7. Gop±lasuttavaººan±

17. Sattame tisso kath± ekan±¼ik± caturass± nisinnavattik±ti. Tattha p±¼i½ vatv± ekekassa padassa atthakathana½ ekan±¼ik± n±ma Apaº¹itagop±laka½ dassetv±, apaº¹itabhikkhu½ dassetv±, paº¹itagop±laka½ dassetv±, paº¹itabhikkhu½ dassetv±ti catukka½ bandhitv± kathana½ caturass± n±ma. Apaº¹itagop±laka½ dassetv± pariyos±nagamana½, apaº¹itabhikkhu½ dassetv± pariyos±nagamana½, paº¹itagop±laka½ dassetv± pariyos±nagamana½, paº¹itabhikkhu½ dassetv± pariyos±nagamananti aya½ nisinnavattik± n±ma. Aya½ idha sabb±cariy±na½ ±ciºº±.
Ek±dasahi bhikkhave, aªgeh²ti ek±dasahi aguºakoµµh±sehi. Gogaºanti gomaº¹ala½. Pariharitunti pariggahetv± vicaritu½. Ph±ti½ k±tunti va¹¹hi½ ±p±detu½. Idh±ti imasmi½ loke. Na r³paññ³ hot²ti gaºanato v± vaººato v± r³pa½ na j±n±ti. Gaºanato na j±n±ti n±ma attano gunna½ sata½ v± sahassa½ v±ti saªkhya½ na j±n±ti, so g±v²su haµ±su v± pal±t±su v± gogaºa½ gaºetv± “ajja ettak± na dissant²”ti dve t²ºi g±mantar±ni v± aµavi½ v± vicaranto na pariyesati. Aññesa½ g±v²su attano gogaºa½ paviµµh±supi gogaºa½ gaºetv± “im± ettik± g±vo na amh±kan”ti yaµµhiy± pothetv± na n²harati. Tassa naµµh± g±viyo naµµh±va honti. Parag±viyo gahetv± carati. Gos±mik± disv± “aya½ ettaka½ k±la½ amh±ka½ dhen³ duh²”ti tajjetv± attano g±viyo gahetv± gacchanti. Tassa gogaºopi parih±yati, pañca gorasaparibhogatopi parib±hiro hoti. Vaººato na j±n±ti n±ma “ettik± g±v² set±, ettik± ratt±, ettik± k±¼±, ettik± od±t±, ettik± kabar±, ettik± n²l±”ti na j±n±ti. So g±v²su haµ±su v± pal±t±su v±…pe… pañcagorasaparibhogatopi parib±hiro hoti.
Na lakkhaºakusaloti g±v²na½ sar²re kata½ dhanusattis³l±dibheda½ lakkhaºa½ na j±n±ti. So g±v²su haµ±su v± pal±t±su v± “ajja asukalakkhaº± asukalakkhaº± ca g±vo na dissant²”ti…pe… pañcagorasaparibhogatopi parib±hiro hoti.
Na ±s±µika½ h±ret±ti gunna½ kh±ºukaºµak±d²hi pahaµaµµh±nesu vaºo hoti. Tattha n²lamakkhik± aº¹ak±ni µhapenti, tesa½ ±s±µik±ti n±ma½. T±ni daº¹akena apanetv± bhesajja½ d±tabba½ hoti, b±lo gop±lako tath± na karoti. Tena vutta½– “na ±s±µika½ h±ret± hot²”ti. Tassa gunna½ vaº± va¹¹hanti, gambh²r± honti, p±ºak± kucchi½ pavisanti, g±vo gelaññ±bhibh³t± neva y±vadattha½ tiºa½ kh±ditu½ na p±n²ya½ p±tu½ sakkonti. Tattha gunna½ kh²ra½ chijjati, goº±na½ javo h±yati, ubhayesampi j²vitantar±yo hoti. Evamassa gogaºopi parih±yati…pe… pañcagorasatopi parib±hiro hoti.
Na vaºa½ paµicch±det± hot²ti gunna½ vuttanayeneva sañj±to vaºo bhesajja½ datv± v±kena v± c²rakena v± bandhitv± paµicch±detabbo hoti. B±lagop±lako ta½ na karoti. Athassa gunna½ vaºehi y³s± paggharanti, t± aññamañña½ nigha½santi. Tena aññesampi vaº± j±yanti. Eva½ g±vo gelaññ±bhibh³t± neva y±vadattha½ tiº±ni kh±ditu½…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na dh³ma½ katt± hot²ti antovasse ¹a½samakas±d²na½ ussannak±le gogaºe vaja½ paviµµhe tattha tattha dh³mo k±tabbo hoti. Apaº¹itagop±lako ta½ na karoti, gogaºo sabbaratti½ ¹a½s±d²hi upadduto nidda½ alabhitv± punadivase araññe tattha tattha rukkham³l±d²su nipajjitv± nidd±yati. Neva y±vadattha½ tiº±ni kh±ditu½…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na tittha½ j±n±t²ti titthampi samanti v± visamanti v± sag±hanti v± nigg±hanti v± na j±n±ti. So atitthena g±viyo ot±reti. T±sa½ visamatitthe p±s±º±d²ni akkamant²na½ p±d± bhijjanti. Sag±ha½ gambh²ra½ tittha½ otiººe kumbh²l±dayo g±vo gaºhanti, “ajja ettik± g±vo naµµh±, ajja ettik±”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjanti. Evamassa go gaºopi parih±yati…pe… pañcagorasatopi parib±hiro hoti.
Na p²ta½ j±n±t²ti p²tampi ap²tampi na j±n±ti. Gop±lakena hi “im±ya g±viy± p²ta½, im±ya na p²ta½, im±ya p±n²yatitthe ok±so laddho, im±ya na laddho”ti eva½ p²t±p²ta½ j±nitabba½ hoti. Aya½ pana divasabh±ge araññe gogaºa½ rakkhitv± “p±n²ya½ p±yess±m²”ti nadi½ v± ta¼±ka½ v± og±hetv± gacchati. Tattha mah±-usabh± ca anusabh± ca balavag±viyo ca dubbal±ni ceva mahallak±ni ca gor³p±ni siªgehi v± ph±suk±hi v± paharitv± attano ok±sa½ katv± ³ruppam±ºa½ udaka½ pavisitv± yath±k±ma½ pivanti. Avases± ok±sa½ alabham±n± t²re µhatv± kalalamissaka½ udaka½ pivanti v± ap²t± eva v± honti. Atha so gop±lako piµµhiya½ paharitv± puna arañña½ paveseti. Tattha ap²t± g±viyo pip±s±ya sussam±n± y±vadattha½ tiº±ni kh±ditu½ na sakkonti. Tattha gunna½ kh²ra½ chijjati. Goº±na½ javo h±yati…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na v²thi½ j±n±t²ti “aya½ maggo samo khemo, aya½ visamo s±saªko sappaµibhayo”ti na j±n±ti. So sama½ khema½ magga½ vajjetv± gogaºa½ itaramagga½ paµip±deti. Tattha g±vo s²habyaggh±d²na½ gandhena coraparissayena ca abhibh³t± bhantamigasappaµibh±g± g²va½ ukkhipitv± tiµµhanti neva y±vadattha½ tiº±ni kh±danti, na p±n²ya½ pivanti. Tattha gunna½ kh²ra½ chijjati…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na gocarakusalo hot²ti gop±lakena hi gocarakusalena bhavitabba½, pañc±hikac±ro v± satt±hikac±ro v± j±nitabbo. Ekadis±ya gogaºa½ c±retv± punadivase tattha na c±retabbo. Mahat± hi gogaºena ciººaµµh±na½ bheritala½ viya suddha½ hoti nittiºa½, udakampi ±lul²yati. Tasm± pañcame v± sattame v± divase puna tattha c±retu½ vaµµati. Ettakena hi tiºampi paµiviruhati, udakampi pas²dati, aya½ pana ima½ pañc±hikac±ra½ v± satt±hikac±ra½ v± na j±n±ti, divase divase rakkhitaµµh±neyeva rakkhati. Athassa gogaºo haritatiºa½ na labhati, sukkhatiºa½ kh±danto kalalamissaka½ udaka½ pivati. Tattha gunna½ kh²ra½ chijjati…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Anavasesadoh² ca hot²ti paº¹itagop±lakena hi y±va vacchakassa ma½salohita½ saºµh±ti, t±va eka½ dve thane µhapetv± s±vasesadohin± bhavitabba½. Aya½ vacchakassa kiñci anavasesetv± duhati. Kh²rapako vaccho kh²rapip±s±ya sussati, saºµh±tu½ asakkonto kampam±no m±tu purato patitv± k±la½ karonti. M±t± puttaka½ disv±, “mayha½ puttako attano m±tukh²ra½ p±tu½ na labhat²”ti puttasokena neva y±vadattha½ tiº±ni kh±ditu½ na p±n²ya½ p±tu½ sakkoti, thanesu kh²ra½ chijjati. Evamassa gogaºopi parih±yati…pe… pañcagorasatopi parib±hiro hoti.
Gunna½ pitiµµh±na½ karont²ti gopitaro. G±vo pariº±yanti yath±ruci½ gahetv± gacchant²ti gopariº±yak±. Te na atirekap³j±y±ti paº¹ito hi gop±lako evar³pe usabhe atirekap³j±ya p³jeti, paº²ta½ gobhatta½ deti, gandhapañcaªgulikehi maº¹eti, m±la½ pi¼andheti, siªgesu suvaººarajatakosake ca dh±reti, ratti½ d²pa½ j±letv± celavit±nassa heµµh± say±peti. Aya½ pana tato ekasakk±rampi na karoti. Usabh± atirekap³ja½ alabham±n± gogaºa½ na rakkhanti, parissaya½ na v±renti. Evamassa gogaºopi parih±yati…pe… pañcagorasatopi parib±hiro hoti.
Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Na r³paññ³ hot²ti “catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni catunnañca mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³pan”ti eva½ vutta½ r³pa½ dv²h±k±rehi na j±n±ti gaºanato v± samuµµh±nato v±. Gaºanato na j±n±ti n±ma– “cakkh±yatana½ sot±yatana½ gh±n±yatana½ jivh±k±yar³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabb±yatana½, itthindriya½ purisindriya½ j²vitindriya½ k±yaviññatti vac²viññatti ±k±sadh±tu ±podh±tu r³passa lahut±, mudut±, kammaññat±, upacayo, santati, jarat±, r³passa aniccat±, kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro”ti (dha. sa. 657-665) eva½ p±¼iy± ±gat± pañcav²sati r³pakoµµh±s±ti na j±n±ti. Seyyath±pi so gop±lako gaºanato gunna½ r³pa½ na j±n±ti, tath³pamo aya½ bhikkhu. So gaºanato r³pa½ aj±nanto r³pa½ pariggahetv± ar³pa½ vavatthapetv± r³p±r³pa½ pariggahetv± paccaya½ sallakkhetv± lakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± kammaµµh±na½ matthaka½ p±petu½ na sakkoti. So yath± tassa gop±lakassa gogaºo na va¹¹hati, eva½ imasmi½ s±sane s²lasam±dhivipassan±maggaphalanibb±nehi na va¹¹hati. Yath± ca so gop±lako pañcahi gorasehi parib±hiro hoti evamev±ya½ asekhena s²lakkhandhena asekhena sam±dhipaññ±vimutti vimuttiñ±ºadassanakkhandhen±ti pañcahi dhammakkhandhehi parib±hiro hoti.
Samuµµh±nato na j±n±ti n±ma– “ettaka½ r³pa½ ekasamuµµh±na½, ettaka½ dvisamuµµh±na½, ettaka½ tisamuµµh±na½, ettaka½ catusamuµµh±na½, ettaka½ nakutoci samuµµh±t²”ti na j±n±ti. Seyyath±pi so gop±lako vaººato gunna½ r³pa½ na j±n±ti, tath³pamo aya½ bhikkhu. So samuµµh±nato r³pa½ aj±nanto r³pa½ pariggahetv±…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na lakkhaºakusalo hot²ti “kammalakkhaºo b±lo, kammalakkhaºo paº¹ito”ti eva½ vutta½ kusal±kusalakamma½ paº¹itab±lalakkhaºanti na j±n±ti. So eva½ aj±nanto b±le vajjetv± paº¹ite na sevati. B±le vajjetv± paº¹ite asevanto kappiy±kappiya½ kusal±kusala½ s±vajj±navajja½ garukalahuka½ satekicch±tekiccha½ k±raº±k±raºa½ na j±n±ti. Ta½ aj±nanto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti. So yath± tassa gop±lakassa gogaºo na va¹¹hati, eva½ imasmi½ s±sane yath±vuttehi s²l±d²hi na va¹¹hati. So gop±lako viya ca pañcahi gorasehi, pañcahi dhammakkhandhehi parib±hiro hoti.
Na ±s±µika½ h±ret± hot²ti “uppanna½ k±mavitakkan”ti eva½ vutte k±mavitakk±dayo na vinodeti. So ima½ akusalavitakka½ ±s±µika½ ah±retv± vitakkavasiko hutv± vicaranto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti. So yath± tassa gop±lakassa…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na vaºa½ paµicch±det± hot²ti “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± nimittagg±h² hot²”ti-±din± nayena sabb±rammaºesu nimitta½ gaºhanto yath± so gop±lako vaºa½ na paµicch±deti, eva½ sa½vara½ na samp±deti. So vivaµadv±ro vicaranto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na dh³ma½ katt± hot²ti so gop±lako dh³ma½ viya dhammadesan±dh³ma½ na karoti, dhammakatha½ v± sarabhañña½ v± upanisinnakakatha½ v± anumodana½ v± na karoti, tato na½ manuss± “bahussuto guºav±”ti na j±nanti. Te guº±guºa½ aj±nanto cat³hi paccayehi saªgaha½ na karonti. So paccayehi kilamam±no buddhavacana½ sajjh±ya½ k±tu½ vattapaµivatta½ p³retu½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na tittha½ j±n±t²ti titthabh³te bahussutabhikkh³ na upasaªkamati. Anupasaªkamanto “ida½, bhante, byañjana½ katha½ ropetabba½? Imassa bh±sitassa ko attho? Imasmi½ µh±ne p±¼i ki½ vadati? Imasmi½ µh±ne attho ki½ d²pet²”ti eva½ na paripucchati na paripañhati, na j±n±pet²ti attho. Tassa te eva½ aparipucchit± avivaµañceva na vivaranti, bh±jetv± na dassenti, anutt±n²katañca na utt±ni½ karonti, ap±kaµa½ na p±kaµa½ karonti. Anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µh±niyesu dhammes³ti anekavidh±su kaªkh±su ekakaªkhampi na paµivinodenti. Kaªkh±yeva hi kaªkh±µh±niy± dhamm± n±ma. Tattha eka½ kaªkhampi na n²harant²ti attho. So eva½ bahussutatittha½ anupasaªkamitv± sakaªkho kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti. Yath± v± so gop±lako tittha½ na j±n±ti, eva½ ayampi bhikkhu dhammatittha½ na j±n±ti. Aj±nanto avisaye pañha½ pucchati, ±bhidhammika½ upasaªkamitv± kappiy±kappiya½ pucchati, vinayadhara½ upasaªkamitv± r³p±r³papariccheda½ pucchati. Te avisaye puµµh± kathetu½ na sakkonti. So attan± sakaªkho kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na p²ta½ j±n±t²ti yath± so gop±lako p²t±p²ta½ na j±n±ti, eva½ dhamm³pasañhita½ p±mojja½ na j±n±ti na labhati. Savanamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu½ niss±ya ±nisa½sa½ na vindati, dhammassavanagga½ gantv± sakkacca½ na suº±ti, nisinno nidd±yati, katha½ katheti, aññavihitako hoti. So sakkacca½ dhamma½ assuºanto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na v²thi½ j±n±t²ti so gop±lako magg±magga½ viya “aya½ lokiyo, aya½ lokuttaro”ti ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Aj±nanto lokiyamagge abhinivisitv± lokuttara½ nibbattetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Na gocarakusalo hot²ti so gop±lako pañc±hikasatt±hikac±re viya catt±ro satipaµµh±ne “ime lokiy±, ime lokuttar±”ti yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Aj±nanto sukhumaµµh±nesu attano ñ±ºa½ car±petv± lokiyasatipaµµh±ne abhinivisitv± lokuttara½ nibbattetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Anavasesadoh² hot²ti paµiggahaºe matta½ aj±nanto anavasesa½ duhati. Niddesav±re panassa abhihaµµhu½ pav±rent²ti abhiharitv± pav±renti. Ettha dve abhih±r± v±c±bhih±ro ca, paccay±bhih±ro ca. V±c±bhih±ro n±ma manuss± bhikkhussa santika½ gantv± “vadeyy±tha, bhante, yenattho”ti pav±renti. Paccay±bhih±ro n±ma vatth±d²ni v± sappinavan²taph±ºit±d²ni v± gahetv± bhikkhussa santika½ gantv± “gaºhatha, bhante, y±vatakena attho”ti vadanti. Tatra bhikkhu matta½ na j±n±t²ti bhikkhu tesu paccayesu pam±ºa½ na j±n±ti. “D±yakassa vaso veditabbo, deyyadhammassa vaso veditabbo, attano th±mo veditabbo”ti imin± nayena pam±ºayuttaka½ aggahetv± ya½ ±haranti, ta½ sabba½ gaºh±t²ti attho. Manuss± vippaµis±rino na puna abhiharitv± pav±renti. So paccayehi kilamanto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti…pe… parib±hiro hoti.
Te na atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hot²ti so gop±lako mah±-usabhe viya there bhikkh³ im±ya ±vi ceva raho ca mett±k±yakamm±dik±ya atirekap³j±ya na p³jeti. Tato ther± “ime amhesu garucitt²k±ra½ na karont²”ti navake bhikkh³ dv²hi saªgahehi na saªgaºhanti, neva dhammasaªgahena saªgaºhanti, na ±misasaªgahena, c²varena v± pattena v± pattapariy±pannena v± vasanaµµh±nena v± kilamantepi nappaµijagganti, p±¼i½ v± aµµhakatha½ v± dhammakath±bandha½ v± gu¼hagantha½ v± na sikkh±penti. Navak± ther±na½ santik± sabbaso ime dve saªgahe alabham±n± imasmi½ s±sane patiµµh±tu½ na sakkonti. Yath± tassa gop±lakassa gogaºo na va¹¹hati, eva½ s²l±d²hi na va¹¹hanti. Yath± ca so gop±lako pañcahi gorasehi, eva½ pañcahi dhammakkhandhehi parib±hir± honti. Sukkapakkho kaºhapakkhe vuttavipall±savasena yojetv± veditabbo.

Anussativaggo dutiyo.

Manorathap³raºiy± aªguttaranik±ya-aµµhakath±ya

Ek±dasakanip±tassa sa½vaººan± niµµhit±.