(8) 3. ¾kaªkhavaggo

1. ¾kaªkhasuttavaººan±

71. Tatiyassa paµhame sampannas²l±ti paripuººas²l±, s²lasamaªgino v± hutv±ti attho. Tattha dv²hi k±raºehi sampannas²lat± hoti s²lavipattiy± ca ±d²navadassanena, s²lasampattiy± ca ±nisa½sadassanena. Tadubhayampi visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.9, 21) vitth±rita½. Tattha “sampannas²l±”ti ett±vat± kira bhagav± catup±risuddhis²la½ uddisitv± “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vut±”ti imin± tattha jeµµhakas²la½ vitth±retv± dasses²ti d²pavih±rav±s² sumanatthero ±ha. Antev±siko panassa tepiµakac³¼an±gatthero ±ha– ubhayatthapi p±timokkhasa½varova bhagavat± vutto. P±timokkhasa½varoyeva hi s²la½, itar±ni pana t²ºi s²lanti vuttaµµh±na½ atth²ti ananuj±nanto vatv± ±ha– indriyasa½varo n±ma chadv±r±rakkh±mattakameva, ±j²vap±risuddhi dhammena samena paccayuppattimattaka½, paccayasannissita½ paµiladdhapaccaye idamatthanti paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjanamattaka½. Nippariy±yena p±timokkhasa½varova s²la½. Yassa so bhinno, aya½ s²sacchinno viya puriso hatthap±de ses±ni rakkhissat²ti na vattabbo. Yassa pana so arogo, aya½ acchinnas²so viya puriso j²vita½ ses±ni puna p±katik±ni k±tu½ sakkoti. Tasm± “sampannas²l±”ti imin± p±timokkhasa½vara½ uddisitv± “sampannap±timokkh±”ti tasseva vevacana½ vatv± ta½ vitth±retv± dassento p±timokkhasa½varasa½vut±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha p±timokkhasa½varasa½vutt±ti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva. ¾kaªkheyya ceti ida½ kasm± ±raddhanti? S²l±nisa½sadassanattha½ Sacepi acirapabbajit±na½ v± duppaññ±na½ v± evamassa “bhagav± ‘s²la½ p³retha s²la½ p³reth±’ti vadati, ko nu kho s²lap³raºe ±nisa½so, ko viseso, k± va¹¹h²”ti tesa½ dasa ±nisa½se dassetu½ evam±ha– “appeva n±ma eta½ sabrahmac±r²na½ piyaman±pat±di-±savakkhayapariyos±na½ ±nisa½sa½ sutv±pi s²la½ parip³reyyun”ti.
Tattha ±kaªkheyya ceti yadi iccheyya. Piyo cassanti piyacakkh³hi sampassitabbo, sinehuppattiy± padaµµh±nabh³to bhaveyya½. Man±poti tesa½ manava¹¹hanako, tesa½ v± manena pattabbo, mettacittena pharitabboti attho. Gar³ti tesa½ garuµµh±niyo p±s±ºacchattasadiso. Bh±van²yoti “addh±yam±yasm± j±na½ j±n±ti passa½ passat²”ti eva½ sambh±van²yo. S²lesvevassa parip³rak±r²ti catup±risuddhis²lesuyeva parip³rak±r² assa, an³nena ±k±rena samann±gato bhaveyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Ajjhatta½ cetosamathamanuyuttoti attano cittasamathe yutto. Anir±katajjh±noti bahi an²haµajjh±no, avin±sitajjh±no v±. Vipassan±y±ti sattavidh±ya anupassan±ya. Br³het± suññ±g±r±nanti va¹¹het± suññ±g±r±na½. Ettha ca samathavipassan±vasena kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± rattindiva½ suññ±g±ra½ pavisitv± nis²dam±no bhikkhu “br³het± suññ±g±r±nan”ti veditabbo. Ayamettha saªkhepo vitth±ro pana icchantena majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.64 ±dayo) ±kaªkheyyasuttavaººan±ya oloketabbo.
L±bh²ti ettha na bhagav± l±bhanimitta½ s²l±diparip³raºa½ katheti. Bhagav± hi “gh±sesana½ chinnakatho, na v±ca½ payuta½ bhaºe”ti (su. ni. 716) eva½ s±vake ovadati. So katha½ l±bhanimitta½ s²l±diparip³raºa½ katheyya. Puggalajjh±sayavasena paneta½ vutta½. Yesañhi eva½ ajjh±sayo bhaveyya “sace maya½ cat³hi paccayehi na kilameyy±ma, s²l±ni parip³retu½ sakkuºeyy±m±”ti, tesa½ ajjh±sayavasenevam±ha. Apica saras±nisa½so esa s²lassa yadida½ catt±ro paccay± n±ma. Tath± hi paº¹itamanuss± koµµh±d²su µhapita½ n²haritv± attan±pi aparibhuñjitv± s²lavant±na½ dent²ti s²lassa saras±nisa½sadassanatthampeta½ vutta½.
Tatiyav±re yes±hanti yesa½ aha½. Tesa½ te k±r±ti tesa½ dev±na½ v± manuss±na½ v± te mayi kat± paccayad±nak±r±. Mahapphal± hontu mah±nisa½s±ti lokiyasukhena phalabh³tena mahapphal±, lokuttarena mah±nisa½s±. Ubhaya½ v± eta½ ekatthameva. S²l±diguºayuttassa hi kaµacchubhikkh±pi pañcaratanamatt±ya bh³miy± paººas±l±pi katv± dinn± anek±ni kappasahass±ni duggativinip±tato rakkhati, pariyos±ne ca amat±ya dh±tuy± parinibb±nassa paccayo hoti. “Kh²rodana½ ahamad±sin”ti-±d²ni (vi. va. 413) cettha vatth³ni. Sakalameva v± petavatthu vim±navatthu ca s±dhaka½.
Catutthav±re pet±ti peccabhava½ gat±. ѱt²ti sassusasurapakkhik±. S±lohit±ti ekalohitabaddh± pitipit±mah±dayo. K±laªkat±ti mat±. Tesa½ tanti tesa½ ta½ mayi pasannacitta½, ta½ v± pasannena cittena anussaraºa½. Yassa hi bhikkhuno k±lakato pit± v± m±t± v± “amh±ka½ ñ±takatthero s²lav± kaly±ºadhammo”ti pasannacitto hutv± ta½ bhikkhu½ anussarati, tassa so cittappas±dopi ta½ anussaraºamattampi mahapphala½ mah±nisa½sameva hoti.
Aratiratisahoti nekkhammapaµipattiy± aratiy± k±maguºesu ratiy± ca saho abhibhavit± ajjhottharit±. Bhayabheravasahoti ettha bhaya½ cittutr±sopi ±rammaºampi, bherava½ ±rammaºameva.