4. D²ghaj±ºusutta½

54. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± koliyesu viharati kakkarapatta½ n±ma koliy±na½ nigamo. Atha kho d²ghaj±ºu koliyaputto yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho d²ghaj±ºu koliyaputto bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “maya½, bhante, gih² k±mabhogino [k±mabhog² (s². sy±. p².)] puttasamb±dhasayana½ ajjh±vas±ma, k±sikacandana½ paccanubhoma m±l±gandhavilepana½ dh±ray±ma, j±tar³parajata½ s±day±ma. Tesa½ no, bhante, bhagav± amh±ka½ tath± dhamma½ desetu ye amh±ka½ assu dhamm± diµµhadhammahit±ya diµµhadhammasukh±ya, sampar±yahit±ya sampar±yasukh±y±”ti.
“Catt±rome, byagghapajja, dhamm± kulaputtassa diµµhadhammahit±ya sa½vattanti diµµhadhammasukh±ya. Katame catt±ro? Uµµh±nasampad±, ±rakkhasampad±, kaly±ºamittat±, samaj²vit± [samaj²vikat± (s².) a. ni. 8.75]. Katam± ca, byagghapajja, uµµh±nasampad±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputto yena kammaµµh±nena j²vika½ [j²vita½ (ka.)] kappeti– yadi kasiy±, yadi vaºijj±ya, yadi gorakkhena, yadi issattena [issatthena (s². sy±. p².)], yadi r±japorisena, yadi sippaññatarena– tattha dakkho hoti analaso, tatrup±y±ya v²ma½s±ya samann±gato, ala½ k±tu½ ala½ sa½vidh±tu½. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, uµµh±nasampad±.
“Katam± ca, byagghapajja, ±rakkhasampad±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputtassa bhog± honti uµµh±nav²riy±dhigat± b±h±balaparicit±, sed±vakkhitt±, dhammik± dhammaladdh±. Te ±rakkhena guttiy± samp±deti– ‘kinti me ime bhoge neva r±j±no hareyyu½, na cor± hareyyu½, na aggi ¹aheyya, na udaka½ vaheyya, na appiy± d±y±d± hareyyun’ti! Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, ±rakkhasampad±.
“Katam± ca, byagghapajja, kaly±ºamittat±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputto yasmi½ g±me v± nigame v± paµivasati, tattha ye te honti– gahapat² v± gahapatiputt± v± dahar± v± vuddhas²lino, vuddh± v± vuddhas²lino, saddh±sampann±, s²lasampann±, c±gasampann±, paññ±sampann±– tehi saddhi½ santiµµhati sallapati s±kaccha½ sam±pajjati; yath±r³p±na½ saddh±sampann±na½ saddh±sampada½ anusikkhati, yath±r³p±na½ s²lasampann±na½ s²lasampada½ anusikkhati, yath±r³p±na½ c±gasampann±na½ c±gasampada½ anusikkhati, yath±r³p±na½ paññ±sampann±na½ paññ±sampada½ anusikkhati. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, kaly±ºamittat±.
“Katam± ca, byagghapajja, samaj²vit±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputto ±yañca bhog±na½ viditv±, vayañca bhog±na½ viditv±, sama½ j²vika½ [samaj²vika½ (sy±.), samaj²vita½ (ka.)] kappeti n±ccog±¼ha½ n±tih²na½– ‘eva½ me ±yo vaya½ pariy±d±ya µhassati, na ca me vayo ±ya½ pariy±d±ya µhassat²’ti. Seyyath±pi byagghapajja, tul±dh±ro v± tul±dh±rantev±s² v± tula½ paggahetv± j±n±ti– ‘ettakena v± onata½ [oºata½ (ka.)], ettakena v± unnatan’ti [uººatanti (ka.)]; evameva½ kho, byagghapajja, kulaputto ±yañca bhog±na½ viditv±, vayañca bhog±na½ viditv±, sama½ j²vika½ kappeti n±ccog±¼ha½ n±tih²na½– ‘eva½ me ±yo vaya½ pariy±d±ya µhassati na ca me vayo ±ya½ pariy±d±ya µhassat²’ti. Sac±ya½, byagghapajja, kulaputto app±yo sam±no u¼±ra½ j²vika½ [j²vita½ (ka.)] kappeti, tassa bhavanti vatt±ro– ‘udumbarakh±d²v±ya½ [udumbarakh±dika½ v±ya½ (s². p².), udumbarakh±daka½ c±ya½ (sy±.)] kulaputto bhoge kh±dat²’ti. Sace pan±ya½, byagghapajja, kulaputto mah±yo sam±no kasira½ j²vika½ [j²vita½ (ka.)] kappeti, tassa bhavanti vatt±ro– ‘ajeµµhamaraºa½v±ya½ [ajaddhum±rika½ v±ya½ (s². p².), addham±raka½ c±ya½ (sy±.), ettha jaddh³ti asana½ = bhattabhuñjana½, tasm± ajaddhum±rikanti anasanamaraºanti vutta½ hoti. Ma. ni. 1.379 adholipiy± “ajaddhukan”ti pada½ dassita½] kulaputto marissat²’ti. Yato ca khoya½, byagghapajja, kulaputto ±yañca bhog±na½ viditv±, vayañca bhog±na½ viditv±, sama½ j²vika½ kappeti n±ccog±¼ha½ n±tih²na½– ‘eva½ me ±yo vaya½ pariy±d±ya µhassati, na ca me vayo ±ya½ pariy±d±ya µhassat²’ti. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, samaj²vit±.
“Eva½ samuppann±na½, byagghapajja, bhog±na½ catt±ri ap±yamukh±ni honti– itthidhutto, sur±dhutto, akkhadhutto, p±pamitto p±pasah±yo p±pasampavaªko. Seyyath±pi, byagghapajja, mahato ta¼±kassa catt±ri ceva ±yamukh±ni, catt±ri ca ap±yamukh±ni. Tassa puriso y±ni ceva ±yamukh±ni t±ni pidaheyya, y±ni ca ap±yamukh±ni t±ni vivareyya; devo ca na samm± dh±ra½ anuppaveccheyya. Evañhi tassa, byagghapajja, mahato ta¼±kassa parih±niyeva p±µikaªkh±, no vuddhi; evameva½, byagghapajja, eva½ samuppann±na½ bhog±na½ catt±ri ap±yamukh±ni honti– itthidhutto, sur±dhutto, akkhadhutto, p±pamitto p±pasah±yo p±pasampavaªko.
“Eva½ samuppann±na½, byagghapajja, bhog±na½ catt±ri ±yamukh±ni honti– na itthidhutto, na sur±dhutto, na akkhadhutto kaly±ºamitto kaly±ºasah±yo kaly±ºasampavaªko. Seyyath±pi, byagghapajja, mahato ta¼±kassa catt±ri ceva ±yamukh±ni, catt±ri ca ap±yamukh±ni. Tassa puriso y±ni ceva ±yamukh±ni t±ni vivareyya, y±ni ca ap±yamukh±ni t±ni pidaheyya; devo ca samm± dh±ra½ anuppaveccheyya. Evañhi tassa, byagghapajja, mahato ta¼±kassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni; evameva½ kho, byagghapajja, eva½ samuppann±na½ bhog±na½ catt±ri ±yamukh±ni honti– na itthidhutto na sur±dhutto, na akkhadhutto, kaly±ºamitto kaly±ºasah±yo kaly±ºasampavaªko. Ime kho, byagghapajja, catt±ro dhamm± kulaputtassa diµµhadhammahit±ya sa½vattanti diµµhadhammasukh±ya.
“Catt±rome, byagghapajja, dhamm± kulaputtassa sampar±yahit±ya sa½vattanti sampar±yasukh±ya. Katame catt±ro? Saddh±sampad±, s²lasampad± c±gasampad±, paññ±sampad±. Katam± ca, byagghapajja, saddh±sampad±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputto saddho hoti, saddahati tath±gatassa bodhi½– ‘itipi so bhagav±…pe… satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±’ti. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, saddh±sampad±.
“Katam± ca, byagghapajja, s²lasampad±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputto p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± paµivirato hoti. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, s²lasampad±.
“Katam± ca, byagghapajja, c±gasampad±? Idha, byagghapajja, kulaputto vigatamalamaccherena cetas± ag±ra½ ajjh±vasati muttac±go payatap±ºi vossaggarato y±cayogo d±nasa½vibh±garato. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, c±gasampad±.
“Katam± ca, byagghapajja, paññ±sampad±? Idha byagghapajja, kulaputto paññav± hoti, udayatthag±miniy± paññ±ya samann±gato ariy±ya nibbedhik±ya samm± dukkhakkhayag±miniy±. Aya½ vuccati, byagghapajja, paññ±sampad±. Ime kho, byagghapajja, catt±ro dhamm± kulaputtassa sampar±yahit±ya sa½vattanti sampar±yasukh±y±”ti.
“Uµµh±t± kammadheyyesu, appamatto vidh±nav±;
sama½ kappeti j²vika½ [j²vita½ (ka.)], sambhata½ anurakkhati.
“Saddho s²lena sampanno, vadaññ³ v²tamaccharo;
nicca½ magga½ visodheti, sotth±na½ sampar±yika½.
“Iccete aµµha dhamm± ca, saddhassa gharamesino;
akkh±t± saccan±mena, ubhayattha sukh±vah±.
“Diµµhadhammahitatth±ya, sampar±yasukh±ya ca;
evameta½ gahaµµh±na½, c±go puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti. Catuttha½.