4. Up±livaggo

1. Up±lisuttavaŗŗan±

31. Catutthassa paµhame saŖghasuµµhut±y±ti-±d²su saŖghasuµµhut± n±ma saŖghassa suµµhubh±vo, “suµµhu dev±”ti ±gataµµh±ne viya “suµµhu, bhante”ti vacanasampaµicchanabh±vo. Yo ca tath±gatassa vacana½ sampaµicchati, tassa ta½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattati. Tasm± saŖghassa “suµµhu, bhante”ti vacanasampaµicchanattha½ pańńatta½, asampaµicchane ±d²nava½, sampaµicchane ±nisa½sa½ dassetv±, na balakk±rena abhibhavitv±ti etamattha½ ±vikaronto ±ha– saŖghasuµµhut±y±ti. SaŖghaph±sut±y±ti saŖghassa ph±subh±v±ya, sahaj²vit±ya sukhavih±ratth±y±ti attho.
DummaŖk³na½ puggal±na½ niggah±y±ti dummaŖk³n±ma duss²lapuggal±, ye maŖkuta½ ±p±diyam±n±pi dukkhena ±pajjanti, v²tikkama½ karont± v± katv± v± na lajjanti, tesa½ niggahatth±ya. Te hi sikkh±pade asati “ki½ tumhehi diµµha½, ki½ suta½, ki½ amhehi kata½, katamasmi½ vatthusmi½ katama½ ±patti½ ropetv± amhe niggaŗhath±”ti saŖgha½ viheµheyyu½. Sikkh±pade pana sati te saŖgho sikkh±pada½ dassetv± saha dhammena niggahessati. Tena vutta½– “dummaŖk³na½ puggal±na½ niggah±y±”ti.
Pesal±nanti piyas²l±na½ bhikkh³na½ ph±suvih±ratth±ya. Piyas²l± hi bhikkh³ kattabb±kattabba½ s±vajj±navajja½ vela½ mariy±dańca aj±nant± sikkh±ttayap±rip³riy± ghaµam±n± kilamanti, te pana s±vajj±navajja½ vela½ mariy±dańca ńatv± sikkh±p±rip³riy± ghaµam±n± na kilamanti. Tena tesa½ sikkh±padapańń±pana½ ph±suvih±r±ya sa½vattatiyeva. Yo v± dummaŖk³na½ puggal±na½ niggaho, sveva tesa½ ph±suvih±ro. Duss²lapuggale niss±ya hi uposathappav±raŗ± na tiµµhanti, saŖghakamm±ni nappavattanti, s±magg² na hoti, bhikkh³ anekagg± uddes±d²su anuyuńjitu½ na sakkonti. Duss²lesu pana niggahitesu sabbopi aya½ upaddavo na hoti, tato pesal± bhikkh³ ph±su viharanti. Eva½ “pesal±na½ bhikkh³na½ ph±suvih±r±y±”ti ettha dvidh± attho veditabbo.
Diµµhadhammik±na½ ±sav±na½ sa½var±y±ti diµµhadhammik± ±sav± n±ma asa½vare µhitena tasmi½yeva attabh±ve pattabb± p±ŗippah±radaŗ¹appah±rasatthappah±rahatthacchedap±daccheda-akitti-ayasavippaµis±r±dayo dukkhaviseso, tesa½ sa½var±ya pidahan±ya ±gamanamaggathakan±y±ti attho. Sampar±yik±nanti sampar±yik± ±sav± n±ma asa½vare µhitena katap±pakammam³lak± sampar±ye narak±d²su pattabb± dukkhavises±, tesa½ paµigh±tatth±ya v³pasamatth±ya.
Appasann±nanti sikkh±padapańńattiy± hi sati sikkh±padapańńatti½ ńatv± v±, yath±pańńatta½ paµipajjam±ne bhikkh³ disv± v±, yepi appasann± paŗ¹itamanuss±, te “y±ni vata loke mah±janassa rajjanadussanamuyhanaµµh±n±ni, tehi ime samaŗ± ±rak± virat± viharanti, dukkara½ vata karont²”ti pas±da½ ±pajjanti vinayapiµakapotthaka½ disv± micch±diµµhikatavedibr±hmaŗ± viya. Tena vutta½– “appasann±na½ pas±d±y±”ti.
Pasann±nanti yepi s±sane pasann± kulaputt±, tepi sikkh±padapańńatti½ v± ńatv±, yath±pańńatta½ paµipajjam±ne bhikkh³ v± disv± “aho ayy± dukkara½ karonti, ye y±vaj²va½ ekabhatt± vinayasa½vara½ p±lent²”ti bhiyyo bhiyyo pas²danti. Tena vutta½– “pasann±na½ bhiyyobh±v±y±”ti.
Saddhammaµµhitiy±ti tividho saddhammo pariyattisaddhammo paµipattisaddhammo adhigamasaddhammoti. Tattha sakalampi buddhavacana½ pariyattisaddhammo n±ma. Terasa dhutaguŗ± c±rittav±rittas²lasam±dhivipassan±ti aya½ paµipattisaddhammo n±ma. Navalokuttaradhammo adhigamasaddhammo n±ma. So sabbopi yasm± sikkh±padapańńattiy± sati bhikkh³ sikkh±padańca tassa vibhaŖgańca tadatthajotanattha½ ańńańca buddhavacana½ pariy±puŗanti, yath±pańńattańca paµipajjam±n± paµipatti½ p³retv± paµipattiy± adhigantabba½ lokuttaradhamma½ adhigacchanti, tasm± sikkh±padapańńattiy± saddhammo ciraµµhitiko hoti. Tena vutta½– “saddhammaµµhitiy±”ti.
Vinay±nuggah±y±ti sikkh±padapańńattiy± sati sa½varavinayo, pah±navinayo, samathavinayo, pańńattivinayoti catubbidho vinayo anuggahito hoti s³patthambhito. Tena vutta½– “vinay±nuggah±y±”ti.