2. Anusayavaggo

4.Puggalasuttavaŗŗan±

14. Dutiyassa catutthe ubhato ubhayath±, ubhato ubhohi bh±gehi vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto ekadesasar³pekasesanayena. Dv²hi bh±geh²ti karaŗe nissakke ceta½ bahuvacana½ ¾vutti-±divasena aya½ niyamo veditabboti ±ha “ar³pasam±pattiy±”ti-±di. Etena “sam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena, maggena samucchedavimokkhena vimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti eva½ pavatto tipiµakac³¼an±gattherav±do, “n±mak±yato r³pak±yato ca vimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti eva½ pavatto tipiµakamah±rakkhitattherav±do, “sam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena ekav±ra½, maggena samucchedavimokkhena ekav±ra½ vimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti eva½ pavatto tipiµakac³¼±bhayattherav±do c±ti imesa½ tiŗŗampi therav±d±na½ ekajjha½ saŖgaho katoti daµµhabba½. Ettha ca paµhamav±de dv²hi bh±gehi vimutto ubhatobh±gavimutto vutto, dutiyav±de ubhato bh±gato vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto, tatiyav±de dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti ayametesa½ visesoti. Vimuttoti kilesehi vimutto, kilesavikkhambhanasamucchedanehi v± k±yato vimuttohi attho.
Soti ubhatobh±gavimutto. K±mańcettha r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nampi ar³p±vacarajjh±na½ viya duvaŖgika½ ±neńjappattanti vuccati. Ta½ pana padaµµh±na½ katv± arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto n±ma na hoti r³pak±yato avimuttatt±. Tańhi kilesak±yatova vimutta½, na r³pak±yato, tasm± tato vuµµh±ya arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto na hot²ti ±ha “catunna½ ar³pa…pe… pańcavidho hot²”ti. Ar³pasam±patt²nanti niddh±raŗe s±mivacana½. Arahatta½ patta-an±g±minoti bh³tapubbagatiy± vutta½. Na hi arahatta½ patto an±g±m² n±ma hoti. “R³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±dike nirodhasam±patti-ante aµµha vimokkhe vatv±–
“Yato ca kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu ime aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharati, pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti. Aya½ vuccati, ±nanda, bhikkhu ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti–
Yadipi mah±nid±ne (d². ni. 2.130) vutta½, ta½ pana ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµhavasena vuttanti, idha pana sabba-ubhatobh±gavimutte saŖgahaŗattha½ “pańcavidho hot²”ti vatv± “p±¼i panettha…pe… aµµhavimokkhal±bhino vasena ±gat±”ti ±ha. Majjhimanik±ye pana k²µ±girisutte (ma. ni. 2.182)–
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, puggalo ubhatobh±gavimutto? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ±rupp±, te k±yena phusitv± viharati pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti. Aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti–

Ar³pasam±pattivasena catt±ro ubhatobh±gavimutt±, seµµho ca vutto vuttalakkhaŗ³papattito. Yath±vuttesu hi pańcasu purim± catt±ro sam±pattis²sa½ nirodha½ na sam±pajjant²ti pariy±yena ubhatobh±gavimutt± n±ma. Aµµhasam±pattil±bh² an±g±m² ta½ sam±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ pattoti nippariy±yena ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµho n±ma.

Katamo ca puggaloti-±di puggalapańńattip±¼i. Tattha katamoti pucch±vacana½. Puggaloti as±dh±raŗato pucchitabbavacana½. Idh±ti idhasmi½ s±sane. Ekaccoti eko. Aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharat²ti aµµha sam±pattiyo sam±pajjitv± n±mak±yato paµilabhitv± viharati. Pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²ti vipassan±pańń±ya saŖkh±ragata½, maggapańń±ya catt±ri sacc±ni passitv± catt±ropi ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti. Disv±ti dassanahetu. Na hi ±save pańń±ya passanti, dassanak±raŗ± pana parikkh²ŗ± disv± parikkh²ŗ±ti vutt± dassan±yattaparikkhayatt±. Evańhi dassana½ ±sav±na½ khayassa purimakiriy±bh±vena vutta½.
Pańń±vimuttoti visesato pańń±ya eva vimutto, na tassa adhiµµh±nabh³tena aµµhavimokkhasaŖkh±tena s±tisayena sam±dhin±ti pańń±vimutto. Yo ariyo anadhigata-aµµhavimokkho sabbaso ±savehi vimutto, tasseta½ adhivacana½. Adhigatepi hi r³pajjh±navimokkhe na so s±tisayasam±dhinissitoti na tassa vasena ubhatobh±gavimuttat± hot²ti vuttov±yamattho. Ar³pajjh±nesu pana ekasmimpi sati ubhatobh±gavimuttoyeva n±ma hoti. Tena hi aµµhavimokkhekadesena ta½n±mad±nasamatthena aµµhavimokkhal±bh²tveva vuccati. Samud±ye hi pavatto voh±ro avayavepi dissati yath± ta½ “sattisayo”ti anavasesato ±sav±na½ parikkh²ŗatt±. Aµµhavimokkhapaµikkhepavaseneva na ekadesabh³tar³pajjh±nappaµikkhepavasena. Evańhi ar³pajjh±nekades±bh±vepi aµµhavimokkhapaµikkhepo na hot²ti siddha½ hoti. Ar³p±vacarajjh±nesu hi ekasmimpi sati ubhatobh±gavimuttoyeva n±ma hoti.
Phuµµhanta½ sacchikatoti phuµµh±na½ anto phuµµhanto, phuµµh±na½ ar³pajjh±n±na½ anantaro k±loti adhipp±yo. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½. Ta½ phuµµh±nantarak±lameva sacchik±tabba½ sacchikato sacchikaraŗ³p±yen±ti vutta½ hoti, bh±vanapu½saka½ v± eta½ “ekamanta½ nis²d²”ti-±d²su viya. Yo hi ar³pajjh±nena r³pak±yato n±mak±yekadesato ca vikkhambhanavimokkhena vimutto, tena nirodhasaŖkh±to vimokkho ±locito pak±sito viya hoti, na pana k±yena sacchikato. Nirodha½ pana ±rammaŗa½ katv± ekaccesu ±savesu khepitesu tena so sacchikato hoti, tasm± so sacchik±tabba½ nirodha½ yath±-±locita½ n±mak±yena sacchi karot²ti “k±yasakkh²”ti vuccati, na tu “vimutto”ti ekacc±na½ ±sav±na½ aparikkh²ŗatt±. Ten±ha “jh±naphassa½ paµhama½ phusati, pacch± nirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikarot²”ti. Aya½ catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½ ekekato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasitv± k±yasakkhibh±va½ patt±na½ catunna½, nirodh± vuµµh±ya aggamaggappatta-an±g±mino ca vasena ubhatobh±gavimutto viya pańcavidho n±ma hot²ti vutta½ abhidhammaµ²k±ya½ (pu. pa. m³laµ². 24) “k±yasakkhimhipi eseva nayo”ti. Ekacce ±sav±ti heµµhimamaggavajjh± ±sav±.
Diµµhanta½ pattoti dassanasaŖkh±tassa sot±pattimaggań±ŗassa anantara½ pattoti vutta½ hoti. “Diµµhatt± patto”tipi p±µho. Etena catusaccadassanasaŖkh±t±ya diµµhiy± nirodhassa pattata½ d²peti. Ten±ha “dukkh± saŖkh±r±”ti-±di. Tattha pańń±y±ti maggapańń±ya. Paµhamaphalaµµhato paµµh±ya y±va aggamaggaµµh± diµµhippatto. Ten±ha “sopi k±yasakkh² viya chabbidho hot²”ti. Yath± pana pańń±vimutto, eva½ ayampi sukkhavipassako cat³hi ar³pajjh±nehi vuµµh±ya diµµhippattabh±vappatt± catt±ro c±ti pańcavidho hot²ti veditabbo. Saddh±vimuttepi eseva nayo. Ida½ dukkhanti ettaka½ dukkha½, na ito uddha½ dukkhanti. Yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²ti µhapetv± taŗha½ up±d±nakkhandhapańcaka½ dukkhasaccanti y±th±vato paj±n±ti. Yasm± pana taŗh± dukkha½ janeti nibbatteti, tato ta½ dukkha½ samudeti, tasm± na½ “aya½ dukkhasamudayo”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Yasm± pana ida½ dukkhańca samudayo ca nibb±na½ patv± nirujjhati, appavatti½ gacchati, tasm± na “aya½ dukkhanirodho”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Ariyo pana aµµhaŖgiko maggo ta½ dukkhanirodha½ gacchati, tena ta½ “aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Ett±vat± n±n±kkhaŗe saccavavatth±na½ dassita½. Id±ni ta½ ekakkhaŗe dassetu½ “tath±gatappavedit±”ti-±di vutta½. Tath±gatappavedit±ti tath±gatena bodhimaŗ¹e paµividdh± vidit± p±kaµ± kat±. Dhamm±ti catusaccadhamm±. Vodiµµh± hont²ti sudiµµh±. Vocarit±ti sucarit±, pańń±ya suµµhu car±pit±ti attho. Ayanti aya½ evar³po puggalo diµµhippattoti.
Saddh±ya vimuttoti saddahanavasena vimutto. Etena sabbath± avimuttassapi saddh±mattena vimuttabh±va½ dasseti. Saddh±vimuttoti v± saddh±ya adhimuttoti attho. Ki½ pana nesa½ kilesappah±ne n±natta½ atth²ti? Natthi. Atha kasm± saddh±vimutto diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±t²ti? ¾gaman²yan±nattena. Diµµhippatto hi ±gamanamhi kilese vikkhambhento appadukkhena akasirena akilamantova sakkoti vikkhambhitu½, saddh±vimutto pana dukkhena kasirena kilamanto sakkoti vikkhambhitu½, tasm± saddh±vimutto diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±ti. Ten±ha “etassa h²”ti-±di. Saddahantass±ti “eka½sato aya½ paµipad± kilesakkhaya½ ±vahati samm±sambuddhena bh±sitatt±”ti eva½ saddahantassa. Yasm± panassa anicc±nupassan±d²hi niccasańń±pah±navasena bh±van±ya pubben±para½ visesa½ passato tattha tattha paccakkhat±pi atthi, tasm± vutta½ “saddahantassa viy±”ti. Sesapadadvaya½ tasseva vevacana½. Ettha ca pubbabh±gamaggabh±van±ti vacanena ±gaman²yan±nattena diµµhippattasaddh±vimutt±na½ pańń±n±natta½ hot²ti dassita½. Abhidhammaµµhakath±yampi (pu. pa. aµµha. 28) “nesa½ kilesappah±ne n±natta½ natthi, pańń±ya n±natta½ atthiyev±”ti vatv± “±gaman²yan±natteneva saddh±vimutto diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±t²ti sanniµµh±na½ katan”ti vutta½.
¾rammaŗa½ y±th±vato dh±reti avadh±ret²ti dhammo, pańń±. Ta½ pańń±saŖkh±ta½ dhamma½ adhimattat±ya pubbaŖgama½ hutv± pavatta½ anussarat²ti dhamm±nus±r². Ten±ha “dhammo”ti-±di. Pańń±pubbaŖgamanti pańń±padh±na½. “Saddha½ anussarati, saddh±pubbaŖgama½ magga½ bh±vet²”ti imamattha½ eseva nayoti atidisati. Pańńa½ v±het²ti pańń±v±h², pańńa½ s±tisaya½ pavattet²ti attho. Ten±ha “pańń±pubbaŖgama½ ariyamagga½ bh±vet²”ti. Pańń± v± puggala½ v±heti nibb±n±bhimukha½ gamet²ti pańń±v±h². Saddh±v±h²ti etth±pi imin± nayeneva attho veditabbo. Ubhatobh±gavimutt±dikath±ti ubhatobh±gavimutt±d²su ±gamanato paµµh±ya vattabbakath±. Tasm±ti visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.773, 889) vuttatt±. Tato eva visuddhimaggasa½vaŗŗan±ya½ (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.773) vuttanayeneva cettha attho veditabbo.

Puggalasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.