5. Dhammikavaggo

1. N±gasuttavaººan±

43. Pañcamassa paµhame parisiñcitunti (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.272) yo cuººamattik±d²hi gatt±ni ubbaµµento mallakamuµµh±d²hi v± gha½santo nah±yati, so “nah±yat²”ti vuccati. Yo tath± akatv± pakatiy±va nah±yati, so “parisiñcat²”ti vuccati Bhagavato ca sar²re tath± haritabba½ rajojalla½ n±ma nupalimpati acchachavibh±vato, utuggahaºattha½ pana bhagav± kevala½ udake otarati. Ten±ha “gatt±ni parisiñcitun”ti.
Pubbakoµµhakoti p±c²nakoµµhako. S±vatthiya½ kira jetavanavih±ro kad±ci mah±, kad±ci khuddako. Tath± hi so vipassissa bhagavato k±le yojaniko ahosi, sikhissa tig±vuto, vessabhussa a¹¹hayojaniko, kakusandhassa g±vutappam±ºo, koº±gamanassa a¹¹hag±vutappam±ºo, kassapassa v²sati-usabhappam±ºo, amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le aµµhakar²sappam±ºo j±to. Tampi nagara½ tassa vih±rassa kad±ci p±c²nato hoti, kad±ci dakkhiºato, kad±ci pacchimato, kad±ci uttarato. Jetavanagandhakuµiya½ pana catunna½ mañcap±d±na½ patiµµhitaµµh±na½ acalameva. Catt±ri hi acalacetiyaµµh±n±ni n±ma mah±bodhipallaªkaµµh±na½, isipatane dhammacakkappavattanaµµh±na½, saªkassanagare devorohanak±le sop±nassa patiµµh±naµµh±na½, mañcap±daµµh±nanti. Aya½ pana pubbakoµµhako kassapadasabalassa v²sati-usabhavih±rak±le p±c²nadv±rakoµµhako ahosi. So id±ni “pubbakoµµhako”tveva paññ±yati.
Kassapadasabalassa k±le aciravat² nagara½ parikkhipitv± sandam±n± pubbakoµµhaka½ patv± udakena bhinditv± mahanta½ udakarahada½ m±pesi samatittika½ anupubbagambh²ra½. Tattha eka½ rañño nh±natittha½, eka½ n±gar±na½, eka½ bhikkhusaªghassa, eka½ buddh±nanti eva½ p±µi-ekk±ni nh±natitth±ni honti ramaº²y±nivippakiººarajatapaµµasadisav±luk±ni. Iti bhagavat± ±yasmat± ±nandena saddhi½ yena aya½ evar³po pubbakoµµhako, tenupasaªkami gatt±ni parisiñcitu½. Ath±yasm± ±nando udakas±µika½ upan±mesi. Bhagav± surattadupaµµa½ apanetv± udakas±µika½ niv±sesi. Thero dupaµµena saddhi½ mah±c²vara½ attano hatthagata½ ak±si. Bhagav± udaka½ otari, sahotaraºenevassa udake macchakacchap± sabbe suvaººavaºº± ahesu½, yantan±¼ik±hi suvaººarasadh±r±ni siñcanak±lo viya suvaººapaµappas±raºak±lo viya ca ahosi. Atha bhagavato nah±navatta½ dassetv± paccuttiººassa thero surattadupaµµa½ upan±mesi. Bhagav± ta½ niv±setv± vijjullat±sadisa½ k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± mah±c²vara½ antantena sa½haritv± padumagabbhasadisa½ katv± upan²ta½ dv²su kaººesu gahetv± aµµh±si. Tena vutta½ “pubbakoµµhake gatt±ni parisiñcitv± ekac²varo aµµh±s²”ti.
Eva½ µhitassa pana bhagavato sar²ra½ vikasitapadumapupphasadisa½ sabbap±liphulla½ p±ricchattaka½, t±r±mar²civikasitañca gaganatala½ siriy± avahasam±na½ viya virocittha, by±mappabh±parikkhepavil±sin² cassa dvatti½savaralakkhaºam±l± ganthitv± µhapit± dvatti½sa candim± viya, dvatti½sa s³riy± viya, paµip±µiy± µhapitadvatti½sacakkavattidvatti½sadevar±jadvatti½samah±brahm±no viya ca ativiya virocittha. Yasm± ca bhagavato sar²ra½ sudhantac±m²karasam±navaººa½, suparisodhitapav±¼aruciratoraºa½, suvisuddhan²laratan±valisadisakesatanuruha½, tasm± taha½ taha½ viniggatasuj±taj±tihiªgulakaras³pasobhita½ upari satamegharatan±valisucch±dita½ jaªgamamiva kanakagirisikhara½ virocittha. Tasmiñca samaye dasabalassa sar²rato nikkhamitv± chabbaººarasmiyo samantato as²tihatthappam±ºe padese ±dh±vant² vidh±vant² ratan±valiratanad±maratanacuººavippakiººa½ viya pas±ritaratanacittakañcanapaµµamiva ±siñcam±nal±kh±rasadh±r±cittamiva ukk±satanip±tasam±kulamiva nirantaravippakiººakaºik±rakiªkiºikapupphamiva v±yuvegasamuddhatacinapiµµhacuººarañjitamiva indadhanuvijjullat±vit±nasanthatamiva ca gaganatala½, ta½ µh±na½ pavanañca samm± pharanti. Vaººabh³mi n±mes±. Evar³pesu µh±nesu buddh±na½ sar²ravaººa½ v± guºavaººa½ v± cuººiyapadehi v± g±th±hi v± atthañca upam±yo ca k±raº±ni ca ±haritv± paµibalena dhammakathikena p³retv± kathetu½ vaµµati. Evar³pesu hi µh±nesu dhammakathikassa th±mo veditabbo. Pubbasadis±ni kurum±noti nirudak±ni kurum±no, sukkh±payam±noti attho. Sodake gatte c²vara½ p±rupantassa hi c²vare kaººik±ni uµµhahanti, parikkh±rabhaº¹a½ dussati, buddh±na½ pana sar²re rajojalla½ na upalimpati, padumapatte ukkhitta-udakabindu viya udaka½ vinivaµµetv± gacchati. Eva½ santepi sikkh±g±ravat±ya bhagav± “pabbajitavatta½ n±metan”ti mah±c²vara½ ubhosu kaººesu gahetv± purato k±ya½ paµicch±detv± aµµh±si.
T±¼itañca v±ditañca t±¼itav±dita½, t³riy±na½ t±¼itav±dita½ t³riyat±¼itav±dita½. Mahantañca ta½ t³riyat±¼itav±ditañc±ti mah±t³riyat±¼itav±dita½. Ten±ha “mahanten±”ti-±di. Atha v± bherimudiªgapaºav±dit³riy±na½ t±¼ita½ v²º±ve¼ugomukhi-±d²na½ v±ditañca t³riyat±¼itav±ditanti v± evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Abhiññ±p±ra½ gatoti abhiññ±p±rag³. Eva½ sesesupi. So hi bhagav± sabbadhamme abhij±nanto gatoti abhiññ±p±rag³. Tesu pañcup±d±nakkhandhe parij±nanto gatoti pariññ±p±rag³. Sabbakilese pajahanto gatoti pah±nap±rag³. Catt±ro magge bh±vento gatoti bh±van±p±rag³. Nirodha½ sacchikaronto gatoti sacchikiriy±p±rag³. Sabbasam±patti½ sam±pajjanto gatoti sam±pattip±rag³. Subrahmadevaputt±dayoti ettha so kira devaputto acchar±saªghaparivuto nandanak²¼ita½ katv± p±ricchattakam³le paññatt±sane nis²di. Ta½ pañcasat± pariv±retv± nisinn± pañcasat± rukkha½ abhiruhitv± madhurassarena g±yitv± pupph±ni p±tenti. T±ni gahetv± itar± ekatovaºµikam±l±va ganthenti. Atha rukkha½ abhiru¼h± upacchedakavasena ekappah±reneva k±la½ katv± av²cimhi nibbatt± mah±dukkha½ anubhavanti. Atha k±le gacchante devaputto “im±sa½ neva saddo suyyati na pupph±ni p±tenti, kaha½ nu kho gat±”ti ±vajjento niraye nibbattabh±va½ disv± piyavatthukasokena ruppam±no cintesi– “et± t±va yath±kammena gat±, mayha½ ±yusaªkh±ro kittako”ti. So “sattame divase may±pi avases±hi pañcasat±hi saddhi½ k±la½ katv± tattheva nibbattitabban”ti disv± balavatarena sokena samappito. “Ima½ mayha½ soka½ sadevake loke aññatra tath±gat± nibb±petu½ samattho natth²”ti cintetv± satthu santika½ gantv± vanditv± ekamanta½ µhito–
“Nicca½ utrastamida½ citta½, nicca½ ubbiggamida½ mano;
anuppannesu kicchesu, atho uppatitesu ca;
sace atthi anutrasta½, ta½ me akkh±hi pucchito”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.98)–

Ima½ g±thamabh±si. Bhagav±pissa–

“N±ññatra bojjh± tapas±, n±ññatrindriyasa½var±;
n±ññatra sabbanissagg±, sotthi½ pass±mi p±ºinan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.98)–

Dhamma½ desesi. So desan±pariyos±ne vigatasoko pañcahi acchar±satehi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya bhagavanta½ namassam±no aµµh±si. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½ “dukkhappatt± subrahmadevaputt±dayo”ti. ¾di-saddena candas³riyadevaputt±dayo saªgaºh±ti. Cat³hi k±raºeh²ti ±rakatt±, ar²na½ ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v±ti imehi cat³hi k±raºehi.

Dasavidhasa½yojan±n²ti orambh±giyuddhambh±giyabhedato dasavidhasa½yojan±ni. Sabbe accaruc²ti sabbasatte atikkamitv± pavattaruci. Aµµhamakanti sot±pattimaggaµµha½ sandh±ya vadati. Sot±pannoti phalaµµho gahito.
Soraccanti “tattha katama½ soracca½? Yo k±yiko av²tikkamo, v±casiko av²tikkamo, k±yikav±casiko av²tikkamo, ida½ vuccati soracca½, sabb±pi s²lasa½varo soraccan”ti (dha. sa. 1349) vacanato sucis²la½ “soraccan”ti vutta½. Kar³º±ti karuº±brahmavih±ram±ha. Karuº±pubbabh±goti tassa pubbabh±ga½ upac±rajjh±na½ vadati.
Duvidhena jh±nen±ti ±rammaº³panijjh±nalakkhaº³panijjh±nabhedato duvidhena jh±namanena. Pañcavidhamicch±j²vavasen±ti kuhan±lapan±nemittikat±nippesikat±l±bhenal±bha½nijig²sanat±saªkh±ta- pañcavidhamicch±j²vavasena. Na lippat²ti na all²yati anusayato ±rammaºakaraºato v± taºh±diµµhi-abhinives±bh±vato. Sesamettha utt±nameva.

N±gasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.