9. Mettasuttavaººan±

62. Navame m±, bhikkhave, puññ±nanti (itivu. aµµha. 62) ettha ti paµisedhe nip±to. Puñña-saddo “kusal±na½, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ sam±d±nahetu evamida½ puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.80) puññaphale ±gato. “Avijj±gatoya½, bhikkhave, purisapuggalo puññañce saªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharot²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.51) k±mar³p±vacarasucaritesu. “Puññ³paga½ hoti viññ±ºan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.51) sugativisesabh³te upapattibhave. “T²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, puññakiriyavatth³ni d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu, s²lamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu, bh±van±maya½ puññakiriyavatth³”ti-±d²su (itivu. 60; d². ni. 3.305; a. ni. 8.36) kusalacetan±ya½. Idha pana tebh³makakusaladhamme veditabbo. Bh±yitth±ti ettha duvidha½ bhaya½ ñ±ºabhaya½, s±rajjabhayanti. Tattha “yepi te, bhikkhave, dev± d²gh±yuk± vaººavanto sukhabahul± uccesu vim±nesu ciraµµhitik±, tepi tath±gatassa dhammadesana½ sutv± yebhuyyena bhaya½ sa½vega½ sant±sa½ ±pajjant²”ti (a. ni. 4.33) ±gata½ ñ±ºabhaya½. “Ahudeva bhaya½, ahu chambhitatta½, ahu lomaha½so”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.318) ±gata½ s±rajjabhaya½. Idh±pi s±rajjabhayameva. Ayañhettha attho– bhikkhave, d²gharatta½ k±yavac²sa½yamo vattappaµivattap³raºa½ ek±sana½ ekaseyya½ indriyadamo dhutadhammehi cittassa niggaho satisampajañña½ kammaµµh±n±nuyogavasena v²riy±rambhoti evam±d²ni y±ni bhikkhun± nirantara½ pavattetabb±ni puññ±ni, tehi m± bh±yittha, m± bhaya½ sant±sa½ ±pajjittha. Ekaccassa diµµhadhammasukhassa uparodhabhayena sampar±yikanibb±nasukhad±yakehi puññehi m± bh±yitth±ti. Nissakke ida½ s±mivacana½.
Id±ni tato abh±yitabbabh±ve k±raºa½ dassento “sukhassetan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sukha-saddo “sukho buddh±namupp±do, sukh± vir±gat± loke”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 194) sukham³le ±gato. “Yasm± ca kho, mah±li, r³pa½ sukha½ sukh±nupatita½ sukh±vakkantan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.60) sukh±rammaºe. “Y±vañcida½, bhikkhave, na sukara½ akkh±nena p±puºitu½ y±va sukh± sagg±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.255) sukhapaccayaµµh±ne. “Sukho puññassa uccayo”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 118) sukhahetumhi. “Diµµhadhammasukhavih±r± ete dhamm±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.82) aby±pajje. “Nibb±na½ parama½ sukhan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.215; dha. pa. 203, 204) nibb±ne. “Sukhassa ca pah±n±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.232; ma. ni. 1.271; sa½. ni. 2.152) sukhavedan±ya½. “Adukkhamasukha½ santa½, sukhamicceva bh±sitan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.253; itivu. 53) upekkh±vedan±ya½. “Dvepi may±, ±nanda, vedan± vutt± pariy±yena sukh± vedan± dukkh± vedan±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.89) iµµhasukhesu. “Sukho vip±ko puññ±nan”ti-±d²su (peµako. 23) iµµhavip±ke. Idh±pi iµµhavip±ke eva daµµhabbo. Iµµhass±ti-±d²su icchitabbato ceva aniµµhappaµipakkhato ca iµµhassa. Kaman²yato manasmiñca kamanato pavisanato kantassa. Piy±yitabbato santappanato ca piyassa. Manan²yato manassa va¹¹hanato ca man±pass±ti attho veditabbo. Yadida½ puññ±n²ti puññ±n²ti yadida½ vacana½, eta½ sukhassa iµµhassa vip±kassa adhivacana½ n±ma½. Sukhasseta½ yadida½ puññ±n²ti phalena k±raºassa abhedopac±ra½ vadati. Tena kat³pacit±na½ puññ±na½ avassa½bh±viphala½ sutv± appamattena sakkacca½ puññ±ni kattabb±n²ti puññakiriy±ya½ niyojeti, ±darañca nesa½ tattha upp±deti.
Id±ni attan± sunettak±le katena puññakammena d²gharatta½ paccanubh³ta½ bhavantarappaµicchanna½ u¼±ratara½ puññavip±ka½ ud±haritv± tamattha½ p±kaµatara½ karonto “abhij±n±mi kho pan±han”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha abhij±n±m²ti abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºena j±n±mi, paccakkhato bujjh±mi. D²gharattanti cirak±la½. Puññ±nanti d±n±d²na½ kusaladhamm±na½. Satta vass±n²ti satta sa½vacchar±ni. Mettacittanti mijjat²ti mett±, siniyhat²ti attho. Mitte bhav±, mittassa v± es± pavatt²tipi mett±. Lakkhaº±dito pana hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº±, hit³pasa½h±raras±, ±gh±tavinayapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. By±p±d³pasamo etiss± sampatti, sinehasambhavo vipatti. Mettacitta½ bh±vetv±ti mett±sahagata½ citta½, cittas²sena sam±dhi vuttoti mett±sam±dhi½ met±brahmavih±ra½ upp±detv± ceva va¹¹hetv± ca.
Satta sa½vaµµavivaµµakappeti satta mah±kappe. Sa½vaµµavivaµµaggahaºeneva hi sa½vaµµaµµh±yivivaµµaµµh±yinopi gahit±. Ima½ lokanti k±maloka½. Sa½vaµµam±ne sudanti sa½vaµµam±ne, sudanti nip±tamatta½, vipajjam±neti attho. “Varasa½vattaµµh±ne sudan”tipi paµhanti. Kappeti k±le. Kappas²sena hi k±lo vutto, k±le kh²yam±ne sabbopi kh²yateva. Yath±ha– “k±lo ghasati bh³t±ni, sabb±neva sahattan±”ti (j±. 1.2.190). “¾bhassar³pago hom²”ti vuttatt± tejosa½vaµµavasenettha kappavuµµh±na½ veditabba½. ¾bhassar³pagoti tattha paµisandhiggahaºavasena ±bhassarabrahmaloka½ upagacch±m²ti ±bhassar³pago homi. Vivaµµam±neti saºµhaham±neti attho. Suñña½ brahmavim±na½ upapajj±m²ti kassaci sattassa tattha nibbattassa abh±vato suñña½ ya½ paµhamajjh±nabh³misaªkh±ta½ brahmavim±na½ ±dito nibbattati, ta½ paµisandhiggahaºavasena upapajj±mi upemi.
Brahm±ti k±m±vacarasattehi visiµµhaµµhena tath± tath± br³hitaguºat±ya brahmavih±rato nibbattanaµµhena ca brahm±. Brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitehi mahanto brahm±ti mah±brahm±, tato eva te abhibhavitv± µhitatt± abhibh³. Tehi na kenacipi guºena abhibh³toti anabhibh³to. Aññadatth³ti eka½savacane nip±to. Dassanato daso, at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ dassanasamattho abhiññ±ñ±ºena passitabba½ pass±m²ti attho. Sesabrahm±na½ iddhip±dabh±van±balena attano cittañca mama vase vattem²ti vasavatt² hom²ti yojetabba½. Tad± kira bodhisatto aµµhasam±pattil±bh²pi sam±no tath± sattahita½ attano p±ramip³raºañca olokento t±su eva dv²su jh±nabh³m²su nikanti upp±detv± mett±brahmavih±ravasena apar±para½ sa½sari. Tena vutta½ “satta vass±ni…pe… vasavatt²”ti.
Eva½ bhagav± r³p±vacarapuññassa vip±kamahantata½ pak±setv± id±ni k±m±vacarapuññassapi vip±ka½ dassento “chatti½sakkhattun”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sakko ahosinti chatti½sakkhattu½ chatti½sav±re aññattha anupapajjitv± nirantara½ sakko dev±namindo t±vati½sadevar±j± ahosi½. R±j± ahosinti-±d²su cat³hi acchariyadhammehi cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi ca loka½ rañjet²ti r±j±. Cakkaratana½ vatteti, cat³hi sampatticakkehi vattati, tehi ca para½ vatteti, parahit±ya ca iriy±pathacakk±na½ vatto etasmi½ atth²ti cakkavatt². “R±j±”ti cettha s±mañña½, “cakkavatt²”ti visesa½. Dhammena carat²ti dhammiko, ñ±yena samena vattat²ti attho. Dhammeneva rajja½ labhitv± r±j± j±toti dhammar±j±, dasavidhe kusaladhamme agarahite ca r±jadhamme niyuttoti dhammiko. Tena ca dhammena sakala½ loka½ rañjet²ti dhammar±j±. Parahitadhammakaraºena v± dhammiko, attahitadhammakaraºena dhammar±j±. Yasm± cakkavatt² dhammena ñ±yena rajja½ adhigacchati, na adhammena, tasm± vutta½ “dhammena laddharajjatt± dhammar±j±”ti.
Cat³su dis±su samuddapariyos±nat±ya c±turant± n±ma tattha tattha d²pe mah±pathav²ti ±ha “puratthima…pe… issaro”ti. Vijit±v²ti vijetabbassa vijitav±, k±makodh±dikassa abbhantarassa paµir±jabh³tassa b±hirassa ca arigaºassa vijay² vijinitv± µhitoti attho. K±ma½ cakkavattino kenaci yuddha½ n±ma natthi, yuddhena pana s±dhetabbassa vijayassa siddhiy± “vijitasaªg±mo”ti vutta½. Janapado v± catubbidha-acchariyadhammena samann±gato asmi½ r±jini th±variya½ kenaci asa½h±riya½ da¼habhattibh±va½ patto, janapade v± attano dhammik±ya paµipattiy± th±variya½ thirabh±va½ pattoti janapadatth±variyappatto. Caº¹assa hi rañño balidaº¹±d²hi loka½ p²¼ayato manuss± majjhimajanapada½ cha¹¹etv± pabbatasamuddat²rakandar±d²ni niss±ya paccante v±sa½ kappenti. Atimudukassa rañño corehi s±hasikadhanavilopap²¼it± manuss± paccanta½ pah±ya janapadamajjhe v±sa½ kappenti. Iti evar³pe r±jini janapado thirabh±va½ na p±puº±ti.
Sattaratanasamann±gatoti cakkaratan±d²hi sattahi ratanehi samupeto. Tesu hi r±j± cakkavatt² cakkaratanena ajita½ jin±ti, hatthi-assaratanehi vijite sukheneva anuvicarati, pariº±yakaratanena vijitamanurakkhati, avasesehi upabhogasukhamanubhavati. Paµhamena cassa uss±hasattiyogo, pacchimena mantasattiyogo, hatthi-assagahapatiratanehi pabhusattiyogo suparipuººo hoti. Itthimaºiratanehi upabhogasukhamanubhavati, sesehi issariyasukha½. Visesato cassa purim±ni t²ºi adosakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±vena sampajjanti, majjhim±ni alobhakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±vena, pacchimameka½ amohakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±ven±ti.
S³r±ti sattivanto, nibbhay±ti atthoti ±ha “abh²runo”ti. Aªganti k±raºa½. Yena k±raºena “v²r±”ti vucceyyu½, ta½ v²raªga½. Ten±ha “v²riyasseta½ n±man”ti. Y±va cakkav±¼apabbat± cakkassa vattanato “cakkav±¼apabbata½ s²ma½ katv± µhitasamuddapariyantan”ti vutta½. Adaº¹en±ti imin± dhanadaº¹assa sar²radaº¹assa ca akaraºa½ vutta½. Asatthen±ti imin± pana sen±ya yujjhanass±ti tadubhaya½ dassetu½ “na daº¹en±”ti-±di vutta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ye kat±par±dhe satte satampi sahassampi gaºhanti, te dhanadaº¹ena rajja½ k±renti. Ye chejjabhejja½ anus±santi, te satthadaº¹ena. Aha½ pana duvidhampi daº¹a½ pah±ya adaº¹ena ajjh±vasi½. Ye ekatodh±r±din± satthena para½ viheµhenti, te satthena rajja½ k±renti n±ma. Aha½ pana satthena khuddakamakkhik±ya pivanamattampi lohita½ kassaci anupp±detv± dhammeneva “ehi kho, mah±r±j±”ti eva½ paµir±j³hi sampaµicchit±gamano vuttappak±ra½ pathavi½ abhijinitv± ajjh±vasi½, abhivijinitv± s±m² hutv± vasinti.
Iti bhagav± att±na½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± puññ±na½ vip±kamahantata½ pak±setv± id±ni tamevattha½ g±th±bandhanena dassento “passa, puññ±na½ vip±kan”ti-±dim±ha. Sukhesinoti ±lapanavacanameta½, tena sukhapariyesake satte ±manteti. P±¼iya½ pana “passath±”ti vattabbe “pass±”ti vacanabyattayo katoti daµµhabbo. Manuss±na½ ure sattha½ µhapetv± icchitadhanaharaº±din± v± s±hasak±rit±ya s±hasik±, tesa½ kamma½ s±hasikakamma½. Pathaviy± issaro pathabyoti ±ha “puthavis±miko”ti.

Mettasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.