4. ¾savasuttavaººan±

58. Catutthe sa½varen±ti sa½varena hetubh³tena v±. Idh±ti aya½ idha-saddo sabb±k±rato indiyasa½varasa½vutassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pano, aññassa tath±bh±vappaµisedhano v±ti vutta½ “idh±ti idhasmi½ s±sane”ti. Paµisaªkh±ti paµisaªkh±ya. Saªkh±-saddo ñ±ºakoµµh±sapaññattigaºan±d²su dissati “saªkh±yeka½ paµisevat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.168) hi ñ±ºe dissati. “Papañcasaññ±saªkh± samud±carant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.202, 204) koµµh±se. “Tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ saªkh± samaññ±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1313-1315) paññattiya½. “Na sukara½ saªkh±tun”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.128) gaºan±ya. Idha pana ñ±ºe daµµhabbo. Tenev±ha “paµisañj±nitv± paccavekkhitv±ti attho”ti. ¾d²navapaccavekkhaº± ±d²navapaµisaªkh±ti yojan±. Sampalimaµµhanti gha½sita½. Anubyañjanasoti hatthap±dasita-±lokitavilokit±dippak±rabh±gaso. Tañhi ayonisomanasikaroto kiles±na½ anubyañjanato “anubyañjanan”ti vuccati. Nimittagg±hoti itthipurisanimittassa subhanimitt±dikassa v± kilesavatthubh³tassa nimittassa g±ho. ¾dittapariy±yen±ti ±dittapariy±ye (sa½. ni. 4.28; mah±va. 54) ±gatanayena veditabbo.
Yath± itthiy± indriya½ itthindriya½, na evamida½, ida½ pana cakkhumeva indriyanti cakkhundriya½. Ten±ha “cakkhumeva indriyan”ti. Yath± ±v±µe niyataµµhitiko kacchapo “±v±µakacchapo”ti vuccati, eva½ tappaµibaddhavuttit±ya ta½ µh±no sa½varo cakkhundriyasa½varo. Ten±ha “cakkhundriye sa½varo cakkhundriyasa½varo”ti. Nanu ca cakkhundriye sa½varo v± asa½varo v± natthi. Na hi cakkhupas±da½ niss±ya sati v± muµµhassacca½ v± uppajjati. Apica yad± r³p±rammaºa½ cakkhussa ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, tad± bhavaªge dvikkhattu½ uppajjitv± niruddhe kiriyamanodh±tu ±vajjanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± uppajjitv± nirujjhati. Tato cakkhuviññ±ºa½ dassanakicca½, tato vip±kamanodh±tu sampaµicchanakicca½, tato vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tu sant²raºakicca½, tato kiriy±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu voµµhabbanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± uppajjitv± nirujjhati tadanantara½ javana½ javati. Tatth±pi neva bhavaªgasamaye, na ±vajjan±d²na½ aññatarasamaye ca sa½varo v± asa½varo v± atthi. Javanakkhaºe pana sace duss²lya½ v± muµµhassacca½ v± aññ±ºa½ v± akkhanti v± kosajja½ v± uppajjati, asa½varo hoti. Tasmi½ pana s²l±d²su uppannesu sa½varo hoti, tasm± “cakkhundriye sa½varo”ti kasm± vuttanti ±ha “javane uppajjam±nopi hesa…pe… cakkhundriyasa½varoti vuccat²”ti.
Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± nagare cat³su dv±resu asa½vutesu kiñc±pi antogharadv±rakoµµhakagabbh±dayo susa½vut±, tath±pi antonagare sabba½ bhaº¹a½ arakkhita½ agopitameva hoti. Nagaradv±rena hi pavisitv± cor± yadicchaka½ kareyyu½, evameva½ javane duss²ly±d²su uppannesu tasmi½ asa½vare sati dv±rampi agutta½ hoti bhavaªgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nipi. Yath± pana nagaradv±resu sa½vutesu kiñc±pi antoghar±dayo asa½vut±, tath±pi antonagare sabba½ bhaº¹a½ surakkhita½ sugopitameva hoti. Nagaradv±resu hi pihitesu cor±na½ paveso natthi, evameva½ javane s²l±d²su uppannesu dv±rampi sugutta½ hoti bhavaªgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nipi, tasm± javanakkhaºe uppajjam±nopi cakkhundriyasa½varoti vuttoti.
Sa½varena samann±gato puggalo sa½vutoti ±ha “upeto”ti. Ayamevettha attho sundarataroti upari p±¼iya½ sandissanato vutta½. Ten±ha “tath± h²”ti-±di.
Yanti ±desoti imin± liªgavipall±sena saddhi½ vacanavipall±so katoti dasseti, nip±tapada½ v± eta½ puthuvacanattha½. Vigh±takar±ti cittavigh±takar± k±yacittadukkhanibbattak± v±. Yath±vuttakilesahetuk± d±h±nubandh± vip±k± eva vip±kapari¼±h±. Yath± panettha ±sav± aññe ca vigh±takar± kilesapari¼±h± sambhavanti, ta½ dassetu½ “cakkhudv±rasmiñh²”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ suviññeyyameva. Ettha ca sa½varaº³p±yo, sa½varitabba½, sa½varo, yato so sa½varo, yattha sa½varo, yath± sa½varo, yañca sa½varaphalanti aya½ vibh±go veditabbo. Katha½? “Paµisaªkh± yoniso”ti hi sa½varaº³p±yo. Cakkhundriya½ sa½varitabba½. Sa½varaggahaºena gahit± sati sa½varo. “Asa½vutass±”ti sa½varaº±vadhi. Asa½varato hi sa½varaºa½. Sa½varitabbaggahaºasiddho idha sa½varavisayo. Cakkhundriyañhi sa½varaºa½ ñ±ºa½ r³p±rammaºe sa½varayat²ti avuttasiddhoyamattho. ¾savatannimittakilesapari¼±h±bh±vo phala½. Eva½ sotadv±r±d²su yojetabba½. Sabbatthev±ti manodv±re pañcadv±re c±ti sabbasmi½ dv±re.
Paµisaªkh± yoniso c²varanti-±d²su “s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti-±din± paccavekkhaºameva yoniso paµisaªkh±. ¿disanti evar³pa½ iµµh±rammaºa½. Bhavapatthan±ya ass±dayatoti bhavapatthan±mukhena bh±vita½ ±rammaºa½ ass±dentassa. C²varanti niv±san±di ya½ kiñcic²vara½. Paµisevat²ti niv±san±divasena paribhuñjati. Y±vadev±ti payojanaparim±ºaniyamana½. S²tappaµigh±t±diyeva hi yogino c²varappaµisevanappayojana½. S²tass±ti s²tadh±tukkhobhato v± utupariº±mato v± uppannassa s²tassa. Paµigh±t±y±ti paµigh±tanattha½ tappaccayassa vik±rassa vinodanattha½. Uºhass±ti aggisant±pato uppannassa uºhassa. Þa½s±dayo p±kaµ±yeva. Puna y±vadev±ti niyatappayojanaparim±ºaniyamana½. Niyatañhi payojana½ c²vara½ paµisevantassa hirikop²nappaµicch±dana½, itara½ kad±ci. Hirikop²nanti samb±dhaµµh±na½. Yasmiñhi aªge vivaµe hir² kuppati vinassati, ta½ hiriy± kopanato hirikop²na½, ta½paµicch±danattha½ c²vara½ paµisevati.
Piº¹ap±tanti ya½ kiñci ±h±ra½. So hi piº¹olyena bhikkhuno patte patanato, tattha tattha laddhabhikkh±piº¹±na½ p±to sannip±toti v± “piº¹ap±to”ti vuccati. Neva dav±y±ti na k²¼an±ya. Na mad±y±ti na balamadam±namadapurisamadattha½. Na maº¹an±y±ti na aªgapaccaªg±na½ p²ºanabh±vattha½. Na vibh³san±y±ti na tesa½yeva sobhattha½, chavisampatti-atthanti attho Im±ni yath±kkama½ mohadosasaºµh±navaººar±g³panissayappah±natth±ni veditabb±ni. Purima½ v± dvaya½ attano sa½kilesuppattinisedhanattha½, itara½ parassapi. Catt±ripi k±masukhallik±nuyogassa pah±nattha½ vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni. K±yass±ti r³pak±yassa. Ýhitiy± y±pan±y±ti pabandhaµµhitatthañceva pavattiy± avicchedanatthañca, cirak±laµµhitattha½ j²vitindriyassa pavatt±panattha½. Vihi½s³paratiy±ti jighacch±dukkhassa uparamattha½. Brahmacariy±nuggah±y±ti s±sanamaggabrahmacariy±na½ anuggaºhanattha½. It²ti eva½ imin± up±yena. Pur±ºañca vedana½ paµihaªkh±m²ti pur±ºa½ abhuttapaccay± uppajjanakavedana½ paµihaniss±mi. Navañca vedana½ na upp±dess±m²ti nava½ bhuttapaccay± uppajjanakavedana½ na upp±dess±mi. Tass± hi anuppajjanatthameva ±h±ra½ paribhuñjati. Ettha abhuttapaccay± uppajjanakavedan± n±ma yath±vuttajighacch±nimitt± vedan±. S± hi abhuñjantassa bhiyyo bhiyyopava¹¹hanavasena uppajjati, bhuttapaccay± anuppajjanakavedan±pi khud±nimitt±va aªgad±has³l±divedan± appavatt±. S± hi bhuttapaccay± anuppann±va na uppajjissati. Vihi½s±nimittat± cet±sa½ vihi½s±ya viseso.
Y±tr± ca me bhavissat²ti y±pan± ca me catunna½ iriy±path±na½ bhavissati. “Y±pan±y±”ti imin± j²vitindriyay±pan± vutt±, idha catunna½ iriy±path±na½ avicchedasaªkh±t± y±pan±ti ayamet±sa½ viseso. Anavajjat± ca ph±suvih±ro c±ti ayuttapariyesanappaµiggahaºaparibhogaparivajjanena anavajjat±, parimitaparibhogena ph±suvih±ro. Asapp±y±parimitabhojanapaccay± aratitand²vijambhit±viññugarah±didos±bh±vena v± anavajjat±. Sapp±yaparimitabhojanapaccay± k±yabalasambhavena ph±suvih±ro. Y±vadattha½ udar±vadehakabhojanaparivajjanena v± seyyasukhapassasukhamiddhasukh±d²na½ abh±vato anavajjat±. Catupañc±lopamatta-³nabhojanena catu-iriy±pathayogyat±p±danato ph±suvih±ro. Vuttañheta½–
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983; mi. pa. 6.5.10).
Ett±vat± ca payojanapariggaho, majjhim± ca paµipad± d²pit± hoti. Y±tr± ca me bhavissat²ti payojanapariggahad²pan±. Y±tr± hi na½ ±h±r³payoga½ payojeti. Dhammikasukh±paricc±gahetuko ph±suvih±ro majjhim± paµipad± antadvayaparivajjanato.
Sen±sananti senañca ±sanañca. Yattha vih±r±dike seti nipajjati ±sati nis²dati, ta½ sen±sana½. Utuparissayavinodanappaµisall±n±r±matthanti utuyeva parisahanaµµhena parissayo sar²r±b±dhacittavikkhepakaro, tassa vinodanattha½, anuppannassa anupp±danattha½, uppannassa v³pasamanatthañc±ti attho. Atha v± yath±vutto utu ca s²habyaggh±dip±kaµaparissayo ca r±gados±dipaµicchannaparissayo ca utuparissayo, tassa vinodanatthañceva ek²bh±vaph±sukatthañca. C²varappaµisevane hir²kop²nappaµicch±dana½ viya ta½ niyatapayojananti puna “y±vadev±”ti vutta½.
Gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ranti rogassa paccan²kappavattiy± gil±napaccayo, tato eva bhisakkassa anuññ±tavatthut±ya bhesajja½, j²vitassa pariv±rasambh±rabh±vehi parikkh±ro c±ti gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ro, ta½. Veyy±b±dhik±nanti veyy±b±dhato dh±tukkhobhato ca ta½nibbattakuµµhagaº¹ap²¼ak±dirogato uppann±na½. Vedan±nanti dukkhavedan±na½. Aby±bajjhaparamat±y±ti niddukkhaparamabh±v±ya. Y±va ta½ dukkha½ sabba½ pah²na½ hoti, t±va paµisev±m²ti yojan±. Evamettha saªkhepeneva p±¼ivaººan± veditabb±. Navavedanupp±datop²ti na kevala½ ±yati½ eva vip±kapari¼±h± atha kho atibhojanapaccay± ala½s±µak±d²na½ viya navavedanupp±datopi veditabb±.
Kammaµµh±nikassa calana½ n±ma kammaµµh±naparicc±goti ±ha “calati kampati kammaµµh±na½ vijahat²”ti. “Khamo hoti s²tassa uºhass±”ti ettha ca lomasan±gattherassa vatthu kathetabba½. Thero kira cetiyapabbate piyaªguguh±ya padh±naghare viharanto antaraµµhake himap±tasamaye lokantarikaniraya½ paccavekkhitv± kammaµµh±na½ avijahantova abbhok±se v²tin±mesi. Gimhasamaye ca pacch±bhatta½ bahicaªkame kammaµµh±na½ manasikaroto sed±pissa kacchehi muccanti. Atha na½ antev±siko ±ha– “idha, bhante, nis²datha, s²talo ok±so”ti. Thero “uºhabhayenevamhi, ±vuso, idha nisinno”ti av²cimah±niraya½ paccavekkhitv± nis²diyeva. Uºhanti cettha aggisant±pova veditabbo s³riyasant±passa parato vuccam±natt±. S³riyasant±pavasena paneta½ vatthu vutta½.
Yo ca dve tayo v±re bhatta½ v± p±n²ya½ v± alabham±nopi anamatagge sa½s±re attano pettivisay³papatti½ paccavekkhitv± avedhanto kammaµµh±na½ na vijahatiyeva. Þa½samakasav±t±tapasamphassehi phuµµho cepi tiracch±n³papatti½ paccavekkhitv± avedhanto kammaµµh±na½ na vijahatiyeva. Sar²sapasamphassena phuµµho c±pi anamatagge sa½s±re s²habyaggh±dimukhesu anekav±ra½ parivattitapubbabh±va½ paccavekkhitv± avedhanto kammaµµh±na½ na vijahatiyeva padh±niyatthero viya, aya½ “khamo jighacch±ya…pe… sar²sapasamphass±nan”ti veditabbo. Thera½ kira khaº¹acelavih±re kaºik±rapadh±niyaghare ariyava½sadhamma½ suºantaññeva ghoraviso sappo ¹a½si. Thero j±nitv±pi pasannacitto nisinno dhamma½yeva suº±ti, visavego thaddho ahosi. Thero upasampadam±¼a½ ±di½ katv± s²la½ paccavekkhitv± “visuddhas²lomh²”ti p²ti½ upp±desi, saha p²tupp±d± visa½ nivattitv± pathavi½ p±visi. Thero tattheva cittekaggata½ labhitv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi.
Yo pana akkosavasena durutte duruttatt±yeva ca dur±gate api antimavatthusaññite vacanapathe sutv± khantiguºa½yeva paccavekkhitv± na vedhati d²ghabh±ºaka-abhayatthero viya, aya½ “khamo durutt±na½ dur±gat±na½ vacanapath±nan”ti veditabbo. Thero kira paccayasantosabh±van±r±mat±ya mah±-ariyava½sappaµipada½ kathesi, sabbo mah±g±mo ±gacchati, therassa mah±sakk±ro uppajji. Ta½ aññataro mah±thero adhiv±setu½ asakkonto “d²ghabh±ºako ‘ariyava½sa½ kathem²’ti sabbaratti½ kol±hala½ karot²”ti-±d²hi akkosi. Ubhopi ca attano attano vih±ra½ gacchant± g±vutamatta½ ekapathena agama½su. Sakalag±vutampi so ta½ akkosiyeva. Tato yattha dvinna½ vih±r±na½ maggo bhijjati, tattha µhatv± d²ghabh±ºakatthero ta½ vanditv± “eso, bhante, tumh±ka½ maggo”ti ±ha. So assuºanto viya agam±si. Theropi vih±ra½ gantv± p±de pakkh±letv± nis²di. Tamena½ antev±siko “ki½, bhante, sakalag±vuta½ paribh±santa½ na kiñci avocutth±”ti ±ha. Thero “khantiyev±vuso, mayha½ bh±ro, na akkhanti, ekapaduddh±repi kammaµµh±naviyoga½ na pass±m²”ti ±ha.
Vacanameva tadattha½ ñ±petuk±m±nañca patho up±yoti ±ha “vacanameva vacanapatho”ti. Asukhaµµhena v± tibb±. Yañhi na sukha½, ta½ aniµµha½ tibbanti vuccati. Adhiv±sakaj±tiko hot²ti yath±vuttavedan±na½ adhiv±sakasabh±vo hoti. Cittalapabbate padh±niyattherassa kira ratti½ padh±nena v²tin±metv± µhitassa udarav±to uppajjati. So ta½ adhiv±setu½ asakkonto ±vattati parivattati. Tamena½ caªkamanapasse µhito piº¹ap±tiyatthero ±ha– “±vuso, pabbajito n±ma adhiv±sanas²lo hot²”ti. So “s±dhu, bhante”ti adhiv±setv± niccalo sayi. V±to n±bhito y±va hadaya½ ph±lesi. Thero vedana½ vikkhambhetv± vipassanto muhuttena an±g±m² hutv± parinibb±yi. Eva½ sabbatth±ti “uºhena phuµµhassa s²ta½ patthayato”ti-±din± sabbattha uºh±dinimitta½ k±m±savuppatti veditabb±. Natthi sugatibhave s²ta½ v± uºha½ v±ti aniµµha½ s²ta½ v± uºha½ v± natth²ti adhipp±yo. Attagg±he sati attaniyagg±hoti ±ha “mayha½ s²ta½ uºhanti g±ho diµµh±savo”ti.
Aha½ samaºoti “aha½ samaºo, ki½ mama j²vitena v± maraºena v±”ti eva½ cintetv±ti adhipp±yo. Paccavekkhitv±ti g±mappavesappayojan±diñca paccavekkhitv±. Paµikkamat²ti hatthi-±d²na½ sam²pagamanato apakkamati. Ýh±yanti etth±ti µh±na½, kaºµak±na½ µh±na½ kaºµakaµµh±na½, yattha kaºµak±ni santi, ta½ ok±santi vutta½ hoti. Amanussaduµµh±n²ti amanussasañc±rena d³sit±ni, saparissay±n²ti attho. Aniyatavatthubh³tanti aniyatasikkh±padassa k±raºabh³ta½. Vesiy±dibhedatoti vesiy±vidhav±thullakum±rik±paº¹akap±n±g±rabhikkhunibhedato. Sam±nanti sama½, avisamanti attho. Ak±si v±ti t±disa½ an±c±ra½ ak±si v±. S²lasa½varasaªkh±ten±ti katha½ parivajjana½ s²la½? An±sanaparivajjanena hi an±c±raparivajjana½ vutta½. An±c±r±gocaraparivajjana½ c±rittas²lat±ya s²lasa½varo. Tath± hi bhagavat± “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharat²”ti (vibha. 508) s²lasa½varavibhajane ±c±ragocarasampatti½ dassentena “atthi an±c±ro, atthi agocaro”ti-±din± (vibha. 513-514) ±c±ragocar± vibhajitv± dassit±. “Caº¹a½ hatthi½ parivajjet²”ti vacanato hatthi-±diparivajjanampi bhagavato vacan±nuµµh±nanti katv± ±c±ras²lamev±ti veditabba½.
Itip²ti imin±pi k±raºena ayonisomanasik±rasamuµµhitatt±pi, lobh±disahagatatt±pi, kusalappaµipakkhatop²ti-±d²hi k±raºehi aya½ vitakko akusaloti attho. Imin± nayena s±vajjoti-±d²supi attho veditabbo. Ettha ca akusaloti-±din± diµµhadhammika½ k±mavitakkassa ±d²nava½ dasseti, dukkhavip±koti imin± sampar±yika½. Attaby±b±dh±ya sa½vattat²ti-±d²supi imin±va nayena ±d²navavibh±van± veditabb±. Uppannassa k±mavitakkassa anadhiv±sana½ n±ma puna t±disassa anupp±dana½. Ta½ panassa pah±na½ vinodana½ byantikaraºa½ anabh±vagamananti ca vattu½ vaµµat²ti p±¼iya½– “uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti vatv± “pajahat²”ti-±di vuttanti tamattha½ dassento “anadhiv±sento ki½ karot²”ti-±dim±ha. Pah±nañcettha vikkhambhanameva, na samucchedoti dassetu½ “vinodet²”ti-±di vuttanti vikkhambhanavaseneva attho dassito. Uppannuppanneti tesa½ p±pavitakk±na½ upp±d±vatth±gahaºa½ v± kata½ siy± anavasesaggahaºa½ v±. Tesu paµhama½ sandh±y±ha “uppannamatte”ti, sampatij±teti attho. Anavasesaggahaºa½ by±panicch±ya½ hot²ti dassetu½ “satakkhattumpi uppannuppanne”ti vutta½.
ѱtivitakkoti “amh±ka½ ñ±tayo sukhaj²vino sampattiyutt±”ti-±din± gehassitapemavasena ñ±take ±rabbha uppannavitakko. Janapadavitakkoti “amh±ka½ janapado subhikkho sampannasasso ramaº²yo”ti-±din± gehassitapemavasena janapada½ ±rabbha uppannavitakko. Ukkuµikappadh±n±d²hi dukkhe nijjiººe sampar±ye satt± sukh² honti amar±ti dukkarak±rik±ya paµisa½yutto amaratth±ya vitakko. Ta½ v± ±rabbha amar±vikkhepadiµµhisahagato amaro ca so vitakko c±ti amar±vitakko. Par±nuddayat±paµisa½yuttoti paresu upaµµh±k±d²su sahanandit±divasena pavatto anuddayat±patir³pako gehassitapemappaµisa½yutto vitakko. L±bhasakk±rasilokappaµisa½yuttoti c²var±dil±bhena ca sakk±rena ca kittisaddena ca ±rammaºakaraºavasena paµisa½yutto. Anavaññattippaµisa½yuttoti “aho vata ma½ pare na avaj±neyyu½, na heµµh± katv± maññeyyu½, p±s±ºacchatta½ viya garu½ kareyyun”ti uppannavitakko.
K±mavitakko k±masaªkappanasabh±vato k±m±savappattiy± s±tisayatt± ca k±man±k±roti ±ha “k±mavitakko panettha k±m±savo”ti. Tabbisesoti k±m±savaviseso bhavasabh±vatt±ti adhipp±yo. K±mavitakk±dike vinodeti attano sant±nato n²harati eten±ti vinodana½, v²riyanti ±ha “v²riyasa½varasaªkh±tena vinodanen±”ti.
“Satta bojjhaªg± bh±vit± bahul²kat± vijj±vimuttiyo parip³rent²”ti vacanato vijj±vimutt²na½ anadhigamo tato ca sakalavaµµadukkh±nativatti abh±van±ya ±d²navo. Vuttavipariy±yena bhagavato orasaputtabh±v±divasena ca bh±van±ya ±nisa½so veditabbo. Thomentoti ±savapah±nassa dukkaratt± t±ya eva dukkarakiriy±ya ta½ abhitthavanto. Sa½vareneva pah²n±ti sa½varena pah²n± eva. Tena vutta½ “na appah²nesuyeva pah²nasaññ²”ti.

¾savasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.