4. Samathasutta½

54. “No ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paracittapariy±yakusalo hoti, atha ‘sacittapariy±yakusalo bhaviss±m²’ti– evañhi vo, bhikkhave, sikkhitabba½.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sacittapariy±yakusalo hoti? Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, itth² v± puriso v± daharo yuv± maº¹anakaj±tiko ±d±se v± parisuddhe pariyod±te acche v± udapatte saka½ mukhanimitta½ paccavekkham±no sace tattha passati raja½ v± aªgaºa½ v±, tasseva rajassa v± aªgaºassa v± pah±n±ya v±yamati. No ce tattha passati raja½ v± aªgaºa½ v±, tenevattamano hoti paripuººasaªkappo– ‘l±bh± vata me, parisuddha½ vata me’ti. Evameva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno paccavekkhaº± bahuk±r± hoti kusalesu dhammesu– ‘l±bh² nu khomhi ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa, na nu khomhi l±bh² ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa, l±bh² nu khomhi adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya, na nu khomhi l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±y±’ti.
“Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paccavekkham±no eva½ j±n±ti– ‘l±bh²mhi ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa, na l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±y±’ti, tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhun± ajjhatta½ cetosamathe patiµµh±ya adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya yogo karaº²yo. So aparena samayena l±bh² ceva hoti ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa l±bh² ca adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya.
“Sace pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paccavekkham±no eva½ j±n±ti– ‘l±bh²mhi adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya, na l±bh² ajjhatta½ cetosamathass±’ti, tena, bhikkhave bhikkhun± adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya patiµµh±ya ajjhatta½ cetosamathe yogo karaº²yo. So aparena samayena l±bh² ceva hoti adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa.
“Sace, pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paccavekkham±no eva½ j±n±ti– ‘na l±bh² ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa, na l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±y±’ti, tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhun± tesa½yeva kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ paµil±bh±ya adhimatto chando ca v±y±mo ca uss±ho ca usso¼h² ca appaµiv±n² ca sati ca sampajaññañca karaº²ya½. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, ±dittacelo v± ±dittas²so v±. Tasseva celassa v± s²sassa v± nibb±pan±ya adhimatta½ chandañca v±y±mañca uss±hañca usso¼hiñca appaµiv±niñca satiñca sampajaññañca kareyya. Evameva½ kho, bhikkhave, tena bhikkhun± tesa½yeva kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ paµil±bh±ya adhimatto chando ca v±y±mo ca uss±ho ca usso¼h² ca appaµiv±n² ca sati ca sampajaññañca karaº²ya½. So aparena samayena l±bh² ceva hoti ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa l±bh² ca adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya.
“Sace pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paccavekkham±no eva½ j±n±ti– ‘l±bh²mhi ajjhatta½ cetosamathassa, l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±y±’ti, tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhun± tesuyeva kusalesu dhammesu patiµµh±ya uttari ±sav±na½ khay±ya yogo karaº²yo.
“C²varamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbampi. Piº¹ap±tamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbampi. Sen±sanamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbampi. G±manigamamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbampi. Janapadapadesamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbampi. Puggalamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbampi.
“‘C²varamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tattha ya½ jaññ± c²vara½– ‘ida½ kho me c²vara½ sevato akusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, kusal± dhamm± parih±yant²’ti, evar³pa½ c²vara½ na sevitabba½. Tattha ya½ jaññ± c²vara½– ‘ida½ kho me c²vara½ sevato akusal± dhamm± parih±yanti, kusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hant²’ti, evar³pa½ c²vara½ sevitabba½. ‘C²varamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“‘Piº¹ap±tamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tattha ya½ jaññ± piº¹ap±ta½– ‘ima½ kho me piº¹ap±ta½ sevato akusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, kusal± dhamm± parih±yant²’ti, evar³po piº¹ap±to na sevitabbo. Tattha ya½ jaññ± piº¹ap±ta½– ‘ima½ kho me piº¹ap±ta½ sevato akusal± dhamm± parih±yanti, kusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hant²’ti, evar³po piº¹ap±to sevitabbo. ‘Piº¹ap±tamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“‘Sen±sanamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tattha ya½ jaññ± sen±sana½– ‘ida½ kho me sen±sana½ sevato akusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, kusal± dhamm± parih±yant²’ti, evar³pa½ sen±sana½ na sevitabba½. Tattha ya½ jaññ± sen±sana½– ‘ida½ kho me sen±sana½ sevato akusal± dhamm± parih±yanti, kusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hant²’ti, evar³pa½ sen±sana½ sevitabba½. ‘Sen±sanamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“‘G±manigamamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tattha ya½ jaññ± g±manigama½– ‘ima½ kho me g±manigama½ sevato akusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, kusal± dhamm± parih±yant²’ti evar³po g±manigamo na sevitabbo. Tattha ya½ jaññ± g±manigama½– ‘ima½ kho me g±manigama½ sevato akusal± dhamm± parih±yanti, kusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hant²’ti, evar³po g±manigamo sevitabbo ‘G±manigamamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“‘Janapadapadesamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tattha ya½ jaññ± janapadapadesa½– ‘ima½ kho me janapadapadesa½ sevato akusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, kusal± dhamm± parih±yant²’ti, evar³po janapadapadeso na sevitabbo. Tattha ya½ jaññ± janapadapadesa½– ‘ima½ kho me janapadapadesa½ sevato akusal± dhamm± parih±yanti, kusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hant²’ti, evar³po janapadapadeso sevitabbo. ‘Janapadapadesamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“‘Puggalamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tattha ya½ jaññ± puggala½– ‘ima½ kho me puggala½ sevato akusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, kusal± dhamm± parih±yant²’ti, evar³po puggalo na sevitabbo. Tattha ya½ jaññ± puggala½– ‘ima½ kho me puggala½ sevato akusal± dhamm± parih±yanti, kusal± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hant²’ti, evar³po puggalo sevitabbo ‘Puggalamp±ha½, bhikkhave, duvidhena vad±mi– sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²’ti, iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti. Catuttha½.