanda, yv±ya½ puggalo duss²lo hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ duss²lya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. Aya½, ±nanda, puggalo amun± purimena puggalena abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro ca. Ta½ kissa hetu? Ima½ h±nanda, puggala½ dhammasoto nibbahati. Tadantara½ ko j±neyya, aññatra tath±gatena! Tasm±tih±nanda, m± puggalesu pam±ºik± ahuvattha m± puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºhittha. Khaññati h±nanda, puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºhanto. Aha½ v±, ±nanda [ahañc±nanda (s². sy±. ka.) a. ni. 6.44 passitabba½], puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºheyya½ yo v± panassa m±diso.
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo s²lav± hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ s²la½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi akata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi akata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi appaµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ na labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± h±n±ya pareti, no vises±ya; h±nag±m²yeva hoti, no visesag±m².
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo s²lav± hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ s²la½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± vises±ya pareti, no h±n±ya; visesag±m²yeva hoti, no h±nag±m².
“Tatr±nanda, pam±ºik± pamiºanti…pe… aha½ v±, ±nanda, puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºheyya½ yo v± panassa m±diso.
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo tibbar±go hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti yatthassa so r±go apariseso nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi akata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi akata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi appaµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ na labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± h±n±ya pareti, no vises±ya; h±nag±m²yeva hoti, no visesag±m².
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo tibbar±go hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa so r±go apariseso nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± vises±ya pareti, no h±n±ya; visesag±m²yeva hoti, no h±nag±m².
“Tatr±nanda pam±ºik± pamiºanti…pe… aha½ v±, ±nanda, puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºheyya½ yo v± panassa m±diso.
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo kodhano hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti yatthassa so kodho apariseso nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi akata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi akata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi appaµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ na labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± h±n±ya pareti, no vises±ya; h±nag±m²yeva hoti, no visesag±m².
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo kodhano hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa so kodho apariseso nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± vises±ya pareti, no h±n±ya; visesag±m²yeva hoti, no h±nag±m².
“Tatr±nanda, pam±ºik± pamiºanti…pe… aha½ v±, ±nanda, puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºheyya½ yo v± panassa m±diso.
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo uddhato hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ uddhacca½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi akata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi akata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi appaµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ na labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± h±n±ya pareti, no vises±ya; h±nag±m²yeva hoti, no visesag±m².
“Idha pan±nanda, ekacco puggalo uddhato hoti. Tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ uddhacca½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± vises±ya pareti, no h±n±ya; visesag±m²yeva hoti, no h±nag±m².
“Tatr±nanda pam±ºik± pamiºanti– ‘imassapi teva dhamm±, aparassapi teva dhamm±. Kasm± nesa½ eko h²no eko paº²to’ti? Tañhi tesa½, ±nanda, hoti d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya.
“Tatr±nanda, yv±ya½ puggalo uddhato hoti tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yatthassa ta½ uddhacca½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati, tassa savanenapi kata½ hoti, b±husaccenapi kata½ hoti, diµµhiy±pi paµividdha½ hoti, s±m±yikampi vimutti½ labhati. Aya½, ±nanda, puggalo amun± purimena puggalena abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro ca. Ta½ kissa hetu Ima½ h±nanda, puggala½ dhammasoto nibbahati. Tadantara½ ko j±neyya aññatra tath±gatena! Tasm±tih±nanda, m± puggalesu pam±ºik± ahuvattha; m± puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºhittha. Khaññati h±nanda, puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºhanto. Aha½ v±, ±nanda, puggalesu pam±ºa½ gaºheyya½ yo v± panassa m±diso.
“K± c±nanda, migas±l± up±sik± b±l± abyatt± ammak± ammakapaññ±, ke ca purisapuggalaparopariye ñ±ºe! Ime kho, ±nanda, dasa puggal± santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmi½.
“Yath±r³pena, ±nanda, s²lena pur±ºo samann±gato ahosi tath±r³pena s²lena isidatto samann±gato abhavissa, nayidha pur±ºo isidattassa gatimpi aññassa. Yath±r³p±ya c±nanda, paññ±ya isidatto samann±gato ahosi tath±r³p±ya paññ±ya pur±ºo samann±gato abhavissa, nayidha isidatto pur±ºassa gatimpi aññassa. Iti kho, ±nanda, ime puggal± ubho ekaªgah²n±”ti. Pañcama½.