2. S²hasuttavaººan±

12. Dutiye abhiññ±t±ti ñ±t± paññ±t± p±kaµ±. Santh±g±reti mah±janassa vissamanatth±ya kate ag±re. S± kira santh±g±ras±l± nagaramajjhe ahosi, cat³su µh±nesu µhit±na½ paññ±yati, cat³hi dis±hi ±gatamanuss± paµhama½ tattha vissamitv± pacch± attano attano ph±sukaµµh±na½ gacchanti. R±jakul±na½ rajjakiccasantharaºatth±ya kata½ ag±rantipi vadantiyeva. Tattha hi nis²ditv± licchavir±j±no rajjakicca½ santharanti karonti vic±renti. Sannisinn±ti tesa½ nis²danatthaññeva paññattesu mah±rahavarapaccattharaºesu samussitasetacchattesu ±sanesu sannisinn±. Anekapariy±yena buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sant²ti r±jakule kiccañceva lokatthacariyañca vic±retv± anekehi k±raºehi buddhassa vaººa½ bh±santi kathenti d²penti. Paº¹it± hi te r±j±no saddh± pasann± sot±pann±pi sakad±g±minopi an±g±minopi ariyas±vak±, te sabbepi lokiyajaµa½ chinditv± buddh±d²na½ tiººa½ ratan±na½ vaººa½ bh±santi. Tattha tividho buddhavaººo n±ma cariyavaººo, sar²ravaººo, guºavaººoti. Tatrime r±j±no cariy±ya vaººa½ ±rabhi½su– “dukkara½ vata kata½ samm±sambuddhena kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkheyy±ni dasa p±ramiyo, dasa upap±ramiyo, dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samatti½sa p±ramiyo p³rentena, ñ±tatthacariya½, lokatthacariya½, buddhacariya½ matthaka½ p±petv± pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajanten±”ti a¹¹hacchakkehi j±takasatehi buddhavaººa½ kathent± tusitabhavana½ p±petv± µhapayi½su.
Dhammassa vaººa½ bh±sant± pana “tena bhagavat± dhammo desito, nik±yato pañca nik±y±, piµakato t²ºi piµak±ni, aªgato nava aªg±ni, khandhato catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahass±n²”ti koµµh±savasena dhammaguºa½ kathayi½su.
Saªghassa vaººa½ bh±sant± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± “paµiladdhasaddh± kulaputt± bhogakkhandhañceva ñ±tiparivaµµañca pah±ya setacchatta½ oparajja½ sen±patiseµµhibhaº¹±g±rikaµµh±nantar±d²ni agaºetv± nikkhamma satthu varas±sane pabbajanti. Setacchatta½ pah±ya pabbajit±na½ bhaddiyar±jamah±kappinapukkus±ti-±d²na½ r±japabbajit±na½yeva buddhak±le as²tisahass±ni ahesu½. Anekakoµisata½ dhana½ pah±ya pabbajit±na½ pana yasakulaputtasoºaseµµhiputtaraµµhap±lakulaputt±d²na½ paricchedo natthi. Evar³p± ca evar³p± ca kulaputt± satthu s±sane pabbajant²”ti pabbajj±saªkhepavasena saªghaguºe kathayi½su.
S²ho sen±pat²ti eva½n±mako sen±ya adhipati. Ves±liyañhi satta sahass±ni satta sat±ni satta ca r±j±no. Te sabbepi sannipatitv± sabbesa½ mana½ gahetv± “raµµha½ vic±retu½ samattha½ eka½ vicinath±”ti vicinant± s²ha½ r±jakum±ra½ disv± “aya½ sakkhissat²”ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± tassa rattamaºivaººa½ kambalapariyonaddha½ sen±paticchatta½ ada½su. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “s²ho sen±pat²”ti. Nigaºµhas±vakoti nigaºµhassa n±µaputtassa paccayad±yako upaµµh±ko. Jambud²patalasmiñhi tayo jan± nigaºµh±na½ aggupaµµh±k±– n±¼and±ya½, up±li gahapati, kapilapure vappo sakko, ves±liya½ aya½ s²ho sen±pat²ti. Nisinno hot²ti sesar±j³na½ paris±ya antarantare ±san±ni paññ±payi½su, s²hassa pana majjhe µh±neti tasmi½ paññatte mah±rahe r±j±sane nisinno hoti. Nissa½sayanti nibbicikiccha½ addh± eka½sena, na hete yassa v± tassa v± appesakkhassa eva½ anekasatehi k±raºehi vaººa½ bh±santi.
Yena nigaºµho n±µaputto tenupasaªkam²ti nigaºµho kira n±µaputto “sac±ya½ s²ho kassacideva samaºassa gotamassa vaººa½ kathentassa sutv± samaºa½ gotama½ dassan±ya upasaªkamissati, mayha½ parih±ni bhavissat²”ti cintetv± paµhamatara½yeva s²ha½ sen±pati½ etadavoca– “sen±pati imasmi½ loke ‘aha½ buddho aha½ buddho’ti bah³ vicaranti. Sace tva½ kassaci dassan±ya upasaªkamituk±mo ahosi, ma½ puccheyy±si. Aha½ te yuttaµµh±na½ pesess±mi, ayuttaµµh±nato niv±ress±m²”ti. So ta½ katha½ anussaritv± “sace ma½ pesessati, gamiss±mi. No ce, na gamiss±m²”ti cintetv± yena nigaºµho n±µaputto, tenupasaªkami.
Athassa vacana½ sutv± nigaºµho mah±pabbatena viya balavasokena otthaµo “yattha d±niss±ha½ gamana½ na icch±mi, tattheva gantuk±mo j±to, hatohamasm²”ti anattamano hutv± “paµib±hanup±yamassa kariss±m²”ti cintetv± ki½ pana tvanti-±dim±ha. Eva½ vadanto vicaranta½ goºa½ daº¹ena paharanto viya jalam±na½ pad²pa½ nibb±pento viya bhattabharita½ patta½ nikkujjanto viya ca s²hassa uppannap²ti½ vin±sesi. Gamiy±bhisaªkh±roti hatthiy±n±d²na½ yoj±panagandham±l±diggahaºavasena pavatto payogo. So paµippassambh²ti so v³pasanto.
Dutiyampi khoti dutiyav±rampi. Imasmiñca v±re buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sant± tusitabhavanato paµµh±ya y±va mah±bodhipallaªk± dasabalassa heµµh± p±datalehi upari kesaggehi paricchinditv± dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±na½ vasena sar²ravaººa½ kathayi½su. Dhammassa vaººa½ bh±sant± “ekapadepi ekabyañjanepi avakhalita½ n±ma natth²”ti sukathitavaseneva dhammaguºa½ kathayi½su. Saªghassa vaººa½ bh±sant± “evar³pa½ yasasirivibhava½ pah±ya satthu s±sane pabbajit± na kosajjapakatik± honti, terasasu pana dhutaªgaguºesu parip³rak±rino hutv± sattasu anupassan±su kamma½ karonti, aµµhati½s±rammaºavibhattiyo va¼añjent²”ti paµipad±vasena saªghaguºe kathayi½su.
Tatiyav±re pana buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sam±n± “itipi so bhagav±”ti suttantapariy±yeneva buddhaguºe kathayi½su, “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo”ti-±din± suttantapariy±yeneva dhammaguºe, “suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho”ti-±din± suttantapariy±yeneva saªghaguºe ca kathayi½su. Tato s²ho cintesi– “imesañca licchavir±jakum±r±na½ tatiyadivasato paµµh±ya buddhadhammasaªghaguºe kathent±na½ mukha½ nappahoti, addh± anomaguºena samann±gat± so bhagav±, ima½ d±ni uppanna½ p²ti½ avijahitv±va aha½ ajja samm±sambuddha½ passiss±m²”ti. Athassa “ki½ hi me karissanti nigaºµh±”ti vitakko udap±di. Tattha ki½ hi me karissant²ti ki½ n±ma mayha½ nigaºµh± karissanti. Apalokit± v± anapalokit± v±ti ±pucchit± v± an±pucchit± v±. Na hi me te ±pucchit± y±nav±hanasampatti½, na ca issariyavisesa½ dassanti, n±pi an±pucchit± harissanti, aphala½ etesa½ ±pucchananti adhipp±yo.
Ves±liy± niyy±s²ti yath± hi gimhak±le deve vuµµhe udaka½ sandam±na½ nadi½ otaritv± thokameva gantv± tiµµhati nappavattati, eva½ s²hassa paµhamadivase “dasabala½ passiss±m²”ti uppann±ya p²tiy± nigaºµhena paµib±hitak±lo. Yath±pi dutiyadivase deve vuµµhe udaka½ sandam±na½ nadi½ otaritv± thoka½ gantv± v±lik±puñja½ paharitv± appavatta½ hoti, eva½ s²hassa dutiyadivase “dasabala½ passiss±m²”ti uppann±ya p²tiy± nigaºµhena paµib±hitak±lo. Yath± tatiyadivase deve vuµµhe udaka½ sandam±na½ nadi½ otaritv± pur±ºapaººasukkhadaº¹akaµµhakacavar±d²ni parika¹¹hanta½ v±lik±puñja½ bhinditv± samuddaninnameva hoti, eva½ s²ho tatiyadivase tiººa½ vatth³na½ guºakatha½ sutv± uppanne p²tip±mojje “aphal± nigaºµh± nipphal± nigaºµh±, ki½ me ime karissanti, gamiss±maha½ satthusantikan”ti mana½ abhin²haritv± ves±liy± niyy±si. Niyyanto ca “cirass±ha½ dasabalassa santika½ gantuk±mo j±to, na kho pana me yutta½ aññ±takavesena gantun”ti “yekeci dasabalassa santika½ gantuk±m±, sabbe nikkhamant³”ti ghosana½ k±retv± pañcarathasat±ni yoj±petv± uttamarathe µhito tehi ceva pañcahi rathasatehi mahatiy± ca paris±ya parivuto gandhapupphacuººav±s±d²ni g±h±petv± niyy±si. Div± divass±ti divasassa ca div±, majjhanhike atikkantamatte.
Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti ±r±ma½ pavisanto d³ratova as²ti-anubyañjana-by±mappabh±-dvatti½sa-mah±purisalakkhaº±ni chabbaººaghanabuddharasmiyo ca disv± “evar³pa½ n±ma purisa½ eva½ ±sanne vasanta½ ettaka½ k±la½ n±ddasa½, vañcito vatamhi, al±bh± vata me”ti cintetv± mah±nidhi½ disv± daliddapuriso viya sañj±tap²tip±mojjo yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami. Dhammassa c±nudhamma½ by±karont²ti bhot± gotamena vuttak±raºassa anuk±raºa½ kathenti. K±raºavacano hettha dhammasaddo “hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 720) viya. K±raºanti cettha tath±pavattassa saddassa attho adhippeto tassa pavattihetubh±vato. Atthappayutto hi saddappayogo. Anuk±raºanti eso eva parehi tath± vuccam±no. Sahadhammiko v±d±nuv±doti. Parehi vuttak±raºehi sak±raºo hutv± tumh±ka½ v±do v± tato para½ tassa anuv±do v± koci appamattakopi viññ³hi garahitabba½ µh±na½ k±raºa½ na ±gacchati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ki½ sabb±k±renapi tava v±de g±rayha½ k±raºa½ natth²ti. Anabbhakkh±tuk±m±ti na abh³tena vattuk±m±. Atthi s²hapariy±yoti-±d²na½ attho verañjakaº¹e ±gatanayeneva veditabbo. Paramena ass±sen±ti catumaggacatuphalasaªkh±tena uttamena. Ass±s±ya dhamma½ desem²ti ass±sanatth±ya santhambhanatth±ya dhamma½ desemi. Iti bhagav± aµµhahaªgehi s²hassa sen±patissa dhamma½ desesi.
Anuviccak±ranti anuviditv± cintetv± tulayitv± kattabba½ karoh²ti vutta½ hoti. S±dhu hot²ti sundaro hoti. Tumh±disasmiñhi ma½ disv± ma½ saraºa½ gacchante nigaºµha½ disv± nigaºµha½ saraºa½ gacchante “ki½ aya½ s²ho diµµhadiµµhameva saraºa½ gacchat²”ti garah± uppajjati, tasm± anuviccak±ro tumh±dis±na½ s±dh³ti dasseti. Paµ±ka½ parihareyyunti te kira evar³pa½ s±vaka½ labhitv± “asuko n±ma r±j± v± r±jamah±matto v± seµµhi v± amh±ka½ saraºa½ gato s±vako j±to”ti paµ±ka½ ukkhipitv± nagare ghosent± ±hiº¹anti. Kasm±? Eva½ no mahantabh±vo ±vibhavissat²ti ca. Sace panassa “kimaha½ etesa½ saraºa½ gato”ti vippaµis±ro uppajjeyya, tampi so “etesa½ me saraºagatabh±va½ bah³ j±nanti, dukkha½ id±ni paµinivattitun”ti vinodetv± na paµikkamissat²ti ca. Ten±ha– “paµ±ka½ parihareyyun”ti. Op±nabh³tanti paµiyatta-udap±no viya µhita½. Kulanti tava nivesana½. D±tabba½ maññeyy±s²ti pubbe dasapi v²satipi saµµhipi jane ±gate disv± natth²ti avatv± desi, id±ni ma½ saraºa½ gatak±raºamatteneva m± imesa½ deyyadhamma½ upacchindi. Sampatt±nañhi d±tabbamev±ti ovadi. Suta½ meta½, bhanteti kuto sutanti? Nigaºµh±na½ santik±. Te kira kulagharesu eva½ pak±senti “maya½ yassa kassaci sampattassa d±tabbanti vad±ma, samaºo pana gotamo ‘mayhameva d±na½ d±tabba½ n±ññesa½, mayhameva s±vak±na½ d±na½ d±tabba½, n±ññesa½ s±vak±na½, mayhameva dinna½ d±na½ mahapphala½, n±ññesa½, mayhameva s±vak±na½ dinna½ mahapphala½, n±ññesan’ti eva½ vadat²”ti. Ta½ sandh±ya aya½ “suta½ metan”ti ±ha.
Anupubbi½ kathanti d±n±nantara½ s²la½, s²l±nantara½ sagga½, sagg±nantara½ magganti eva½ anupaµip±µikatha½. Tattha d±nakathanti ida½ d±na½ n±ma sukh±na½ nid±na½, sampatt²na½ m³la½, bhog±na½ patiµµh±, visamagatassa t±ºa½ leºa½ gati par±yaºa½, idhalokaparalokesu d±nasadiso avassayo patiµµh± ±rammaºa½ t±ºa½ leºa½ gati par±yaºa½ natthi. Idañhi avassayaµµhena ratanamayas²h±sanasadisa½, patiµµh±naµµhena mah±pathav²sadisa½, ±rammaºaµµhena ±lambanarajjusadisa½. Idañhi dukkhanittharaºaµµhena n±v±, samass±sanaµµhena saªg±mas³ro, bhayaparitt±ºaµµhena susaªkhatanagara½, maccheramal±d²hi anupalittaµµhena paduma½, tesa½ nidahanaµµhena aggi, dur±sadaµµhena ±siviso, asant±sanaµµhena s²ho, balavantaµµhena hatth², abhimaªgalasammataµµhena setavasabho, khemantabh³misamp±panaµµhena val±hako assar±j±. D±na½ n±meta½ may± gatamaggo, mayheso va½so, may± dasa p±ramiyo p³rentena vel±mamah±yañño, mah±govindamah±yañño, mah±sudassanamah±yañño, vessantaramah±yaññoti, anekamah±yaññ± pavattit±, sasabh³tena jalita-aggikkhandhe att±na½ niyy±dentena sampattay±cak±na½ citta½ gahita½. D±nañhi loke sakkasampatti½ deti m±rasampatti½ brahmasampatti½, cakkavattisampatti½, s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½, paccekabodhiñ±ºa½, abhisambodhiñ±ºa½ det²ti evam±did±naguºappaµisa½yutta½ katha½.
Yasm± pana d±na½ dento s²la½ sam±d±tu½ sakkoti, tasm± tadanantara½ s²lakatha½ kathesi. S²lakathanti s²la½ n±meta½ avassayo patiµµh± ±rammaºa½ t±ºa½ leºa½ gati par±yaºa½. S²la½ n±meta½ mama va½so aha½ saªkhap±lan±gar±jak±le bh³ridattan±gar±jak±le campeyyan±gar±jak±le s²lavar±jak±le m±tuposakahatthir±jak±le chaddantahatthir±jak±leti anantesu attabh±vesu s²la½ parip³resi½. Idhalokaparalokasampatt²nañhi s²lasadiso avassayo patiµµh± ±rammaºa½ t±ºa½ leºa½ gati par±yaºa½ natthi, s²l±laªk±rasadiso alaªk±ro natthi, s²lapupphasadisa½ puppha½ natthi, s²lagandhasadiso gandho natthi. S²l±laªk±rena hi alaªkata½ s²lagandh±nulitta½ sadevakopi loko olokento titti½ na gacchat²ti evam±dis²laguºappaµisa½yutta½ katha½.
“Ida½ pana s²la½ niss±ya aya½ saggo labbhat²”ti dassetu½ s²l±nantara½ saggakatha½ kathesi. Saggakathanti “aya½ saggo n±ma iµµho kanto man±po, niccamettha k²¼±, nicca½ sampattiyo labbhanti, c±tumah±r±jik± dev± navutivassasatasahass±ni dibbasukha½ dibbasampatti½ anubhavanti, t±vati½s± tisso ca vassakoµiyo saµµhi ca vassasatasahass±n²”ti evam±disaggaguºappaµisa½yutta½ katha½. Saggasampatti½ kathayant±nañhi buddh±na½ mukha½ nappahoti. Vuttampi ceta½– “anekapariy±yena khv±ha½, bhikkhave, saggakatha½ katheyyan”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.255).
Eva½ saggakath±ya palobhetv± pana hatthi½ alaªkaritv± tassa soº¹a½ chindanto viya “ayampi saggo anicco addhuvo, na ettha chandar±go kattabbo”ti dassanattha½ “appass±d± k±m± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.235-236; 2.42) nayena k±m±na½ ±d²nava½ ok±ra½ sa½kilesa½ kathesi. Tattha ±d²navoti doso. Ok±roti avak±ro l±makabh±vo. Sa½kilesoti tehi satt±na½ sa½s±re sa½kilissana½. Yath±ha– “sa½kilissanti vata, bho, satt±”ti (ma. ni. 2.351).
Eva½ k±m±d²navena tajjetv± nekkhamme ±nisa½sa½ pak±sesi. Kallacittanti arogacitta½. S±mukka½sik±ti s±ma½ ukka½sik± attan±yeva uddharitv± gahit±, sayambhuñ±ºena diµµh± as±dh±raº± aññesanti attho. K± pana s±ti? Ariyasaccadesan±. Tenev±ha– dukkha½ samudaya½ nirodha½ magganti. Viraja½ v²tamalanti r±garaj±d²na½ abh±v± viraja½, r±gamal±d²na½ vigatatt± v²tamala½. Dhammacakkhunti idha sot±pattimaggo adhippeto. Tassa uppatti-±k±radassanattha½ ya½kiñci samudayadhamma½ sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhammanti ±ha. Tañhi nirodha½ ±rammaºa½ katv± kiccavasena eva½ sabbasaªkhata½ paµivijjhanta½ uppajjati. Diµµho ariyasaccadhammo eten±ti diµµhadhammo. Esa nayo sesesupi. Tiºº± vicikicch± anen±ti tiººavicikiccho. Vigat± katha½kath± ass±ti vigatakatha½katho. Vis±rajja½ pattoti ves±rajjappatto. Kattha? Satthus±sane. N±ssa paro paccayo, na para½ saddh±ya ettha vattat²ti aparappaccayo.
Pavattama½santi pakatiy± pavatta½ kappiyama½sa½ m³la½ gahetv± antar±paºe pariyes±h²ti adhipp±yo. Sambahul± nigaºµh±ti pañcasatamatt± nigaºµh±. Th³la½ pasunti th³la½ mah±sar²ra½ gokaººamahi½sas³karasaªkh±ta½ pasu½. Uddissakatanti att±na½ uddisitv± kata½, m±ritanti attho. Paµiccakammanti sv±ya½ ta½ ma½sa½ paµicca ta½ p±ºavadhakamma½ phusati. Tañhi akusala½ upa¹¹ha½ d±yakassa, upa¹¹ha½ paµigg±hakassa hot²ti nesa½ laddhi. Aparo nayo– paµiccakammanti att±na½ paµiccakata½. Atha v± paµiccakammanti nimittakammasseta½ adhivacana½, ta½ paµiccakamma½ ettha atth²ti ma½sampi paµiccakammanti vutta½. Upakaººaketi kaººam³le. Alanti paµikkhepavacana½, ki½ imin±ti attho. Na ca paneteti ete ±yasmanto d²gharatta½ avaººak±m± hutv± avaººa½ bh±sant±pi abbh±cikkhant± na jiridanti, abbhakkh±nassa anta½ na gacchant²ti attho. Atha v± lajjanatthe ida½ jiridant²ti pada½ daµµhabba½, na lajjant²ti attho.