9. Devat±suttavaººan±

19. Navame vippaµis±riniyoti vippaµis±rita½ maªkubh±va½ ±pajjimha. H²na½ k±yanti uparidevaloka½ up±d±ya heµµhimo h²noti vuccati. No ca kho yath±satti yath±bala½ sa½vibhajimh±ti attano sattiy± ca balassa ca anur³pena s²lavant±na½ sa½vibh±ga½ katv± na bhuñjimh±.

10. Vel±masuttavaººan±

20. Dasame api nu te, gahapati, kule d±na½ d²yat²ti nayida½ bhagav± bhikkhusaªghassa d±na½ sandh±ya pucchati. Seµµhissa hi ghare bhikkhusaªghassa nicca½ paº²tad±na½ d²yati, na ta½ satth± na j±n±ti. Lokiyamah±janassa pana diyyam±nad±na½ atthi, ta½ l³kha½ hoti, seµµhissa citta½ na p²ºeti. Ta½ pucch±m²ti pucchati. Kaº±jakanti sakuº¹akabhatta½, sakuº¹akehipi kaºikataº¹uleheva pakka½. Bi¼aªgadutiyanti kañjiyadutiya½. Asakkacca½ det²ti asakkaritv± deti. Acitt²katv±ti acitt²k±rena dakkhiºeyya ag±ravena deti. Asahatth± det²ti sahatthena adatv± parahatthena deti, ±ºattimattameva karot²ti attho. Apaviddha½ det²ti na nirantara½ deti, sa½vaccharika½ soº¹abali viya hoti. An±gamanadiµµhiko det²ti na kammañca phalañca saddahitv± deti.
Yattha yatth±ti t²su kulasampad±su yasmi½ yasmi½ kule. Na u¼±r±ya bhattabhog±y±ti-±d²su n±naggarasasugandhas±libhojane upan²te citta½ na namati, “haratheta½ rogava¹¹hanan”ti vatv± yena v± tena v± ¹±kena saddhi½ sakuº¹akabhatta½ amata½ viya sampiy±yam±no bhuñjati. K±sik±d²su varavatthesu upan²tesu “harathet±ni niv±sentassa paµicch±detumpi na sakkonti, gattesupi na saºµhahant²”ti vatv± n±¼ikeras±µakam³latacasadis±ni pana th³lavatth±ni “im±ni niv±sento nivatthabh±vampi j±n±ti, paµicch±detabbampi paµicch±dent²”ti sampiy±yam±no niv±seti. Hatthiy±na-assay±narathay±nasuvaººasivik±d²su upan²tesu “harathet±ni cal±cal±ni, na sakk± ettha nis²ditun”ti vatv± jajjararathake upan²te “aya½ niccalo, ettha sukha½ nis²ditun”ti ta½ s±diyati. Na u¼±resu pañcasu k±maguºes³ti alaªkatapaµiyatt± r³pavatiyo itthiyo disv± “yakkhiniyo maññe, et± kh±dituk±m±, ki½ et±h²”ti yath±ph±sukeneva v²tin±meti. Na suss³sant²ti sotu½ na icchanti, na saddahant²ti attho. Na sota½ odahant²ti kathitassa savanattha½ na sotapas±da½ odahanti. Sakkaccanti-±d²ni vuttavipariy±yena veditabb±ni.
Vel±moti j±tigottar³pabhogasaddh±paññ±d²hi mariy±davela½ atikkantehi u¼±rehi guºehi samann±gatatt± eva½laddhan±mo. So evar³pa½ d±na½ ad±si mah±d±nanti ettha aya½ anupubb²kath±– so kira at²te b±r±ºasiya½ purohitagehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi, vel±makum±rotissa n±ma½ aka½su. So so¼asavassak±le b±r±ºasir±jakum±rena saddhi½ sippuggahaºattha½ takkasila½ agam±si. Te ubhopi dis±p±mokkhassa ±cariyassa santike sippa½ paµµhapayi½su. Yath± ca te, eva½ aññepi jambud²pe catur±s²tisahassar±jakum±r±. Bodhisatto attan± gahitaµµh±ne piµµhi-±cariyo hutv± catur±s²ti r±jakum±rasahass±ni sikkh±peti, sayampi so¼asavassehi gahetabbasippa½ t²hi vassehi uggaºhi. ¾cariyo “vel±makum±rassa sippa½ paguºan”ti ñatv±, “t±t±, vel±mo may± ñ±ta½ sabba½ j±n±ti, tumhe sabbepi samagg± gantv± etassa santike sippa½ uggaºhath±”ti catur±s²ti kum±rasahass±ni bodhisattassa niyy±desi.
Bodhisatto ±cariya½ vanditv± catur±s²ti kum±rasahassapariv±ro nikkhamitv± eka½ ±sannanagara½ patv± nagaras±mika½ r±jakum±ra½ uggaºh±petv± tassa sippe paguºe j±te ta½ tattheva nivattesi. Etenup±yena catur±s²ti nagarasahass±ni gantv± catur±s²tiy± r±jakum±r±na½ sippa½ paguºa½ k±retv± tasmi½ tasmi½ nagare ta½ ta½ nivattetv± b±r±ºasir±jakum±ra½ ±d±ya b±r±ºasi½ pacc±gañchi. Manuss± kum±ra½ pariyositasippa½ rajje abhisiñci½su, vel±massa purohitaµµh±na½ ada½su. Tepi catur±s²tisahassar±jakum±r± sakesu sakesu rajjesu abhiseka½ patv± anusa½vacchara½ b±r±ºasirañño upaµµh±na½ ±gacchanti. Te r±j±na½ disv± vel±massa santika½ gantv±, “±cariya, amhe rajjesu patiµµhit±, vadeyy±tha yenattho”ti vatv± gacchanti. Tesa½ gaman±gamanak±le sakaµasandam±nikag±vigoºakukkuµas³kar±dayo gaºhant±na½ janapado ativiya u-upadduto hoti, mah±jano sannipatitv± r±jaªgaºe kandati.
R±j± vel±ma½ pakkositv±, “±cariya, upadduto janapado, r±j±no gaman±gamanak±le mah±vilopa½ karonti, manuss± sandh±retu½ na sakkonti, janapadap²¼±ya upasama½ eka½ up±ya½ karoth±”ti S±dhu mah±r±ja, up±ya½ kariss±mi, tumh±ka½ yattakena janapadena attho, ta½ paricchinditv± gaºhath±ti. R±j± tath± ak±si. Vel±mo catur±s²tiy± r±jasahass±na½ janapade vic±retv± cakkan±bhiya½ are viya rañño janapadasmi½ oropesi. Tato paµµh±ya te r±j±no ±gacchant±pi gacchant±pi attano attano janapadeneva sañcaranti, amh±ka½ janapadoti vilopa½ na karonti. R±jag±ravena rañño janapadampi na p²¼enti. Janapad± sannisinn± nissadd± nirav± ahesu½. Sabbe r±j±no haµµhatuµµh± “yena vo, ±cariya, attho, ta½ amh±ka½ vadeth±”ti pav±rayi½su.
Vel±mo s²sa½nh±to attano antonivesane sattaratanaparip³r±na½ gabbh±na½ dv±r±ni vivar±petv± y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± µhapita½ dhana½ oloketv± ±yavaya½ upadh±retv± “may± sakalajambud²pa½ khobhentena d±na½ d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti rañño ±rocetv± gaªg±t²re dv±dasayojanik± uddhanapantiyo k±retv± tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne sappimadhuph±ºitatelatilataº¹ul±d²na½ µhapanatth±ya mah±koµµh±g±r±ni patiµµh±petv± “ekekasmi½ µh±ne ettak± ettak± jan± sa½vidahatha, ya½kiñci manuss±na½ laddhabba½ n±ma atthi, tato ekasmimpi asati mayha½ ±roceyy±th±”ti manusse sa½vidh±ya “asukadivasato paµµh±ya vel±mabr±hmaºassa d±na½ bhuñjant³”ti nagare bheri½ car±petv± “d±nagga½ pariniµµhitan”ti d±nayuttehi ±rocite sahassagghanaka½ vattha½ niv±setv± pañcasatagghanaka½ eka½sa½ katv± sabb±laªk±rabh³sito d±nav²ma½sanatth±ya phalikavaººassa udakassa suvaººabhiªg±ra½ p³retv± “imasmi½ loke sace ima½ d±na½ paµiggahetu½ yuttar³p± dakkhiºeyyapuggal± atthi, ida½ udaka½ nikkhamitv± pathavi½ gaºh±tu. Sace natthi, evameva tiµµhat³”ti saccakiriya½ katv± bhiªg±ra½ adhomukha½ ak±si. Udaka½ dhamakaraºena gahita½ viya ahosi. Bodhisatto “suñño vata, bho, jambud²po, ekapuggalopi dakkhiºa½ paµiggahetu½ yuttar³po natth²”ti vippaµis±ra½ akatv± “sace d±yakassa vasen±ya½ dakkhiº± visujjhissati, udaka½ nikkhamitv± pathavi½ gaºh±t³”ti cintesi. Phalikavaººasadisa½ udaka½ nikkhamitv± pathavi½ gaºhi “Id±ni d±na½ dass±m²”ti d±nagga½ patv± d±na½ oloketv± y±guvel±ya y±gu½, khajjakavel±ya khajjaka½, bhojanavel±ya bhojana½ d±pesi. Eteneva n²h±rena divase divase d±na½ d²yati.
Tasmi½ kho pana d±nagge “ida½ n±ma atthi, ida½ n±ma natth²”ti vattabba½ natthi. Id±ni ta½ d±na½ ettakamatteneva na niµµha½ gamissat²ti rattasuvaººa½ n²har±petv± suvaººap±tiyo k±retv± catur±s²tisuvaººap±tisahass±d²na½ atth±ya catur±s²tir±jasahass±na½ s±sana½ pahiºi. R±j±no “cirassa½ vata maya½ ±cariyena anuggahit±”ti sabba½ samp±detv± pesesu½. D±ne diyyam±neyeva satta vass±ni satta m±s± atikkant±. Atha br±hmaºo “hirañña½ bh±jetv± d±na½ dass±m²”ti mahante ok±se d±na½ sajj±pesi. Sajj±petv± catur±s²ti suvaººap±tisahass±ni ±di½ katv± koµito paµµh±ya ad±si.
Tattha r³piyap³r±n²ti rajatataµµirajataph±larajatam±sakehi p³r±ni. P±tiyo pana khuddik±ti na sallakkhetabb±, ekakar²sappam±ºe bh³mibh±ge catassova p±tiyo µhapayi½su. P±timaku¼a½ navaratana½ hoti, mukhavaµµito paµµh±ya aµµharatana½, p±timukhavaµµiy± chayutto ±jaññaratho anupariy±yati, dadam±no p±tiy± b±hirantena vaggavagge paµigg±hake µhapetv± paµhama½ p±tiy± pakkhitta½ datv± pacch± sandhisandhito viyojetv± p±tinti eva½ catur±s²ti p±tisahass±ni ad±si. R³piyap±ti±d²supi eseva nayo. Etthapi ca suvaººap³r±n²ti suvaººataµµisuvaººaph±lasuvaººam±sakehi p³r±ni. Hiraññap³r±n²ti sattavidharatanap³r±ni. Sovaºº±laªk±r±n²ti suvaºº±laªk±r±ni. Ka½s³padh±raº±n²ti rajatamayakh²rapaµicchak±ni. T±sa½ pana dhen³na½ siªg±ni suvaººakosakapariyonaddh±ni ahesu½, g²v±ya sumanad±ma½ pi¼andhi½su, cat³su p±desu nup³r±ni, piµµhiya½ varaduk³la½ p±ruta½, kaºµhe suvaººaghaºµa½ bandhi½su. Vatthakoµisahass±n²ti lokavoh±rato v²sativatthayug±ni ek± koµi idha pana dasa s±µak±ti vutta½. Khomasukhum±nanti-±dimhi khom±d²su ya½ ya½ sukhuma½, ta½ tadeva ad±si. Y±ni panet±ni itthid±na½ usabhad±na½ majjad±na½ samajj±d±nanti ad±nasammat±ni, t±nipi esa “vel±massa d±namukhe ida½ n±ma natth²”ti vacanapatha½ pacchinditu½ pariv±ratth±ya ad±si. Najjo maññe vissandant²ti nadiyo viya vissandanti.
Imin± satth± vel±massa d±na½ kathetv±, “gahapati, eta½ mah±d±na½ n±ñño ad±si, aha½ ad±si½. Evar³pa½ pana d±na½ dadantopi aha½ paµiggahetu½ yuttar³pa½ puggala½ n±lattha½, tva½ m±dise buddhe lokasmi½ diµµham±ne d±na½ dadam±no kasm± cintes²”ti seµµhissa desana½ va¹¹hento siy± kho pana teti-±dim±ha. Nanu ca y±ni tad± ahesu½ r³pavedan±saññ±saªkh±raviññ±º±ni, t±ni niruddh±ni? Kasm± “aha½ tena samayena vel±mo br±hmaºo”ti ±h±ti? Paveºiy± avicchinnatt±. T±ni hi r³p±d²ni nirujjham±n±ni imesa½ paccaye datv± niruddh±ni apar±para½ avicchinna½ paveºi½ gahetv± evam±ha. Na ta½ koci dakkhiºa½ sodhet²ti koci samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± devo v± m±ro v± uµµh±ya ta½ dakkhiºa½ sodhet²ti vattabbo n±hosi. Tañhi dakkhiºa½ sodhento uttamakoµiy± buddho, heµµhimakoµiy± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherasadiso s±vako sodheyya.
Diµµhisampannanti dassanasampanna½ sot±panna½. Ida½ tato mahapphalataranti ida½ sot±pannassa dinnad±na½ lokiyamah±janassa sattam±s±dhik±ni satta sa½vacchar±ni ettaka½ hiraññasuvaººa½ pariccajantena dinnad±nato mahapphala½.
Yo ca sata½ diµµhisampann±nanti ettha ekassa sakad±g±missa vasena ekuttarasata½ sot±panne katv± sot±pannagaºan± veditabb±. Imin± up±yena sabbav±resu heµµh± heµµh± ±gate anantarena sataguºa½ katv± puggalagaºan± veditabb±.
Buddhappamukhanti ettha samm±sambuddha½ saªghatthera½ katv± nisinno saªgho buddhappamukho saªghoti veditabbo. C±tuddisa½ saªgha½ uddiss±ti ettha c±tuddisa½ saªgha½ uddissa katavih±ro n±ma yattha cetiya½ patiµµhita½ hoti, dhammassavana½ kar²yati, cat³hi dis±hi anudis±hi ca bhikkh³ ±gantv± appaµipucchitv±yeva p±de dhovitv± kuñcik±ya dv±ra½ vivaritv± sen±sana½ paµijaggitv± vasitv± yath±ph±suka½ gacchanti. So antamaso caturataniy± paººas±l±pi hotu, c±tuddisa½ saªgha½ uddissa katavih±rotveva vuccati.
Saraºa½ gaccheyy±ti ettha maggen±gata½ anivattanasaraºa½ adhippeta½. Apare pan±hu– att±na½ niyy±detv± dinnatt± saraº±gamana½ tato mahapphalataranti vutta½. Sikkh±pad±ni sam±diyeyy±ti pañca s²l±ni gaºheyya. S²lampi maggena ±gata½ anivattanas²lameva kathita½. Apare pan±hu– sabbasatt±na½ abhayad±nassa dinnatt± s²la½ tato mahapphalataranti vutta½. Gandhohanamattanti gandha-³hanamatta½, dv²haªgul²hi gaº¹apiº¹a½ gahetv± upasiªghanamatta½. Apare pana “gaddohanamattan”ti p±¼i½ vatv± g±viy± ekav±ra½ thana-añchanamattanti attha½ vadanti. Mettacittanti sabbasatt±na½ hit±nupharaºacitta½. Ta½ pana appan±vaseneva gahita½. Aniccasaññanti maggassa anantarapaccayabh±vena sikh±pattabalavavipassana½.
Upam±to pana im±ni d±n±d²ni puññ±ni eva½ veditabb±ni– sacepi hi jambud²pa½ bheritalasadisa½ samatala½ katv± koµito paµµh±ya pallaªke attharitv± ariyapuggale nis²d±peyya, tattha sot±pann±na½ dasa pantiyo assu, sakad±g±m²na½ pañca, an±g±m²na½ a¹¹hateyy±, khiº±sav±na½ diya¹¹h±, paccekabuddh±na½ ek± panti bhaveyya, samm±sambuddho ekakova. Ettakassa janassa dinnad±nato samm±sambuddhassa dinnameva mahapphala½. Itara½ pana–
“Vih±rad±na½ paºip±to, sikkh± mett±ya bh±van±;
khayato sammasantassa, kala½ n±gghati so¼asi½”.
Teneva bhagav± parinibb±nasamaye “dhamm±nudhammappaµipatti anuttar± p³j±”ti ±ha. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

S²han±davaggo dutiyo.