6. Dutiya-adhammasutta½

172. “Adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo dhammo ca; anattho ca veditabbo attho ca. Adhammañca viditv± dhammañca, anatthañca viditv± atthañca yath± dhammo yath± attho tath± paµipajjitabban”ti. Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi.
Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ acirapakkantassa bhagavato etadahosi– “ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo dhammo ca; anattho ca veditabbo attho ca. Adhammañca viditv± dhammañca, anatthañca viditv± atthañca yath± dhammo yath± attho tath± paµipajjitabban’ti. Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±”ti?
Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito, sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ puccheyy±ma. Yath± no ±yasm± mah±kacc±no by±karissati tath± na½ dh±ress±m±”ti.
Atha kho te bhikkh³ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena saddhi½ sammodi½su. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etadavocu½–
“Ida½ kho no, ±vuso kacc±na, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo dhammo ca; anattho ca veditabbo attho ca. Adhammañca viditv± dhammañca, anatthañca viditv± atthañca yath± dhammo yath± attho tath± paµipajjitabban’ti.
“Tesa½ no, ±vuso, amh±ka½ acirapakkantassa bhagavato etadahosi– ‘ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– adhammo ca, bhikkhave…pe… tath± paµipajjitabbanti. Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±’ti?
“Tesa½ no, ±vuso, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito, sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±ma. Yath± no ±yasm± mah±kacc±no by±karissati tath± na½ dh±ress±m±’ti. Vibhajatu ±yasm± mah±kacc±no”ti.
“Seyyath±pi, ±vuso, puriso s±ratthiko s±ra½ gaves² s±rapariyesana½ caram±no mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato s±ravato atikkammeva m³la½ atikkamma khandha½ s±kh±pal±se s±ra½ pariyesitabba½ maññeyya. Eva½sampadamida½ ±yasmant±na½ satthari sammukh²bh³te ta½ bhagavanta½ atisitv± amhe etamattha½ paµipucchitabba½ maññatha [maññetha (s².), maññeyy±tha (ka.)]. So h±vuso, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti passa½ passati cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato. So ceva panetassa k±lo ahosi ya½ tumhe bhagavanta½yeva upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha. Yath± vo bhagav± by±kareyya tath± na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti.
“Addh±, ±vuso kacc±na, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti passa½ passati cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato. So ceva panetassa k±lo ahosi ya½ maya½ bhagavanta½yeva upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±ma. Yath± no bhagav± by±kareyya tath± na½ dh±reyy±ma. Api c±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito, sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Vibhajat±yasm± mah±kacc±no agaru½ karitv±”ti.
“Tena h±vuso, suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, ±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa paccassosu½. Ath±yasm± mah±kacc±no etadavoca–
“Ya½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo…pe… tath± paµipajjitabban’ti.
“Katamo, c±vuso, adhammo; katamo ca dhammo? Katamo ca anattho, katamo ca attho? “P±º±tip±to, ±vuso, adhammo; p±º±tip±t± veramaº² dhammo; ye ca p±º±tip±tapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; p±º±tip±t± veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Adinn±d±na½, ±vuso, adhammo; adinn±d±n± veramaº² dhammo; ye ca adinn±d±napaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti aya½ anattho; adinn±d±n± veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“K±mesumicch±c±ro, ±vuso, adhammo; k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº² dhammo; ye ca k±mesumicch±c±rapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Mus±v±do, ±vuso, adhammo; mus±v±d± veramaº² dhammo; ye ca mus±v±dapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; mus±v±d± veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Pisuº± v±c±, ±vuso, adhammo; pisuº±ya v±c±ya veramaº² dhammo; ye ca pisuº±v±c±paccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; pisuº±ya v±c±ya veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Pharus± v±c±, ±vuso, adhammo; pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaº² dhammo; ye ca pharus±v±c±paccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Samphappal±po ±vuso, adhammo; samphappal±p± veramaº² dhammo; ye ca samphappal±papaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; samphappal±p± veramaºipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Abhijjh±, ±vuso, adhammo; anabhijjh± dhammo; ye ca abhijjh±paccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; anabhijjh±paccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“By±p±do, ±vuso, adhammo; aby±p±do dhammo; ye ca by±p±dapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; aby±p±dapaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“Micch±diµµhi, ±vuso, adhammo; samm±diµµhi dhammo; ye ca micch±diµµhipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, aya½ anattho; samm±diµµhipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, aya½ attho.
“‘Ya½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo…pe… tath± paµipajjitabban’ti. Imassa kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa eva½ vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi. ¾kaªkham±n± ca pana tumhe, ±vuso, bhagavanta½yeva upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha. Yath± no bhagav± by±karoti tath± na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti.
“Evam±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uµµh±y±san± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½–
“Ya½ kho no, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo…pe… tath± paµipajjitabban’ti.
“Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½ acirapakkantassa bhagavato etadahosi– ‘ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘adhammo ca, bhikkhave, veditabbo…pe… tath± paµipajjitabban’ti. Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±’ti?
“Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito, sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±ma. Yath± no ±yasm± mah±kacc±no by±karissati tath± na½ dh±ress±m±’ti.
“Atha kho maya½, bhante, yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkamimh±; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ apucchimh±. Tesa½ no, bhante, ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena imehi akkharehi imehi padehi imehi byañjanehi attho suvibhatto”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, bhikkhave! Paº¹ito, bhikkhave, mah±kacc±no. Mah±pañño, bhikkhave, mah±kacc±no. Ma½ cepi tumhe, bhikkhave, upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha, ahampi ceta½ evameva½ by±kareyya½ yath± ta½ mah±kacc±nena by±kata½. Eso ceva tassa attho. Evañca na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti. Chaµµha½.