2. S±raº²yavaggo

1. Paµhamas±raº²yasuttavaººan±

11. Dutiyassa paµhame saritabbayuttak±ti anussaraº±rah±. Mijjati siniyhati et±y±ti mett±, mittabh±vo. Mett± etassa atth²ti metta½, k±yakamma½. Ta½ pana yasm± mett±sahagatacittasamuµµh±na½, tasm± vutta½ “mettena cittena k±tabba½ k±yakamman”ti. Esa nayo sesadvayepi. Im±n²ti mettak±yakamm±d²ni. Bhikkh³na½ vasena ±gat±ni tesa½ seµµhaparisabh±vato. Yath± pana bhikkhun²supi labbhanti, eva½ gih²supi labbhanti catuparisas±dh±raºatt±ti ta½ dassento “bhikkh³nañh²”ti-±dim±ha. Bhikkhuno sabbampi anavajjak±yakamma½ ±bhisam±c±rikakammantogadhamev±ti ±ha “mettena cittena…pe… k±yakamma½ n±m±”ti. Bhattivasena pavattiyam±n± cetiyabodh²na½ vandan± mett±siddh±ti katv± tadatth±ya gamana½ “metta½ k±yakamman”ti vutta½. ¾di-saddena cetiyabodhibhikkh³su vutt±vases±pac±yan±divasena pavattamett±vasena pavatta½ k±yika½ kiriya½ saªgaºh±ti.
Tepiµakampi buddhavacana½ kathiyam±nanti adhipp±yo. Tepiµakampi buddhavacana½ paripucchana-atthakathanavasena pavattiyam±nameva metta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma hitajjh±sayena pavattitabbato. T²ºi sucarit±n²ti k±yavac²manosucarit±ni. Cintananti eva½ cintanamattampi manokamma½, pageva paµipann± bh±van±ti dasseti.
¾v²ti pak±sa½. Pak±sabh±vo cettha ya½ uddissa ta½ k±yakamma½ kar²yati, tassa sammukhabh±vatoti ±ha “sammukh±”ti. Rahoti appak±sa½. Appak±sat± ca ya½ uddissa ta½ k±yakamma½ kar²yati, tassa apaccakkhabh±vatoti ±ha “parammukh±”ti. Sah±yabh±vagamana½ tesa½ purato. Tesu karontesuyeva hi sah±yabh±vagamana½ sammukh± k±yakamma½ n±ma hoti. Ubhayeh²ti navakehi therehi ca. Paggayh±ti paggaºhitv± uddha½ katv± kevala½ “devo”ti avatv± guºehi thirabh±vajotana½ “devatthero”ti vacana½ paggayha vacana½. Mamattabodhana½ vacana½ mam±yanavacana½. Ekantaparammukhassa manokammassa sammukhat± n±ma viññattisamuµµh±panavasena hoti, tañca kho loke k±yakammanti p±kaµa½ paññ±ta½. Hatthavik±r±d²ni an±masitv± eva dassento “nayan±ni umm²letv±”ti-±dim±ha. K±ma½ mett±sinehasiniddh±na½ nayan±na½ umm²lan± pasannena mukhena olokanañca metta½ k±yakammameva, yassa pana cittassa vasena nayan±na½ mett±sinehasiniddhat± mukhassa ca pasannat±, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “metta½ manokamma½ n±m±”ti.
L±bha-saddo kammas±dhano “l±bh± vata, bho, laddho”ti-±d²su viya. So cettha “dhammaladdh±”ti vacanato at²tak±likoti ±ha “c²var±dayo laddhapaccay±”ti. Dhammato ±gat±ti dhammik±, parisuddhagaman± paccay±. Ten±ha “dhammaladdh±”ti. Imameva hi attha½ dassetu½ “kuhan±d²”ti-±di vutta½. Na samm± gayham±n± hi dhammaladdh± n±ma na hont²ti tappaµisedhanattha½ p±¼iya½ “dhammaladdh±”ti vutta½. Deyya½ dakkhiºeyyañca appaµivibhatta½ katv± bhuñjat²ti appaµivibhattabhog² n±ma hoti. Ten±ha “dve paµivibhatt±ni n±m±”ti-±di. Cittena vibhajananti etena cittupp±damattenapi vibhajana½ paµivibhatta½ n±ma, pageva payogatoti dasseti. Cittena vibhajanapubbaka½ v± k±yena vibhajananti m³lameva dassetu½ “eva½ cittena vibhajanan”ti vutta½. Tena cittupp±damattena paµivibh±go k±tabboti dasseti. Appaµivibhattanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, appaµivibhatta½ l±bha½ bhuñjat²ti kammaniddeso v±. Ta½ neva gih²na½ deti attano ±j²vasodhanattha½. Na attan± paribhuñjati “mayha½ as±dh±raºabhogit± m± hot³”ti. Paµiggaºhanto ca…pe… passat²ti imin± ±gamanato paµµh±ya s±dh±raºabuddhi½ upaµµh±peti. Eva½ hissa s±dh±raºabhogit± sukar±, s±raº²yadhammo cassa p³ro hoti.
Atha v± paµiggaºhanto ca…pe… passat²ti imin± tassa l±bhassa t²su k±lesu s±dh±raºato µhapana½ dassita½. Paµiggaºhanto ca saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³ti imin± paµiggahaºak±lo dassito. Gahetv±…pe… passat²ti imin± paµiggahitak±lo. Tadubhaya½ pana t±disena pubbabh±gena vin± na hot²ti atthasiddho purimak±lo. Tayida½ paµiggahaºato pubbevassa hoti “saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³ti paµiggaºhiss±m²”ti, paµiggaºhantassa hoti “saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³ti paµiggaºh±m²”ti, paµiggahetv± hoti “saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³ti hi paµiggahita½ may±”ti. Eva½ tilakkhaºasampanna½ katv± laddha½ l±bha½ os±raºalakkhaºa½ avikopetv± paribhuñjanto s±dh±raºabhog² appaµivibhattabhog² ca hoti.
Ima½ pana s±raº²yadhammanti ima½ catuttha½ saritabbayuttadhama½. Na hi…pe… gaºhanti, tasm± s±dh±raºabhogit± duss²lassa natth²ti ±rambhopi t±va na sambhavati, kuto p³raºanti adhipp±yo. Parisuddhas²loti imin± l±bhassa dhammikabh±va½ dasseti. Vatta½ akhaº¹entoti imin± appaµivibhattabhogita½ s±dh±raºabhogitañca dasseti. Sati pana tadubhaye s±raº²yadhammo p³rito eva hot²ti ±ha “p³ret²”ti. Odissaka½ katv±ti etena anodissaka½ katv± pituno, ±cariyupajjh±y±d²na½ v± ther±sanato paµµh±ya dentassa s±raº²yadhammoyeva hot²ti dasseti. D±tabbanti avassa½ d±tabba½. S±raº²yadhammo panassa na hoti paµijaggaµµh±ne odissaka½ katv± dinnatt±. Ten±ha “palibodhajaggana½ n±ma hot²”ti. Muttapalibodhassa vaµµati amuttapalibodhassa p³retu½ asakkuºeyyatt±. Yadi eva½ sabbena sabba½ s±raº²yadhamma½ p³rentassa odissakad±na½ vaµµati, na vaµµat²ti? No na vaµµati yuttaµµh±neti dassento “tena pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Imin± odissakad±na½ panassa na sabbattha v±ritanti dasseti. Gil±n±d²nañhi odissaka½ katv± d±na½ appaµivibh±gapakkhika½ “asukassa na dass±m²”ti paµikkhepassa abh±vato. Byatirekappadh±no hi paµibh±go. Ten±ha “avasesan”ti-±di. Ad±tump²ti pi-saddena d±tumpi vaµµat²ti dasseti. Tañca kho karuº±yanavasena, na vattaparip³raºavasena, tasm± duss²lassapi atthikassa sati sambhave d±tabba½. D±nañhi n±ma na kassaci niv±rita½.
Susikkhit±y±ti s±raº²yap³raºavidhimhi susikkhit±ya, sukusal±y±ti attho. Id±ni tassa kosalla½ dassetu½ “susikkhit±ya h²”ti-±di vutta½. Dv±dasahi vassehi p³rehi, na tato oranti imin± tassa dupp³rata½ dasseti. Tath± hi so mahapphalo mah±nisa½so diµµhadhammikehipi t±vagarutarehi phal±nisa½sehi anugatoti ta½samaªg² ca puggalo visesal±bh² ariyapuggalo viya loke acchariyabbhutadhammasamann±gato hoti. Tath± hi so duppajahad±namayassa s²lamayassa puññassa paµipakkhadhamma½ sud³re vikkhambhita½ katv± visuddhena cetas± loke p±kaµo paññ±to hutv± viharati. Tassimamattha½ byatirekato anvayato ca vibh±vetu½ “sace h²”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ suviññeyyameva.
Id±nissa sampar±yike diµµhadhammike ca ±nisa½se dassetu½ “eva½ p³ritas±raº²yadhammass±”ti-±di vutta½. Neva iss± na macchariya½ hoti cirak±labh±van±ya vidhutabh±vato. Manuss±na½ piyo hoti paricc±gas²lat±ya vissutatt±. Ten±ha “dada½ piyo hoti bhajanti na½ bah³”ti-±di (a. ni. 5.34). Sulabhapaccayo hoti d±navasena u¼±rajjh±say±na½ paccayal±bhassa idh±nisa½sasabh±vato d±nassa. Pattagatamassa diyyam±na½ na kh²yati pattagatasseva dv±dasavassikassa mah±vattassa avicchedena p³ritatt±. Aggabhaº¹a½ labhati devasika½ dakkhiºeyy±na½ aggato paµµh±ya d±nassa dinnatt±. Bhaye v±…pe… ±pajjanti deyyappaµigg±hakavikappa½ akatv± attani nirapekkhacittena cirak±la½ d±nassa p³ritat±ya pas±ritacittatt±.
Tatr±ti tesu ±nisa½sesu vibh±vetabbesu. Im±ni phal±ni vatth³ni k±raº±ni. Mah±girig±mo n±ma n±gad²papasse eko g±mova. Alabhant±p²ti appapuññat±ya al±bhino sam±n±pi. Bhikkh±c±ramaggasabh±ganti sabh±ga½ tabbh±giya½ bhikkh±c±ramagga½ j±nanti. Anuttarimanussadhammatt± ther±na½ sa½sayavinodanatthañca “s±raº²yadhammo me, bhante, p³rito”ti ±ha. Tath± hi dutiyavatthusmimpi therena att± pak±sito. Daharak±le eva½ kira s±raº²yadhammap³rako ahosi. Manuss±na½ piyat±ya sulabhapaccayat±yapi ida½ vatthumeva. Pattagat±kh²yanassa pana visesa½ vibh±vanato “ida½ t±va…pe… ettha vatth³”ti vutta½.
Giribhaº¹amah±p³j±y±ti cetiyagirimhi sakalalaªk±d²pe yojanappam±ºe samudde ca n±v±saªgh±µ±dike µhapetv± d²papupphagandh±d²hi kariyam±n±ya mah±p³j±ya. Tass± ca paµipattiy± avañjhabh±vavibh±vanattha½ “ete mayha½ p±puºissant²”ti ±ha. Pariy±yenapi lesenapi. Anucchavikanti “s±raº²yadhammap³rako”ti yath±bh³tapavedana½ tumh±ka½ anucchavikanti attho.
An±rocetv±va pal±yi½su corabhayena. “Attano dujj²vik±y±”tipi vadanti. Aha½ s±raº²yadhammap³rik±, mama pattapariy±pannenapi sabb±pim± bhikkhuniyo y±pessant²ti ±ha “m± tumhe tesa½ gatabh±va½ cintayitth±”ti. Vaµµissat²ti kappissati. Ther² s±raº²yadhammap³rik± ahosi, therassa pana s²latejeneva devat± ussukka½ ±pajji.
Natthi etesa½ khaº¹anti akhaº¹±ni. Ta½ pana nesa½ khaº¹a½ dassetu½ “yass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha upasampannas²l±na½ uddesakkamena ±di-ant± veditabb±. Ten±ha “sattas³”ti-±di. Na hi añño koci ±pattikkhandh±na½ anukkamo atthi, anupasampannas²l±na½ sam±d±nakkamenapi ±di-ant± labbhanti. Pariyante chinnas±µako viy±ti tatrante dasante v± chinnavattha½ viya. Visadisud±haraºañceta½ “akhaº¹±n²”ti imassa adhikatatt±. Eva½ ses±nampi ud±haraº±ni. Khaº¹ikat± bhinnat± khaº¹a½, ta½ etassa atth²ti khaº¹a½, s²la½. Chiddanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Vemajjhe bhinna½ vinivijjhanavasena. Visabh±gavaººena g±v² viy±ti sambandho. Visabh±gavaººena upa¹¹ha½ tatiyabh±gagata½ sambhinnavaººa½ sabala½, visabh±gavaººeheva bind³hi antarantar±hi vimissa½ kamm±sa½. Aya½ imesa½ viseso. Sabalarahit±ni asabal±ni, tath± akamm±s±ni. S²lassa taºh±d±sabyato mocana½ vivaµµ³panissayabh±v±p±dana½, tasm± taºh±d±sabyato mocanavacanena tesa½ s²l±na½ vivaµµ³panissayatam±ha. Bhujissabh±vakaraºatoti imin± bhujissakar±ni bhujiss±n²ti uttarapadalopen±ya½ niddesoti dasseti. Yasm± v± ta½samaªgipuggalo ser² saya½vas² bhujisso n±ma hoti, tasm±pi bhujiss±ni. Aviññ³na½ appam±ºat±ya “viññuppasatth±n²”ti vutta½. Suparisuddhabh±vena v± sampannatt± viññ³hi pasatth±n²ti viññuppasatth±ni.
Taºh±diµµh²hi apar±maµµhatt±ti “imin±ha½ s²lena devo v± bhaviss±mi devaññataro v±”ti taºh±par±m±sena, “imin±ha½ s²lena devo hutv± tattha nicco dhuvo sassato bhaviss±m²”ti diµµhipar±m±sena ca apar±maµµhatt±. Par±maµµhunti “aya½ te s²lesu doso”ti cat³su vipatt²su y±ya k±yaci vipattiy± dassanena par±maµµhu½, anuddha½setu½ codetunti attho. S²la½ n±ma avippaµis±r±dip±rampariyena y±vadeva sam±dhisamp±danatthanti ±ha “sam±dhisa½vattanik±n²”ti. Sam±dhisa½vattanappayojan±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni.
Sam±nabh±vo s±mañña½, paripuººacatup±risuddhibh±vena majjhe bhinnasuvaººassa viya bhed±bh±vato s²lena s±mañña½ s²las±mañña½, ta½ gato upagatoti s²las±maññagato. Ten±ha “sam±nabh±v³pagatas²lo”ti, s²lasampattiy± sam±nabh±va½ upagatas²lo sabh±gavuttikoti attho. K±ma½ puthujjan±nampi catup±risuddhis²le n±natta½ na siy±, ta½ pana na ekantika½, ida½ ekantika½ niyatabh±vatoti ±ha “natthi maggas²le n±nattan”ti. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vuttanti maggas²la½ sandh±ya ta½ “y±ni t±ni s²l±n²”ti-±di vutta½.
Y±yanti y± aya½ mayhañceva tumh±kañca paccakkhabh³t±. Diµµh²ti maggasamm±diµµhi. Niddos±ti niddhutados±, samucchinnar±g±dip±padhamm±ti attho. Niyy±t²ti vaµµadukkhato nissarati niggacchati. Saya½ niyyant²yeva hi ta½samaªgipuggala½ vaµµadukkhato niyy±pet²ti vuccati. Y± satthu anusiµµhi, ta½ karot²ti takkaro, tassa, yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjantass±ti attho. Sam±nadiµµhibh±vanti sadisadiµµhibh±va½ saccasampaµivedhena abhinnadiµµhibh±va½.

Paµhamas±raº²yasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.