2. Mah±vaggo

1. Verañjasuttavaººan±

11. Dutiyassa paµhame abhiv±det²ti evam±d²ni na samaºo gotamoti ettha vuttanak±rena yojetv± evamettha attho veditabbo “na vandati n±san± vuµµh±ti, n±pi ‘idha bhonto nis²dant³’ti eva½ ±sanena v± nimantet²”ti. Ettha hi v±-saddo vibh±vane n±ma atthe “r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti-±d²su viya. Eva½ vatv± atha attano abhiv±dan±d²ni akaronta½ bhagavanta½ disv± ±ha– tayida½, bho gotama, tathev±ti. Ya½ ta½ may± suta½, ta½ tatheva, ta½ savanañca me dassanañca sa½sandati sameti, atthato ek²bh±va½ gacchati. Na hi bhava½ gotamo…pe… ±sanena v± nimantet²ti. Eva½ attan± suta½ diµµhena nigametv± nindanto ±ha– tayida½, bho gotama, na sampannamev±ti ta½ abhiv±dan±d²na½ akaraºa½ ayuttamev±ti.
Athassa bhagav± attukka½sanaparavambhanadosa½ anupagamma karuº±s²talena hadayena ta½ aññ±ºa½ vidhamitv± yuttabh±va½ dassetuk±mo n±ha½ ta½ br±hmaº±ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepattho– aha½, br±hmaºa, appaµihatena sabbaññutaññ±ºacakkhun± olokentopi ta½ puggala½ etasmi½ sadevak±dibhede loke na pass±mi, yamaha½ abhiv±deyya½ v± paccuµµheyya½ v± ±sanena v± nimanteyya½. Anacchariya½ v± eta½, sv±ha½ ajja sabbaññuta½ patto evar³pa½ nipacc±k±r±raha½ puggala½ na pass±mi. Apica kho yad±p±ha½ sampatij±tova uttarena mukho sattapadav²tih±rena gantv± sakala½ dasasahassilokadh±tu½ olokesi½, tad±pi etasmi½ sadevak±dibhede loke ta½ puggala½ na pass±mi, yamaha½ evar³pa½ nipaccak±ra½ kareyya½. Atha kho ma½ so¼asakappasahass±yuko kh²º±savamah±brahm±pi añjali½ paggahetv± “tva½ loke mah±puriso, tva½ sadevakassa lokassa aggo ca jeµµho ca seµµho ca, natthi tay± uttaritaro”ti sañj±tasomanasso patim±nesi. Tad±pi c±ha½ attan± uttaritara½ apassanto ±sabhi½ v±ca½ nicch±resi½– “aggohamasmi lokassa, jeµµhohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmi lokass±”ti. Eva½ sampatij±tass±pi mayha½ abhiv±dan±diraho puggalo natthi, sv±ha½ id±ni sabbaññuta½ patto ka½ abhiv±deyya½. Tasm± tva½, br±hmaºa, m± tath±gat± evar³pa½ paramanipaccak±ra½ patthayi. Yañhi, br±hmaºa, tath±gato abhiv±deyya v±…pe… ±sanena v± nimanteyya, muddh±pi tassa puggalassa rattipariyos±ne parip±kasithilabandhana½ vaºµ± muttat±laphala½ viya g²vato chijjitv± sahas±va bh³miya½ nipateyya.
Eva½ vuttepi br±hmaºo duppaññat±ya tath±gatassa lokajeµµhabh±va½ asallakkhento kevala½ ta½ vacana½ asaham±no ±ha– arasar³po bhava½ gotamoti. Aya½ kirassa adhipp±yo– ya½ loke abhiv±danapaccuµµh±na-añjalikammas±m²cikamma½ “s±maggiraso”ti vuccati, ta½ bhoto gotamassa natthi. Tasm± arasar³po bhava½ gotamo, arasaj±tiko arasasabh±voti. Athassa bhagav± cittamudubh±vajananattha½ ujuvipaccan²kabh±va½ pariharanto aññath± tassa vacanassa attha½ attani sandassento atthi khvesa, br±hmaºa, pariy±yoti-±dim±ha.
Tattha atthi khves±ti atthi kho esa. Pariy±yoti k±raºa½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– atthi kho, br±hmaºa, eta½ k±raºa½, yena k±raºena ma½ “arasar³po bhava½ gotamo”ti vadam±no puggalo samm± vadeyya, avitathav±d²ti saªkha½ gaccheyya. Katamo pana soti? Ye te, br±hmaºa, r³paras±…pe… phoµµhabbaras±, te tath±gatassa pah²n±ti. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Ye te j±tivasena v± upapattivasena v± seµµhasammat±nampi puthujjan±na½ r³p±rammaº±d²ni ass±dent±na½ abhinandant±na½ rajjant±na½ uppajjanti k±masukhass±dasaªkh±t± r³paras±, saddaras±, gandharas±, rasaras±, phoµµhabbaras±, ye ima½ loka½ g²v±ya bandhitv± viya ±viñchanti, vatth±rammaº±dis±maggiyañca uppannatt± s±maggiras±ti vuccanti. Te sabbepi tath±gatassa pah²n±. “Mayha½ pah²n±”ti vattabbepi mam±k±rena att±na½ anukkhipanto dhamma½ deseti, desan±vil±so v± esa tath±gatassa.
Tattha pah²n±ti cittasant±nato vigat±, pajahit± v±. Etasmi½ panatthe karaºe s±mivacana½ daµµhabba½. Ariyamaggasatthena ucchinna½ taºh±vijj±maya½ m³la½ etesanti ucchinnam³l±. T±lavatthu viya nesa½ vatthu katanti t±l±vatthukat±. Yath± hi t±larukkha½ sam³la½ uddharitv± tassa vatthumatte tasmi½ padese kate na puna tassa t±lassa uppatti paññ±yati, eva½ ariyamaggasatthena sam³le r³p±dirase uddharitv± tesa½ pubbe uppannapubbabh±vena vatthumatte cittasant±ne kate sabbepi te t±l±vatthukat±ti vuccanti. Aviru¼hidhammatt± v± matthakacchinnat±lo viya kat±ti t±l±vatthukat±. Yasm± pana eva½ t±l±vatthukat± anabh±va½kat± honti yath± nesa½ pacch±bh±vo na hoti, tath± kat± honti. Tasm± ±ha– anabh±va½kat±ti. ¾yati½ anupp±dadhamm±ti an±gate anuppajjanakasabh±v±.
No ca kho ya½ tva½ sandh±ya vades²ti yañca kho tva½ sandh±ya vadesi, so pariy±yo na hoti. Nanu ca eva½ vutte yo br±hmaºena vutto s±maggiraso, tassa attani vijjam±nat± anuññ±t± hot²ti? Na hoti. Yo hi na½ s±maggirasa½ k±tu½ bhabbo hutv± na karoti, so tadabh±vena arasar³poti vattabbata½ arahati. Bhagav± pana abhabbova eta½ k±tu½, tenassa k±raºe abhabbata½ pak±sento ±ha– “no ca kho ya½ tva½ sandh±ya vades²”ti. Ya½ pariy±ya½ sandh±ya tva½ ma½ “arasar³po”ti vadesi, so amhesu neva vattabboti.
Eva½ br±hmaºo attan± adhippeta½ arasar³pata½ ±ropetu½ asakkonto ath±para½ nibbhogo bhavanti-±dim±ha. Sabbapariy±yesu cettha vuttanayeneva yojan±kkama½ viditv± sandh±yabh±sitamattha½ eva½ veditabba½– br±hmaºo tadeva vayovuddh±na½ abhiv±dan±dikamma½ loke “s±maggiparibhogo”ti maññam±no tadabh±vena ca bhagavanta½ “nibbhogo”ti-±dim±ha. Bhagav± ca yv±ya½ r³p±d²su satt±na½ chandar±gaparibhogo, tadabh±va½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni.
Puna br±hmaºo ya½ loke vayovuddh±na½ abhiv±dan±dikulasamud±c±rakamma½ lokiy± karonti, tassa akiriya½ sampassam±no bhagavanta½ akiriyav±doti ±ha. Bhagav± pana yasm± k±yaduccarit±d²na½ akiriya½ vadati, tasm± ta½ akiriyav±dita½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni. Tattha µhapetv± k±yaduccarit±d²ni avases± akusal± dhamm± anekavihit± p±pak± akusal± dhamm±ti veditabb±.
Puna br±hmaºo tadeva abhiv±dan±dikamma½ bhagavati apassanto “ima½ ±gamma aya½ lokatanti lokapaveº² ucchijjat²”ti maññam±no bhagavanta½ ucchedav±doti ±ha. Bhagav± pana yasm± pañcak±maguºikar±gassa ceva akusalacittadvayasampayuttassa ca dosassa an±g±mimaggena uccheda½ vadati, sabb±kusalasambhavassa pana mohassa arahattamaggena uccheda½ vadati, µhapetv± te tayo avases±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ yath±nur³pa½ cat³hi maggehi uccheda½ vadati, tasm± ta½ ucchedav±da½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni.
Puna br±hmaºo “jigucchati maññe samaºo gotamo ida½ vayovuddh±na½ abhiv±dan±dikulasamud±c±rakamma½, tena ta½ na karot²”ti maññam±no bhagavanta½ jegucch²ti ±ha. Bhagav± pana yasm± jigucchati k±yaduccarit±d²hi, y±ni k±yavac²manoduccarit±ni ceva y±va ca akusal±na½ l±makadhamm±na½ sam±patti sam±pajjan± samaªgibh±vo, ta½ sabbampi g³tha½ viya maº¹anakaj±tiko puriso jigucchati hir²yati, tasm± ta½ jegucchita½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni. Tattha k±yaduccariten±ti-±di karaºavacana½ upayogatthe daµµhabba½.
Puna br±hmaºo tadeva abhiv±dan±dikamma½ bhagavati apassanto “aya½ ida½ lokajeµµhakakamma½ vineti vin±seti, atha v± yasm± eta½ s±m²cikamma½ na karoti, tasm± aya½ vinetabbo niggaºhitabbo”ti maññam±no bhagavanta½ venayikoti ±ha. Tatr±ya½ padattho– vinayat²ti vinayo, vin±set²ti vutta½ hoti. Vinayo eva venayiko. Vinaya½ v± arahat²ti venayiko, niggaha½ arahat²ti vutta½ hoti. Bhagav± pana yasm± r±g±d²na½ vinay±ya v³pasam±ya dhamma½ deseti, tasm± venayiko hoti. Ayameva cettha padattho– vinay±ya dhamma½ deset²ti venayiko. Vicitr± hi taddhitavutti. Sv±ya½ ta½ venayikabh±va½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni.
Puna br±hmaºo yasm± abhiv±dan±d²ni s±m²cikamm±ni karont± vayovuddhe tosenti h±senti akaront± pana t±penti vihesenti domanassa½ nesa½ upp±denti, bhagav± ca t±ni na karoti, tasm± “aya½ vayovuddhe tapat²”ti maññam±no sappuris±c±ravirahitatt± v± “kapaºapuriso ayan”ti maññam±no bhagavanta½ tapass²ti ±ha. Tatr±ya½ padattho– tapat²ti tapo, roseti viheset²ti attho. S±m²cikamm±karaºasseta½ adhivacana½. Tapo assa atth²ti tapass². Dutiye atthavikappe byañjan±ni avic±retv± loke kapaºapuriso tapass²ti vuccati. Bhagav± pana ye akusal± dhamm± loka½ tapanato tapan²y±ni vuccanti, tesa½ pah²natt± yasm± tapass²ti saªkha½ gato. Tasm± ta½ tapassita½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– tapant²ti tap±, akusaladhamm±nameta½ adhivacana½. Te tape assi nirassi pah±si viddha½s²ti tapass².
Puna br±hmaºo ta½ abhiv±dan±dikamma½ devalokagabbhasampattiy± devalokapaµisandhipaµil±bh±ya sa½vattat²ti maññam±no bhagavati cassa abh±va½ disv± bhagavanta½ apagabbhoti ±ha. Kodhavasena v± bhagavato m±tukucchismi½ paµisandhiggahaºe dosa½ dassentopi evam±ha. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– gabbhato apagatoti apagabbho, abhabbo devalok³papatti½ p±puºitunti adhipp±yo. H²no v± gabbho ass±ti apagabbho. Devalokagabbhaparib±hiratt± ±yati½ h²nagabbhapaµil±bhabh±g²ti. H²no v±ssa m±tukucchismi½ gabbhav±so ahos²ti adhipp±yo. Bhagavato pana yasm± ±yati½ gabbhaseyy± apagat±, tasm± so ta½ apagabbhata½ attani sampassam±no apara½ pariy±yamanuj±ni. Tatra ca yassa kho, br±hmaºa, ±yati½ gabbhaseyy± punabbhav±bhinibbatti pah²n±ti etesa½ pad±na½ evamattho daµµhabbo– “br±hmaºa, yassa puggalassa an±gate gabbhaseyy± punabbhave ca abhinibbatti anuttarena maggena vihatak±raºatt± pah²n±. Gabbhaseyy±gahaºena cettha jal±bujayoni gahit±, punabbhav±bhinibbattiggahaºena itar± tisso”pi.
Apica gabbhassa seyy± gabbhaseyy±. Punabbhavo eva abhinibbatti punabbhav±bhinibbatt²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Yath± ca viññ±ºaµµhit²ti vuttepi na viññ±ºato aññ± µhiti atthi, evamidh±pi na gabbhato aññ± seyy± veditabb±. Abhinibbatti ca n±ma yasm± punabbhavabh³t±pi apunabbhavabh³t±pi atthi, idha ca punabbhavabh³t± adhippet±, tasm± vutta½– “punabbhavo eva abhinibbatti punabbhav±bhinibbatt²”ti.
Eva½ ±gatak±lato paµµh±ya arasar³pat±d²hi aµµhahi akkosavatth³hi akkosantampi br±hmaºa½ bhagav± dhammissaro dhammar±j± dhammas±m² tath±gato anukamp±ya s²taleneva cakkhun± br±hmaºa½ olekento ya½ dhammadh±tu½ paµivijjhitv± desan±vil±sappatt± n±ma hoti, tass± dhammadh±tuy± suppaµividdhatt± vigataval±hake nabhe puººacando viya ca saradak±le s³riyo viya ca br±hmaºassa hadayandhak±ra½ vidhamento t±niyeva akkosavatth³ni tena tena pariy±yena aññath± dassetv± punapi attano karuº±vipph±ra½ aµµhahi lokadhammehi akampiyabh±vena paµiladdhat±diguºalakkhaºa½ pathavisamacittata½ akuppadhammatañca pak±sento “aya½ br±hmaºo kevala½ palitasirakhaº¹adantavalittacat±d²hi attano vuddhabh±va½ sallakkheti, no ca kho j±n±ti att±na½ j±tiy± anugata½ jar±ya anusaµa½ by±dhino adhibh³ta½ maraºena abbh±hata½ ajja maritv± puna sveva utt±naseyyad±rakabh±vagaman²ya½ Mahantena kho pana uss±hena mama santika½ ±gato, tadassa ±gamana½ s±tthaka½ hot³”ti cintetv± imasmi½ loke attano appaµisama½ purej±tabh±va½ dassento seyyath±pi, br±hmaº±ti-±din± nayena br±hmaºassa dhammadesana½ va¹¹hesi.