4. Nandakasutta½

4. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± nandako upaµµh±nas±l±ya½ bhikkh³ dhammiy± kath±ya sandasseti sam±dapeti samuttejeti sampaha½seti. Atha kho bhagav± s±yanhasamaya½ paµisall±n± vuµµhito yenupaµµh±nas±l± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bahidv±rakoµµhake aµµh±si kath±pariyos±na½ ±gamayam±no. Atha kho bhagav± kath±pariyos±na½ viditv± ukk±setv± agga¼a½ ±koµesi. Vivari½su kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato dv±ra½.
Atha kho bhagav± upaµµh±nas±la½ pavisitv± paññatt±sane nis²di. Nisajja kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ nandaka½ etadavoca– “d²gho kho ty±ya½, nandaka, dhammapariy±yo bhikkh³na½ paµibh±si. Api me piµµhi ±gil±yati bahidv±rakoµµhake µhitassa kath±pariyos±na½ ±gamayam±nass±”ti.
Eva½ vutte ±yasm± nandako s±rajjam±nar³po bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “na kho pana maya½, bhante, j±n±ma ‘bhagav± bahidv±rakoµµhake µhito’ti. Sace hi maya½, bhante, j±neyy±ma ‘bhagav± bahidv±rakoµµhake µhito’ti, ettakampi ( ) [(dhamma½) katthaci] no nappaµibh±seyy±”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ nandaka½ s±rajjam±nar³pa½ viditv± ±yasmanta½ nandaka½ etadavoca– “s±dhu, s±dhu, nandaka! Eta½ kho, nandaka, tumh±ka½ patir³pa½ kulaputt±na½ saddh±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±na½, ya½ tumhe dhammiy± kath±ya sannis²deyy±tha. Sannipatit±na½ vo, nandaka, dvaya½ karaº²ya½– dhamm² v± kath± ariyo v± tuºh²bh±vo. [A. ni. 8.71; 9.1] saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti, no ca s²lav±. Eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti. Tena ta½ aªga½ parip³retabba½– ‘kint±ha½ saddho ca assa½ s²lav± c±’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca, eva½ so tenaªgena parip³ro hoti.
“Saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti s²lav± ca, no ca l±bh² ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa. Eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti. Tena ta½ aªga½ parip³retabba½– ‘kint±ha½ saddho ca assa½ s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhiss±’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa, eva½ so tenaªgena parip³ro hoti.
“Saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa, na l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya. Eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti. Seyyath±pi, nandaka, p±ºako catupp±dako assa. Tassa eko p±do omako l±mako. Eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro assa. Evameva½ kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa, na l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya. Eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti. Tena ta½ aªga½ parip³retabba½– ‘kint±ha½ saddho ca assa½ s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa l±bh² ca adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±y±”’ti.
“Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa l±bh² ca adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya, eva½ so tenaªgena parip³ro hot²”ti. Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi.
Atha kho ±yasm± nandako acirapakkantassa bhagavato bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “id±ni, ±vuso, bhagav± cat³hi padehi kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±setv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti, no ca s²lav±. Eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti. Tena ta½ aªga½ parip³retabba½– kint±ha½ saddho ca assa½ s²lav± c±’ti. Yato ca kho nandaka bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca, eva½ so tenaªgena parip³ro hoti. Saddho ca nandaka bhikkhu hoti s²lav± ca, no ca l±bh² ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa…pe… l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa, na l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya, eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti. Seyyath±pi nandaka p±ºako catupp±dako assa, tassa eko p±do omako l±mako, eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro assa. Evameva½ kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca, l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa, na l±bh² adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya, eva½ so tenaªgena aparip³ro hoti, tena ta½ aªga½ parip³retabba½ ‘kint±ha½ saddho ca assa½ s²lav± ca, l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa, l±bh² ca adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±y±’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti s²lav± ca l±bh² ca ajjhatta½ cetosam±dhissa l±bh² ca adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya, eva½ so tenaªgena parip³ro hot²”ti.
“Pañcime, ±vuso, ±nisa½s± k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±ya. Katame pañca? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Yath± yath±, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti tath± tath± so satthu piyo ca hoti man±po ca garu ca bh±van²yo ca. Aya½, ±vuso, paµhamo ±nisa½so k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±ya.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Yath± yath±, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±seti, tath± tath± so tasmi½ dhamme atthappaµisa½ved² ca hoti dhammappaµisa½ved² ca. Aya½, ±vuso, dutiyo ±nisa½so k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±ya.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Yath± yath±, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±seti, tath± tath± so tasmi½ dhamme gambh²ra½ atthapada½ paññ±ya ativijjha passati. Aya½, ±vuso, tatiyo ±nisa½so k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±ya.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Yath± yath±, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±seti, tath± tath± na½ sabrahmac±r² uttari sambh±venti– ‘addh± ayam±yasm± patto v± pajjati v±’. Aya½, ±vuso, catuttho ±nisa½so k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±ya.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Yath± yath±, ±vuso, bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½ kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti, tattha ye kho bhikkh³ sekh± appattam±nas± anuttara½ yogakkhema½ patthayam±n± viharanti, te ta½ dhamma½ sutv± v²riya½ ±rabhanti appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±ya. Ye pana tattha bhikkh³ arahanto kh²º±sav± vusitavanto katakaraº²y± ohitabh±r± anuppattasadatth± parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojan± sammadaññ±vimutt±, te ta½ dhamma½ sutv± diµµhadhammasukhavih±ra½yeva anuyutt± viharanti. Aya½, ±vuso, pañcamo ±nisa½so k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±ya. Ime kho, ±vuso, pañca ±nisa½s± k±lena dhammassavane k±lena dhammas±kacch±y±”ti. Catuttha½.